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copy which was [The following is printed from the published by authority in 1717.]

His Majefty's Guaranty of the Treaty of Peace made at Utrecht, February 6, 1714, between the Crowns of Spain and Portugal.

GEORGE, by the grace of God, &c. to all and fingular to whom these prefent letters fhall come, greeting. Whereas the moft Serene King of Portugal has notified to us, that peace is established between him and the moft Serene King of Spain, by a treaty concluded at Utrecht on the fixth day of the month of February laft paft; and has also invited us, that, purfuant to what the late Queen Anne, of pious memory, our most dear fifter and coufin, undertook, we would engage our promife and guaranty for the performance of the faid treaty, and all and every the articles thereof. And whereas Jofeph da Cunha Brochado, ambaffador extraordinary, and counsellor of the faid most Serene King of Portugal, has, on the part of his Mafter, delivered to us a copy in due form of the said treaty, the guaranty or engagement for the performance of which is defired of us, written in the Portuguese language, and being word for word as hereunder follows.


In the name of the moft Holy Trinity. Know all of present and to come, that the greatest part Chriftendom having been afflicted with a long and bloody war, &c.

We, following the fteps of our royal ancestors, and being unwilling to decline any offices, by which the peace between the faid Kings may be promoted, do therefore most readily engage for the prefervation of the treaty now eftablished; gladly taking this occafion to fatisfy his Royal Majefty of Portugal of our friendship and fincere regard to his person and interests, agreeable to the moft ftrict concord which has always been between the British and Portuguese crowns. We therefore have made ourfelves guarantees and fureties of

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of the faid treaty of peace, as by these presents, in the most due and ample form, we do make ourselves guarantees and fureties thereof; engaging and promifing, on our Royal word, to take care (as far as in us lies) that the faid treaty, with all and every the articles and clauses in it, shall be facredly and inviolably observed according to their genuine fenfe, and that nothing fhall be done in anywife contrary thereunto; and that we will be always ready to enter into all fuch reafonable measures as fhall appear moft neceffary and effectual for preferving the fame from all violation.

In witness whereof, we have caufed our great feal of Great Britain to be affixed to thefe prefents, figned with our Royal hand. Given at our palace at St. James's, on the third day of May, in the year of our Lord 1715, and of our reign the first.


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1713. 31 Mar. 11 Apr.

HE treaty of friendship and com-
merce between Great Britain and Sa-
voy, concluded at Florence.
Pap. Off. K. 1.


By the treaty of Ryfwick, betwen Great Sept. Britain and France, the treaty of peace between Savoy and France, dated the 29th of Auguft 1696, was confirmed.

The acceffion of Savoy to the grand alliance, of the 12th May 1689.

Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 334.

See the Treaty before, vol. i.-Ta-
ble of Contents, art. FRANCE.
Treat. 1732, vol. i. p. 302.
Treat. 1785, vol. i. p. 299.

1704. The treaty between Great Britain and 4th Aug. Savoy, made at Turin, with the feparate


Pap. Off. K. 2, 3.

By the treaty at Utrecht, between Great Britain and France, the treaty of peace, between Savoy and France, which was concluded on the fame day, was confirmed and guarantied.

See the Treaty before, vol. i. in the Table of Contents, art. FRANCE.

Treat. 1732, vol. iii. p. 398.
Treat. 1785, vol. ii. p. 5.

1736. 3 Jan.


The definitive treaty of peace, union, Sept. friendship, and mutual defence, between Great Britain, Sardinia, and Hungary, concluded at Worms.

Treat. 1785, vol. ii. p. 355.


The Preliminary articles of the treaty of
Vienna, with the fupplemental declarations,
Rouffet, Sup. Corp. Dip. tom. iv.
part. ii. page 546-49.
Mably, Dr. Pub. tom. iii. p. 87.


1748. 18 Oct.

The treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, which included Sardinia as a party.

See this Treaty in vol. i.-Table of
Contents, art. FRANCE.

1748. The acceffion and ratification of the Nov. treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle by Sardinia. Pap. Off. K. 24.

[The following is printed from the Treaty, which was published by authority, in 1686.]

A Treaty of Friendship and Commerce, between his Majefty of Great Britain, &c. and the most Serene Prince the Duke of Savoy, concluded at Florence, the 19th Day of September, 1669.

The Inftrument of Commerce with the Duke of Savoy.

THE convenient fituation of the port of Villa Franca in the Mediterranean Sea, and the capacity of the fame, together with the security of it in all refpects, have been efficacious motives to his moft Serene Highness the Duke of Savoy, for the exhibiting and pronouncing the fame free to the whole world; with a belief, that it might in time prove advantageous to the public, and to his Royal Highness in particular. But it fo falling out, that the vigour of things which are X 3


established by the best counsel, in process of time are rendered languid and fubject to mutation: it has therefore pleafed his Royal Hignefs, not only to re-confirm the free ftate and condition of his port, but over and above to offer the fame to his Majefty of Great Britain, &c. increased with new privileges, and augmented with inviolable capitulations. To thefe motives a most valid and reciprocal inducement joins itself; to wit, the luxuriant fertility of foil, which is obvious in the kingdoms and other plantations which are under the dominion of his Majefty of Great Britain, &c. as alfo in the dominions of his faid Royal Highness; which fuperfluity, fince it is fo properly and naturally tranfmitted and emptied into the mutual territories, with the reciprocal fruit and advantage of the subject, it was eafy for both Princes, between whom there paffed Jong fince the ties of an ancient friendship, confirmed by repeated alliances, and by late conjunction in blood, to entertain thoughts of fuperadding the new tie of mutual commerce, by which they might, upon the score of advantaging their fubjects, further oblige, and reciprocally engage themselves to each other. To this end and purpose it has pleafed his moft Excellent Majefty, by his letters patents under the great feal of England, to conftitute Sir John Finch, knight, now refident for his Majesty of Great Britain with the Great Duke of Tuscany, his true and lawful attorney, with a plenipotentiary power, as appears out of the letters patents themselves: and to the fame intent and purpose his Royal Highness has thought good to inveft with the fame power and authority Signor Jofeph Maurice Philippone, his counfellor, auditor, and procurator general of his revenue, as is likewife apparent from the letters patents of his Royal Highness: both which plenipotentiaries, after several meetings, have finally concluded as follows.

Articles covenanted.

I. Firft, Since commerce was always the companion


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