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applied to his Royal Highnefs, and the other half to the accufer or informer.

XV. Fifteenthly and laftly, It is covenanted and agreed, that all immunities, privileges, and conceffions, which, in the general publication of a free port made by his Royal Highness, are not mentioned, or specified in the foregoing articles, shall be, for the full advantage of his Majefty's fubjects, to all intents and purposes be understood to be exprefsly mentioned and contained in the body of this prefent inftrument: and whatsoever for the future of immunity, privilege, or advantage, fhall be granted to any other kingdom or state, all and every of the faid immunities, privileges, and advantages, are and shall be as fully, with all their circumstances, granted to his Majefty's fubjects, as if they were expressly covenanted and agreed for in this prefent inftrument. For the full and undoubted confirmation of which, and of all the foregoing articles, the abovenamed procurators of his Majefty of Great Britain, &c. and his Royal Highness, having diligently read and weighed all the above-faid fifteen articles, have hereunto put their hands and feals, at Florence, the nineteenth day of September, the year of our lord one thoufand fix hundred fixty-nine.

(L. S.) John Finch. (L. S.) Jofeph Maurice Filippone.

[The following is printed from the treaty, which was published by authority in 1743.

The Definitive Treaty of Peace, Union, Friendship, and mutual Defence, between the Crowns of Great Britain, Hungary, and Sardinia, concluded at WORMS, on the of September, 1743.

GEORGE the Second, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender Y



of the faith, Duke of Brunfwic, and Lunenburg, Arch-treasurer, and Prince Elector, of the Holy Roman Empire, &c. to all and fingular to whom these prefents fhall come, greeting. Whereas the minifters plenipotentiary, as well on our part, as on the part of our good brother the King of Sardinia, &c. and of our good fifter the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, &c. being affembled at Worms, and fufficiently authorized thereto, did conclude and fign a certain treaty of mutual friendship, and perpetual alliance, on the day of the prefent month of September, in the form and words following.


In the name of the moft Holy Trinity.

BE it known to all, and every one, to whom it appertains, or may appertain, in any manner whatfo


Forafmuch as the disturbances, which, upon the decease of the Emperor Charles the Sixth, of glorious memory, without male iffue, arofe in Germany, notwithstanding the exprefs tenor of the moft folemn and recent treaties of peace and alliance, corroborated by the authentic guaranty of the body of the Empire, which do affure to his eldest daughter, and to her pofterity, the entire and indivifible fucceffion to his hereditary dominions, do manifeftly tend to the overthrow of all balance in Europe, and do expofe its liberty, and that of its commerce, to the most evident danger; which danger is ftill increased by the conqueft which the Kings of Spain and Naples have openly undertaken to make of the dominions poffeffed by the moft Serene House of Austria in Italy, contrary to the faith of their own engagements; after which, the reft of Italy would no longer be able to refift them, and all the coafts of the Mediterranean Sea would be under fubjection to one and the fame family.

To obviate, as much as in them lies, fuch imminent evils, and an enterprize, whose consequences would be fo fatal to all the Princes and states of Italy, to their


liberty and commerce, and to that of the maritime Powers in the Mediterranean Sea, the moft Serene and most Potent Prince George the Second, King of Great Britain, Elector of Brunfwick, Lunenburg, &c.; the most Serene and moft Potent Princefs Maria Therefia, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archdutchefs of Austria, &c.; and the moft Serene and moft Potent Prince Charles Emanuel King of Sardinia, Duke of Savoy, &c. having fuch an effential intereft in the prefervation of a juft balance in Europe, on which depends the liberty of Europe, and in the maintenance of the liberty and fecurity of Italy in particular, on which depends that of its commerce, and of the commerce of the Mediterranean, have refolved to enter into a clofer and more infeparable union, in this fixed intention, and to persevere inviolably in joining their forces and counfels in order to obtaining the effect defired therefrom, and more especially for the fake of repelling, with one acccord, the unjuft invafion made by the Kings of Spain and Naples, and for fecuring Italy, if poffible, for the future, from all attempts of the fame kind.

In this view, and in order to prevent the faid invafion, without lofs of time, his Majefty the King of Sardinia did enter, from the 1ft day of February 1742, into a provifional convention with her Majefty the Queen of Hungary, the tenor whereof is as follows:

As it is fufficiently evident, that the motions of the Spanish troops, which, having landed in the ftates of the Præfidii, are advancing in the dominions of the Pope, in order to join thofe of Naples, and from thence to pursue their march as far as Imola, are bent, according to certain intelligence, towards Lombardy, and muft neceffarily very much affect his Majefty the King of Sardinia, as well as her Majefty the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, their Majefties have thought, by the means of the Marquis d'Ormea and of the Count de Schulenbourg (they being refpectively provided with the neceffary full powers) of concerting and Y 2


agreeing upon the following articles, under the hopes of their being ratified and accepted.

I. The forces of her Majefty the Queen of Hungary alone, which are now in Italy, appearing fufficient to make head against the aggreffors, they fhall be brought together, in order to march towards them, and to give an immediate check to their progrefs, and particularly in order to cover the States of Modena, and Mirandola, which are, as it were, a bulwark to the dominions of the Queen of Hungary in Italy.

II. The faid King of Sardinia fhall, in the mean while, have a confiderable body of his troops upon the frontiers of his dominions towards the borders of the Milanese, and of the dutchy of Placentia, which shall be disposed in such a manner, as that they may be brought together in a fhort time; and in cafe the forces of the aggreffors fhould come to be augmented, and that there fhould be caufe to fear a new invafion on any other fide, as is probable, according to the advices that have been received, that a fecond convoy of Spanish troops has already fet fail at Barcelona, and that they are to land in the harbour of La Spezia, his Majesty shall then co-operate with all his forces for preventing the body of Auftrian troops, which fhall have marched forward, from being either taken in flank or intercepted by that new reinforcement of Spanish troops; and to this end, all the paffages in the ftates abovementioned, and principally the places of Parma, Placentia, and Pavia, fhall remain free and open to the King's troops for their convenience and fecurity.

III. As to what relates to further motions, and fuch other military operations as might be afterwards undertaken, as they must depend upon the circumftances which fall out from day to day, it is neceffary to refer them to the concert which fhall be entered into, in proportion to the circumftances which fhall happen; and for this purpofe, his Majefty the King of Sardinia fhall fend one of his general officers to the



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army of her Majesty the Queen of Hungary, and her Majefty the Queen of Hungary fhall fend one of her's likewife to refide with his Majefty the King of Sardinia: to which general officers fhall be reciprocally communicated all the advices that fhall be received about the enemy; and all the refolutions which fhall be taken on either fide, fhall be concerted with them.

IV. Nothing being fo neceffary towards obtaining the end defired on each fide, as the reciprocal fecurity of the respective poffeffions and rights, and a confidence in the good faith of the parties, who are to cooperate towards the fame end, his Majefty the King of Sardinia promifes, upon the faith and word of a Prince, to her Majesty the Queen of Hungary; first, that, for as long time as the prefent provifional agreement fhall laft, he will not avail himself of his pretended rights to the state of Milan, which are not entered into in this provifional convention, forafmuch as the Queen of Hungary cannot admit them, and the King of Sardinia, on the contrary, thinks them founded; and fecondly, that if it fhould be neceffary that his faid Majesty should enter, with his forces, into any one of the ftates above-mentioned, he will not exercife in the fame any act of fovereignty, and will not in anywife hinder the Queen of Hungary from continuing to exercise them, in the manner that that Princess has done it hitherto; neither will his Majefty exact any contribution, and will content himself in the faid cafe with being furnished with fuch things as are indifpenfably requifite to an army; as for inftance, forage, wood, quarters, carts, beds, caferns, and straw, the rations whereof fhall be regulated upon the foot on which they are ufually allowed to his troops; as also hories, mules, and oxen, for the ufe of the artillery, and victuals.

V. On the other hand, her Majesty the Queen of Hungary declares in the like folemn manner, that it is not her meaning that the above-faid promifes of his Y 3


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