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hands, and have fet our feals with our coats of arms thereunto. Done at Worms, this day of September, one thousand seven hundred and forty-three. (L.S.) Carteret. (L.S.) Offorio.
(L.S.) De Wafner.
WE having feen and confidered the treaty abovewritten, have approved and ratified it in all and fingular its articles and claufes, as we do by these presents approve and ratify the fame, for ourselves, our heirs and fucceffors, undertaking and promifing, upon our Royal word, that we will religiously and inviolably perform and obferve all and fingular the things which are contained in it; and that we will never fuffer, as much as in us lies, that they be violated by any body, or that any thing be done, in any manner whatfoever, to the contrary thereof. For the greater faith and corroboration of all which, we have commanded our great feal of Great Britain to be fet to these prefents, figned by the hands of our guardians and juftices of our kingdom of Great Britain, and our lieutenants in the fame. Given at Westminster, the 20th day of September, in the year of our Lord 1743, and of our reign the seventeenth.
HE first commercial treaty between
See before, all the treaties with SPAIN, from 1667 till 1718, in this volume, page 1 to 175: 1718. and See particularly THE QUADRUPLE ALLIANCE, in this vol. p. 175.
Part of the fifth article of this treaty is as follows: "It is further agreed, between his "Sacred Imperial Majefty and the Catholic King, that the town of LEGHORN may, and "ought, perpetually to remain a FREE PORT, "in the fame manner as it now is."-See vol. i. p. 262.
See also in this volume, p. 321, the treaty of WORMS, article SARDINIA.
The TWO SICILIES.
EE the feveral treaties with Spain, which comprehend the rights of Great 1648. Britain, in the Two Sicilies, in this vol. from
p. I to 255.
The treaty of peace and commerce beMay. tween Great Britain and Spain, concluded at Madrid; which treaty comprehends at prefent The Two Sicilies.
See this treaty at large, in this vol.
25 Feb. 8 Mar
The declaration and engagement concerning the rights and privileges of the British merchants in the kingdom of Sicily, made at Utrecht.
See the treaty of Vienna, whereby the 1738. reigning family became poffeffed of the Two
Rouffet's Supp. Corp. Dip. tom. iv.
part. ii. p. 546-49.
Mably's Dr. Pub. tom. iii. p. 86-87.
[The following is printed from the copy which was published by authority in 1714.]
Declaration and Engagement concerning the Rights and
Privileges of the British Merchants in the Kingdom of Sicily, made at Utrecht, the Day of March,"
WHEREAS by feveral treaties of peace, alliance, commerce, and navigation, formerly made between
the kingdoms of Great Britain and Spain, and at this. time fubfifting, but more particularly by the treaty concluded at Madrid, the day of the month of May, in the year one thousand fix hundred fixty-andfeven, and the cedulas annexed thereunto, provifion was made for the freedom, fecurity, and perfect eafe of the commerce of the British fubjects, trading in the kingdoms and provinces of Spain; the obfervance and ufage of which treaties have been hitherto received in the kingdom of Sicily, in the fame manner as in any other the dominions of Spain, and have remained there in full force, except fome variations which have been introduced in the courfe of time; for the rectifying whereof, according to the rule of thofe treaties, Great Britain has hitherto justly infifted.
Wherefore, on occafion of transferring the kingdom of Sicily to his Royal Highnefs the Duke of Savoy, her Sacred Majefty of Great Britain, being watchful to preferve the rights and privileges of her fubjects trading in the faid kingdom, and being likewife willing to preserve to the Sicilians the privileges they have in Great Britain, which are so very dear to the most Serene Duke of Savoy, hath been graciously pleased to give inftructions to her under-written minifters plenipotentiaries, to agree with the minifters plenipotentiaries of his Royal Highness of Savoy, about making declarations mutually upon this fubject: in pursuance thereof, the said minifters plenipotentiaries of his Royal Highness, in the name of their moft Serene mafter, do most folemnly declare and promife, that during the reign of the aforefaid moft Serene Duke in Sicily, as likewife of his heirs and fucceffors, the British merchants are henceforward to have, and fhall effectually have, use, and enjoy all those rights, privileges, liberties, and entire fecurity, as to their perfons, goods, fhips, feamen, trade, and navigation, in the faid kingdom of Sicily, which, by virtue of the treaties made between Great Britain and Spain, they have hitherto enjoyed, or ought to enjoy; and to that end, that all Z 2
abuses, which deviate from the tenor of the said treaties, fhall be forthwith removed, and the rights and privileges acquired to the British fubjects, by virtue of the aforefaid treaties, fhall not on any occafion, or under any pretence, ever be violated or leffened; and if hitherto any more favourable privileges have been granted to the merchants of any other foreign nation, or fhall hereafter be granted, any way relating to the perfons of the traders, their fhips, goods, duties, or the business of merchandizing, the British merchants shall likewise in all refpects, and in the fullest manner, enjoy the fame.
And in like manner the minifters plenipotentiaries of Great Britain do, in the name of her Majefty, confirm, that the Sicilians fhall hereafter enjoy the fame privileges and liberties which they have hitherto enjoyed, or ought to have enjoyed, as fubjects of the Kings of Spain, by virtue of the aforefaid treaty of the year 1667.
The ratifications of this prefent declaration and engagement, made in due form, fhall be exchanged at Utrecht, within fix weeks, or fooner if poffible.
In witness and confirmation whereof, the aforefaid minifters plenipotentiaries of her majesty of Great Britain, and of his Royal Highness of Savoy, have figned this prefent inftrument with their own hands, and put their feals thereunto, at Utrecht, the 2 day of 17+3. (L.S.) Job. Bristol, C.P.S. (L. S.) Strafford.
(L. S.) Le C. Maffei.