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1700. 15 July.
The treaty of 1703. and commerce bepeace 20 July. tween Great Britain and Algiers. 28 Oct. Pap. Off. U. 23-24.
1709. 26 Feb.
1716. 29 Oct.
The confirmation of peace, and additional articles, between Great Britain and Algiers. Pap. Off. U. 22.
1751. 3 June.
The confirmation of the treaty dated the 8th of April, 1702.
Pap. Off. U. 25.
The treaty of peace and commerce between Great Britain and Algiers. Pap. Off. U. 27.
An additional article of peace.
Treat. 1785, vol. iii. p. 29.
1762. The treaty of peace and commerce be14 May. tween Great Britain and Algiers. Pap. Off. U. 34.
[The following is printed from the treaty which was printed by authority, in 1662.]
Articles of Peace between his Sacred Majefty Charles the Second, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, &c. and the City and Kingdom of Algier, and the Territories thereof; concluded by Sir John Lawfon, Knight, the 23d Day of April, 1662.
Imprimis. THAT from this day and for ever forwards, there be a good and firm peace between his Sacred Majesty the King of Great Britain, &c. and the Baffa, Duan, and the governors of Algier, and the dominions thereto belonging; and the fhips, fubjects, and people of either party fhall not do nor offer any offence or
injury to each other, but treat one another with all poffible refpect and friendship; and any fhips belonging to the King of Great Britain, or any of his fubjects, may freely come to the port of Algier, and buy and fell as in former times, and alfo unto any other port that belongs to the government of Algier, paying the cuftom of ten per cent. as in former times; and no man, within the jurifdiction of Algier, fhall give the subjects of his faid Majefty a bad word, or a bad deed, or a bad action.
II. That all fhips, as well thofe belonging to his Sacred Majefty the King of Great Britain, &c. and any of his Majefty's fubjects, as those belonging to Algier, fhall freely pafs the feas, and traffic, without any fearch, hinderance, or moleftation whatsoever.
III. That all fubjects of the King of Great Britain, &c. now flaves in Algier, or any of the territories thereof, be fet at liberty and delivered, upon paying the price they were first fold for in the market; and that, for the time to come, no fubject of his faid Majefty be bought or fold, or made flaves of, in Algier or its territories.
IV. That if any fhip of Tunis, Tripoli, or Salley, or any other, do bring any fhips, men, or goods, belonging to any of the fubjects of his Majefty of Great Britain, into Algier, or any of the ports thereunto belonging, the governors there fhall not permit them to be fold in the faid territories.
V. That any merchants of the fubjects of the King of Great Britain, &c. dying in Algier or its territories, his goods or monies fhall not be feized by the Baffa, Aga, or any other minifter, but remain with the English conful.
VI. That the English conful that lives in Algier be allowed a place to pray in, and no man to do him, or any of his faid Majelly's fubjects, any wrong or injury, in word or deed, whatfoever.
VII. That in cafe any of his Majesty's fubjects fhould happen to strike a Turk or a Moor, if he be taken, let him be punished; but if he efcape, nothing fhall be faid to the English conful, nor to any other of his faid Majesty's fubjects, upon that account.
VIII. That if any ships of war of his faid Majefty fhall come into Algier, or other the ports of that government, with any prize, they may fell and difpofe of it at their own pleafure, without being molefted by any, and that they be not obliged to pay cuttoms in any fort; and if the faid fhips of war fhall want provifion, victuals, or any other thing, they may freely buy it at the rate in the market.
IX. That any fhips belonging to the fubjects of his Majefty the King of Great Britain, &c. coming into Algier, or any of the ports in its territories, fhall, for fuch goods as they fell, pay the dues according to cuftom; and the goods they fell not, they fhall freely carry on board, without paying any duties for the fame.
X. That no fhipwreck belonging to his faid Majefty," or any of his fubjects, on the coaft belonging to Algier, fhall become prize; and that neither the goods be forfeited, nor the men made flaves, but that the people of Algier fhall do their beft endeavour to fave them and their goods.
XI. That the conful, or any other fubjects of his faid Majefty, be not bound to pay the debts of any other Englishman, or fubject of his faid Majefty, unless he become furety.
XII. That no fubject of his faid Majefty the King of Great Britain, &c. in matter of difference, fhall be liable to any other judgment but that of the Duan.
XIII. That the fubjects of his faid Majefty, in difference amongst themselves, fhall be fubject to no other determination but that of the conful.
XIV. That no merchant, nor other fubject of his faid Majefty, being a paffenger in or unto any port, fhall be molested or meddled with.
And for the better practising the second article, according to the true intent and meaning thereof, it is agreed that the Algier fhips of war, meeting any merchant fhip belonging to the fubjects of the King of Great Britain, &c. not being in any of the feas appertaining to his Majefty's dominions, have the liberty to fend one fingle boat, with but two fitters more than the common crew of rowers, and no more to enter on board the faid merchant fhips but the two fitters, without the exprefs leave of the commander of the faid merchant fhip: that upon producing unto them a pafs, under the hand and feal of the lord high admiral of England, the faid boat do prefently depart, and the merchant ship to proceed on his voyage. And although the commander of the merchant fhip produce no país from the lord high admiral of England, yet, if the major part of the fhip's company be fubjects to the King of Great Britain, &c. the faid boat fhall prefently depart, and the merchants fhip proceed freely. And any fhips of war of his Majefty the King of Great Britain, &c. meeting with any fhip of Algier, if the commander shall produce a pafs firmed by the chief governor of Algier, and the major part of the fhip's company be Turks, Moors, or flaves, then the Algier fhip to proceed freely.
That presently after the figning and fealing thefe articles by the governors or chief authority of the city and kingdom of Algier, all injuries and damages fuftained on either part fhall be quite taken away and forgotten, and this peace fhall be in full force and virtue; and for all damages and depredations that shall be afterwards done or committed by either fide, before notice can be given of this peace, there fhall be full fatisfaction made, and whatfoever remains in kind be restored.
That if any grievances happen on either fide, it
shall not be lawful to break the peace till fatisfaction be denied.
At the court at Hampton Court, the
It was ordered by his Majefty in council, that the enfuing clause be imprinted together with the articles aforefaid.
His Majefty, out of his princely and tender care, having, fince the conclufion of this treaty, recommended the redemption of all flaves, his fubjects, in Algiers, unto the lords bishops of this kingdom; their lordfhips have (in this truly Chriftian and pious defign) proceeded with fuch alacrity and expedition, that, for the effecting thereof, ten thousand pounds are already prepared to be tranfmitted into thofe parts for redemp tion of all captives, according to the tenor of these articles, at the rate they were firft fold in the market."
[The following is printed from the treaty which was published by authority, in 1686.]
Articles of Peace and Commerce between the moft Serene and Mighty Prince Charles the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Chriftian Faith, &c. and the moft Illuftrious Lords, the Bafhaw, Dey, Aga, and Governors of the famous City and Kingdom of Algiers, in Barbary: Concluded by Arthur Herbert, Efquire, Admiral of his Majesty's Fleet in the Mediterranean Seas, on the Tenth Day of April, Old Stile, 1682.
I. IN the first place, it is agreed and concluded, that from this day, and for ever forwards, there be a true, firm, and inviolable peace, between the most Serene King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland,