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1641. 28 Oct.
HE capitulation (treaty) with the Ot-
1675. The commercial treaty with the Porte.
[The following is printed from the treaty, which was
Capitulations and Articles of Peace between the Majefty
ACCORDING to my Imperial command, let it be
THE command of this fublime and lofty Imperial fignature, preferved and exalted by Divine Providence, whofe triumph and glory is renowned through all the world.
By the favour of the Nourisher of all things, and mercy and grace of the Merciful, I that am the powerful Lord of Lords of the world, whofe name is formidable upon earth, giver of all crowns of the universe, Sultan Mahomet Han, fon of Sultan Ibrahim Han, Son of Sultan Ahmet Han, fon of Sultan Mahomet. Han, fon of Sultan Murat Han, fon of Sultan Selim Han, fon of Sultan Soliman Han, fon of Sultan Selim Han.
To the glorious amongst the great Princes of Jefus, reverenced by the high Potentates of the people of the Meffiah, fole director of the important affairs of the Nazarene nation, Lord of the limits of decency, and honour of greatnefs and fame, Charles the Second, King of England and Scotland, that is, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, whofe end and enterprises may the Omnipotent God conclude with blifs and favour, with the illumination of his holy will.
In times paft, the Queen of the aforefaid kingdoms fent divers of her efteemed gentlemen, and perfons of quality, with letters and fhips to this Imperial High Port (the refuge of the Princes of the world, and the retreat of the Kings of the whole univerfe) in the happy times of famous memory of my ancestors now placed in paradife, whofe fouls be replenished with Divine mercy; which gentlemen and prefents were gratefully accepted, making declaration, and offering, in the name of the faid Queen, an entire good peace and pure friendship, and demanding that their fubjects might have leave to come from England into our ports. Our faid ancestors of happy memory did then grant their Imperial licence, and gave into the hands of the English nation divers efpecial and Imperial commands, to the end that they might fafely and fecurely come and go into thefe dominions, and in coming or returning, either by land or fea, in their way and paffage that they fhould of no man be molested or hindered. After which time, in the days of our grandfather Sultan Mahomet Han, of famous memory (unto whofe foul be granted Divine abfolution) it being anew defired, that the fubjects, merchants, and their interpreters, might freely and fecurely come, merchandize, and negotiate through all the parts of this Imperial dominion, and that fuch capitulations, and other privileges, and Imperial commands, as had been granted unto the nation of the Kings and Princes in peace and amity with this High Port, as France, Venice, Poland, and others, might alfo be granted to the fub
jects of the faid Queen, and all others coming under the English banner; in confirmation of which requeft, were given and confirmed by our ancestors of fainous memory, the Imperial capitulations and privileges following, that is to fay:-It is commanded, &c.
I. That the faid nation, and the English merchants, and any other nation or merchants which are or fhall come under the English banner and protection, with their fhips, fmall and great, merchandize, faculties, and all other their goods, may always pafs fafe in our feas, and freely and in all fecurity may come and go into any part of the Imperial limits of our dominions, in fuch fort that neither any of the nation, their goods, and faculties, shall receive any hinderance or moleftation from any perfon whatsoever.
II. The faid nation fhall and may in like manner freely and fecurely come and go by land through all the Imperial limits of our dominions, fo that neither to their perfons, beafts, goods, or faculties, fhall' any trouble or impediment be given, nor any injury be done unto them, but they fhall always, at their own pleafures, fafely and fecurely traffic in all parts of our do
III. And if it happen that any perfons of the faid nation coming into our dominions by land, or paffing into any other country, fhall be stayed or arrefted by any of our minifters, fuch perfons fhall be fet free and at liberty, and afterwards fhall receive no hinderance in their journey.
IV. All English fhips or veffels, finall or great, fhall and may at any time fafely and fecurely come and harbour in any of the fcales and ports of our dominions, and likewife may from thence depart at their pleasure, without detention or hinderance of any
V. And if it fhall happen that any English veffel,
or any other neceffity, all the veffels, as well Imperialas belonging to private men, that fhall be near or prefent, as alfo all others that inhabit the feas, fhall give them help and fuccour; and being come into our ports or fcales, they fhall freely ftay in them as long as they pleafe, and for their money provide for them of all neceffaries and provifion, and may take water without the let or hinderance of any man..
VI. And if it fhall happen that any of their fhips. fhall have fuffered fhipwreck, or being broken, or in diftrefs, fhall be caft upon any coaft of our dominions, in fuch cafe all beglerbegs, caddees, governors, minifters, and other our flaves, fhall give them all affiftance, fuccour, and help; and whatsoever goods and faculties fhall be faved or recovered in the faid fhips, fhall be restored to the English; and if they fhall be informed that any part of their goods and faculties fhall be ftole or taken away, our faid minifters, with all diligence, fhall make fufficient fearch and examination to find out and recover the goods, and reftore them to the English.
VII. The English merchants, interpreters, brokers, and all other fubjects of that nation, whether by fea or land, may freely and fafely come and go in all the ports of our dominions, or returning into their own country; all our beglerbegs, minifters, governors, and other officers, captains by fea of fhips, and others whomfoever, our flaves and fubjects, we command that none of them do or fhall lay hands upon their perfons or faculties, or upon any pretence fhall do them any hinderance or injury.
VIII. If any Englishman, either for his own. debt, or for furetifhip, fhall abfent himself, or make efcape. away, or fhall be bankrupt, the creditor fhall only, pretend his debt upon his own debtor, and not of any other English; and if the creditor have not authentic hoget or bill of furetifhip made by an Englishman,
he fhall not pretend his debt of any other English
IX. In all causes, bufineffes, and occafions which fhall occur between the faid nation, their merchants, interpreters, and brokers, or fervants, and any other whatsoever; that is to fay, in felling or buying, in paying or receiving, in giving or taking fecurity, or pledge, debt, or credit, and all other fuch things which appertain to the minifters of the law and juftice, they may always (if they please) in fuch occafions go to the caddee, who is the judge of the law, and there make a hoget, or public authentic act with witness, and regifter the fame, and take a copy of the fame to keep by them, to the end that if in the future any difference or pretence shall arife between the faid parties, they may both have a recourfe to the faid hoget and act. And when the pretence fhall be conformable to the tenor of the hoget registered, then it fhall be accordingly thereunto obferved: and if the plaintiff hath not in his hands any fuch authentic hoget, but only bringeth partial witnefs, which makes cavils or pretences, our minifters fhall not give ear to them, but obferve the written authentic hoget.
X. And if any one within our dominions fhall accufe any Englishman to have done him wrong, and fhall therefore raise any pretence upon him by violent or partial witness, our ministers shall not give ear unto them, nor accept them, but the caufe fhall be advised to the ambaffador or conful refident of the English nation, to the end that the business may be decided with his knowledge, and in his prefence, that the English may always have recourfe to their defence and protection.
XI. If any Englishman, having committed an offence, fhall make his escape, or absent himself, no other Englishman, not being pledge, fhall be taken or molefted for him.