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making muft or wine in their own houses, none of our ministers, caddees, or janizaries, fhall moleft or hinder them, or demand any duties or money, or do them any violence or impediment.

XXXI. In the port of Conftantinople, Aleppo, Alexandria, Scio, Smyrna, and in other parts of our dominions, the English merchants having paid the cuftom of their merchandize, according to the tenor of the Imperial capitulations, no man fhall moleft or trouble, or take from them any thing more; and whatsoever merchandize fhall be loaden upon their fhips, and brought in our dominions, and landed at any scale, they being defirous to lade it again, and to tranfport it to any other scale or port, the fame goods arriving in the second place and scale, and being there unladen, neither the customer nor farmers, nor any other our officers, fhall pretend or take again any customs, or gabels of the faid merchandize; that the faid nation may always freely and securely trade, and follow their bufinefs.

XXXII. Neither of the English nation, nor of any trading under their banner, there fhall not be demanded nor gathered one afper, nor any money in the name of Impofition haffapie, or compofitions for flesh for the janizaries.

XXXIII. There having been in times paft a difference between the ambaffador of the Queen of England and the French ambaffador, both refident in our port, about the merchants of the Dutch nation; both which ambaffadors fent their petitions to our Imperial ftirrup, and made requeft, that the faid Dutch mer chants, coming into our dominions, fhould pass under their banner; which request of both ambassadors was granted under our Imperial feal; notwithstanding Sinan Baffa, the fon of Cigala, captain of the fea, now deceased, as admiral, and practifed in maritime cafes, having advised the Imperial Majefty, that it was fit and convenient that the Dutch nation fhould be affigned

ed to the protection of the ambaffador of England, and that it should be fo written in their capitulations : which opinion being by all the viziers approved, by exprefs order, and Imperial authority, it was commanded, that the Dutch merchants of the provinces of Holland, Zealand, Friezland, and Guelderland (that is, the merchants of thofe four provinces trading in our dominions) fhall always come under the banner of the Queen of England, as all other English do; and that of all the goods and merchandize which they shall or do import or export to and from our dominions, in their veffels, they fhall pay the duties of confulage, and all other duties, to the ambaffador or conful of the Queen of England; and that never hereafter the French ambaffador or conful fhall infinuate nor intermeddle herein: and accordingly it was commanded, that for the time to come it fhould be ruled and obferved according to this prefent capitulation.

After which, there being arrived another ambaffador at this High Port, fent from the King of England, with letters and prefents, which were moft acceptable, the faid ambaffador did make requeft, that certain other neceffary articles fhould be added, and written in the Imperial capitulations; of which the firft was:-As in times paft, in the days of one of our forefathers of famous memory, Sultan Soliman Han, there was granted a certain capitulation and privilege, that the merchants of the Spanish nation, Portugal, Ancona,. Sevilla, Florence, Catalonia, and all forts of Dutchmen, and other merchant-strangers, might fafely and fecurely go and come through all the places of our dominions, and trade and traffic; granting unto them moreover, that in any part of our empire they might eftablish their confuls: but it being that every nation apart was not able to defray the charges and maintenance of a conful, it was then left to their will and choice to come under the banner of fuch ambaffador or conful as fhould beft like them, provided that it were an ambaffador or conful of a King in peace and

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amity with our High Port;-upon which grant, and other privileges given them, there were often granted divers Imperial commands and conftitutions, being fo defired by merchant-ftrangers, who of their own will elected to trade under the banner and protection of the ambaffador and conful of the King of England. And whilft, in all scales and ports in these parts, they had refuge to the banner and protection of the English confuls, it feemeth that the French ambaffador, by fome means having anew gotten into their capitulations, that the faid merchant-ftrangers fhould come under their banner, did endeavour to force them in all scales to their protection; for which cause the controverfy was again renewed, and referred to our Divan, or great council; which, after a due examination, and a new election, permitted to the will and choice of the faid merchants, they again did defire to be under the protection of the ambaffador of the King of England, notwithstanding it being made known to the Imperial Port, that as yet the French ambassador did not desire to moleft the faid merchants, nor to force them under his protection, the first article written in the French capitulations, that the merchant-ftrangers fhould come. under their protection, was by the Imperial command made void and annulled: And to the end that, according to the ancient cuftom of the faid merchantftrangers, they fhould always come under the banner and protection of the ambaffador or confuls of England, and that never hereafter they fhould be vexed or troubled by the French ambaffador in this point, the faid ambaffadors of his Majefty of England having defired that this particular fhould be written, and enrolled in this new Imperial capitulation, this present article was accordingly inferted; and by the Imperial authority it is commanded, that for ever, in time to come, merchants of the faid Princes, in the mentioned form, and according to this Imperial command in their hand, fhall always be under the banner and


protection of the ambaffador and confuls of Eng


XXXIV. There fhall never be permitted or granted any Imperial commands contrary to the tenor and articles of this Imperial command or capitulation, nor in prejudice of this our peace and amity; but in fuch occafion the caufe fhall first be certified to the ambasfador of England refiding at the Porte, to the end that he may anfwer, and object any fcandalous action, or other pretence, which might infringe the peace and league.

XXXV. The English merchants, of all the merchandize which they fhall bring or tranfport in their fhips, having paid the custom, they fhall alfo pay the right of confulage to the English ambaffador or conful.

XXXVI. The English merchants, and all under their banner, fhall and may fafely, throughout our dominion, trade, buy, fell (except only commodities prohibited) all forts of merchandize; likewife, either by land or fea, they may go and traffic, or by the way of the river Tanais in Mofcovia, or by Ruffia, and from thence may bring their merchandize into our empire; alfo to and from Perfia they may go and trade, and through all that part newly by us conquered, and through thofe confines, without the impediment or moleftation of any of our minifters; and they fhall pay the cuftom, and other duties of that country, and nothing more.

XXXVII. The English merchants, and all under their banner, fhall and may fafely and freely trade and negotiate in Aleppo, Cairo, Scio, Smyrna, and in all parts of our dominions; and, according to our ancient cuftoms, of all their merchandize they fhall pay three in the hundred for cuftom, and nothing more.


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XXXVIII. The English fhips which fhall come to this our city of Conftantinople, if by fortune of feas, or ill weather, they fhall be forced to Coffa, or to fuch like port, as long as the English will not unlade and fell their own merchandize and goods, no man fhall enforce them, nor give them any trouble or annoyance; but in all places of danger, the caddees, or other of our minifters, fhall always protect and defend the faid English fhips, men, and goods, that no damage may come unto them; and with their money may buy victuals and other neceffaries; and defiring alfo with their money to hire carts or veffels, which before were not hired by any other, to tranfport their goods from place. to place, no man fhall do them any hinderance or trouble whatsoever.

XXXIX. The English nation, of all the merchandize which in their fhips fhall be brought to Conftantinople, or to any other part of our dominions, which they shall not defire of their own accord to land or fell, of fuch goods there fhall not be demanded or taken any custom at arrival at any port; and having landed their merchandize, and paid their cuftoms and other duties, they may quietly and fafely depart, without the moleftation of any man.

XL. In regard English fhips coming into our dominions do ufe oftentimes to touch in fome part of Africa, and there take in pilgrims and Mahometan paffengers to tranfport them to Alexandria; and arriving at that port, it feemeth that the customers and other officers do pretend to take custom of all goods which are found in their fhips, before the merchants are willing to land any; by occafion of which molestation they have forborn to tranfport any pilgrims: And in like manner, their fhips which come to Conftantinople, and carry divers merchandize, to tranfport part thereof to other places, the customers and farmers would enforce to land, and pretend to take custom thereof: Wherefore we do command, that all the Eng

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