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THE court of directors of the honourable united Eaft India company, having taken into their ferious confideration the great advantages which may be attained by improving the bleffings of peace, now happily re-established on the coaft of Choromandel and the Carnatic, and confidering the present hour best suited for fettling and arranging, by a juft and equitable treaty, a plan for the future defence and protection of the Carnatic, and the northern circars, on a folid and lasting foundation, have communicated these their fentiments to his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic; who, being fully impreffed with the propriety and wifdom of fuch an arrangement, has for himself, his heirs and fucceffors, adjusted and concluded a folid and permanent treaty with the prefident and council of Fort St. George, upon the principles and conditions hereinafter mentioned; in confequence whereof it is stipulated and agreed, that due provifion fhall be made for the military peace establishment; and alfo that, for dif charging the expence of war, in the event of a war breaking out in the Carnatic, or on the coaft of Choromandel, certain contributions, or proportions of the revenues of the contracting parties, fhall be united into one common stock, to be applied for their mutual fecurity and defence; and, as it is neceffary that the application of the faid contributions, both of peace and war, fhall be repofed in the united company or their representatives, together with the direction of the war, the command of the army, magazines of ftores and provisions (the granaries and prefent magazines of his highness the Nabob excepted) with full power to occupy or dismantle fuch forts as by them fhall be deemed neceffary for the general fecurity, the faid contracting parties do hereby folemnly engage and agree, for themselves and their fucceffors, to and with each other in manner following; that is to fay,
I. The friends and enemies of his highnefs the Nabob of the Carnatic, and of the English united
Eaft India company, fhall be confidered as the friends and enemies of both.
II. His highness the Nabob of the Carnatic will contribute towards the military peace establishment, and fhall pay into the treafury of the faid united company, the annual fum of nine lacks of pagodas, to commence in the Fuzelly 1197, corresponding to the 12th July 1787, as his fixed proportion, divided into kifts, payable at the following periods; that is to say,
III. That the honourable East India company will in like manner contribute, and with the aid of Tanjore shall pay and make good, fuch further fums as may be neceffary to discharge the expence of the military peace establishment, beyond the faid annual contribution of his highness already mentioned.
IV. That for the fatisfaction of his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, his heirs and fucceffors, the prefident in council of Fort St. George fhall furnish his highness annually with an accurate account, fhewing the number of troops maintained, and the names and fituations of the garrifons fupported by the annual contributions, and particularly the troops and garrisons maintained by the nine lacks of pagodas annually contributed by his highness to the general defence.
V. In cafe of failure in the punctual payment of the nine lacks of pagodas already mentioned, to the amount of one lack of pagodas in any kift, for the period of one month after the fame fhall become due, his highnefs the Nabob agrees, that certain diftricts, specified in the schedule, N° 1, hereunto annexed, shall be made anfwerable for fuch failure; and that the company shall have power to appoint fuperintendants or receivers to collect and receive, from the Nabob's
amuldars, all the rents, revenues, duties, cuftoms, and peshcash of the faid district; and these superintendants or receivers fhall exercife all neceffary authority for collecting fuch rents, revenues, &c. giving regular receipts for all monies which may be received by the faid fuperintendants; who fhall have full power to inspect and examine all Cutcherry receipts and accounts of the lands and diftricts aforefaid, as well as to afcertain the state of all other revenues which fhall be collected annually from customs, or from the zemindars or poligars tributaries to his highness within the faid diftricts; and when the full amount for which fuch diftricts ftood anfwerable, fhall have been paid to the company, the fuperintendant or receiver fhall be immediately recalled.
VI. At the appointment of the fuperintendant or receiver, the Nabob will furnifh the company with the obligations the amuldars of each diftrict fhall have given to the circar; and if they do not pay the money punctually to the fuperintendant or receiver, agreeable thereto, the Nabob, at the request of the governor in council, will immediately difmifs the faid amuldar, and appoint by faned fuch others in their stead, as the prefident in council of Fort St. George fhall recommend, after taking from them the ufual obligations, which fhall be delivered to the company by his highness.
VII. That the exercise of power over the faid diftricts and farms, by virtue of the conditions mentioned in the 5th and 6th articles, in cafe of failure in the payment of any of the faid kifts, fhall not extend or be conftrued to extend to deprive his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, or his fucceffors, of the civil government thereof, the credit of his family, or the dignity of his illustrious House, but that the fame fhall be preserved to him and them inviolate, faving and excepting the powers in the foregoing article expreffed and mentioned.
VIII. That in the event of any war breaking out in
the Carnatic, or on the coaft of Choromandel, the faid united company fhall charge themselves with the direcrion, order, and conduct thereof; and, during the continuance of fuch war, fhall apply four-fifths of their whole revenues, in the Carnatic and the northern circars, annually, to the military expences of the war. To remove every doubt, on the part of his highness, of any fecretion or diverfion of the faid revenues from the purpose aforefaid, his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, in behalf of himself, his heirs and fucceffors, fhall have full power and authority, during fuch war, to appoint one or more inspectors or accomptants, to infpect and examine the Cutcherry receipts of all the districts of the company, in the Carnatic and the northern circars, as well as the ftate of all the other revenues, collected from the customs, from the zemindars and poligars tributary to the company.
IX. That in the like event, his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, after deducting from the whole amount of his revenues 2,13,421 pagodas annually, for jaghires to the family of his highnefs, and 21,366 pagodas annually for charities, fhall and will pay into the treafury of the faid united company, four-fifths of his revenue to the general expence of fuch war, to be applied in fuch manner as the faid united company or their reprefentatives fhall find neceffary, for their common fafety and intereft, as alfo for the intereft of their allies in the Carnatic, and on the coaft of Choromandel; and it is morever agreed, that his highnefs's proportion of the debt of the war will henceforth be fettled at twenty-five fifty-one parts..
X. For the more effectual fecurity of the payment of four-fifths of the revenues of his highnefs annually, to the military expences of the war, and to remove every doubt, on the part of the company, of any secretion or diverfion of the faid revenues from the purpose aforefaid, the prefident and council of Fort St. George, in behalf of the company, thall have full fhall have full power and
authority, during fuch war, to appoint one or more infpectors or accomptants, to infpect and examine the Cutcherry receipts of all the countries and districts of the Nabob, as well as the ftate of all the other revenues, collected from the cuftoms, and from the zemindars and poligars tributaries to his highnefs; and in cafe the faid four-fifths of the revenues, or any part thereof, are diverted from the discharge of the current expences of the war, or the debts or expences incurred thereby, the faid united company fhall have full power to appoint fuperintendants and receivers over the faid countries and districts of the Nabob, in the manner specified in the 3d article of this treaty, refpecting the dictricts mentioned in schedule N° 1, with the fame authority, and under the like reftrictions and conditions expreffed in cafe of failure.
XI. That the faid annual four-fifths, payable from the revenues of his highness the Nabob of the Carnatic, fhall, after the termination of the war, continue to be applied to the discharge of all debts and expences that may be incurred or arife during the course of the war, until his proportion of twenty-five fifty-one parts is paid off and discharged.
XII. It is exprefsly understood and declared, that fo foon as the expences incurred by the war are paid off and discharged, the fuperintendants and receivers fhall be immediately recalled; and it is further expressly declared, that the 11th article fhall not have any retrofpect to the expences of any war antecedent to the date of this treaty.
XIII. That after the termination of fuch war, and during the application of the faid grofs revenues to the debts and expences thereof, the 2d, 3d, 4th, 5th, and 6th articles of this treaty fhall be and remain dormant, and be of no effect; but fhall re-commence, and regain their full force and validity, from and immediately after all the debts and expences of fuch war have been fully and proportionably paid off and discharged.