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X. That the faid Nabob fhall not affift the enemies of the English, nor, on the other hand, fhall the Englifh affift the enemies of the Nabob; but fhould af fiftance be afforded on either part hereafter, the officers and men who may be fent to them, are to be paid at the following rates, by the parties to whom they may be fent; viz.

The commiffion officers to be paid at the difcretion of the party affifted, but with the concurrence and approbation of the party who affifts.

Each European foldier,
Each feapoy

15 rupees per month.

7 rupees per month. XI. Should at any time difputes arife, between the fervants of the English factories and the Nabob's fubjects, fervants, or dependants, and the former be found culpable, they fhall be fent to the English refident to be punished, as fhall the Nabob's people to his killedars, hummuldars, &c. if they are found to be in fault. The fervants of the English factory, as well as their families, shall be entirely under the honourable company's protection.

XII. That the faid Nabob fhall not grant any new firmaund, or privileges, to any European nation whatever, or fuffer any of them to eftablish any new fettlements in any part of his dominions: in all matters of trade or bufinefs, the English to have the preference; and in matters of ceremony or state, they are to take rank of all other European nations, as well as the country powers.

XIII. The faid Nabob hereby ratifies and confirms. the grant which he executed in February 1766, and delivered to Meffieurs Sparks and Townsend, relative to the privileges and immunities the honourable company poffeffed, in the feveral countries he conquered upon this coaft, before he took poffeffion thereof; and hereby binds and obliges himfelf, to compel whoever may be in poffeffion of those countries, to grant to the honourable company the produce thereof, as well


as the full enjoyment of all their rights and privileges therein, in their utmost extent.

In witness of all which, the faid contracting parties have interchangeably figned and fealed two inftruments, of the fame tenor and date; viz. the faid prefident and council, on behalf of the Englifh East India company, in Bombay Castle, this 8th day of Auguft, in the year of the Chriftian æra 1770, and the faid Nabob Hyder Ally Khan Behauder.

[The following is printed from the treaty, which was published by authority, in 1784.]

Treaty of Peace with the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun Bahauder.



TREATY of perpetual peace and friendship between the honourable the English Eaft India company, and the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun Bahauder, on his own behalf, for the countries of Seringapatam, Hyder Nagur, &c. and all his other poffeffions; fettled by Anthony Sadleir, George Leonard Staunton, and John Huddlefton, Efquires, on behalf of the honourable English East India company, for all their poffeffions, and for the Carnatic Payen Gaut, by virtue of powers delegated to the right honourable the prefident and felect committee of Fort Saint George, for that purpofe, by the honourable the governor and council, appointed by the King and parliament of Great Britain to direct and controul all political affairs of the honourable English Eaft India company in India,


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and by the faid Nabob, agreeable to the following articles, which are to be strictly and invariably obferved, as long as the fun and moon fhall last, by both parties; that is to fay, by the English company and the three governments of Bengal, Madras, and Bombay, and the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder.

I. Peace and friendship fhall immediately take place between the faid company and the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, and their friends and allies; particularly including therein the rajahs of Tanjore and Travencore, who are friends and allies to the English, and the Carnatic Payen Gaut, alfo Tippoo Sultaun's friends and allies; the Biby of Cananore, and the rajahs or zemindars of the Malabar coaft, are included in this treaty: the English will not directly or indirectly afflift the enemies of the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, nor make war upon his friends or allies; and the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, will noɛ directly or indirectly affift the enemies, nor make war upon the friends or allies of the English. ·

II. Immediately after figning and fealing the treaty by the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, and the three English commiffioners, the faid Nabob fhall fend orders for the complete evacuation of the Carnatic, and the restoration of all the forts and places in it, now poffeffed by his troops, the forts of Amboorgur and Satgur excepted; and fuch evacuation and refloration fhall actually and effectually be made in the space of thirty days from the day of figning the treaty. And the faid Nabob fhall also, immediately after figning the treaty, fend orders for the releafe of all the perfons who were taken and made prifoners in the late war, and now alive, whether European or native; and for their being fafely conducted to and delivered at fuch Englan forts or fettlements as fhall be nearest to the places where they now are, fo that the faid releafe and delivery of the prifoners fhall actually and




effectually be made in thirty days from the day of figning the treaty. The Nabob will cause them to be fupplied with provifions and conveyances for the journey, the expence of which fhall be made good to him by the company. The commiffioners will fend an officer or officers to accompany the prifoners to the different places where they are to be delivered: in particular, Abdul Wahab Cawn, taken at Chitoor, and his family, fhall be immediately released, and if willing to return to the Carnatic, fhall be allowed to do fo. If any perfon or perfons belonging to the faid Nabob, and taken by the company in the late war, be now alive, and in prifon in Bencoolen, or other territories of the company, fuch perfon or persons shall be immediately released, and, if willing to return, fhall be fent without delay to the nearest fort or fettlement in the Myfore country. Bafwapa, late amuldar of Palicacherry, shall be released and at liberty to depart.

III. Immediately after figning and fealing the treaty, the English commiffioners fhall give written orders for the delivery of Onore Carwar and Sadashevagada, and forts or places adjoining thereto, and fend a ship or ships to bring away the garrifons. The Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, will cause the troops in thofe places to be fupplied with provifions, and any other neceffary affiftance for their voyage to Bombay (they paying for the fame). The commiffioners will likewife give, at the fame time, written orders for the immediate delivery of the forts and diftricts of Carcor, Auracourchy, and Daraparam; and immediately after the release and delivery of the prifoners as before mentioned, the fort and diftrict of Dindigul fhall be evacuated and restored to the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder; and none of the troops of the company fhall afterwards remain in the country of the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder.

IV. As foon as all the prifoners are released and de


livered, the fort and diftrict of Cannanore fhall be evacuated and reftored to Ali Rajah Biby, the Queen of that country, in the prefence of any one perfon, without troops, whom the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, may appoint for that purpofe; and at the fame time that the orders are given for the evacuation and delivery of the forts of Cannanore and Dindigul, the faid Nabob fhall give written orders for the evacuation and delivery of Amboorgur and Satgur to the English; and in the mean time, none of the troops of the faid Nabob fhall be left in any part of the Carnatic, except in the two forts above-mentioned.·

V. After the conclufion of this treaty, the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, will make no claim whatever in future on the Carnatic.

VI. All perfons whatsoever, who have been taken and carried away from the Carnatic Payen Gaut (which includes Tanjour) by the late Nabob Hyder Ali Çawn, Bahauder, who is in heaven, or by the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, or otherwife belonging to the Carnatic, and now in the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder's dominions, and willing to return, fhall be immediately allowed to return with their families and children, or as foon as may be convenient to themfelves; and all perfons belonging to the Vencata, cherry Rajah, who were taken prifoners in returning from the fort of Vellour, to which place they had been fent with provifions, fhall alfo be released, and permitted immediately to return. Lifts of the principal perfons belonging to the Nabob Mahomed Ali Cawn, Bahauder, and to the Rajah of Vencatagherry, fhall be delivered to the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun's minifters; and the Nabob will caufe the contents of this article to be publicly notified throughout his country.

VII. This being the happy period of general peace and reconciliation, the Nabob Tippoo Sultaun, Bahauder, as a teftimony and proof of his friendship to LI 2


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