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Bridges a moment ago, I am supporting the idea of individuals filing their own individual views.

Chairman RUSSELL. Gentleman, I wish to say just one word. This is probably the last formal meeting that we will have in a very historic hearing.

I do wish again-and this is not just being repetitious to express to the members of this committee my appreciation and my admiration for the objective manner in which we have pursued these hearings.

It is nothing short of amazing that when men's emotions have been as deeply stirred as they were by these events, that the hearings should have been so free from bitterness and personalities as these have been. I hope that the long hours that we have spent here will redound to the benefit of the American people, and in preserving the institutions of government that we all love.

Senator HUNT. Mr. Chairman, I should like to ask this joint committee to give favorable consideration to a statement that we all are grateful to the chairman for the able and fair and very splendid, very splendid, manner in which he has conducted these hearings from the very outset, until he made this last general statement.

Chairman RUSSELL. I appreciate that.

Senator SMITH. I would like to second that.

Chairman RUSSELL. I did not make my statement to try to invoke any compliments, but I did it because I feel in my heart that every member of these two committees has measured up to the very best traditions of the Senate.

Chairman CONNALLY. I was going to suggest that I put the motion. All in favor say "aye."

(There was a unanimous expression of "ayes.")

Chairman CONNALLY. Opposed, "no."

(No response.)

Chairman RUSSELL. I thank you, gentlemen, and the committee is now adjourned.

(Whereupon, at 12: 15 the committee adjourned.)

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mitting document


Excerpt from United Nations General
Assembly, Fifth Session, Official
Records, 294th Plenary Meeting,
Saturday, October 7, 1950, at 10:45
a. m. (p. 230 Sir Benegal N. Rau
(India) speaking.

Official release by the U. S. S. R. Infor-
mation Bulletin with reference to
Treaty between Soviet Russia and
Red China, February 14, 1950; also
the expression of mutual friendship
and the agreement with reference to
the Chinese Shantung Railway.

Senator Kefauver....3171

Senator Kefauver.. 3171

Senator Smith_


Senator Smith_.


Senator Smith_.


Senator Sparkman__


Excerpt from the speech of Hon. Joseph Senator McMahon____3176
W. Martin, Jr., February 12, 1951,
as printed in the Congressional Rec-
ord Appendix (February 15, 1951).
President Truman's order recalling
General MacArthur, and supporting
Excerpt from "United States Relations
With China" (pp. 605, 606, 607),
annexes to chapter V: "The Mis-
sion of General George C. Marshall,
1945-47 (61)," President Truman
to the Special Representative of the
President to China (Marshall).
Editorial from the New York Times,
Saturday, May 12, 1951, entitled
"China and the UN."
Extract from the Washington Post,
Friday, May 11, 1951, entitled,
"MacArthur Views on Message
Extract from Congressional Record
(Senate, May 3, 1951, pp. 5484,
5485), re citations given to Gener-
alissimo Chiang Kai-shek by the
Government of the United States.
Message of General MacArthur to
Veterans of Foreign Wars (New
York Times, August 29, 1950).
Address by the Honorable Dean Rusk,
Assistant Secretary of State for Far
Eastern Affairs, at the China Insti-
tute Dinner, Waldorf Astoria Hotel,
New York City, at 8 p. m., "Chinese-
American Friendship" Friday, May
18, 1951.
Directives, orders, and memoranda
sent to General MacArthur by the
Department of Defense containing
restrictions imposed on him in the
conduct of the campaign.

Senator Knowland....3187

Senator Knowland___3187

Senator Brewster.....3190

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Articles from two London newspapers,
the Observer, Sunday, April 8, 1951,
"Britain asks United States to ex-
plain"; and the Sunday Times,
March 25, 1951, "UN drafting truce
invitation to Chinese forces in

Casualty figures

Senator Knowland____3193

General Collins

Senator Knowland_



Communiqué No. 15, United Nations
Report No. 12, February 23, 1951.
"Authority of the President to repel the Secretary Acheson....3198
attack in Korea" (extract from ap-
pendixes contained in Union Calen-
dar No. 22) (background informa-
tion on the use of United States
Armed Forces in foreign countries)
appearing therein at p. 49, entitled
"I. Memorandum of July 3, 1950,
prepared by the Department of State
on the authority of the President to
repel the attack in Korea."
Action on the Chinese representation
question in United Nations and
specialized agency bodies (January
13, 1950, to May 22, 1951).
Speech of Hon. Robert A. Taft (Re-
publican, Ohio) June 28, 1950, en-
titled "The Korean crisis."
Memorandum referred to herein shown
as appendix 0.

Speech by Senator Brewster on floor of
the Senate, June 5, 1951 (Congres-
sional Record, pp. 6297-6302).
Editorial from Life magazine, Septem-
ber 10, 1945, entitled "Peace in
Asia" subtitle "The Moscow treaties
give China her first real chance to
complete an old revolution."
Excerpt from Congressional Record,
June 11, 1948 (p. 7846) showing vote
on Senate Resolution 239.
Secretary Acheson's statement to the
United Nations on the future of

Three letters which appeared in the Con-
gressional Record of the Eighty-first
Congress, second session, as follows:
May 10, 1950, Congressional Record,
p. 6851, letter dated March 3, 1950,
addressed to Dr. H. H. K'ung by
Alfred Kohlberg; May 10, 1950, Con-
gressional Record, p. 6851, letter
dated May 8, 1950, addressed to Mr.
Kohlberg by T. V. Soong; May 10,
1950, Congressional Record, p. 6851,
letter dated March 8, 1950, ad-
dressed to Mr. Kohlberg by H. H.

Senator Sparkman_


Senator Brewster___ 3210

Senator Brewster.. 3217

Senator McMahon....3228

Senator Sparkman. 3230

Senator Kefauver.
Senator Saltonstall


Senator Knowland_ 3232


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Resolutions by Senator Cain offered in the Senate on April 17, 1951, and accompanying statements. One resolution provides for declaration of existence of a state of war between the North Korean regime, the Chinese Communist regime, and the Government of the United States, and second resolution provides for the orderly withdrawal of Armed Forces of the United States from Korea. Summary of remarks made by Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer before joint meeting of State Council and, all Ministers of the National Government August 22, 1947. Statement of Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson before the Armed Services Subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee, April 26, 1950. Statement of Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson before the Armed Services Subcommittee of the Senate Appropriations Committee in connection with the appropriation estimates for the fiscal year 1951. Statement of Secretary of Defense Louis A. Johnson before the Armed Services Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, July 25, 1950. Comments by Gen. Patrick J. Hurley about 1,000 pages of white paper, August 7, 1949.

Letter addressed to Senator Knowland dated June 9, 1951, from Henry A. Wallace.

Letter from Acting Secretary Robert A. Lovett, Department of Defense, dated May 17, 1951, to Chairman Richard B. Russell of the Senate Armed Services Committee, with enclosures, supplementing testimony given by General Marshall on the subject of United States casualties in Korea.

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Letter from Sidney Aberman, secretary of the War Resistors League of New York, dated May 2, 1951, addressed to Chairman Russell.

Letter from Vice Admiral Oscar C. Badger, USN, Commander Eastern Sea Frontier, 90 Church St., New York, dated June 27, 1951, to Chairman Russell, supplementing testimony with reference to bombing of bases in Manchuria and the blockade by United Nations rather than the United States Naval Forces. Japanese Imports and Exports from and to Communist China and Hong Kong, January 1950 to February 1951.

Aircraft, in Philippines December 7, 1941.

Reply from Department of the Air Force, dated June 13, 1951, to request for information concerning estimates of the Chiefs of Staff of the Air Force regarding the minimum number of Air groups necessary to protect this country.

Cumulative list of information requested of the Department of State or Secretary Acheson during the hearings and not previously supplied. (See also appendix vv.)

(a) Letter from H. Alexander Smith to the Secretary of State, dated November 4, 1949.

(b) Letter from H. Alexander Smith to the Secretary of State, dated December 27, 1949.

(c) Report of visit to the Far East, September and October 1949, by Senator H. Alexander Smith, member, Committee on Foreign Relations.

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(d) Statement by the executive council of the American Federation of Labor, dated May 18, 1951, entitled "For a Bipartisan Policy in the Far East.' Statement of W. Averell Harriman, Special Assistant to the President, regarding our wartime relations with the Soviet Union, particularly as they concern the agreements reached at Yalta.

Letter dated June 20, 1951, and statement from Maj. Gen. Claire Lee Chennault (retired) United States Army, supplementing testimony and giving his on-the-spot views and comments on the proposals which have been put forward for bringing to a conclusion the war in Korea.

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