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they can have a substitute. When they are cured they can resume their duties. All other officials under sixty, no matter how great their craving, must abandon the use within six months. If unable to discontinue the habit they can retain their rank, but must retire from office. But those who falsely pretend to abandon the habit and continue the use of opium secretly will be deprived of both rank and office. All teachers, scholars, soldiers, and sailors throughout all ranks will be allowed three months wherein entirely to abandon the habit.

10. The Wai-wu-pu is commanded to approach the British Minister with reference to the annual reduction of opium imported, so that the importation may be ended within ten years. Since opium is also imported from Persia, French Indo-China, and the Dutch colonies, the respective Ministers must also be approached, but in the case of non-treaty Powers China will act independently. Strict regulations must be enforced against the smuggling of opium. Morphia and hypodermic syringes for its use being even more injurious than opium, therefore Article XI. of the Mackay Treaty of September 7, 1902, and Article XVI. of the American Treaty of October 8, 1903, must be given effect to, and the manufacture of morphia in China forthwith prohibited, whether by Chinese or foreigners.

11. The Viceroys and high officials must forthwith issue proclamations throughout the Empire embodying the foregoing regulations.

November 21, 1906.

INDEX

Abdali tribe : friendly relations tion, 174-175; vulnerability of
with Aden Government, 43

Canadian land frontier, 175;
Abdul Hamid : resuscitation of loyalty of French Canadians,

Ottoman Empire under his 176; necessity of obligatory
strong rule, 27

military service, 177 ; scarcity of
Aden : cause of its acquisition by English newspapers in Canadian
Great Britain, 39; necessity for

towns, 181
its transfer from the Bombay Canadian Northern Railway
Government to the Colonial Company, 163
Office, 42; Hinterland, 44 ; Canadian Pacific Railway : its
Imperial importance of Aden strategical value to the Empire,
as a place d'armes and coaling- 155; its dominant position in
station, 48

Canada, 158 ; unbroken pros-
Adis Ababa : capital of the Em- perity of the Company, 169;
peror Menelik, 50

prudent administration of the
Artillery, Japanese : superiority Directors, 160

over the Russian artillery, 129 Cavalry, Japanese : efforts to
Assab Bay : occupation of, by the improve this arm of the service,
Italians, 51

128
Atlantic Ocean : linked to the Ceuta : proposal for its exchange

Pacific by the Canadian Pacific for Gibraltar, 21
Railway, 156

Ceylon: the model Crown Colony,

59; history of its connection
Bana River : eastern boundary with Great Britain, 60; sketch

of Turkish territory in South of the island, 62 ; prosperity of
Arabia, 43

the Colony, 65 ; contentment of
Beaconsfield, Lord: purchase of the native population, 67

Suez Canal shares in 1875, 33 Chamberlain, the Right Hon.
Bermuda : its central position as Joseph : his sympathetic ad-

a coaling-station in the Atlantic, ministration of Crown Colony
168

government in Ceylon, 68; his
Bushido : code of Japanese views on Imperial political
chivalry, 109

economy, 158 ; his success as a
Buxton, Mr. Sydney: proposals Colonial Minister, 183

for cheapening the rates of Chefoo Convention : power of
postage between the United Chinese Government to de-
kingdom and Canada, 181

nounce, 92

China: Chinese population at
Canada : policy of Dominion Hong-Kong, 88; admirable

Government in regard to Im- qualities of the Chinese labourer,
perial Defence, 172; armed 89; sincere determination of
forces of the Dominion, 173; Chinese Government to stamp
Territorial Military Organiza- out opium-smoking, 92; Chinese

207

to, 44

Sovereignty at Shanghai, 94; Hadhramout: valley in Southern
mixed Court in the international Arabia, 44
settlement at Shanghai, 97 ; the Halifax: abandonment as a naval
Yellow Peril, 103

base, 168
Christmas Island : annexed to Hanków: the future Chicago of
Great Britain in 1887, 70

China, 2; commercial develop-
Chusan Island: proposed occupa-

ment, 96
tion, 101

Harrar: capital of the Gallas
Cocos Island : annexed to Great

country, 52
Britain in 1857, 70

Hong-Kong : biggest port in the
Colombo : advantage over Trin- world, 82 ; trade has followed

comalee as a commercial port, the flag, 82; bad title-deeds,
61; sketch of harbour, 64; cost 82; description of island, 84;
of harbour works, 65

New Territory, 86 ; success of
Cyprus : circumstances of its ac- Crown Colony system of govern-

quisition by Great Britain, 27; ment, 91
revenue, 28

Hudson Bay : proposed branch

railway to, 164
Djibuti : seat of French Govern- Husn Murad : boundary point of

ment transferred there from Anglo-Turkish frontier in South
Obokh in 1895, 52

Arabia, 43
Dover : harbour under construc-
tion, 13

Ieyasu : policy of isolation, 137;
Dthala : proposed light railway founder of the Tokugawa dy-

nasty of Shoguns, 148

Italy : Italian troops defeated by
Eritrea : Italian territory on the Menelik, 50; incubus of her
Red Sea littoral, 50

African possessions, 51
Esquimault : plan of harbour,

169; abandonment by the Japan : peace celebrations at
Admiralty as a naval base, Tokyo, 106; religious tolerance
171

of the Japanese people, 107;

decay of Buddhism in Japan,
Fadhli : Arab tribe near Aden, 108; Shinto faith, 109; bene-
43

ficial effects of conscription,
France : acquisition of Obokh, 110; commercial unreliability,

51 ; French railway to Adis 111; Anglo-Japanese alliance,
Ababa, 52

111 ; views of Marquis Ito on

post bellum policy of Japan,
Gara Mountains, 44

150-161 ; party government in
German Emperor: 'mailed fist' Japan, 152; the present Cabinet,

policy, 4; partition of China, 153
87

Japanese Army : numerical
Gibraltar: its strategical impor- strength, 121-122; Imperial

tance, 6; harbour works and review at Tokyo, 123 ; salient
docks, 16; question as to their characteristics of army, 125-130;
military security, 17; defective reduction of colour service to
civil administration, 22 ; sordid two years, 131 ; high qualities
appearance of town, 22

of Japanese officers, 135
Grand Trunk Pacific Railway: Japanese Navy:

Japanese Navy: growth of
route across Canada, 160; future Japan's sea - - power, 137-140;
Pacific terminus at Prince Ru- naval stations, 140; naval or-
pert, 161 ; proposed branch line ganization, 141-144; fighting
to Dawson and Hudson Bay, qualities of Japanese sailors,
163

144

:

:

Java: its conquest by Great Britain Nathan, Sir Matthew: Governor

in 1811, 71; sketch of Java of Hong-Kong, 85
Island, 72

Nejd : Arabian district of, 54
Jetté, Sir Louis : Lieut.-Governor Nobunaga : a famons Japanese
of Quebec, 177

Shogun, 146
Johor: Rajah sells Singapore to

Sir Stamford Raffles, 71 ; rail- Opium : war of 1840, 83; de-
way from Singapore, 79

moralizing policy of Great

Britain, 90 ; severe condemna-
Kiao-Chau : seizure by Germany

tion of this policy by a Chinese
in 1897, 94

gentleman, 90; Imperial edict
of 1906, 92 ; declaration of Mr.

Morley in Parliament, 93
Lamington, Lord : Governor of
Bombay ; visit to Aden, 44

Penang : the first seat of British
Lansdowne, Lord : Foreign Sec- Government in the Malay

retary; statement regarding Peninsula, 70
British policy in the Persian

Peninsular and Oriental Steam
Gulf, 58

Navigation Company : losing
Laurier, Sir Wilfrid : speech at ground in the Far East, 158

Toronto, 165; his loyalty to Perim Island : acquisition by
the Empire, 178; belief in its

Great Britain, 45
future, 180

Perry, Commodore, U. S. Navy:

arrival at Yokohama in 1853,
Macdonald, Sir John : support 138

given to the Canadian Pacific Persian Gulf: value of Britislı
Railway Company, 156

trade, 55 ; Koweyt, terminus
Mahan, Captain : warns Great of the Baghdad railway, 56;

Britain of danger to her interests danger to British interests in
in the Persian Gulf, 58

the Gulf, 58
Malacca : portion of the Straits Philippine Islands : acquisition

Settlements territory, 69; rail- by the United States, 80
way to, 79
Malay Federated States : popu- Quebec: contrast with Vancouver,
lation, 70

167 ; Quebec Act, 1774, 176;
Malta : strategical value to Great interview with Lieut. -Governor,
Britain, 25

Sir Louis Jetté, 177
Manila : conquest of, by Great
Britain, 80

Red Sea : territorial interests of
Manitoba : highway from West Italy, France, and Turkey,

to East of Canada blocked by 49
lake district, 164

Rubattino Company: acquisition
Mediterranean : entrance locked of Assab Bay by, 49

by Gibraltar, 6; great trade
route for British commerce, Samurai : the fighting caste of
8

Japan, 114
Menelik : his interest in the Sana'a : the capital of Yemen, 54

French railway to Adis Ababa, Sanjo: Japanese leader during
53

revolution of 1868, 147
Montreal: headquarters of the Saskatchewan : railway exten-
Canadian Pacific Railway, 160 sion in, 163

Shanghai: policy of drift, 94;
Nanking: treaty of, 97

political situation in the inter-
Napoleon: his testimony to the national settlement, 97 ; de-
value of Malta, 26

fences, 100

:

:

94

Shogunate : its suppression in Turkish Rule: rebellion in Ye.
1868, 147

men, 54; Damascus to Mecca
Singapore : the gateway of the railway, 54

Pacific, 69 ; occupation by Sir
Stamford Raffles, 71; expro-

Vancouver : town of, 155
priation of the Tanjong Pagar Victoria : the capital of British
Dock Company, 75

Columbia, 156
Socotra : sketch of island, 47 Wahab, Colonel: Boundary Com-
Straits Settlements : extent of missioner for Anglo - Turkish

territory, 70; government, 72 ; frontier near Aden, 43
defects of the Crown Colony Wei-hai-Wei: annexation in 1898,
system, 74 ; Governorship of
Sir Andrew Clarke, 78

Wellesley Province : Straits
Suez Canal : Convention of 1888, Settlements, 70

29; danger of being blocked in Whangpoo River : estuary of
time of war, 30; administration the Yangtze delta, 96
of Canal, 32 ; improvements, Winnipeg : congestion of traffic
35; compared as a trade route

with the Panama Canal, 37 Woosung : seized by Sir W.
Swettenham, Sir Frank : his Parker in 1842, 95

Governorship of the Straits
Settlements, 79

Yangtze River : central trade

waterway into China, 96
Tajourra : gulf of, 53

Yemen : province of; Arab revolt
Tamarida : former encampment in, 54
of Indian troops, 47

Yokohama : only twenty-two
Terauchi, General : Japanese days from London, 157
Minister of War, 131

Yokosuka : the oldest naval base
Tien-tsin Treaty : Article VIII. in Japan, 141
of, 91

Yuan Shih-kai : his efforts to
Trans-Canada Railway Com- put down opium - smoking in
pany, 164

China, 92
Trincomalee : its seizure in 1782 Yukon : railway extension to, 163

by Admiral Hughes, 60; in-
convenience of its situation as a Zeilah : port in British Somali.
coaling-station, 61

land, 53

at, 164

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