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bitrator shall sit, and, in all cases brought before them for adjudication, shall proceed to adjudge the same, and pass sentence accordingly.
The chief authority of the place in the territories of either high contracting party where the mixed courts of justice shall sit, Notice of vacancy. shall, in the event of a vacancy arising, either of the judge
or the arbitrator of the other high contracting party, forthwith give notice of the same by the most expeditious method in his power to the Government of that other high contracting party, in order that such vacancy may be supplied at the earliest possible period.
And each of the high contracting parties agrees to supply definitively, as soon as possible, the vacancies which may arise in the above-mentioned courts from death, or from any other cause whatever.
The undersigned Plenipotentiaries have agreed, in conformity with the XIth article of the treaty signed by them on this day, that the preceding regulations shall be annexed to the said treaty and considered an integral part thereof.
Done at Washington the seventh day of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD. [L. S.]
GREAT BRITAIN, 1863.
ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TO THE TREATY FOR THE SUPPRESSION OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE, BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY, OF THE 7TH OF APRIL, 1862. CONCLUDED FEBRUARY 17, 1863; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED APRIL 1, 1863; PROCLAIMED APRIL 22, 1863.
Whereas, by the first article of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United King- Right of search ad dom of Great Britain and Ireland, for the suppression of detention of certain the African slave trade, signed at Washington on the 7th of April, 1862, it was stipulated and agreed that those ships of the respective navies of the two high contracting parties which shall be provided with special instructions for that purpose as thereinafter mentioned, may visit such merchant vessels of the two nations as may, upon reasonable grounds, be suspected of being engaged in the African slave trade, or of having been fitted out for that purpose, or of having, during the voyage on which they are met by the said cruisers, been engaged in the African slave trade contrary to the provisions of the said treaty; and that such cruisers may detain and send or carry away such vessels in order that they may be brought to trial in the manner thereinafter agreed upon; and whereas it was by the said article further stipulated and agreed that the reciprocal right of search and detention should be exercised only within the distance of two hundred miles from the coast of Africa, and to the southward of the thirty-second parallel of north latitude, and within thirty leagues from the coast of the island of Cuba; and whereas the two high contracting parties are desirous of rendering the said treaty still more efficacious for its purpose: The Plenipotentiaries who signed the said treaty have, in virtue of their full powers, agreed that the reciprocal right of visit and detention, as defined in the article
aforesaid, may be exercised also within thirty leagues of the island of Madagascar, within thirty leagues of the island of Puerto Rico, and within thirty leagues of the island of San Domingo.
Effect of this article.
The present additional article shall have the same force and validity as if it had been inserted word for word in the treaty coucluded between the two high contracting parties on the 7th of April, 1862, and shall have the same duration as that treaty. It shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Ratifications. London in six months from this date, or sooner if possible. In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have thereunto affixed the seal of their arms.
Done at Washington the 17th day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three.
WILLIAM H. SEWARD.
GREAT BRITAIN, 1863.
TREATY FOR THE FINAL SETTLEMENT OF THE CLAIMS OF THE HUDSON'S BAY AND PUGET'S SOUND AGRICULTURAL COMPANIES BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY. CONCLUDED JULY 1, 1863; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED MARCH 3, 1864; PROCLAIMED MARCH 5, 1864.
The United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, being desirContracting parties. ous to provide for the final settlement of the claims of the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies, specified in Articles III and IV of the treaty concluded between the United States of America and Great Britain on the 15th of June, 1846, have resolved to conclude a treaty for this purpose, and have named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:
The President of the United States of America, William H. Seward, Secretary of State; and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honorable Richard Bickerton Pemell, Lord Lyons, a peer of her United Kingdom, a Knight Grand Cross of her most honorable Order of the Bath, and her Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America; Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:
Hudson's Bay and
Whereas by the IIId and IVth articles of the treaty concluded at Washington on the 15th day of June, 1846, between the examine claims of United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of Paget's Sound Agri- the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, it was cultural Companies. stipulated and agreed that in the future appropriation of the territory south of the 49th parallel of north latitude, as provided in the first article of the said treaty, the possessory rights of the Hudson's Bay Company, and of all British subjects who may be already in the occupation of land or other property lawfully acquired within the said territory, should be respected, and that the farms, lands, and other
property of every description, belonging to the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company, on the north side of the Columbia River, should be confirmed to the said company, but that in case the situation of those farms and lands should be considered by the United States to be of public and political importance, and the United States Government should signify a desire to obtain possession of the whole or of any part thereof, the property so required should be transferred to the said Government at a proper valuation to be agreed upon between the parties; And whereas it is desirable that all questions between the United States authorities on the one hand, and the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies on the other, with respect to the possessory rights and claims of those companies, and of any other British subjects in Oregon and Washington Territory, should be settled by the transfer of those rights and claims to the Government of the United States for an adequate money consideration:
It is hereby agreed that the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty shall, within twelve months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, appoint each a Commissioner for the purpose of examining and deciding upon all claims arising out of the provisions of the above quoted articles of the treaty of June 15, 1846.
and how to be quali
The Commissioners mentioned in the preceding article shall, at the earliest convenient period after they shall have been re- Where Commis. spectively named, meet at the city of Washington, in the District of Columbia, and shall, before proceeding to fied. any business, make and subscribe a solemn declaration that they will impartially and carefully examine and decide, to the best of their judg ment, and according to justice and equity, without fear, favor, or affection to their own country, all the matters referred to them for their decision, and such declaration shall be entered on the record of their proceedings.
The Commissioners shall then proceed to name an Arbitrator or Umpire to decide upon any case or cases on which they may differ in opinion; and if they cannot agree in the selection, the said Arbitrator or Umpire shall be appointed by the King of Italy, whom the two high contracting parties shall invite to make such appointment, and whose selection shall be conclusive on both parties. The person so to be chosen shall, before proceeding to act, make and subscribe a solemn declaration, in a form similar to that which shall already have been made and subscribed by the Commissioners, which declaration shall also be entered on the record of the proceedings. In the event of the death, absence, or incapacity of such person, or of his Vacancy in office omitting or declining or ceasing to act as such Arbitrator or of L'impire. Umpire, another person shall be named, in the manner aforesaid, to act in his place or stead, and shall make and subscribe such declaration as aforesaid.
The United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty engage to consider the decision of the two Commissioners conjointly, or of the Arbitrator or Umpire, as the case may be, as final and conclusive on the matters to be referred to their decision, and forthwith to give full effect to the same.
The Commissioners and the Arbitrator or Umpire shall keep accurate records and correct minutes or notes of all their proceedings, with the dates thereof, and shall appoint and employ such clerk or clerks or other persons as they shall find necessary to assist them in the transaction of the business which may come before them.
The salaries of the Commissioners and of the clerk or clerks shall be paid by their respective Governments. The salary of the Arbitrator or Umpire and the contingent expenses shall be defrayed in equal moieties by the two Governments.
All sums of money which may be awarded by the Commissioners, or Awards of Commis by the Arbitrator or Umpire, on account of any claim, shall be paid by the one Government to the other in two equal annual instalments, whereof the first shall be paid within twelve months after the date of the award, and the second within twenty-four months after the date of the award, without interest, and without any deduction whatever.
The present treaty shall be ratified, and the mutual exchange of ratifications shall take place in Washington, in twelve months Ratifications. from the date hereof, or earlier if possible.
In faith whereof we, the respective Plenipotentiaries, have signed this treaty, and have hereunto affixed our seals.
Done in duplicate at Washington, the first day of July, anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three.
At a meeting of the Commissioners under the treaty of July 1st, 1863, between the United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty, for the final settlement of the claims of the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound Agricultural Companies, held at the city of Washington, on the 10th day of September, 1869
Present: Alexander S. Johnson, Commissioner on the part of the United States of America; John Rose, Commissioner on the part of Her Britannic Majesty.
The Commissioners having heard the allegations and proofs of the respective parties, and the arguments of their respective counsel, and duly considered the same, do determine and award that, as the adequate money consideration for the transfer to the United States of America of all the possessory rights and claims of the Hudson's Bay Company, and of the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company, under the first article of the treaty of July 1st, 1863, and the third and fourth articles of the treaty of June 15, 1846, commonly called the Oregon treaty, and in full satisfaction of all such rights and claims, there ought to be paid in gold coin by the United States of America, at the times and in
the manner provided by the fourth article of the treaty of July 1, 1863, on account of the possessory rights and claims of the Hudson's Bay Company, four hundred and fifty thousand dollars; and on account of the possessory rights and claims of the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company, the sum of two hundred thousand dollars; and that at or before the time fixed for the first payment to be made in pursuance of the treaty and of this award, each of the said companies do execute and deliver to the United States of America a sufficient deed or transfer and release to the United States of America, substantially in the form hereunto annexed.
In testimony whereof we, the said Commissioners, have set our hands to this award in duplicate, on the day and year and at the place aforesaid.
ALEXANDER S. JOHNSON,
Commissioner on the part of the United States.
Commissioner on the part of Her Britannic Majesty.
GREAT BRITAIN, 1870.
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN, RELATIVE TO NATURALIZATION. CONCLUDED MAY 13, 1870; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AUGUST 10, 1870; PROCLAIMED SEPTEMBER 16, 1870.
The President of the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, being desirous to regulate the citizenship of citizens of the United States of America who have emigrated or who may emigrate from the United States of America to the British dominions, and of British subjects who have emigrated or who may emigrate from the British dominions to the United States of America, have resolved to conclude a convention for that purpose, and have named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:
The President of the United States of America, John Lothrop Motley, Esquire, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America to Her Britannic Majesty; and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable George William Frederick, Earl of Clarendon, Baron Hyde of Hindon, a peer of the United Kingdom, a member of Her Britannic Majesty's most honourable Privy Council, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the most honourable Order of the Bath, Her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;
Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles:
Citizens of either
treated when nat
Citizens of the United States of America who have become, or shall become, and are naturalized according to law country, how to be within the British dominions as British subjects, shall, sub-ralized. ject to the provisions of Article II, be held by the United States to be