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NORTH GERMAN UNION, 1868.
CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE KING OF PRUSSIA, RELATIVE TO NATURALIZATION. CONCLUDED AT BERLIN FEBRUARY 22, 1868; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED MAY 9, 1868; PROCLAIMED BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES MAY 27, 1868.
The President of the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Prussia in the name of the North German ConfedContracting parties. eration, led by the wish to regulate the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the North German Confederation to the United States of America, and from the United States of America to the territory of the North German Confederation, have resolved to treat on this subject, and have for that purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries to conclude a convention, that is to say: The President of the United States of America, George Bancroft, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from the said States near the King of Prussia and the North German Confederation; and His Majesty the King of Prussia, Bernhard König, Privy Councillor of Legation; who have agreed to and signed the following articles:
When North Ger
Citizens of the North German Confederation, who become naturalized citizens of the United States of America and shall have remass to be treated as sided uninterruptedly within the United States five years, American citizens. shall be held by the North German Confederation to be American citizens, and shall be treated as such.
North German citi
Reciprocally, citizens of the United States of America who become When Americans naturalized citizens of the North German Confederation, to be treated as and shall have resided uninterruptedly within North Germany five years, shall be held by the United States to be North German citizens, and shall be treated as such. The declaration of an intention to become a citizen of the one or the other country has not for either party the effect of naturalization.
This article shall apply as well to those already naturalized in either country as those hereafter naturalized.*
A naturalized citizen of the one party on return to the territory of the other party remains liable to trial and punishment for an zens hable for of action punishable by the laws of his original country and fore emigration. committed before his emigration; saving, always, the limitation established by the laws of his original country.
fences committed be
*This clause is an amendment made by the Senate of the United States in the resolution assenting to the exchange.
fugitives from justice
The convention for the mutual delivery of criminals, fugitives from justice, in certain cases, concluded between the United Former convention States on the one part and Prussia and other States of Ger- for extradition of many on the other part, the sixteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, is hereby extended to all the States of the North German Confederation.
naturalized in Ameri
ca are held to re
once their natu
If a German naturalized in America renews his residence in North Germany, without the intent to return to America, he shall be held to have renounced his naturalization in the United States. Reciprocally, if an American naturalized in North Germany renews his residence in the United States, without the intent to return to North Germany, he shall be held to have renounced his naturalization in North Germany. The intent not to return may be held to exist when the person naturalized in the one country resides more than two years in the other country.
Duration of cor
The present convention shall go into effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications, and shall continue in force for ten years. If neither party shall have given to the other vention. six months' previous notice of its intention then to terminate the same, it shall further remain in force until the end of twelve months after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of such intention.
The present convention shall be ratified by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and by His Majesty the King of Prussia, in the name of the North German Confederation; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Berlin within six months from the date hereof.
In faith whereof, the Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this convention.
BERLIN, the 22d of February, 1868.
Whereas a convention was made on the 22d of February, 1868, between the United States of America and the North German Confederation, to regulate the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to the territory of the North German Confederation, and from the North German Confederation to the United States of America;
And whereas the Senate of the United States of America, to leave no doubt of the true interpretation of the first article of the said convention,
did, on the 26th day of March, 1868, adopt as the conclusion of the said article an amendment in the words following, to wit:
"This article shall apply as well to those already naturalized in either country as those hereafter naturalized;"
And whereas this amendment was communicated by the United States to the Government of the North German Confederation before the exchange of ratifications of the convention, and was then accepted by the North German Confederation as the true and only just interpretation of the said first article of the said convention:
The undersigned Plenipotentiaries, who were formerly appointed to treat on the regulation of citizenship as aforesaid, and who concluded and signed the said convention of the 22d of February, 1868, that is to say:
George Bancroft, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, and
Bernhard König, Privy Councillor of Legation, have this day met, and being duly authorized, have agreed to and signed and exchanged the present protocol.
The said amendment is recognized by the United States of America and by the North German Confederation as a part of the convention between the United States of America and the North German Confederation, of which the ratifications were exchanged on the 9th day of May, 1868.
In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed, sealed, and exchanged this protocol.
Berlin, the 12th day of June, 1871.
GEORGE BANCROFT. [SEAL.
DECLARATION OF ACCESSION OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE GRAND DUKE OF OLDENBURG, UNDER THE TWELFTH ARTICLE OF THE TREATY WITH HANOVER OF JUNE 10, 1846. SIGNED MARCH 10, 1847.
[Oldenburg became a State of the North German Union under the constitution of the latter, which took effect July 1, 1867.]
Whereas a treaty of navigation and commerce between the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Hanover was concluded at Hanover on the 10th day of June last, by the Plenipotentiaries of the contracting parties, and was subsequently duly ratified on the part of both Governments;
And whereas by the terms of the twelfth article of the same, "the United States agree to extend all the advantages and privileges contained in the stipulations of the present treaty to one or more of the other States of the Germanic Confederation, which may wish to accede to them, by means of an official exchange of declarations; provided that such State or States shall confer similar favors upon the said United States to those conferred by the Kingdom of Hanover, and observe and be subject to the same conditions, stipulations, and obligations ;"
And whereas the Government of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Oldenburg has signified its desire to accede to the said treaty, and to all the stipulations and provisions therein contained, so far as the same are or may be applicable to the two countries, and to become a party thereto; that is to say, to all the said stipulations and provisions, excepting only those relating to the Stade and the Weser tolls, in which the Government of Oldenburg has no interest, and over which it has no control:
Declaration of ac
Duchy of Oldenburg
Now, therefore, the undersigned, Baron W. E. de Beaulieu Marconnay, of the Privy Council of His Royal Higness, and at the head of the Department of Foreign Affairs, on the part of Olden- cession of the Grand burg, and A. D. Mann, Special Agent on the part of the to the treaty with United States, invested with full powers to this effect, found in good and due form, have this day signed in duplicate, and have exchanged this declaration of the accession (hereby agreed to on the part of the United States) of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Oldenburg, for the Duchy of Oldenburg, to the treaty aforesaid, the effect of which accession and agreement is hereby declared to be to establish the said treaty between the high parties to this declaration as fully and perfectly, to all intents and purposes, as if all the provisions therein contained, excepting as above excepted, had been recited word for word in a separate treaty, concluded and ratified between them in the ordinary form.
In witness whereof the above-named Plenipotentiaries have hereto affixed their names and seals. Done at Oldenburg this Signed March 10, tenth day of March, 1847.
W. E. VON BEAULIEU MARCONNAY. [L. S.]
DATE, DECEMBER 30, 1853; PROCLAIMED MARCH 21, 1854.
[On the 30th of December, 1853, the Government of His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Oldenburg formally declared its accession to the convention of the 16th of June, 1852, between the United States and Prussia and other States of the Germanic Confederation, for the mutual delivery of criminals fugitives from justice in certain cases.]