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At the first annual meeting six members shall be elected by ballot, three of whom shall hold their office for two years, and three for one year, their several terms of service to be determined by lot; and at each annual session thereafter, there shall be chosen three members of said committee who shall take the place of the retiring members. The duties of this committee shall be confined to business, and in the recess of the Grange they may suggest or adopt such regulations as may seem necessary and expedient for the welfare of the Order.


The annual year of this and Subordinate Granges shall commence on the 1st day of January and end on the last day of December of each year.


The Secretary shall see that the quarterly dues of Subordinate Granges are promptly paid, and in case the dues remain delinquent two quarters, the delinquent Grange shall be reported to the Master of the State Grange. On receiving such notice it shall be the duty of the Master to warn the delinquent Grange, and if the dues are not forwarded in thirty days it shall be the duty of the Master to revoke the charter of the delinquent Grange.


Any Grange whose charter has thus been revoked may appeal to the State Grange at any regular meeting asking for reinstatement, and the State Grange shall have power to reinstate such Grange, subject to such penalty as may seem just.


In case a member of a Subordinate Grange wishes to transfer his or her membership to another Subordinate Grange, or withdraw his or her membership altogether, it may be done by a vote of the Grange of which he or she is a member, when, upon the payment of all dues, the Master and Secretary of the Grange shall give him or her a certificate that he or she is a member in good standing, and that in accordance with his or her wishes, the membership with that Grange has been dissolved. When applying for membership in any other Subordinate Grange this certificate shall entitle him or her to be received therein upon a majority vote, without any further action on the part of the Grange to which he or she may unite. Such members, can, however, be expelled for cause, the same as any other member.


There shall be appointed by the Master of the State Grange a sufficient number of Deputies, who are Masters or Past Masters, whose duty it shall be to organize new Granges, on application having been made to them by those desiring such an organization; to install officers of Granges when the same have been elected, and shall be vigilant that no disorder shall obtain in Granges under their jurisdiction, and shall promptly report any such disorder to the Master. The jurisdiction of a Deputy shall be limited to the county in which he resides, except by special permit. Deputies shall receive, for organizing new Granges, their traveling expenses and five dollars additional for each day's service actually necessary for the work. The Deputies shall be appointed for two years, but shall be subject to re

moval for cause by the Master. No other Granges shall hereafter be recognized except those organized by Deputies appointed as herein specified, excepting only the Master and Secretary of this Grange.


This Constitution may be amended or revised at any regular meeting of the Grange, by a vote of two-thirds of the members present.



But to

The horse being unable to describe to us his feelings, and tell us the seat of his pain, we are compelled to rely on such signs and symptoms as we can discover, by various means, to determine the nature of his ailments. A few of the more common symptoms, or signs of disease, will now be considered. determine exactly the character of any particular case of disease, the combination of symptoms present will have to be considered. In this article, however, important landmarks are presented which may be very useful in guiding to correct conclusions.

The Pulse.-The pulse of a medium-sized healthy horse beats about forty per minute. The pulse of a small horse may be a few more, or, of a larger one, a beat or two less. Age deAny considerable increase of the

creases the pulse slightly.

pulse over forty per minute indicates fever or inflammation, and other symptoms must be looked for to determine the particular locality of the disease.

becomes fluttering.

When great weakness ensues, the pulse

The Membrane of the Nose.-This, in health, is of a light pink color. In fever and inflammation it is red. If of the lungs or air-passages, it is more deeply colored, and specked with brown mucus. In the very last stage of most diseases,

when death is about taking place, the membrane of the nose becomes of a dark, leaden or livid color. In glanders it is of a light blue and reddish color, with specks of ulceration over it. In scarlet fever it is covered with scarlet spots.

The Ears, in disease, lose their erectness and quickness of motion, and become dull, loose and fallen; falling forward if the head is down, and backward if it is raised, in all diseases affecting the system generally. The ears are cold in inflammation of the lungs and pleurisy; slightly so in other diseases, as colic,


The Eyes.-Weeping of the eyes is observed in colds, strangles, catarrhal fever, and glanders. When the eyes become glassy in the advanced stage of disease, it indicates that death is about to take place.

The Mouth is hot in fevers and inflammations. The mouth. and tongue are clammy and offensive in severe fevers.

The Breathing.-The breathing is rapid in fevers; laborious in inflammation of the lungs; laborious, short and catching in pleurisy, and difficult in thick-wind. The nostrils are much spread in inflammation of the lungs and pleurisy. The breath is hot. Deep, snoring breathing indicates disease of the brain.

The Feet.-Coldness of the feet indicates inflammation of important internal organs, as the lungs, pleura, bowels, bladder, etc. Heat and tenderness of the feet occur in founder.

The Hair.-The hair is dry and staring in farcy, glanders, indigestion, hide-bound from any cause, worms, mange, consumption, surfeit, all diseases of the skin, and starvation. comes out in patches in mange, and in spots in surfeit.

The hair

The Skin. Heat of the skin is one of the principal signs of

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