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[District of Leyen.]
No. 135.-DECLARATION between France and Prussia,
respecting the District of Leyen. Signed at Paris, 11th June, 1827.*
TABLE. Preamble. 1. Prusssia to continue in Possession of Leyen, 2. Cessions to be made to France. 3. Immediate surrender of Villages to France. 4. Renunciation by Prussia of Arrears of Taxes on Merten. 5. Bed of Rivers to serve as Boundary. 6. Ratifications.
(Translation.) The Prussian and French Governments have agreed, by the Arrangement contained in the following Articles, to reconcile the differences which have arisen concernivg the District of Leyen, situated between the Saar and the Blies, and consisting of the Villages Klein-Blittersdorff, Auersmachern, the Hamlets llanweiler, Rilchingen, and the Farm Vintringer Hof.
Prussia to continue in Possession of Leyen. Art. I. Prussia shall continue in possession of the District of Leyen, and France shall renounce every Claim upon the District in question.
Cessions to be made to France. ART. II. As an indemnification for the Claims which France has advanced upon the District of Leyen, in virtue of the Stipulations of the Treaty of Peace of Paris of 20th November, 1815 (No. 40), France shall receive the Villages Merten, Biblingen, Flatten, and Gongelfangen, with their Jurisdictions.
Immediate surrender of Villages to France. Art. III. The surrender of these Villages to France shall take place as soon possible, and without waiting for the definitive Settlement of the Boundaries.
Renunciation by Prussia of Arrears of Taxes on Merten. ART. IV. Prussia renounces any Claims for arrears of Taxes, which she may have upon the Inhabitants of Merten at the time of the surrender. * See also Convention of 23rd October, 1829.
(District of Leyen.)
Bed of Rivers to serve as Boundary. Art. V. Where the Saar and the Blies divide the two Territories, the bed of these Rivers shall serve as the Boundary.
Done at Paris, the 11th day of June, 1827.
BARON DE DAMAS.
(Pacification of Greece.]
No. 136.-TREATY between Great Britain, France, and
Russia, for the Pacification of Greece. Signed at London,
6th July, 1827.* ART.
TABLE. Preamble. 1. Offer of Mediation between the Turks and Greeks. 2. Bases of Arrangement. Greece to be a Dependency of Turkey and Pay
Tribute. Appointment of Greek Authorities. Greeks to become Pos.
sessors of all Turkish Property on payment of Indemnity. 3. Details of Arrangement and Boundaries to be Settled by Negotiation. 4. Pacification of Greece. 5. Equal Advantages to be Conferred on all Nations. 6. Guarantee of 3 Powers (Great Britain, France, and Russia). 7. Ratifications.
Additional Article. § 1. Commercial Relations to be entered into with Greece in case of Turkish
Refusal of Mediation. 2. Measures to be adopted by Allied Powers in case of non-observance of
(Translation as laid before Parliament.t)
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, His Majesty the King of France and Navarre, and Ilis Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, penetrated with the necessity of putting an end to the sanguinary struggle which, while it abandons the Greek Provinces and the Islands of the Archipelago to all the disorders of anarchy, daily causés fresh impediments to the commerce of the States of Europe, and gives opportunity for acts of Piracy which not only expose the subjects of the High Contracting Parties to grievous losses, but also render necessary measures which are burthensome for their observation and suppression;
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the King of France and Navarre, having moreover received from the Greeks an earnest invitation to
* See also Protocols of 12th December, 1828, and 22nd March, 1829 ; Treaty of 7th May, 1832; Arrangement of 21st July, 1832 ; Explanatory and Supplementary Article of 30th April, 1833 ; and Treaties of 13th July and 14th November, 1863 ; and 29th March, 1864. † For French Version, see " State Papers,” vol. xiv, p. 632.
(Pacification of Greece.)
interpose their Mediation with the Ottoman Porte; and, together with His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, being animated with the desire of putting a stop to the effusion of blood, and of preventing the evils of every kind which the continuance of such a state of affairs may produce;
They have resolved to combine their efforts, and to regulate the operation thereof, by a formal Treaty, for the object of reestablishing peace between the contending parties, by means of an arrangement called for, no less by sentiments of humanity, than by interests for the tranquillity of Europe.
For these purposes, they have named their Plenipotentiaries to discuss, conclude, and sign the said Treaty, that is to say
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable John William Viscount Dudley, a Peer of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, a Member of lIis said Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;
His Majesty the King of France and Navarre, the Prince Jules, Count de Polignac, a Peer of France, Knight of the Orders of His Most Christian Majesty, Maréchal-de-Camp of his Forces, Grand Cross of the Order of St. Maurice of Sardinia, &c., &c., and his Ambassador at London ;
And IIis Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Christopher Prince de Lieven, General of Infantry of His Imperial Majesty's Forces, his Aide-de-Camp General, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c.;
Who, after having communicated to each other their Ful Powers, found to be in due and proper form, have agreed upon the following Articles :
Offer of Mediation. Art. I. The Contracting Powers shall offer their Mediation to the Ottoman Porte, with the view of effecting a reconciliation between it and the Greeks.
This offer of Mediation shall be made to that Power immediately after the Ratification of the present Treaty, by means of a joint Declaration, signed by Plenipotentiaries of the Allied Courts at Constantinople; and, at the same time, a demand for an immediate Armistice shall be made to the Two Contending Parties, as a preliminary and indispensable condition to the opening of any negotiation.*
* See Additions) Article, page 772.
[Pacification of Greece.]
Bases of Arrangement. Art. II. The Arrangement to be proposed to the Ottoman Porte shall rest upon the following bases :
Greece to be a Dependency of Turkey and Pay Tribute. Appoint
ment of Greek Authorities. The Greeks shall hold under the Sultan as under a Lord paramount; and, in consequence thereof, they shall pay to the Ottoman Empire an annual Tribute, the amount of which shall be fixed, once for all, by common agreement. They shall be governed by authorities whom they shall choose and appoint themselves, but in the nomination of whom the Porte shall have a defined right. Greeks to become Possessors of all Turkish Property on Payment of
Indemnity. In order to effect a complete separation between the individuals of the two nations, and to prevent the collisions which would be the inevitable consequence of so protracted a struggle, the Greeks shall become possessors of all Turkish Property situated either upon the Continent, or in the Islands of Greece, on condition of indemnifying the former proprietors, either by an annual sum to be added to the tribute which they shall pay to the Porte, or by some other arrangement of the same nature. Details of Arrangement and Boundaries to be settled by Negotiation.
Art. III. The details of this Arrangement, as well as the Limits of the Territory upon the Continent, and the designation of the Islands of the Archipelago to which it shall be applicable, shall be settled by a negotiation to be hereafter entered into between the High Powers and the Two Contending Parties.*
Pacification of Greece. Art. IV. The Contracting Powers engage to pursue the salutary work of the Pacification of Greece, upon the bases laid down in the preceding Articles, and to furnish, without the least delay, their Representatives at Constantinople with all the Instructions which are required for the execution of the Treaty which they now sign.
Equal Advantages to be Conferred on all Nations. ART. V. The Contracting Powers will not seek, in these Arrange* See Arrangement of 21st July, 1832.