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Ministries - Lord Beaconsfield's speech on the Resolutions-The Resolu-

tions -Boroughs and Counties-The Conservative sacrifice-The House

and the Speech-Opposition to the Resolutions-"Forcing the hand "

of the Government-Cabinet dissensions-Resignations of Lord Car-

narvon, Lord Cranborne, and General Peel-The Cabinet "reverts to

its original policy" The new Reform Bill-Details-Popular privileges

and democratic rights The policy of the Opposition-Opinions of the

Press Mr. Bright and the Residuum-Not numbers, but fitness, the

principle of the Bill Mr. Gladstone's opposition-The Budget of 1867

-- Popular opinion of it -The Reform Bill again-The Liberal instruction

Its collapse - The Reform Bill in Committee-Mr. Beresford Hope and

his "Batavian Grace"--Mr. Gladstone's Resolutions-The Division-

The Recess-- The Compound Householder-Mr. Gladstone's charge of

"fraud and dissimulation "-"The invective of Torquemada and the

insinuation of Loyola "- The Scotch Reform Bill-Mr. Disraeli's rebuke

to Mr. Gladstone-The reply of "Atticus "-Mr. Bernal Osborne's

opinion of Lord Beaconsfield-Extinction of the Compound Householder

Lord Cranborne on the Conservative leaders-Lord Beaconsfield's last

speech on the Reform Bill-Third reading of the Bill-Conservative

opposition to Reform - End of the Session-The Mansion House Banquet

Lord Beaconsfield's speech - A quiet autumn-Lord Beaconsfield at

Edinburgh His letter to the Times-The "Conservative surrender "—-

On the Irish Church---The new Session-The Queen's Speech-The

Abyssinian War The Fenians at Clerkenwell Prison-Bribery and

Corruption Lord Derby retires - Mr. Disraeli Premier-The Press on

the event - The Chelmsford incident- Welcome of Mr. Disraeli in West-

minster Hall Opening speech - Mr. Maguire on Ireland-Mr. Neate's

amendment Mr. Disraeli closes the Debate-The Church and the

Nation Mr. Gladstone's Resolutions on the Irish Church-Mr. Disraeli's

letter to Lord Dartmouth Lord Stanley's amendment - Lord Beacons-

field on Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Lowe Result of the Debate-Lord

Beaconsfield attacked by the Press Appeals to the country- Mr. Ayrton

as censor morum Mr. Bright's personal attack The tactics of the

Opposition-- Mr. Gladstone's letters Dinner at Merchant Taylors' Hall

--Mr. Disraeli's speech Factious opposition to the Government-Lord

Beaconsfield and John Leech's family Prorogation and the Queen's Speech

-Lord Mayo's appointment -Address to Bucks electors- Tory finance

-Organization of the War Oflice-Religion and civilization- Fenianism

and English Liberalism-The Elections and their results-Mr. Disraeli's

speech at Aylesbury-Mrs. Disraeli becomes Lady Beaconsfield-Results

of the Elections-Mr. Disraeli retires-Mr. Gladstone is sent for-The

spoils to the victor

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The new Administration-Meeting of Parliament--Queen's Speech- The

debate on the Address-Mr. Disraeli's speech-Opinions of the Press→

Dangers to private property-Debate on the Irish Church Bill-Speech

on the third reading-Trinity House banquet-Mr. Lowe rebuked-Pro-

rogation-Session of 1870-Queen's Speech-Irish Land Bill-The Irish

policy of the Government-Irish Land Bill-The Ballot-"Lothair”—-

The critics-Mr. Goldwin Smith-The fables of the Edinburgh-The

Saturday Review-Coincidences-Public demand for the Book-Speech

on the State of the Continent-Lord Granville's "surprise"-Bucking-

hamshire manifestoes-Session of 1871-Queen's Speech-Debate on the

Address-Mr. Disraeli's speech-Appreciation of Lord Clarendon-

Fenianism and the United States Government-An incompetent Admin-

istration On the Declaration of Paris-Mr. Lowe's Budget-The Match

Tax-The Leader of the Opposition and his criticism-The Charge of

"hounding on the country "-War Taxation in time of Peace-Direct

v. Indirect Taxation-Military reform-The Abolition of Purchase-Mr.

Gladstone's coup d'état-Mr. Disraeli's comment-Appeals to the Prero-

gative of the Crown-Ballot-The Government determined to force the

Bill through the House-Tactics of the Government-A Pythagorean

system of legislation - Prorogation-A Confession of Failure--Mr.

Disraeli at Hughenden-The Health of the Queen- Telegraph absurdities

-Ministerial Apologies and Explanations-The new Session-Debate on

the Address-The Collier scandal-The Ewelme Rectory job-Personal

Government in excelsis-The Washington Treaty-Mr. Disraeli in Man-

chester-The Pomona Palace demonstration-Speech in the Free Trade

Hall on Reform-On the improved condition of the working classes-The

policy of the Government-The Treaty of 1856-A Policy of Sewage →

No sign of a return to office-Constitutional dinner at the Crystal Palace

-Mr. Disraeli's speech-A Wasted Session-Session of 1873-The San

Juan award-The Geneva award-The debate on the Address-National

indignation-Mr. Disraeli's speech-Irish University education-The

Government Bill-Why the Tories opposed it-Mr. Disraeli's speech---

What the Government had done-The Fate of the Government sealed

-In a Minority of three-Resignation of Ministers-Mr. Disraeli sum-

moned-Refuses to take office without a dissolution of Parliament-Mr.

Gladstone's ingenuous explanations-Mr. Disraeli's reply-His letter

PAGE

to the Queen-Position of the Tory party-The Burials Bill-Mr. Lowe's
last Budget-Amendment on the Report-Close of the Session-The
Bath Election-Lord Beaconsfield at Glasgow-Speech as Lord Rector-
Banquet in the City Hall-The Tories not anxious to be rid of him-
Rest and retirement-Mr. Gladstone dissolves Parliament on the eve of
its meeting-His manifesto to Greenwich-Mr. Disraeli's address to the
Electors of Bucks-The Election of 1874-Speech at Aylesbury-Foreign
policy-The state of the Elections-The Liberal Government abandons
its intention of meeting Parliament-Mr. Gladstone gives up the seals of
office-The Session opens on the 19th of March-Conclusion
363

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Death of Lord Raglan-Fall of Sebastopol-Austrian Intrigues-Re-opening of
Parliament-The Mercantile Marine Bill-Peace-The Budget of 1856-
Italian Affairs—The American Difficulty-End of the Session-Mr. Disraeli's
Review-Chinese War-The Lorcha Arrow and Sir John Bowring-Indian
Mutiny-Foreign Policy of the Coalition Government-The Secret Treaty--
Discomfiture of Lord Palmerston-Debate on the China War-Mr. Disraeli's
Speech-Defeat of the Government-The Dissolution-The General Elec-
tion-Mr. Disraeli's Address-Parliament Re-opens-Indian Mutiny—Mr.
Disraeli's Speech-Lord Granville "taken by surprise"-A bold and states-
manlike Policy - Parliament adjourned-Commercial Panic - Parliament
hastily summoned-Debate on the Address-Indian Mutiny-Unprepared-
ness of the Government-Attempt to assassinate Napoleon III.-Count
Walewski's Dispatch and the Addresses of the French Colonels - Lord
Clanricarde's Case-The Conspiracy to Murder Bill-Mr. Disraeli's Action
-Defeat of the Government-Lord Derby sent for-The New Ministry.

Sebastopol was in the hands of the allies, and England's difficulties in that quarter were practically at an end. A few weeks before, the news had reached England of the death of her faithful servant Lord Raglan-one of the best soldiers and truest gentlemen this country has ever boasted. His last days were without doubt grievously embittered by the attacks which the newspapers and certain not too well informed M.P.'s. had made upon him, and by the feeling that many people in England cast upon him the blame of all the disasters which befell the English army in the Crimea. The failure of the attack upon the Redan was the finishing stroke, and a five days' illness terminated in death. Lord Beaconsfield found an opportunity for redeeming his pledge that English generals should not find the Opposition as insensible to their merits as the Whigs had been to those of Wellington; and when the Queen's message, asking the House to make provision for Lord Raglan's family, came before the House (3rd July), he not merely seconded the resolutions of the Government, but delivered himself of a brief eulogy of the departed general, as exquisite in its literary finish as honourable to the heart of the

orator.

The fall of Sebastopol stimulated the energies of those who fancied that a peace was immediately practicable, and Austria at once opened fresh negotiations with France and England. 'The former state she found much more pliable than the latter. As is their wont, the French people had gone into the conflict with a light heart, but when they found it was not to be a mere military promenade, they grew tired, and sought how best they might escape from it. They had too an uneasy suspicion that some of the highest personages in the Empire-possibly even

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