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ton of "a large fin-whale," measur- The distressed ship, which we sup-
ing sixty-seven feet in length—a pose contains the artist himself,
creature which, two years ago, was had better have been sunk. It
cast ashore in Pevensey Bay. It breaks the grand solitude of waters.
might have been judged impossible The portentous sweep of the storm-
to bring a bony structure so in- driven sea, the balanced curve of
tractable under pictorial treatment. the waves, the sharp crisp ripple
Mr Cooke, however, seems to have of the wavelets, the tempest-black
thought that, after all, there could sky illumined by rainbow gleam,
not, in point of art, be much differ- have been delineated with a truth
ence between the ribs of a ship and wholly beautiful. Long will the
the ribs of a whale—and so went little picture dwell in the memory.
to work accordingly. The com- It is yet one more proof that nature
position is saved by a poetic sky: never repeats herself; that she
the skeleton may feast the hungry never pauses in the work of mak-
intellect of science; the glory of ing new pictures; that she never
the heavens is the delight of ima- forsakes the mind that loves her
gination. Recurring to sea-pieces, truly and serves her faithfully.
it will be found that storms, as While we write, the sad news of
usual, are brewing in the rooms of the death of England's greatest
the Academy. It is, indeed, quite marine painter reaches us. Clark-
fearful to see how tempests rage, son Stanfield bad long been in
especially above the horizon of the suffering health, and his pictures of
line. Vicat Cole has evidently late gave signs of coming dissolu-
encountered rough weather since tion. Yet The Skirmish off Heli-
he left Wales and put to sea. The goland,' now in the Academy, has
painter's art-faculties certainly pre- the dash, the spirit, the windy sky,
serve better equilibrium beside a and the rolling wave, which we have
quiet trout-stream than when in so long learnt to prize in the pictures
danger of shipwreck in a tempest. of Stanfield. The history of the
Mr Gill is another artist who lashes painter is not a little remarkable.
Neptune to fury. Nothing will He followed

He followed the calling of his satisfy some painters short of a father, that of a sailor; he served tempest so terrible that not a sur- in the same ship with Douglas Jervivor would be left to tell the tale, rold, and was promoted by Captain much less to paint the picture. Mr Marryat; while yet at sea he taught Brett depicts a storm very differ- himself painting ; an accident to ently--that is, he paints with know- his foot made him a landsman, and ledge, and is content to set down an artist by profession. As a scenefacts simply as he saw them. This painter he became famous'; we reyoung artist has long been recog- member well the lovely pictures nised as a trustworthy student. with which he illustrated Handel's With enterprise he pushes his way

Acis and Galatea, produced at through nature, and brings home, Drury Lane while under the manif not always a good or agreeable agement of Macready. Stanfield's picture, at any rate a transcript friendship for David Roberts, which valuable because faithful. It seems dated from an early period in their that when sailing in lat. 53° 15' N., London career, was intimate and long 5° 10' W., Mr Brett witnessed warm to the last. The lives of the two an effect on sea and in sky well artists ran in parallel lines. Both worthy of record. The dark sha- were equally busy in the painting dow of the storm passes grandly of scenes which became the talk of across ocean, heaving in crested the town; both left the service of waves. A silver tracery of foam the stage, entered the Academy, is cast, as a delicately woven net, and were from first to last seldom on the surface of the wavelets. absent from its Exhibitions, to the


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success of which, in fact, they mate- ture than that of 'Murillo in the rially contributed. Both, too, often Market-place, Seville.' 'La Gloria,' met at the Garrick Club; the now in Paris, has also amazing brilsmoking-room in the old house was liancy and power. John Phillip decorated by the hands of the bro- was snatched away just as he had ther artists. The two painters were entered on new fields : in a recent equally self-made; by native talent tour to Italy he had collected rich they reached the summit of their materials for many works. The profession ; the gap they leave on career of Phillip was brilliant, but the walls of the Academy cannot comparatively short. At an age be filled. Of David Roberts a not quite fifty, it might have been pleasing and characteristic memo- hoped that many of the pictures for rial has lately been published in a which he had already made prelimhandsome volume by his friend inary sketches and studies, would Ballantine.*

have yet adorned the Academy. It is also our painful duty to re- The artist's closing contributions, cord the death of another distin- now in the Exhibition, display his guished Academician. John Phillip, usual truth, breadth, and vigour. like Clarkson Stanfield, appears for A rapid glance at the French the last time in the Exhibition : he Gallery and the Water-Colour Exhidied, as it were, brush in hand: he bitions must close our review. As was seized by paralysis in the full small space remains, it is fortunate vigour of life. John Phillip is one that little need be said. It may, of the many artists of whom Scot- however, be worthy of record that land may be justly proud. He was “the Institute” has adopted a born in Aberdeen, and, like many course often urged on the Academy. . other sons of genius, especially in the This, the younger of the two old north countrie, his parentage had societies of water-colour painters, been humble. In common with initiates honorary membership in the two painters of whom we have favour of distinguished foreign just spoken, he was a self-made artists. The scheme could scarcely man. Indeed, it is not a little sin- have had a better beginning than gular that David Roberts and John in the election of Rosa Bonheur, Phillip in boyhood alike served Henriette Browne, and L. Gallait. under house-painters. It is related The gem of the whole gallery is that the talent of young Phillip first indeed the exquisite drawing by obtained recognition when, as an Rosa Bonheur, a remembrance of apprentice to a painter and glazier Scotland. This Highland Lake in Aberdeen, he was sent to the bears on its translucent waves a house of Major Gordon to put in a boat - load of sheep.

The same pane of glass. From that moment scene painted in oils makes one of the future artist received kind pat- ten pictures contributed by the ronage; he visited London, and artist to the Paris Exhibition. The became a student in the Royal water-colour drawing is the better Academy; but no great success work. It is indeed interesting attended his early efforts. Happily to see how perfect a mastery the he went to Spain, partly in search painter has obtained over a material of health ; and the glorious works which we had almost supposed was he painted under the influence of a specialty of the English school. Velasquez and Murillo, gained for The best qualities of water-colour him the soubriquet of “Spanish art are gained : the colour is pure, Phillip. Seldom, in fact, has our liquid, transparent, brilliant. GalAcademy shown a more noble pic- lait, who produced a sensation in

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* * The Life of David Roberts, R.A.' Compiled from his Journals and other sources. By James Ballantine. Edinburgh : A. & C. Black. 1866.

1862, we are glad to welcome again The prolific power of production to London. He manages to pre-in water-colour art is attested by serve a certain historic largeness the establishment of a third exhiin two small water-colour replicas bition, which has attained in the of well-known works. Henriette Dudley Gallery a third year of sucBrowne, who in Paris is extending cess. The need for this further a reputation hitherto grounded addition to the already numerous chiefly on an oft-seen work, makes collections which scarcely leave the her presence pleasantly known in critic a week's rest throughout the Pall Mall

. The recognised position year, is indicated by the high exof foreign artists in London exhibi- cellence of works which otherwise tions, for which we have more than could hardly have made their merits once contended, cannot fail of bene- known. Within the walls of the fit to our English school. Our na- Dudley, young artists may practise tive art has hitherto been insular, rehearsals, and the wings of halfnot to say exclusive. The idea that fledged genius can there take exone Englishman could beat three perimental flight. Altogether the Frenchmen enters even into our enterprise is praiseworthy, and the picture galleries.

quality of the works, moreover, is Of the Old Water-Colour Society found to improve from year to year, we have space only to say that so that the trial and discipline imit is at its very best; so strong, plied in a public appeal are evi. perhaps, that it scorns to seek dently salutary to the artists conforeign aid. On more than one cerned. By happy chance, too, a occasion, indeed, it has succeeded really mature work may seek in in gaining over oil painters, who this general and tolerant gallery might with advantage have been the fair-play not so readily accorded numbered in the ranks of the Royal where old vested interests preside. Academy. J. D. Harding in the Such a work is Mr Madox Brown's later years of his life was driven remarkable and disagreeable drawfrom Trafalgar Square; and now ing, ' Cordelia's Portion. The year likewise Tom Danby, under hope has not yielded a more astounding deferred, has taken quiet refuge in production. The picture is strangely Pall Mall. This gallery, all but original

, and strongly mannered; it perfect after its kind, may be is loud in stage rant, after the Kean counted the distinguishing glory school. Its merits lie in its intense of the English school. The world realism : properties were never cannot see its like elsewhere. painted with greater force; characWhat a pity that at this moment ters not often clenched with so firm the building with its contents a hand, or wrested from tranquillity cannot be carried across Channel and beauty by the fury of so much and pitched in the Champ de passion. It may be well imagined Mars! The project, indeed, as that the result is rather peculiar regards the drawings, is not un- than pleasing. As a bold manifesto worthy of consideration, when in of the much-esteemed mannerism the course of three weeks the gal- of Mr Madox Brown, the achievelery will close. English art has ment deserves to be marvelled at. been so shamefully snubbed and We cannot close without paying ill-treated in Paris that some effort once more tribute to the excellent should be made to redeem our service done by the French Gallery national honour. Foreigners would in London. This choice collection certainly open their eyes for ad- contains as usual an epitome of miration, could they but see what French and Flemish schools. A the island barbarians yearly pro- replica of Gerome's well-known duce in the Old Water-Colour Gal- Louis XIV. and Molière,' gives lery

to the most popular artist of the VOL CII.-NO. DCXXI.


moment the place of honour. Lan- it is impossible to have too much, dell's “Fellah" is also a work which especially under the hot sun of has already made a reputation in summer. Rousseau's landscape will Paris. The quietism of Frère-not, be looked upon with curiosity, not by the way, a state of mind much to say envy and jealousy. It is, of affected in France—is always con- course, powerful; yet will English genial to our people, who in art painters scarcely recognise that rare love quietude and gentleness. Plas- genius which has gained from an san, too, is another artist who has International Jury the highest honbecome equally a favourite in Lon- our the assembled world of art could don as in Paris. His brilliant little award. Surely Rousseau is not, as pictures sparkle like gems. Du- pronounced in Paris, the first landverger exhibits his masterpiece, scape painter in Europe. England • The First Communion ; Dé and Germany produce greater. Jonghe was never seen to greater Vast changes are impending over advantage than in an eminently the future of British art. At length artistic picture, ' Antecedent to it is finally decided that the National Confession ;' Alma Tadema of the Gallery shall retain possession of Dutch school, and Coomans and Trafalgar Square, and the Royal Bouguereau of the French, are

the French, are Academy betake itself to Burlington known for a novel class of subjects, House. Many are the mutations to which we have already referred consequent upon these altered conin our criticism on Mr Moore. ditions. The Academy, it is to be These painters reanimate the life hoped, will be able, among other of the old Romans. 'Tibullus's things, to extend and improve its Visit to Delia,' by Tadema, is a annual Exhibition; and with the restoration such as might be made promised augmentation of area, by an antiquary among the ruins there can be no longer excuse for and spoils of Pompeii. Coomans injustice to outsiders. Much of the and Bouguereau, true to the pro- obloquy attaching to the Academy clivities of Frenchmen, tend to de- would at once be removed could a coration, romance, and voluptuous- fairly good place be found for every

• The Morning Kiss,' and picture accepted on its merits. But “The Signal' are sportive in fancy; reform must not stop with half such pretty conceits are feasts to a measures. The vested rights, too beauty-loving eye. The Dutch side long usurped by genius in decay, of the Flemish school is represented sbould be surrendered. The dead by characteristic works of Alfred may be safely left to bury their Stevens, Baugniet, Madou, and Ten dead, and the living must be allowed Kate; its Van Eyck revival may be to live and reap just reward. The witnessed in pictures by Leys and Academy, we are glad to say, under Koller; its French or Delaroche the spirited leadership of Sir Franphase makes but a poor appearance cis Grant, has shown laudable desire in a minor work by Gallait. Among to move onwards with the times. the illustrious dead, Troyon, the fa- Much remains yet to be done. We mous cattle-painter of France, is must, however, be content to wait seen by his last work—a little fee- for the new building in Burlington ble; and the eccentric Decamps, by Gardens, which, whether Gothic or one of his clever eccentricities. Of Italian, will, we trust, contain the charms of Rosa Bonheur it were space enough for the developiug superfluous to speak. Of Lambi- of whatever liberal views the Acanet's grey, cool, and showery skies, demy may entertain,




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The Emperor of the French is would have added unspeakably to giving at this moment to Europe the realistic charm of this mighty what Victor Hugo, when speaking show if the Emperor of Russia of the first Napoleon, called the would have knouted a real Pole, “ sublime spectacle of a parterre and the Japanese Ambassador have des rois.” Now, whether it be that finished the ceremony of presenting my monarchical instincts have lat- his credentials by the “happy deterly received some cruel shocks, or spatch." that the occasion which has brought As we see the whizzing wheels these exalted personages together and the heaving cylinders in the would appear ludicrously unworthy machinery department, we ought to of their dignity; but I own to feel see how his African Majesty does less impressed by the “sublime his “sword trick.” If practice, as spectacle" than I had anticipated, our old copy-books taught us, and am free even to confess that make perfect, there must be an in the monster show itself there amount of dexterity in his performare many things, I think, as well ance quite remarkable. worth seeing as the monarchs them- If, however, it be that these selves.

Royalties have not come That they will " draw,” however hibits, but as mere sight-seers, -that they are now drawing" like thousands of meaner mortals, largely—there is no doubt, and no eager to learn the relative advances visitor can be said to have conscien- of different peoples in the various tiously “done” the Exhibition who careers of industry, what valuable has not scored off his Czar and his hints, what store of useful notions, King of Prussia, as well as his mon- will they be enabled to carry home ster mortar, his steel hammer, and with them ! his Chinese kitchen.

It is but a few days back that If there was a grim drollery in the newspapers gave us a most assembling these royalties as na- graphic and edifying description tional products, and showing the of a vast establishment -- I really world what Japan, what Spain, believe it was in Ireland — where what Turkey, and what Dahomey pigs were slaughtered by steam, and accepts as the “culminating unit, where hundreds of these interestso that in examining the exhibit ing animals had their throats cut one might arrive at some sure guess with such rapidity that they were of the nature of the people which actually on the way to be pickled had thus, as it were, sent us its and packed before they had fully most finished article—if, I say, this recognised decapitation. Imagine was the spirit that suggested the the delight with which his African gathering, I must admit it was a Majesty must have witnessed the wonderful concession to the genius display of this ingenious machine, of our age; and though, perhaps, it and the promptitude with which would be asking too much, one he ordered a supply of them for would have liked to have seen the his national festivals! Who is to machinery of monarchy at work, tell us, after this, that these Exjust as we see the die-foundry, the hibitions do not extend the advanloom, and the printing-press; and it tages of modern inventiveness, and

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