Security of the Panama Canal: Hearing Before the Committee on Armed Services, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session, October 22, 1999

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000 - Panama - 111 pages

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Page 12 - The policy of this country is a canal under American control. The United States cannot consent to the surrender of this control to any European power, or to any combination of European powers.
Page 13 - States would feel that it had been unfaithful to its duty and neglectful towards its own citizens if it permitted itself to be bound by a treaty which gave the same right through the canal to a war-ship bent on an errand of destruction that is reserved to its own Navy, sailing for the defense of our coast and the protection of the lives of our people.
Page 12 - An interoceanic canal across the American Isthmus will essentially change the geographical relations between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, and between the United States and the rest of the world.
Page 12 - No other great power would under similar circumstances fail to assert a rightful control over a work so closely and vitally affecting its interest and welfare.
Page 17 - After the termination of the Panama Canal Treaty, only the Republic of Panama shall operate the Canal and maintain military forces, defense sites and military installations within its national territory.
Page 77 - The Neutrality Treaty provides that the vessels of war and auxiliary vessels of the United States and Panama will be entitled to transit the Canal expeditiously. This is intended, and it shall so be interpreted, to assure the transit of such vessels through the Canal as quickly as possible, without any impediment, with expedited treatment, and in case of need or emergency, to go to the head of the line of vessels in order to transit the Canal rapidly.
Page 52 - Upon termination of this Treaty, the Republic of Panama shall assume total responsibility for the management, operation, and maintenance of the Panama Canal, which shall be turned over in operating condition and free of liens and debts, except as the two Parties may otherwise agree.
Page 52 - Notwithstanding the provisions of Article V or any other provision of the Treaty, if the Canal is closed, or its operations are interfered with, the United States of America and the Republic of Panama shall each independently have the right to take such steps as each deems necessary, in accordance with its constitutional processes, including the use of military force in the Republic of Panama, to re-open the Canal or restore the operations of the Canal, as the case may be.
Page 15 - Moorer stated that : The defense and use of the Panama Canal is wrapped inextricably with the overall global strategy of the United States and the security of the free world.
Page 3 - Under the Treaty Concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal...

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