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II. And be it further enacted, That if at any Time after the said Penalty for Fifth Day of April One thousand eight hundred and twenty- insuring sepaeight, any Policy of Insurance shall be granted or renewed or rate Subjects continued, whereby any Insurance from Loss or ·Damage by lectively in one Fire shall be made of or upor. Two or more such separate Sub- Sum. jects or Parcels of Risk as aforesaid collectively in One Sum, contrary to the true Intent and Meaning of this Act, such Policy of Insurance shall be void and of none Effect, and shall be deemed and taken to be a fraudulent Contrivance to evade the Duties by the said recited Acts respectively imposed; and the Person or Persons, or Body or Bodies Politic or Corporate, by whom or by which any such Policy of Insurance shall be granted, renewed, or continued, contrary to this Act, shall forfeit and pay the Sum of One hundred Pounds.

III. Provided always, and be it enacted, That nothing in this Not to prevent Act contained shall extend or be construed to extend to prevent separate Buildthe insuring from Loss or Damage by Fire collectively, in One Sum ings, or Profor the whole, any Number of separate and distinct Buildings, or

perty lying the Goods, Wares, Merchandize, or other moveable Property con- being insured

therein, from tained in any Number of separate and distinct Buildings, or lying collectively, if or being in any Number of separate and distinct Places; provided an Average that in the Policy whereby such Insurance shall be made there Clause be conshall be contained a Clause stipulating that in the Event of any Policy.

tained in the Loss or Damage by Fire happening to such Property, or to any Part of such Property thereby insured, the Insurer or Insurers in such Policy shall be liable to pay or make good such Proportion only of the said Loss or Damage as the Sum insured shall bear to the whole collective Value of the said Property at the Time when such Fire shall first break out or happen.

IV. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That in all The Duty to Cases in which it shall be necessary that new Policies should be be remitted on granted in lieu of others now existing, in order to enable the Par

Policies ties in Possession of the same to comply with the Provisions of this granted in order Act, it shall be lawful for the Commissioners of Stamps, and they this Act. are hereby authorized and required, to remit the Duty upon the Stamp of the Policy so required to be renewed.

V. Provided always, and be it enacted, That nothing in this Act Not to affect contained shall extend or be construed to extend to or affect any

Policies made Contracts or Policies of Insurance made or to be made on or before before 5th April the Fifth Day of April One thousand eight hundred and twentyeight, or any of the Terms, Conditions, or Stipulations thereof.

VI. And be it further enacted, That any pecuniary Penalty or Recovery of Forfeiture which shall or may be incurred under the Provisions of Penalties. this Act shall and may be recovered for the Use of His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, by Action of Debt, Bill, Plaint, or Information in any of His Majesty's Courts, to be commenced, prosecuted, entered, or filed in the Name of His Majesty's Attorney or Solicitor General in England or Ireland, or of His Majesty's Advocate or Solicitor General for Scotland, (as the Case may be,) in England, Ireland, or Scotland respectively.

VII. And be it further enacted, That this Act may be altered, Act may be amended, or repealed, by any Act or Acts to be passed in this altered. present Session of Parliament.

1828.

9 Geo. IV.

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CA P. XIV. An Act for rendering a written Memorandum necessary te that which the Validity of certain Promises and Engagements. chets

[9th May 1828. i'r auto turn Erach.com. · WHEREAS by an Act passed in England in the Twenty-firsi

• other Things, enacted, that all Actions of Account and upon the · Case, other than such Accounts as concern the Trade of Mer. 'chandize between Merchant and Merchant, their Factors or • Servants, all Actions of Debt grounded upon any Lending or • Contract without Specialty, and all Actions of Debt for Arrear

ages of Rent, should be commenced within Three Years after • the End of the then present Session of Parliament, or within Six

· Years next after the Cause of such Actions or Suit, and not after: Irish Act, • And Whereas a similar Enactment is contained in an Act passed

in Ireland in the Tenth Year of the Reign of King Charles the Sess, 2. c. 6.

• First: And Whereas various Questions have arisen in Actions

founded on Simple Contract, as to the Proof and Effect of Ac. • knowledgments and Promises offered in Evidence for the Purpose • of taking Cases out of the Operation of the said Enactments;

and it is expedient to prevent such Questions, and to make Pro• vision for giving effect to the said Enactments and to the In"tention thereof;' Be it therefore enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the

Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present ParIn Actions of liament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That in Debt or upon

Actions of Debt or upon the Case grounded upon any Simple the Case, no Acknowledg

Contract no Acknowledgment or Promise by Words only shall be ment shall be

deemed sufficient Evidence of a new or continuing Contract, deemed suffi- whereby to take any Case out of the Operation of the said Encient unless it actments or either of them, or to deprive any Party of the Benefit be in Writing, thereof, unless such Acknowledgment or Promise shall be made or by Part

or contained by or in some Writing to be signed by the Party Payment.

chargeable thereby; and that where there shall be Two or more Joint Contractors, or Executors or Administrators of any Contractor, no such Joint Contractor, Executor, or Administrator shall lose the Benefit of the said Enactments or either of them, so as to be chargeable in respect or by reason only of any written

Acknowledgment or Promise made and signed by any other or Joint Con- others of them : Provided always, that nothing herein contained tractors. shall alter or take away or lessen the Effect of any Payment of Proviso for the any Principal or Interest made by any Person whatsoever: ProCase of Joint vided also, that in Actions to be commenced against Two or more Contractors.

such Joint Contractors, or Executors or Administrators, if it shall appear at the Trial or otherwise that the Plaintiff, though barred by either of the said recited Acts or this Act, as to One or more of such Joint Contractors, or Executors or Administrators, shall nevertheless be entitled to recover against any other or others of the Defendants, by virtue of a new Acknowledgment or Promise, or otherwise, Judgment may be given and Costs allowed for the Plaintiff as to such Defendant or Defendants against whom he shall recover, and for the other Defendant or Defendants against the Plaintiff.

II. And

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tract Debts

II. And be it further enacted, That if any Defendant or De- Pleas in Abateme fendants in any Action on any Simple Contract shall plead any ment. & Matter in Abatement, to the Effect that any other Person or Per(sons ought to be jointly sued, and Issue be joined on such Plea,

and it shall appear at the Trial that the Action could not, by reason of the said recited Acts or this Act, or of either of them, be maintained against the other Person or Persons named in such Plea, or any of them, the Issue joined on such Plea shall be found against the Party pleading the same.

III. And be it further enacted, That no Indorsement or Memo- Indorsements randum of any Payment written or made after the Time appointed of Payment.

for this Act to take effect, upon any Promissory Note, Bill of Ex1 change, or other Writing, by or on the Behalf of the Party to whom - such Payment shall be made, shall be deemed sufficient Proof of

such Payment, so as to take the Case out of the Operation of either of the said Statutes.

IV. And be it further enacted, That the said recited Acts and Simple Con. this Act shall be deemed and taken to apply to the Case of any Debt on Simple Contract alleged by way of Set-off on the Part of alleged by way

of Set-off. any Defendant, either by Plea, Notice, or otherwise.

V. And be it further enacted, That no Action shall be main. Confirmation - tained whereby to charge any Person upon any Promise made of Promises

after full Age to pay any Debt contracted during Infancy, or made by

upon any Ratification after full Age of any Promise or Simple Con- Infants. ch: tract made during Infancy, unless such Promise or Ratification et shall be made by some Writing signed by the Party to be charged I therewith.

VI. And be it further enacted, That no Action shall be brought Represent-
to whereby to charge any Person upon or by reason of any Repre- ations of Cha-

sentation or Assurance made or given concerning or relating to racter.
the Character, Conduct, Credit, Ability, Trade, or Dealings of
any other Person, to the Intent or Purpose that such other Per-

son may obtain Credit, Money, or Goods upon t, unless such + Sic.
d. Representation or Assurance be made in Writing, signed by the
Party to be charged therewith.

VII.“ And Whereas by an Act passed in England in the Twenty; 29 Car. 2. c.3. ' ninth Year of the Reign of King Charles the Second, intituled ' An Act for the Prevention of Frauds and Perjuries, it is, among other Things, enacted, that from and after the Twenty-fourth Day of June One thousand six hundred and seventy-seven, no

Contract for the Sale of any Goods, Wares, and Merchandizes, ' for the Price of Ten Pounds Sterling or upwards, shall be ' allowed to be good, except the Buyer shall accept Part of the 'Goods so sold, and actually receive the same, or give something ' in earnest to bind the Bargain, or in part of Payment, or that some Note or Memorandum in Writing of the said Bargain be made and signed by the Parties to be charged by such Contract, or their Agents thereunto lawfully authorized: And whereas a similar Enactnient is contained in an Act passed in Ireland in Irish Act, the Seventh Year of the Reign of King William the Third : And 7W.3. c.12. Whereas it has been held, that the said recited Enactments do not extend to certain Executory Contracts for the Sale of Goods, which nevertheless are within the Mischief thereby intended to

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Powers of re. " to such Executory Contracts;' Be it enacted, That the said

cited Acts ex- Enactments shall extend to all Contracts for the Sale of Goods o: 4,5m

tended to Con. the Value of Ten Pounds Sterling and upwards, not withstanding

tracts for Goods t. of 101. or up

the Goods

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be intended to be delivered at some future Time, wards, although or may not at the Time of such Contract be actually made, proina - the Delivery be cured, or provided, or fit or ready for Delivery, or some Act may 3. not made,

be requisite for the making or completing thereof, or rendering the

same fit for Delivery. Memorandums VIII. And be it further enacted, That no Memorandum or other exempted from Writing made necessary by this Act shall be deemed to be an Stamps.

Agreement within the Meaning of any Statute relating to the

Duties of Stamps. Not to extend IX. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this Act conto Scotland.

tained shall extend to Scotland. Commence- X. And be it further enacted, That this Act shall commence

ment of Act. and take effect on the First Day of January One thousand eight tico triste no commen mohundred and twenty-nine. - but tried after the act.

CAP. XV.
An Act to prevent a Failure of Justice by reason of Variances

between Records and Writings produced in Evidence in
support thereof.

[9th May 1828.] HEREAS great Expence is often incurred, and Delay or

*2.397. bringi 258.

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• riances between Writings produced in Evidence and the Recital

or setting forth thereof upon the Record on which the Trial is

• had, in Matters not material to the Merits of the Case, and 332 ' such Record cannot now in any Case be amended at the Trial,

* and in some Cases cannot be annended at any Time : for Remedy 10:7 Mic

thereof,' Be it enacted by the King's most Excellent Majesty, 42 by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and In Cases where and by the Authority of the same, That it shall and may be a Variance shall lawful for every Court of Record holding Plea in Civil Actions, appear between

any Judge sitting at Nisi Prius, and any Court of Oyer and Terwritten or printed Evi

miner and General Gaol Delivery in England, Wales, the Town dence and the of Berwick-upon-Tweed, and Ireland, if such Court or Judge shall Record, the see fit so to do, to cause the Record on which any Trial may be

pending before any such Judge or Court in any Civil Action, or order the Re

in any Indictment or Information for any Misdemeanor, when any cord to be amended on

Variance shall appear between any Matter in Writing or in Print Payment of produced in Evidence and the Recital or setting forth thereof Costs. upon the Record whereon the Trial is pending, to be forth with

amended in such Particular by some Officer of the Court, on Payment of such Costs (if any) to the other Party as such Judge or Court shall think reasonable; and thereupon the Trial shall proceed as if no such Variance had appeared ; and in case such Trial shall be had at Nisi Prius, the Order for the Amendment shall be indorsed on the Postea, and returned together with the Record; and thereupon the Papers, Rolls, and other Records of the Court from which such Record issued, shall be amended accordingly.

Court may

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CA P. XVI.
An Act to repeal so much of several Acts as empowers the

Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt to
grant Life Annuities,

[9th May 1828.] VHEREAS an Act was passed in the Forty-eighth Year of

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• intituled An Act for enabling the Commissioners for the Re- 48 G.3. c.142. duction of the National Debt to grant_Life Annuities : And • Whereas another Act was passed in the Forty-ninth Year of the • Reign of His late Majesty, intituled An Act to amend an Act 49 G.3. C.64. passed in the last Session of Parliament, for enabling the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt to grant Life Annuities : And Whereas another Act was passed in the Fiftysecond Year of the Reign of His late Majesty, intituled An 52 G.3. c. 129.

Act for amending Two Acts passed in the Forty-eighth and Forty' ninth Years of His present Majesty, for

enabling the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt to grant Life Annuities : And Whereas another Act was passed in the Fifty

sixth Year of the Reign of His late Majesty, intituled An Act 56 G.3. c.53. ' to amend and render more effectual Three several Acts, passed in the Forty-eighth, Forty-ninth, and Fifty-second Years of His present Majesty, for enabling the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt to grant Life Annuities : And Whereas another Act was passed in the Fifty-seventh Year of the Reign ' of His late Majesty, intituled An Act to amend and render more 57 G.3. c.26. effectual Four several Acts, passed in the Forty-eighth, Fortyninth, Fifty-second, and Fifty-sixth Years of His present Majesty, for enabling the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt to grant Life Annuities : And Whereas an Act was passed • in the Third Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, intituled * An Act for transferring the several Annuities of Five Pounds G.4. c.9.

per Centum per Annum into Annuities of Four Pounds per 'Centum per Annum : And Whereas another Act was passed in ' the said Third Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, in. tituled An Act to regulate the Performance of certain Contracts, 3 G.4. c.61. ' and to authorize the Courts of Chancery and Exchequer to make . Orders in Cases which may arise out of the Conversion of certain · Annuities of Five Pounds per Centum per Annum into Annuities of Four Pounds per Centum per Annum; and for paying off such Proprietors of Five Pounds per Centum Annuities as shall dissent from receiving Four Pounds per Centum Annuities in lieu thereof: And Whereas another Act was passed in the Fifth Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, intituled An Act for trans- 5 G.4. c.11. ferring several Annuities of Four Pounds per Centum per Annum into Annuities of Three Pounds Ten Shillings per Centum per Annum: And Whereas another Act was passed in the Seventh Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, intituled An Act for funding Eight Millions of Exchequer Bills : And 7G.4. c.39. Whereas it is expedient that the Powers and Provisions of the ' said recited Acts should be repealed, so far as the same relate

to the granting of any Life Annuities, or authorizing the said * Commissioners to accept the Transfer of any Stocks for any * Life Annuities under the same :' May it therefore please Your C 3

111ajesty

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