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of the camp or the prisoners of war (e. g., work in gardens or kitchens) as far as this work is compatible with the dignity of their rank and is entirely within the enclosure of the camp.

In no case, however, shall noncommissioned officers be used for menial or dirty work, such as the loading and transport of coal, or the cleaning of streets or latrines.

Article 51

Prisoners of war shall receive no compensation for work done for their own benefit or in connection with the maintenance or administration of their camp, their quarters, or their work shop. Other work for the Captor State shall be paid for at a daily rate of not less than 50 pfennings or 122 cents, nor more than 2 marks or 50 cents.

Prisoners of war shall be paid for work done in industrial occupations for private persons or firms at the same rate as industrial workers in the same locality for the same sort of work. Of the wages earned in this manner 25 to 50 cents or 1 mark to 2 marks per day shall be credited to the prisoner of war concerned. The remainder shall be retained by the Captor State. Prisoners of war engaged in agricultural labor shall receive a daily wage of 50 pfennigs or 122 cents, which shall be credited to them without any deduction.

No deductions for maintenance shall be made from the net portion of their earnings, but the full amount shall be credited to the prisoners of war and placed at their disposal for the purchase, in accordance with camp regulations, of articles needed by them.

The net balance remaining to the credit of prisoners of war shall be paid them upon their internment in a neutral country or upon their repatriation; in case of death of a prisoner of war this balance shall be paid to the diplomatic representative of the Protecting Power for the benefit of the legal heirs of the deceased.

6. Rations

Article 52

It is the obligation of the Captor State to provide prisoners of war under its charge with such quantity and quality of wholesome food, especially of meat and vegetables, as is necessary to maintain unim

paired their normal physical health and working capacity. In general the ration served to prisoners of war shall be equal in amount, quality and nutritive value to that served to the armed forces of the Captor State when in barracks or in cantonments.

The food value of their daily ration shall not fall below a minimum of

2,000 calories for nonworkers,

2,500 calories for ordinary workers,

2,850 calories for heavy workers.

The daily ration of bread shall in no case be less than 250 grams, and in the case of ordinary workers this ration shall be increased by the addition of 100 grams; and in the case of heavy workers by the addition of 150 grams of bread or other cereals; furthermore each prisoner of war's daily food ration shall contain amounts of fresh vegetables, fresh meat, and animal fat not less than those furnished to the guards at the same camp or place of detention.

All food furnished shall be sound and wholesome and shall have been handled in a proper manner.

An abundant supply of safely potable water, amounting to at least 3 litres per man per day shall be provided for drinking purposes for all prisoners of war.

Article 53

Officer prisoners of war shall be permitted and, as far as possible, encouraged to manage their own messes; and at their request the rations furnished by the Captor State shall be delivered to them uncooked.

Prisoners of war shall be permitted to utilize the food contents of their parcels in common as additional ration. The necessary facilities. for this shall be arranged with the Camp Commandant by a committee chosen by the officers in officer camps, and by the Camp Help Committee in camps for prisoners of war other than officers.

Article 54

Menus specifying the weight of each article provided per man per day shall be posted daily and shall at all times be accessible to the delegate of the Protecting Power.

Article 55

Prisoners of war shall be allowed at all times to obtain hot water at a reasonable price, not to exceed 5 centimes or 5 pfennigs for 2 litres.

Article 56

Camp Help Committees shall be given a hearing in cases of complaints made by prisoners of war about their food.

Article 57

In camps where there are prisoners of war of different States of Origin, the Camp Commandant shall, as far as possible, permit the cooking for the prisoners of war to be done by cooks of their State of Origin.

The camp cooks shall be permitted to prepare the food according to the taste of the prisoners of war.

Article 58

When necessary for the preparation of the contents of packages, special kitchen facilities and fuel shall be furnished prisoners of war by the Captor State. Members of the Camp Help Committee shall be permitted to enter the kitchens.

Article 59

In all camps for prisoners of war canteens shall be maintained in which prisoners may buy at reasonable prices currently obtainable food and articles of daily use. Camp Help Committees shall cooperate in the management of the canteens. Price lists of articles for sale, in the language of the prisoners of war, shall be kept posted in a conspicuous place. The profits made may be used only for the benefit of the prisoners of war.

7. Walks

Article 60

All officers, noncommissioned officers, and men not employed on work outside the camp enclosure shall be permitted to take weekly walks of not less than two hours under military supervision outside the

camp enclosure. If the prisoners of war so desire and local conditions permit, these walks shall be taken to a point at least four kilometers distant from the camp.

For this purpose officer prisoners of war shall give their paroles not to make or prepare an attempt to escape during the walks, nor to do anything during this time which may be directed against the Captor State, its allies or cobelligerents. Such paroles shall be binding only for the duration of the walk for which given and on such conditions military supervision will be limited to conducting the walks.

8. Intellectual Occupation and Divine Services

Article 61

Prisoners of war shall be given as much opportunity as possible for intellectual occupation and development. For this purpose it is agreed as follows:

(a) In every main camp, and as far as possible in every working detachment, a reading and work room, sufficiently lighted and heated, shall be provided and put at the disposal of the prisoners of war.

(b) Properly qualified prisoners of war may give educational courses and lectures which shall be so arranged as not to interfere with the work of the prisoners of war.

(c) The formation of camp libraries is to be encouraged in every way. Prisoners of war may have such newspapers of the Captor State or of its cobelligerents as the former may choose. Prisoners of war in working detachments shall be given every opportunity to make use of the libraries of the main camps. The exchange of books between the various camps shall be accomplished through the military authorities. The use of text books, dictionaries and bound books shall be permitted.

(d) Prisoners of war charged with giving educational courses or lectures and the management of libraries are to be exempt from work in the camps and are to be transferred to another camp only in cases of urgent necessity.

(e) As far as possible, prisoners of war shall be permitted to complete the courses they are attending.

(f) Prisoners of war shall be given opportunities to arrange and give musical and theatrical performances and similar entertainments.

Article 62

Prisoners of war shall enjoy complete liberty in the exercise of whatever religion they may profess.

Chaplains pending repatriation under Article 140 shall be allowed to perform their religious and professional duties among the prisoners of war. Similar opportunities shall be given to prisoners of war who are ministers of religion and they shall be exempted from such work as will interfere with their religious duties.

9. Medical Treatment

Article 63

Prisoners of war shall be given the same medical and dental care and treatment and diet as are provided by the Captor State for sick of like grades in its own armed forces.

In case of a shortage of military doctors competent civilian doctors shall be provided.

The services of such prisoners of war as are dentists and are not repatriated as members of the Sanitary Personnel, shall be utilized.

In no case shall any charge be made against a prisoner of war for medical or dental treatment, or supplies or anesthetics,

Article 64

Prisoners of war shall be protected against sickness to the same. extent as the nationals of the Captor State; and especially against those diseases that are conveyed by infection through the respiratory and the alimentary tracts, by transmission through the agency of insects, by contact, and by poisons, etc.

Article 65

Artificial limbs, sticks, crutches, false teeth and all other surgical and medical appliances necessary for the well-being of prisoners of war shall be furnished by the Captor State, reimbursement therefor to be made by the State of Origin. Such further appliances as may be furnished to prisoners of war by the representative of the Protecting Power shall not be withheld by the Captor State.

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