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and the name of the agency which proposed the prisoner of war for repatriation or internment.
In cases which have been recognized as urgent by the medical officers of the Captor State because of the serious nature of the infirmity or disease of the prisoner of war, the repatriation or internment in a neutral country shall take place at once, without waiting for a visit from the Travelling Commission.
Prisoners of war who have been found by the Travelling Commissions to be eligible for repatriation or for internment shall be examined by a Commission of Control whose decision shall be final. The Commission of Control shall consist of three physicians of a neutral country and three physicians of the Captor State. In case of a tie vote, the vote of the senior neutral physician shall be decisive.
The provisions of Article 13 shall apply to the adverse decisions of the Commission of Control.
Prisoners of war who have been recognized by the Commission of Control as entitled to repatriation or internment shall be repatriated or interned in a neutral country with the least possible delay.
3. General Provisions
Valid submarine personnel who have been in captivity for a period of not less than twelve (12) months and who might otherwise be entitled to repatriation under this agreement shall in lieu of repatriation be interned in a neutral country until the conclusion of peace, anything in this agreement to the contrary notwithstanding. Invalid submarine personnel shall be repatriated or interned as provided in this agreement for other invalid prisoners of war.
The order of priority for internment in a neutral country and for repatriation shall be determined in accordance with the principles stated in Article 175.
Prisoners of war eligible for internment in a neutral country or for repatriation, under Articles 1 to 7, inclusive, and 16, may renounce their rights thereto, in which case a written declaration of the fact must be made.
In doubtful cases either of the two Governments may request confirmation of the renunciation through a representative of the Protecting Power, or, in the case of prisoners of war interned in a neutral country, through the government of the latter country.
Prisoners of war interned in a neutral country shall not be repatriated unless they become eligible for repatriation:
(a) Under the provisions of Annex 1; or
(b) Under the provisions of Articles 1, 3 or 6.
Before their repatriation their names shall be reported by the competent authorities of the neutral country to the Government of the Captor State.
The decision relating to the repatriation of prisoners of war from a neutral country under this article shall be made by neutral examining commissions. The neutral Government is to be requested to arrange examinations accordingly every three months or oftener if necessary in special cases.
If prisoners of war eligible for internment in a neutral country or repatriation are awaiting trial, they may be detained until the completion of the trial, and, with the limitation provided in the following paragraph, until the expiration of the sentence if any.
If prisoners of war eligible for internment in a neutral country or repatriation have not yet begun or have not completely served a sentence imposed upon them, they may be detained until they have completed their punishment, but not longer than two months from the day on which they would otherwise have been interned or repatriated.
This provision does not apply to prisoners of war who are to be transported over seas and the unexpired portion of whose sentences does not exceed two months. In such cases the prisoners of war shall not be detained, but they shall be sent on the next available transport.
When a prisoner of war is detained under either of the above provisions, the Government of the State of Origin shall be advised by the Government of the Captor State of the reason for detention and, in case of punishment, of the length of the sentence and of the unexpired portion thereof.
The provisions of this article do not apply to those cases in which a neutral Government refuses to receive for internment a prisoner of war who has been sentenced on account of a grave offense.
Prisoners of war who have been repatriated under the terms of this agreement shall be excluded from service in units normally used in combat against the enemy on water or land or in the air in the forces of the Contracting Parties or of any of their allies or cobelligerents.
Cases of infringement of the provisions in the above paragraph brought to the attention of the State of Origin by the corresponding Protecting Power shall be investigated by the former and proper redress made therefor without delay.
Prisoners of war who are to be interned in a neutral country or repatriated may take their personal belongings with them, including moneys in their possession, or held for them or due them on any account, subject to the following limitations:
(a) All export regulations must be complied with. Nevertheless a prisoner of war may, except as provided in subsection c, take with him clothing and personal effects which he possessed at the time of capture or which were sent him from abroad for his personal use while a prisoner. He may also take with him the articles enumerated in the third paragraph of Article 28.
(b) Prisoners of war may take with them written or printed matter only in case circumstances permit examination by the censor. This restriction is not applicable to birth, baptismal, or marriage certificates, or to commissions and other personal official papers.
(c) The total weight of the baggage which may be taken shall not exceed fifty kilograms, exclusive of hand baggage. An equalization of weights over and under the authorized limit shall be permitted among
different persons of the same party. This limit of fifty kilograms is not to apply to persons going overseas; on the contrary, such persons may take as much baggage with them as can be transported without difficulty.
A certificate shall be furnished for articles retained, and care shall be taken to insure their safe-keeping.
II. TREATMENT OF PRISONERS OF WAR
1. General Provisions
The treatment of prisoners of war shall follow the principles laid down in international agreements. In particular they are to be protected from acts of violence, ill-treatment, cruelties, personal insults and from public curiosity, and are to be treated humanely. Instructions to this effect shall be given to the authorities entrusted with the care of prisoners of war.
Officer prisoners of war shall be treated with the courtesy and consideration which their rank and grade require.
Prisoners of war shall not be quartered nor worked with nor treated as criminals, except as punishment for crime of which they have been convicted by due process of law.
Compulsory measures of any kind to make prisoners of war give information about their army, navy, or State, or about those of their cobelligerents, are strictly forbidden. Prisoners of war who decline to give information shall neither be threatened nor insulted, nor exposed to any other treatment which will put them in a position less favorable than other prisoners of war.
In general, prisoners of war shall be allowed to talk with one another.
Prisoners of war shall be permitted to retain the clothing necessary for their personal use provided that no objections exist on hygienic grounds.
Prisoners of war shall not be deprived of their money except on command of an officer, and then only when conditions permit a proper receipt to be given. Their paper and silver money may not be changed without their consent, and if changed it shall be only at the fixed rate of one mark for one franc or six marks for one dollar.
Money taken from a prisoner of war must be credited to him and a receipt given therefor.
Objects of value, such as rings, watches, cigar and cigarette cases, etc., as well as insignia of rank and decorations, may not be taken from prisoners of war.
The confiscation of personal papers belonging to prisoners of war is strictly forbidden. The Captor State may make a copy of such papers, in which case the papers must be given back within two weeks at the latest.
Dogs shall not be used as guards in the interior of prison camps nor in guarding working or exercise detachments, unless they are in leash or are securely muzzled. Unmuzzled dogs shall under no circumstances be used in tracking down escaped prisoners of war.
Prisoners of war shall accord to the members of the armed forces of the Captor State its prescribed military courtesies. Regulations in the language of the State of Origin prescribing such courtesies shall be kept posted in a conspicuous place, accessible to the prisoners of war, and no prisoner of war shall be punished for failing to accord any military courtesy not specified in the regulations so posted.
All female personnel serving with the armed forces of either of the Contracting Parties shall, if captured, be given every possible pro