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Same subject. Memorandum of Peru relating to
Bolivia's attitude on the Peru-Chile question,
stating that a Chilean emissary, Mr. Alfonso, is at
Lima to suggest a means of settlement between
Chile and Peru, and requesting that the United
States declare "without delay and in an open and
explicit form" what aid Peru can expect from this
Government.

Same subject. A letter reviewing the recent devel-
opments in the Tacna-Arica matter.
Same subject. Argentina declines to give advice to
Peru. Brazil advises seizing offer to divide the
disputed territory and offers moral support.
Same subject. Refers to Peruvian memorandum of
Nov. 5 and informs him of the reply of the United
States, which merely expressed the hope that Chile
and Peru might find a basis for settlement consist-
ent with their national honor and interests.
Same subject. Peru has informed Mr. Alfonso, the
Chilean agent, that she accepts the proposal to
divide the Tacna-Arica territory. The agent is
without credentials but was sent by the President
of Chile. Great Britain has been chosen by Peru,
on the agent's suggestion, to advise on arrange-
ments for settlement.

Same subject. Refers to his telegrams of Nov. 17 and
Nov. 19 and to the Peruvian memorandum of Nov.
5. Gives his interpretation of the memorandum
and enlarges on the telegrams.
Same subject. Desires to know the source of infor-
mation in his Nov. 19.

Same subject. Refers to the foregoing; the informa-
tion was obtained from the Argentine Minister and
the Peruvian Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Same subject. Instructs him to repeat his Nov. 19,
with source of its information, to the Legations at
La Paz, Santiago, Quito and Buenos Aires, and
the Embassy at Petropolis.

Same subject. Brazil has offered to use good offices
to allay Bolivian feeling over Peruvian occupation
of headwaters of the manuripe; this may also lead
to early settlement of the Tacna-Arica question.
Same subject. Chile declares that Mr. Alfonso was
not an authorized agent of the Government, al-
though the settlement proposed by him might be
acceptable to it. Mr. Fletcher believes no steps will
be taken before inauguration of the new Chilean
administration on Dec. 24.

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Same to same..

Dec. 24

Same subject. Quotes the President-elect of Chile
as to his proposed Tacna-Arica policy.

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65

1911. Mr. Howard to Mr. Knox.. Oct. 25

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Same subject. Inclosesi dentic memorandum of the
Peruvian Foreign Office, addressed to the United
States, Argentina, and Brazil, on the Tacna-Arica
question and calling on them to "ward off the dan-
ger by all the means in their power."
Same subject. A bill introduced Nov. 8 in Chilean
Senate provides representation in the Senate and
the House of Tacna and Arica: reports other indi-
cations of a systematic plan of Chile to drive out
Peruvians from the disputed territory.
Same subject. Amplifies the foregoing..
Same subject. Reports receipt by Argentina of the
Peruvian memorandum of Nov. 5. Argentina
awaitsinformation from its Legations at Washing-
ton and Rio de Janeiro. Brazil's offer to Chile of
its good offices having been received with distinct
signs of annoyance, Argentina concludes that
Chile does not wish the intervention of friendly
powers and that the situation in Peru precludes
the hope of progress toward a solution in that
quarter.

Nov. 22 Same subject. Chile has extended to Tacna and
Arica her laws of obligatory naval and military
service; labor troubles between Chileans and
Peruvians are reported from Iquique.

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Mr. de Freyre to Mr. Knox. Dec. 1

Mr. Howard to Mr. Knox

Dec.

4

(telegram).

78

Same to same..

.do..

Same subject. Refers to the Peruvian memorandum
of Oct. 23 and says that Peru has presented to the
representatives at Lima of the United States, Ar-
gentina, and Brazil afurther memorandum calling
attention to the aggressions of Chile and reiterating
Peru's request to the three mediating Powers to
exercise their good offices in the form they deem
best.
Same subject. Chile has purchased arms in Ger-
many; Chile's forces in the disputed territory will
be increased from 7,000 to 50,000 in preparation for
a definite plan of attack already made. "Defense-
less Peru invokes mediating Powers."
Same subject. Refers to his telegram of this date
and incloses a memorandum of the Peruvian For-
eign Office which continues the narrative of the
memorandum of Oct. 23, and says that "Peru...
places its trust in the great nations which... medi-
ated in its conflict with Ecuador."

Mr. de Freyre to Mr. Knox.. Dec. 12 Same subject. The Peruvian Chargé d'Affaires de

1912

165 Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Knox.. Jan.

9

1 Mr. Wilson to Mr. Fuller... Apr. 6

3 Mr. Fuller to Mr. Knox

May 31

123 Mr. Howard to Mr. Knox... June 1

clares that only the action of the Governments to
which Peru has appealed can now solve the Peru-
Chile problem, and the United States seems called
upon to take the initiative; requests that it study
the problem and decide upon a means of securing a
durable peace.

Same subject. The bill providing representation in
the Chilean Congress for Tacna and Arica is meet-
ing opposition in the House.
Slavery in Peru: joint investigation by the Govern
ments of the United States and Great Britain. In-
structs him, after reviewing the history of the case,
to cooperate with the British Consul at Iquitos in
visiting the rubber stations in the Putumayo re-
gion and investigating the treatment of the Indians.
Same subject. Refers to Department's No. 1 of Apr.
6, and reports preparations made by him and the
British Consul to visit the Putumayo rubber sta-
tions.

Tacna-Arica dispute between Peru and Chile; good
offices of the United States and other Governments.
Reports a conversation between the President of
Peru, the late American Chargé d'Affaires at Santi-
ago, and himself in regard to possible bases of set-
tlement of the Tacna-Arica question.

13 Mr. Fuller to Mr. Knox.... July 1 Slavery in Peru; joint investigation by the Govern

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July 15

Same to same.
July 16
Mr. Knox to Mr. Fuller July 29
(telegram).

25 Mr. Fuller to Mr. Knox.... July 31

• 649

29

33

Resolution of the House of Aug. 1
Representatives.

Mr. Fuller to Mr. Knox.... Aug. 6

Same to same..

ments of the United States and Great Britain.
Refers to his No. 3 of May 31 and reports at length
what he has discovered at Iquitos relating to the
treatment of the Indians at the Putumayo rubber
stations, and the attitude of the Peruvian Govern-
ment.

Same subject. Refers to his Nos. 3 and 13 of May 31
and July 1 and gives further particulars on the same
subject.

Same subject. Gives further particulars...
Same subject. Refers to Mr. Fuller's No. 3 of May
31 and instructs him to accept no favors from the
rubber company.

Same subject. Refers to his Nos. 19 and 20 of July 15
and 16 and gives further particulars on the same
subject.

Same subject. Resolution directing the Secretary
of State to transmit to the House, if not incom-
patible with the public interest, all information in
his Department's possession concerning the al-
leged existence of slavery in Peru.

Same subject. Transmits the answer, dated Aug. 5,
of the Prefect of Soreto to his letter to the Prefet,
of which a copy was enclosed in his No. 19 of July
15, and his answer, dated Aug. 6, with comments
on the attitude of the Peruvian Government.
Oct. 28 Same subject. A long report, written after his in-
vestigation, in company with the British Consul, of
the labor conditions in the Putumayo region.
Tacna-Arica dispute between Peru and Chile; good
offices of the United States and other Govern-
ments. Reports impending agreement between
Chile and Peru on the Tacna-Arica question; terms
given.

Same to same (telegram)...] Nov. 10

Mr. Pezet to Mr. Knox..... Nov. 11

Same subject. Peru has decided to reestablish dip-
lomatic relations with Chile.

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278

Same subject. Replies to Department's Nov. 12;
confirms the report and says Congress will ratify
the agreement.
.do.... Same subject. Amplifies the foregoing and incloses
statement of terms of Chile-Peruagreement handed
to him by the President of Peru.

Nov. 15 Same subject. Reports progress toward reestablish-
ment of diplomatic relations with Peru and agree-
ment as to Tana-Arica question.

Mr. Knox to Mr. Pezet..... Nov. 16

Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Knox.. Nov. 18
Same to same..

Mr. Howard to Mr. Knox (telegram).

Nov. 27

Same subject. Replies to Mr. Peet's Nov. 11 and
expresses the gratification of this Government
with the information.

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Same subject. Gives bases proposed by Chile for
settlement of the Ta na-Aria question.
Nov. 20 Slavery in Peru; joint investigation by the Govern-
ments of the United States and Great Britain.
Transmits, with comments, an identic letter from
the Peruvian Consul General at Iquitos to him and
the British Consul after their return from the
Putumayo region.
Tacna-Arica dispute between Peru and Chile; good
offices of the United States and other Governments.
Brazil and Argentina have approved Tana-Arica
settlement; the President of Peru desires to know
whether the United States approves the terms.
Same subject. Refers to his Nov. 27. Instructs
him to express to the President of Peru the gratifi-
cation of this Government at the prospective re-
establishment of relations between Peru and
Chile and the final settlement of the Tacna-Arica
question.

Mr. Knox to Mr. Howard (telegram).

Nov. 30

288

Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Knox.. Dec. 3

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Same subject. Refers to his No. 278 of Nov. 18 and
reports progress toward a settlement of the Tacna-
Arica question.

Same subject. Refers to his No. 177 of Nov. 13; the
Department's attitude toward the proposed ar-
rangement is fully explained in its telegram of
Nov. 30.

Same subject. Further discussion of settlement
with Peru has been postponed, due to report of
adjournment of the Peruvian Congress without
action.

Same subject. Inquires whether Peruvian Congress
has adjourned without action, as reported by Mr.
Fletcher.

Same subject. Refers to Department's Dec. 14.
Congress has taken no action but has convened in
extraordinary session.

Same subject. Refers to Department's Dec. 14.
The President of Peru says diplomatic relations
must be resumed before continuing Tacna-Arica
negotiations.

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The President to the House
of Representatives.

1913. Feb. 7

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Mr. Knox to Mr. Bryce.... Feb. 25

Mr. Wilson to Mr. Howard.

Same subject. Message of the President transmit-
ting a report of the Secretary of State, with accom-
panying papers, concerning the alleged existence
of slavery in Peru, in pursuance of House Resolu-
tion No. 649 of Aug. 1, 1912.

Same subject. Refers to the Ambassador's No. 29
of Feb. 6; transmits copies of Mr. Fuller's report:
refers to the statements to him made by the Peru-
vian Minister; says that in view of Peru's present
policy this Government believes further action at
present would be inopportune.

Mar. 17 Tacna-Arica dispute between Peru and Chile: good
offices of the United States and other countries.
Refers to Mr. Fletcher's No. 300 of Jan. 30; the atti-
tude of the Minister as therein reported is approved.
Instructs him that it is the general policy of this
Government not to act as mediator unless re-
quested by all parties to a dispute. Other instruc-
tions.

Mr. Wilson to Mr. Howard....do... Same subject. Incloses copies of Mr. Fletcher's No.

Mr. Fletcher to Mr. Bryan Mar. 19
(telegram).

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Apr. 29

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300 of Jan. 30 and Department's reply of Mar. 17.
Instructs him to follow the instructions in the
latter or telegraph for special instructions when
occasion arises.

Same subject. Negotiations with Peru have been
resumed; Chile hopes to settle on the basis men-
tioned in his No. 300 of Jan. 30.

Same subject. Reports that negotiations with Peru
have been at a standstill for over a month; reasons
therefor; nothing will be done before opening of
Congress, June 1.

9 Boundary dispute between Peru and Ecuador: re-
quest of Peru for arbitration through mediation of
the United States, Argentina, and Brazil. Reports
protest of Ecuador against presence of Peruvian
troops in the Morona River

Mr. Howard to Mr. Bryan May 17
(telegram).

Mr. Bryan to Mr. Howard May 19
(telegram).

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to belong to Ecuador, a claim which it claims

denied by Peru,

which declines to withdraw the troops.
Same subject. Reports that Ecuador's request for
withdrawal of Peruvian troops has been refused,
because compliance would admit the right of
Ecuador to make the request.

Same subject. Instructs him to repeat his May 17
to Quito with instructions to ascertain the views
of Ecuador.
Same subject. Instruction to report in regard to
Mr. Howard's May 17.
Same subject. Refers to Department's May 19 to
Mr. Howard. The Ecuadorian Foreign Office be-
lieves there was a mistake in the transmission of
the telegram of May 17 from Lima to Quito, as
the position of Peru was understood at Quito to be
that of desiring to be requested to withdraw the
troops whose presence is regarded as a violation
of the status quo. As to the general question of
the boundary, Ecuador positively refuses arbitra-
tion at The Hague, but will take up direct negotia-
tion with Peru at any time.
Same subject. Reports that the Argentine Foreign
Office informs him and the Minister of Brazil that
the Minister of Ecuador to Chile had stated to the
Argentine Minister to Chile that Ecuador wishes
to know whether the mediating powers are re-
solved to require Peru to respect the status quo of
1910; otherwise Ecuador will appeal to arms.
Same subject. States the Ecuadorian view of the
Peruvian occupation of the Morona River region; if
Peru will immediately withdraw, Ecuador will
accept the good offices of the United States for
settling the incident, but does not thereby mean
to admit Peru's right to consider this incident as a
principal issue in the boundary dispute, which
must be settled between Ecuador and Peru by
direct negotiations.

Same subject. Instruction to present the position
of Ecuador to the Peruvian Government.

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1913.

1

Mr. Howard to Mr. Bryan July (telegram).

Mr. Howard to Mr. Bryan July (telegram).

Mr. Bryan to Mr. Howard July 11 (telegram).

Mr. Pezet to Mr. Bryan..... July 18

Embassy of Brazil to the July 22
Department of State.

Mr. Moore to Mr. Chermont....do..

Mr. Howard to Mr. Bryan.. July 23

Same subject. Refers to Department's May 19 and
June 28 and to the Legation's May 17. Peru asks
that the American Minister to Ecuador inform that
Government that nothing can be accomplished by
direct negotiation between Peru and Ecuador;
Peru desires the mediating powers to act as arbi-
trators. Peruvian troops will be withdrawn if
Ecuador will agree to arbitration.

9 Same subject. The President of Peru requests the
good offices of the United States in securing arbi-
tration as outlined in Legation's July 1.
Same subject. Refers to his July 9. Ecuador is
preparing a proposal that will be ready soon.
Same subject. The Minister of Peru advises the
Department that on July 15 Peru handed the
representatives of the mediating powers a memo-
randum stating that Peru hopes those powers will
be able to induce Ecuador to submit the pending
controversy to The Hague Tribunal, direct nego-
tiation having proved futile.

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Same subject. The Brazilian Legation at Quito has
been instructed to urge Ecuador to submit to arbi-
tration. As Ecuador will probably decline, Brazil
suggests the President of the United States as
arbiter; if Ecuador, also rejects this proposal, Brazil
would suggest a mixed tribunal consisting of a
Peruvian and an Ecuadorian judge and a judge
of some other nationality, the latter to preside.
Argentina concurs in this plan. The opinion of
the Department is desired.
Same subject. Refers to the foregoing and to subse-
quent interviews. This Government prefers that
the proposal suggested by Brazil and Argentina be
made by them alone, leaving this Government un-
embarrassed in case of the rejection of the alterna-
tive of the President of the United States as arbiter
and hence free to join in the other alternative.
Same subject. Refers to Department's July 11 and
incloses a Peruvian memorandum of July 15, re-
peating Peru's desire to submit the pending ques-
tion to The Hague.

Same subject. Thanks for his letter of July 22.
Arrest, imprisonment and deportation of ex-Presi-
dent Augusto B. Legufa; offer of asylum at the
American Legation and courtesies extended by the
United States; recognition by Peru of right of a
political refugee to seek and be accorded asylum at
a foreign legation. The Minister reports attack,
July 24, on residence of ex-President Leguía;
cause thereof; arrest and imprisonment of Leguía,
July 24-25.

Same subject. Instructs him to use whatever in-
fluence he properly can to protect the life of ex-
President Legula, and to say to the President of
Peru that the deep interest of the United States in
the welfare of Peru leads this Government to hope
that any differences which may have arisen in
that country will be settled by peaceful means
and legal processes.

Same subject. Refers to Department's July 29 and
reports that Mr. Roberto Legula, Vice President
of Peru, has been given asylum at the Italian Lega-
tion; observations on the situation.
Same subject. The Department is gratified with the
action taken by the Minister. It would be a grave
misfortune should political differences result in
violence.

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Mr. Bryan to Mr. Howard (telegram),

Aug. 4 Same subject. Refers to his July 31; instructs him
to report exactly his action, and to do everything
possible and proper to save the lives of the Leguías,
first interviewing the President.

Mr. Howard to Mr. Bryan Aug. (telegram).

Same subject. Refers to Department's Aug. 4. He
has not yet been able to see the President. Re-
ports further on the situation.

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