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and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as VicePresident, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;–The President of the Senate shall, in presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;—The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the represen- . tation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next fol
lowing, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be neces. sary to a choice.
But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
State Fuly 20%"1846. This edition of the Convtitution of amendments hav boom mitically compared with the originals me this Departmentd gonnd to be correct, in tent; letter & finnctuatión. A may, Therefore, be release opon av a stand -ard edition. The small gigurer resignating tho clauves are not in the original dare added merely gloz communen io of reference) chames Buchanano
Secretary of Stato 12y the Secretary
Alinitt, chib clerk.
The following is prefixed to the first ten of the preceding amendments:
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES, Begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednesday, the fourth
of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine. The Conventions of a number of the States, hav- . ing at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire , in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution;
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress
* It may be proper here to state that 12 articles of amendment were proposed by the first Congress, of which but 10 were ratified by the States—the first and second in order not having been ratified by the requisite number of States.
These two were as follows:
Article the first....After the first enumeration required by the first Article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which, the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than one hundred Representatives, nor less than one Representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of Representatives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred Representatives, nor more than one Representative for every fifty thousand persons.
Article the second.... No law, varying the compensation for the scrvices of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.