Page images
PDF
EPUB

ship of war or privateer of either belligerent vateer shall, since last thus supplied, have shall, after the time this notification takes effect, entered a European port of the Government enter any port, barbor, roadstead, or waters of to which she belongs. the United States, such vessel shall be required In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set to depart and to put to sea within twenty-four my hand and caused the seal of the United hours after her entrance into such port, har States to be affixed. bor, roadstead, or waters, except in case of Done at the city of Washington, this 8th day stress of weather or of her requiring provis

of October, in the year of our Lord ions or things necessary for the subsistence of her crew, or for repairs; in either of which [seal.] United States of America the ninetycases the authorities of the port or of the

fifth.

U. S. GRANT. pearest port (as the case may be) shall require By the President: her to put to sea as soon as possible after the

Hamilton Fish, expiration of such period of twenty-four hours

Secretary of State. without permitting her to take in supplies beyond what may be necessary for her imme. diate use; and no such vessel which may have Warning Against Illegal Military Enterbeen permitted to remain within the waters

prises, October 12, 1870. of the United States for the purpose of repair Whereas divers evil-disposed persons have, shall continue within such port, harbor, road. at sundry times within the territory or jurisdicstead, or waters for a longer period than tion of the United States, begun, or set on foot, twenty-four hours after her necessary repairs or provided, or prepared the means for military shall have been completed, unless within such expeditions or enterprises to be carried on twenty-four hours à vessel, whether ship of thence against the territories or dominions of war, privateer, or merchant ship of the other Powers with whom the United States are at belligerent, shall have departed therefrom, in peace, by organizing bodies pretending to have which case the time limited for the departure powers of government over portions of the of snch ship of war or privateer shall be ex territories or dominions of Powers with whom tended so far as may be necessary to secure the United States are at peace, or by being or an interval of not less than twenty-four hours assuming to be members of such bodies, by between such departure and that of any ship levying or collecting money for the purpose, of war, privateer, or merchant ship of the or for the alleged purpose of using the same other belligerent which may have previously in carrying on military enterprises against such quit the same port, harbor, roadstead, or territories or dominions, by enlisting and orwaters. No ship of war or privateer of either ganizing armed forces to be used against such belligerent shall be detained in any port, Powers, and by fitting out, equipping, and armbarbor, roadstead, or waters of the United ing vessels to transport such organized armed States more than twenty-four hours by reason forces to be employed in hostilities against of the successive departure from such port, such Powers ; harbor, roadstead, or waters of more than one And whereas it is alleged, and there is reavessel of the other belligerent. But if there son to apprehend, that such evil-disposed perbe several vessels of each or either of the two sons have also, at sundry times, within the belligerents in the same port, harbor, road - territory and jurisdiction of the United States, stead, or waters, the order of their departure violated the laws thereof by accepting and therefrom shall be so arranged as to afford the exercising commissions to serve by land or by opportunity of leaving alternately to the ves- sea against Powers with whom the United sels of the respective belligerents, and to States are at peace, by enlisting themselves cause the least detention consistent with the or other persons to carry on war against such objects of this proclamation. No ship of war Powers, by fitting out and arming vessels with or privateer of either belligerent shall be per intent that the same shall be employed to cruise mitted, while in any port, harbor, roadstead, or commit hostilities against such Powers, or by or waters within the jurisdiction of the United delivering commissions within the territory or States, to take in any supplies except provis- jurisdiction of the United States for such vesious and such other things as may be requisite sels to the intent that they might be employed for the subsistence of her crew, and except so as aforesaid ; much coal only as may be sufficient to carry And whereas such acts are in violation of such vessel, if without sail-power, to the near the laws of the United States in such case est European port of her own country; or in made and provided, and are done in disrecase the vessel is rigged to go under sail, and gard of the duties and obligations which all may also be propelled by steam-power, then persons residing or being within the territory with half the quantity of coal which she would or jurisdiction of the United States owe i here: be entitled to receive, if dependent upon steam to, and are condemned by all right-minded alone, and no coal shall be again supplied to and law-abiding citizens : any such ship of war or privateer in the same Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. Grant, Presi. or any other port, harbor, roadstead, or waters dent of the United States of America, do of the United States, without special permis bereby declare and proclaim that all persons sion, until after the expiration of three months hereafter found within the territory or jurisfrom the time when such coal may have been diction of the United States committing any last supplied to her within the waters of the of the afore-recited violations of law, or any United States, unless such ship of war or pri- similar violations of the sovereig:ity of the United States for which punishment is pro: shall forth with, by proclamation, command vided by law, will be rigorously prosecuted such insurgents to disperse and retire peacetherefor, and, upon conviction and sentence ably to their respective abodes within a limited to punishment, will not be entitled to expect or time: receive the clemency of the Executive to save Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. GRANT, thern from the consequences of their guilt; President of the United States, do hereby comand I enjoin upon every officer of this Govern- mand the persons composing the unlawful ment, civil or military or naval, to use all combinations aforesaid to disperse and retire efforts in his power to arrest for trial and pun- peaceably to their respective abodes within ishment every such offender against the laws twenty days from this date. providing for the performance of our sacred In witness whereof I have hereunto set my obligations to friendly Powers.

hand, and caused the seal of the United States In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set to be affixed. my hand and caused the seal of the United Done at the city of Washington, this 24th States to be affixed.

day of March, in the year of our Lord Done at the city of Washington, this 12th (SEAL.] 1871, and of the Independence of the day of October, in the year of our

United States the ninety-fifth.
Lord 1870, and of the Independnce

U. S. GRANT, [SEAL.]

of the United States of America the By the President:
ninety-fifth.

HAMILTON Fish,
U. S. GRANT.

Secretary of State.
By the President:

HAMILTON Fish,
Secretary of State.

Calling attention to the Act commonly

known as the Ku Klux Law, and enjoin.

ing obedience thereto, May 3, 1871. Commanding dispersion of Armed Men in

The act of Congress, entitled "An act to South Carolina, March 24, 1871. enforce the provisions of the fourteenth amendWhereas, it is provided in the Constitution ment to the Constitution of the United States, of the United States that the United States and for other purposes, approved April 20, shall protect every State in this Union, on ap A. D. 1871, being a law of extraordinary pubplication of the Legislature or of the Execu- lic importance, I consider it my duty to issue tive, (when the Legislature cannot be con- this my proclamation calling the attention of vened,) against domestic violence; and the people of the United States thereto; en

Whereas it is provided in the laws of the joining upon all good citizens, and especially United States that in all cases of insurrection upon all public officers, to be zealous in the in any State, or of obstruction to the laws enforcement thereof, and warning all persons thereof, it shall be lawful for the President of to abstain from committing any of the acts the United States, on application of the Legis. thereby probibited. lature of such State, or of the Executive, This law of Congress applies to all parts of (when the Legislature cannot be convened,) the United States, and will be enforced every to call forth the militia of any other State or where, to the extent of the powers vested in States, or to employ such part of the land and the Executive. But inasmuch as the necessity naval force as shall be judged necessary for therefor is well known to have been caused the purpose of suppressing such insurrection, chiefly by persistent violatio

the rights or of causing the laws to be duly executed; of citizens of the United States by combinaand

tions of lawless and disaffected persons in cerWhereas I have received information that tain localities lately the theater of insurrection combinations of armed men, unauthorized by and military conflict, I do particularly exhort law, are now disturbing the peace and safety the people of those parts of the country to of the citizens of the State of South Carolina, suppress all such combinations by their own and committing acts of violence in said State voluntary efforts through the agency of local of a character and to an extent which render laws, and to maintain the rights of all citizens the power of the State and its officers unequal of the United States, and to secure to all such to the task of protecting life and property, and citizens the equal protection of the laws. securing public order therein; and

Fully sensible of the responsibility imposed Whereas the Legislature of said State is not upon the Executive by the act of Congress to now in session and cannot be convened in time which public attention is now called, and reto meet the present emergency, and the Exec- luctant to call into exercise any of the extraorutive of said State has therefore made appli- dinary powers thereby conferred upon me, cation to me for such part of the military force except in cases of imperative necessity, I do, of the United States as may be necessary and nevertheless, deem it my duty to make known adequate to protect said State and the citizens that I will not hesitate to exhaust the powers thereof against the domestic violence herein thus vested in the Executive, whenever and before mentioned, and to enforce the due wherever it shall become necessary to do so execution of the laws; and

for the purpose of securing to all citizens of Whereas the laws of the United States the United States the peaceful enjoyment of require that, whenever it may be necessary, the rights guarantied to them by the Constitu. in the judgment of the President, to use the tion and laws. military force for the purpose aforesaid, he It is my earnest wish that peace and cheer

[ocr errors]

ful obedience to law may prevail throughout peace and safety have become impracticable in the land, and that all traces of our late un said counties : happy civil strife may be speedily removed. Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. Grant, PresiThese ends can be easily reached by acquies- dent of the United States of America, do cence in the results of the conflict, now written hereby command all persons composing the in our Constitution, and by the due and proper unlawful combinations and conspiracies aforeenforcement of equal, just, and impartial laws said to disperse and to retire peaceably to their in every part of our country.

homes within five days of the date hereof, and, The failure of local communities to furnish to deliver, either to the marshal of the United such means for the attainment of results so States for the district of South Carolina, or to earnestly desired imposes upon the national any of his deputies, or to any military officer Government the duty of putting forth all its of the United States within said counties, all energies for the protection of its citizens of arms, ammunition, uniforms, disguises, and every race and color, and for the restoration other means and implements, used, kept, posof peace and order throughout the entire sessed, or controlled by them, for carrying out country.

the unlawful purposes for which the combinaIn testimony whereof I have hereunto set tions and conspiracies are organized. my hand, and caused the seal of the United In witness whereof I have hereunto set my States to be affixed.

hand, and caused the seal of the United States Done at the city of Washington, this 3d day to be affixed.

of May, in the year of our Lord 1871, Done at the city of Washington, this 12th [SEAL.] and of the Independence of the Uni- day of October, in the year of our ted States the ninety-fifth. U. S. GRANT.

Lord 1871, and of the Independence (SEAL.]

of the United States of America the By the President:

ninety-sixth. HAMILTON Fish,

U. S. GRANT,
Secretary of State.

By the President:
HAMILTON Fish,

Secretary of State.
Commanding the Dispersion of Persons

Composing unlawful Combinations and
Conspiracies in certain Counties in the Suspending the writ of Habeas Corpus in
State of South Carolina, October 12, certain Counties in the State of South
1871.

Carolina, October 17, 1871. Whereas unlawful combinations and con- Whereas by an act of Congress entitled spiracies have long existed and do still exist“ An act to enforce the provisions of the fourin the State of South Carolina, for the pur teenth amendment to the Constitution of the pose of depriving certain portions and classes United States, and for other purposes,”' apof the people of that State of the rights, privi- proved the 20th day of April, anno Domini 1871, leges, immunities, and protection named in the power is given to the President of the United Constitution of the United States, and secured States, when, in his judgment, the public safety by the act of Congress approved April 20, shall require it, to suspend the privileges of 1871, entitled “An act to enforce the provis- the writ of habeas corpus in any State or part ions of the fourteenth amendment to the Con- of a State whenever combinations and conspirastitution of the United States;''

cies exist in such State or part of a State, for And whereas in certain parts of said State, the purpose of depriving any portion or class to wit, in the counties of Spartansburg, York, of the people of such State of the rights, priv. Marion, Chester, Laurens, Newberry, Fair. ileges, immunities, and protection named in field, Lancaster, and Chesterfield, such com- the Constitution of the United States, and binations and conspiracies do so obstruct and secured by the act of Congress aforesaid ; and hinder the execution of the laws of said State whenever such combinations and conspiracies and of the United States as to deprive the do so obstruct and hinder the execution of the people aforesaid of the rights, privileges, im- laws of any such State, and of the United munities, and protection aforesaid, and do States, as to deprive the people aforesaid of oppose and obstruct the laws of the United the rights, privileges, immunities, and protecStates and their due execution, and impede tion aforesaid, and do oppose and obstruct the and obstruct the due course of justice under laws of the United States in their due execu. the same;

tion, and impede and obstruct the due course And whereas the constituted authorities of of justice under the same ; and whenever such said State are unable to protect the people combinations shall be organized and armed, aforesaid in such rights within the said coun. and so numerous and powerful as to be able ties;

by violence either to overthrow or set at defAnd whereas the combinations and conspira- ance the constituted authorities of said State cies aforesaid, within the counties aforesaid, and of the United States within such State; are organized and armed, and are so numer- and whenever, by reason of said causes, the ous and powerful as to be able to defy the conviction of such offenders, and the preser. constituted authorities of said State and of the vation of the public peace shall become in United States within the said State, and by such State or part of a State impracticable ; reason of said causes the conviction of such And whereas such unlawful combinations offenders and the preservation of the public and conspiracies for the purposes aforesaid are declared by the act of Congress aforesaid to be hand, and caused the seal of the United States rebellion against the Government of the United to be affixed. States;

Done at the city of Washington, this 17th And whereas by said act of Congress it is

day of October, in the year of our provided that before the President shall sus- [SEAL.] Lord. 1871, and of the Independence pend the privileges of the writ of habeas cor

of the United States of America the pus he shall first have made proclamation

ninety-sixth. commanding such insurgents to disperse ;

U. S. GRANT. And whereas on the 12th_day of the pres- By the President: ent month of October, the President of the

J. C. BANCROFT Davis, United States did issue bis proclamation, re

Acting Secretary of State. citing therein, among other things, that such combinations and conspiracies did then exist in the counties of Spartansburg, York, Marion, Revoking the Suspension of Habeas Cor. Chester, Laurens, Newberry, Fairfield, Lan

pus as to Marion County, State of South caster, and Chesterfield, in the State of South

Carolina, November 3, 1871. Carolina, and commanding thereby all per. Whereas in my proclamation of the 12th day sons composing such unlawful combinations of October, in the year 1871, it was recited that and conspiracies to disperse and retire peace- certain unlawful combinations and conspiracies ably to their homes within five days from the existed in certain counties in the State of South date thereof, and to deliver either to the mar- Carolina for the purpose of depriving certain shal of the United States for the district of portions and classes of the people of that State South Carolina, or to any of his deputies, or of the rights, privileges, and immunities and to any military officer of the United States protection named in the Constitution of the within said counties, ali arms, ammunition, United States, and secured by the act of Conuniforms, disguises, and other means and im- gress, approved April the 20th, 1871, entitled plements, used, kept, possessed, or controlled "- An act to enforce the provisions of the fourby them for carrying out the unlawful purposes teenth amendment to the Constitution of the for which the said combinations and conspir- United States," and the persons composing acies are organized ;

such combinations and conspiracies were comAnd whereas the insurgents engaged in such manded to disperse and to retire peaceably to unlawful combinations and conspiracies within their homes within five days from said date; the counties aforesaid have not dispersed and And whereas by my proclamation of the retired peaceably to their respective bomes, 17th day of October, in the year 1871, the and have not delivered to the marshal of the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus were United States, or to any of his deputies, or suspended in the counties named in said to any military officer of the United States proclamation ; within said counties, all arms, ammunition, And whereas the county of Marion was uniforms, disguises, and other means and named in said proclamations as one of the implements used, kept, possessed, or con- counties in which said unlawful combinations trolled by them, for carrying out the unlawful and conspiracies for the purposes aforesaid purposes for which the combinations and con existed, and in which the privileges of the spiracies are organized, as commanded by writ of habeas corpus were suspended; said proclamation, but do still persist in the And whereas it bas been ascertained that unlawful combinations and conspiracies afore. in said county of Marion said combinations said :

and conspiracies do not exist to the extent Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. Grant, Pres. recited in said proclamations; ident of the United States of America, by vir- And whereas it has been ascertained that tue of the authority vested in me by the Con- unlawful combinations and conspiracies of the stitution of the United States and the act of character and to the extent and for the purCongress aforesaid, do hereby declare that, in poses described in said proclamations do exist my judgment, the public safety especially re- in the county of Union in said State: quires that the privileges of the writ of habeas Now, therefore, 1, ULYSSES S. Grant, Prescorpus be suspended, to the end that such ident of the United States of America, do rebellion may be overthrown, and do hereby hereby revoke, as to the said county of Marion, suspend the privileges of the writ of habeas the suspension of the privileges of the writ of corpus within the counties of Spartansburg, habeas corpus directed in my said proclamaYork, Marion, Chester, Laurens, Newberry, tion of the 17th day of October, 1871. Fairfield, Lancaster, and Chesterfield, in said And I do bereby command all persons in State of South Carolina, in respect to all per the said county of Union, composing the unsons arrested by the marshal of the United lawful combinations and conspiracies aforeStates for the said district of South Carolina, said, to disperse and to retire peaceably to or by any of his deputies, or by any military their homes within five days of the date hereof officer of the United States, or by any soldier and to deliver either to the marshal of the or citizen acting under the orders of said mar. United States for the district of South Caro. shal, deputy, or such military officer within lina, or to any of his deputies, or to any miliany one of said counties, charged with any itary officer of the United States within said violation of the act of Congress aforesaid dur county, all arms, ammunition, uniforms, dis. ing the continuance of such rebellion. guises, and other means and implements used,

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my kept, possessed, or controlled by them for

carrying out the unlawful purposes for which commanding thereby all persons composing the combinations and conspiracies are organ- such unlawful combinations and conspiracies ized.

to disperse and retire peaceably to their homes In witness whereof I have hereunto set my within five days from the date thereof, and to hand, and caused the seal of the United States deliver either to the marshal of the United to be affixed.

States for the district of South Carolina, or Done at the city of Washington, this 3d day to any of his deputies, or to any military offi

of November, in the year of our cer of the United States within said county, all

Lord, 1871, and of the Independence arms, ammunition, uniforms, disguises, and [SEAL.] of the United States of America the other means and implements used, kept, posninety-sixth.

sessed, or controlled by them for carrying out

U. S. GRANT. the unlawful purposes for which the said comBy the President:

binations and conspiracies are organized; HAMILTON Fish,

And whereas the insurgents engaged in such Secretary of State.

unlawful combinations and conspiracies within

the county aforesaid have not dispersed and Suspending the writ of Habeas Corpus in retired peaceably to their respective homes, the county of Union, State of South Car. United States, or to any of his deputies, or to

and have not delivered to the marshal of the olina, November 10, 1871.

any military officer of the United States within Whereas by an act of Congress, entitled said county, all arms, ammunition, uniforms, An act to enforce the provisions of the four- disguises, and other means and implements teenth amendment to the Constitution of the used, kept, possessed, or controlled by them United States, and for other purposes, ap for carrying out the unlawful purposes for proved the 20th day of April, A. D. 1871, which the combinations and conspiracies are power is given to the President of the United organized, as commanded by said proclamaStates, when, in his judgment, the publie safety tion, but do still persist in the unlawful com. shall require it, to suspend the privileges of binations and conspiracies aforesaid: the writ of habeas corpus in any State or part

Now, therefore, I, ULYSSES S. Grant, Presiof a State, whenever combinations and con dent of the United States of America, by virspiracies exist in such State or part of a State tue of the authority vested in me by the Con. for the purpose of depriving any portion or stitution of the United States and the act of class of the people of such State of the rights, Congress aforesaid, do hereby declare that, in privileges, immunities, and protection named

my judgment, the public safety especially rein the Constitution of the United States, and quires that the privileges of the writ of habeas secured by the act of Congress aforesaid ; and corpus be suspended, to the end that such whenever such combinations and conspiracies rebellion may be overthrown, and do hereby do so obstruct and hinder the execution of the suspend the privileges of the writ of habeas laws of any such State, and of the United corpus within the county of Union in said States, as to deprive the people aforesaid of State of South Carolina, in respect to all perthe rights, privileges, immunities, and protec- sons arrested by the marshal of the United tion aforesaid, and do oppose and obstruct the States for the said district of South Carolina, laws of the United States and their due exe- or by any of his deputies, or by any military cution, and impede and obstruct the due course officer of the United States, or by any soldier of justice under the same; and whenever such or citizen acting under the orders of said marcombinations shall be organized and armed, shal, deputy, or such military officer within and so numerous and powerful as to be able said county, charged with any violation of the by violence either to overthrow or to set at act of Congress aforesaid, during the continudefiance the constituted authorities of said ance of such rebellion. State and of the United States within such

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my State ; and whenever, by reason of said causes, hand, and caused the seal of the United States the conviction of euch offenders and the pres to be affixed. ervation of the public peace shall become in Done at the city of Washington, this 10th such State or part of a State impracticable;

day of November, in the year of our And whereas such unlawful combinations

Lord 1871, and of the Independence and conspiracies for the purposes aforesaid (seal.] of the United States of America the are declared by the act of Congress aforesaid

ninety-sixth. to be rebellion against the Government of the

U, S. GRANT. United States;

By the President: And whereas, by said act of Congress, it is HAMILTON FISH, provided that, before the President shall sus

Secretary of State. pend the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus, he sball first have made proclamation commanding such insurgents to disperse; Discontinuing Discriminating Duties on

And whereas on the 3d day of the present Merchandise Imported into the United month of November the President of the United States in Spanish Vessels, December 19, States did issue his proclamation, reciting there

1871. in, among other things, that such combinations Whereas satisfactory information has been and conspiracies did then exist in the county (received by me through Don Mauricio Lopez of Union, in the State of South Carolina, and Roberts, envoy extraordinary and minister

« PreviousContinue »