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134, second session Forty-Second Congress) the following figures are compiled, (cents omitted :)

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Comparing the postal revenues, expenditures, and deficiency of 1868 with 1871, the percentage of increase in revenue is 23; the percentage of increase in expenditures is 73%; and the percentage of decrease in deficiency is 327.

GOLD FLUCTUATIONS.*

Period.

Highest.

Lowest. 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866|1867 1868 1869 1870 1862 1863 1864 1865|1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 105 1721 1692 234. 144/ 1401 144 136: 1234|101 134 151 1488 125 132 133 1304 110 , : , : : , 124 145 285 1461 1551 1463 150 1621 122: 109 122 185 138 1434 1381 140 1301 1111 137 1561 260 149 1543 1458/1401 13131141122 (1408 189 144 1314 133 132) 1194110

First quarter...
Second quarter.
Third quarter....
Fourth quarter.

Mean annual average (computed from the highest and lowest monthly quotations) during the above period: 1862, 113}; 1863, 1463; 1864, 2034; 1865, 1581; 1866, 141; 1867, 138%; 1868, 1394; 1869, 134}; 1870, 1147.

D.-MANUFACTURES.

Total value, gross production, at the censuses of 1850, 1860, and 1870.

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Alabama..
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado
Connecticut.
Dakota,
Delaware
Dist. of Col'a...
Florida....
Georgia....
Idaho......
Illinois..
Indiana...
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine......
Maryland.
Massachus’ts....
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi......

Aggregate ....

$13,220,655 $10,588,566 $4,528,876 Missouri. $206,687,354 $41,782,731 $24,324,418 185,410

Montana..

2,494,511
7,699,676 2,880,576 537,908 Nebraska

5,892,512 607,328
73,116,756 68,253,328 12,862,522 Nevada...... 15,870,539
2.797,820

N. Hampshire 71,678,013 37,586,453) 23,164,503 160,974,574 81,924,555 47,114,585 New Jersey 169,969.895 76,306,104 39,851, 256 178,5701

New Mexico .. 1,489,868 1,249,123 249,010 18.343,818 9,892,902 4,649,296 New York..... 787,776,218 378.870,939 237,597,249 9.294,489 5,412, 102 2,690,258 N. Carolina.... 20,701,532 16,678,698 9,111,050 4,707,908 2,447,969 668,335Ohio

280,969, 151 121,691,148 62,692,279 32.994,267 16,925,564 7,082,075|Oregon.

6,901,412 2,976,761 2,236,640 1.047,624

Pennsylvania. 715,545.302 290,121,188 155,044,910 209,392,657 57,580,886 6,534,272 Rhode Island. 110,469,650 40,711.296 22,117,6881 109,120,684 42,803,469 8,725,423S. Carolina..... 13,438,226 8,615,195 7,045,477 46,782,497) 13,971,325 3,551,783 Tennessee....... 38,587,953 17,987.225 9,725,608 11,798,353 4.357,408

Texas......

15,369,731

6,577,202! 1,168.538 54.149,013 37,931,240 21,710,212 Utah..

2,351,011 900,153 291,220) 45,737,346 15,587,473 6,779,417 Vermont

31,976.889 14,637,807) 8,570,920 79,822,005 38,193, 254 24,661,057 Virginia... 38,496,077 75,921,104 41,735,157 33,043,892 West Virginia 21,169,051

50,652,124 29,602,507 551,805,067 255,515,922 157,743,994 Washington... 3.015.802 1,406,921 118,776,853 32,658,356 11,169,002 Wisconsin

78,606,308 27,819,467 9,293,068 23,541,325 3,373,172 58,300|Wyoming....... 765,424 11,268, 102 6,590,687 2,912,068

$4,305,932,032 $1,885,861,676$1,019,106,616

* Showing the variations in value of United States currency.
+ These returns are official, of date June 10, 1872, but are subject to revision and change.

$ The census of 1870 does not include the products of mines and fisheries under the head of manufactures, as had previously been the case. In 1860 the products of mines and fisheries amounted to about ninety million dollars.

& Increase : 1860 over 1850, 85 per cent.; 1870 over 1860. 123 per cent. ; 1870 over 1850, 323 per cent.

H.-CUSTOMS SCHEDULE,

Showing the changes made therein by the acts of May 1 and June 6, 1872. (See General Notes at foot of page.)

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Absintho........

pf.gal. $2. pf.gal $2. Acetates; pyroligneate of ammonia

ib. 70 c.

Ib 25 c. of baryta.....

Db 40 c.

Ib 25 c. of copper..

ID 10 c. of iron, strontia, or zinc..... Ib 50 c. tb 25 c. of lead, (sugar of lead).

1 20 c.

lb 5 & 10 c. of magnesia and soda.

Ib 50 c. tb 50 & 25 c. of lime.......

25 p.ct. 25 p. ct. of potash....

tb 75 c. Aeids, acetic, acetous, and

pyrol., 1864:
spec. grav.* above 1.040... Ib 80 c.
not above 1.040*....
benzoic.

10 p.ct. 10 p. ct.
boracic...

th 5c. free. chromic...........

15 p.ct. 15 p. ct. citric..

tb 10 c.

ib 10 c. gallic

ib $1 50.

1b $1. nitric,(yellow and wbite). 10 pct. 10 p. ct. sulphuric, (oil of vitriol)t. ib 1 c. free. tannic

tb $2.

ib $1.
tartaric...

Ib 15 c.
for med. use and art's n.
0.p....

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct.
Acorn coffee, & other subs.
for coffee, exc. chic........ Ib 3 c.

I 3 c. Alabaster and spar ornaments.....

30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. Albata, uninanuf'td or in sheets...

35 p.ct. 10 p. ct. Alcohol, amylic, (fusel oil).. pf.gal. $2. pf.gal. $2. Ale, beer, and porter, in bottles......

gal. 35 c. gal. 35 c. otherwise..

gal. 20 c. gal, 20 c. Alkaline silicates

ib c. Almonds.

tb 6 c. shelled

1b 10 c. Ib 10 c. paste....

50 p. ct. 50 p.ct. Alum,(pat.sub., sulph. and cake).

100 tbs 60 c. 100 lbs 60 e. Alumina, sulphate of...... 100 lbs 60 c. 100 lbs 60 c. Amber beads......

50 p. ct. free. Ammonia, refined, sulph. and carb....

20 p. ct.

|20 p. ct. muriate of, and sal........ 10 p. ct. 10 p.ct. Anchovies, pres. in oil, or otherwise..

50 p. ct. Animals livingi..

20 p. ct. (20 p. ct.

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GENERAL Notes.-1. The column for 1870 is condensed from Young's Custom-House Statistics and Heyl's Rates of Duties, &c.; that of 1872 is made up direct from the law,with the coöperation of the office of the Commissioner of Customs. 2. Goods in bonded warehouse may be withdrawn under present tariff. 3. A drawback is allowed on exported fire-arms, scales, balances, shovels, spades, axes, hatchets, hammers, plows, cultivators, mowing-machines, and reapers with stocks or handles of American wood, where the imported raw material predominates. 4. Materials for ship-building, imported in bond, are free under certain conditions. 5. Materials for repairing American vessels in foreign trade, free. 6. Severalarticles of mixed composition aremarked the same in 1872 as in 1870 column, because it is impossible to judge whether or not the ten per cent. reduction applies to them. That will be determined in each case by the material predominating. 7. R. means reduction. 8. N. o. p. means not otherwise provided for.

* Specific gravity changed to 1.047. (1872.) † Fuming per pound, 1 cent. (1872.)

Exempt from duty: teams of animals, including harness and tackle, actually owned by immigrants to the

United States and in actual use for purposes of such immigration : all animals brought into the United States temporarily and for a period not exceeding six months, for the purposes of exhibition or competition. (Act of July 1870.) 1.100

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carmine lake, dry or liq'd. 35 p.ct. 35 p. ct. Chinese blue..

25 p. ct. worsted chain Venetian. sq.yd. 17 c.

25 p.ot. and 35 p. et. chrome yel., ch'te of lead 25 p. ct.

25 p, ct. Dutch pink.......

25 p. ct. yarn, Venetian, two-ply,

25 p.ct.

Ib 3c. ingrain...

enameled white..

tb 3e. sq. yd., 12c. & 35 p. c.

Frankfort black... 25 p. ct. 25 p. ct. of cotton........ 40 p. ct.

Fr'ch green, dry or inoist. 30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. of flax....... 40 p. ct. 40 p. ct.

Indian red...

25 p.ct. 25 p. ct. of hemp or jute. sq. yd., 8c. sq. yd., 8c. ivory black

25 p. ct. 25 p.ct. of wool,also mix’d,n.o. p. 40 p. ct. (10 p. ct. R. mineral blue, dry or moist (30 p. ct. 130 p.ct.

* Canes, finished, thirty-five per cent.
# If other than cotton, thirty per cent. (1872.)

* According to material of which composed.
+ Slack coal or culm." Coke not changed.

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p. ct.

Flour, of sago.

to ltc. Flowers, all medicinal,

free. n. o. p.*

20 p. ct. artificial and ornamental 50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. Frames or sticks for umbrellas

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. for looking-glasses.... 30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. Fruit, green, ripe, or dried, n. 0. p.......

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. juice, and fruits preserved in.

25 p.ct. 25 p, ct. pres'v'd otherwise, n.o. p. 35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Fulminates, or fulminating powder....

30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. Fullers' earth

ton $3. 10 p. ct. R. Furniture, rougb.

85 p. ct. 30 p. ct. finished...

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct.
Furniture Springs, wire
spiral

tb 2 c. and
15 p. ct.

10 p.ct.R. Fur, all manufactures of.... 35 p. ct. 35 p.ct. Furs, hatters’, not on the skin

20 p. ct. 20 p. ct. on the skin, dressed

20 p. ct. 20 p, ct. Game, fish and poultry. 35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Gas retorts.....

25 p. ct. 25 p. ct. Gelatine and all similar

preparations...... 35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Gems, not set.....

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. set.

25 p. ct.

25 p. ct. German silver, unmanufactured......

35 p. ct. manufactures of..... 40 p. ct. >10p.ct.R. Gilt and plated ware. 35 p. ct. Ginger, essence......

50 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Ginger, ground.

Ib 3 c. preserved or pickled.. 50 p. ct. 35 p. ct. root, (dried or green). tb 2 c. free. Glass, man'fac's of, n. o. p. 40 p. ct. plain, molded, and pressed.

35 p. ct. cut, ongraved, cold, &c... 40 p. ct. bottles or jars with preserves...

40 p. ct, }10 p.ct.R. crystals for watches 40 p. ct. plates or disks, unwrought

10 p. ct. porcelain or Bohemian glass......

40 p. ct.

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Dutch and bronze metal in leaf.......

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. R. Dye-woods, decoctions of... 10 p. ct. (10 p. ct. Dyes for the bair..

50 p. ct. 150 p. ct. Earthenware, brown or common..

25

25 p. ct. glazed, edged, &c. 40 p. ct. 40 p. ct. Embroideries, gold, silver, &c

& com, w. | Pol., cyl., &

crown.
Cast or pol.,

not silv'd.
Cast or pol-
ished, sil-
vered, &c.

2

4

window, t pot above 10 Çts. Crs. Ctr. Cts. Cts. by 15 inches..

14 21 3 4 above 10 by 15, not above 16 by 24

1 2

5 6 above 16 by 24, not above 24 by 30.

tb 1 c.

20 p.

free.

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Emery, manufactured, ground, &c.....

ID 2 c. ore....

free. ton $6. Engravings, bound or unbound

25 p. ct. 25 p. ct. Envelopes, paper.

35. ct. 10 p. ct. R. Ergot.....

Ib 20 c.

free. Essences, or essential oils, n.o. p......

50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. Ethers of all kinds and prep's, A'd..

tb $1. th $1. Ethers, fruit, essences or oils, &c......

id $2 50. to $2 50. Explosive substances, val. not over 20 cts. per lb... tb 6 c. and tb 6 c. and

20 p, ct. 20 p. ct. value over 20 cents per tb. Ib 10 c. and th 10 c. and

ct. 20 p. ct. Extracts, perfumes, &c.,

hair, mouth, or skin..... 50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. Extracts, ethereal, fluid..... ID $1.

it $1. of annatto.........

20 p. ct. free. of dye-woods, n. 0. p........ 10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. of indigo...

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. of logwood..

10 p. ct. 10 p. ct. of madder, (garancine).... 10 p. ct.

free. of opium...

100 p. ct.

100 p. ct. of saflower.

20 p. ct. Eyelets of every description mille 6 c. 10 p. ct. R. Fans, all, n. 0. p...

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. palm-leaf...

each 1 c. Feather beds......

20 p. ct. 20 p. ct. Feathers, artificial, n.3. p... 50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. for beds or bedding.... 30 p. ct.

free. ostrich, vulture, crude..... 25 p. ct. 25 p. ct.

ostrich, vulture, dressed ... 50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. Feldspar.

20 p. ct. 20 p. ct. Fig blue..

25 p. ct. 25 p. ct. Figs

15 c. Filberts.. Files, &c., not over 10 inches long

ID 10 c. and

30 p. ct. over 10 inches long...... tb 6 c. and

10 p.ct.R.

30 p. ct. Finishing powder.

20 p. ct. Fire-crackers, box of forty packs

box $1. box $1. Fire-screens, all kinds...

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. Firewood

20 p. ct.

free. Fish, all foreign-caught, not|

in barrels and n. 0. P... all, in oil, n. o. p...... 30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. all pickled, in barrels,

except herrings, mack

erel, and salmon...... bbl. $1 50. bbl. $1 50. glue, (isinglass).............. 30 p. ct.

free. &kins, raw...

20 p. ct. Flats, for ornamenting hats, &c....

30 p. ct. (30 p. ct. Flax* straw.......................

ton $5. ton $5. tow of......

ton $10. ton $10. not hackled or dressed.. ton $20. ton $20. hackled or dressed... ton $40. ton $40. manufactures of, n. 0. p... 40 p. ct. 40 p. ct. ditto, value 30 c. or less per sq.yd...

35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. ditto, value above 30 cents, &c...

40 p. ct. 40 p. ct. yaros, &c., v. 24 cents or less per lb..

30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. ditto, &c., value above

24 cents per lb.... 35 p. ct. 35 p. ct. thread, or linen thread, &c

40 p. ct. 40 p. ct. Flints...

10 p. ct. free. Floor cloth, of whatever material, d. o. p. ..........

(See Oil- Cloth.) * See Jute.

free.

tb 25 c. lib 3 c.

ID 3 o.

Ib & c.

I } c.

15 21 6 8 10 above 24 by 30, not above 24 by 60, (1862).......

2 3 20 25 35 above 24 by 60 inches.....

40 501 60 Gloves, kid or leather, all... 50 p. ct. 50 p. ct. Glue .................. 20 p. ct.

20 p, ct. Glycerine....

30 p. ct. 30 pct. Gold, articles of, n. 0. P ...... 40 p. ct. 10 p. ct.R.I. leaf, (pack'e of 500 leaves) P'k'e $1 50. 10 p. ct. R. and silver epaulets, &c.... 135

25 p.ct. size...

20 p. ct. free. Goldbeaters' skins.

10 p. ct.

free. Grapes.....

20 p. ct. 20 p. ct. Grass cloth......

30 p. ct. 30 p. ct. manufactures, n. 0.p. 135 p. ct. 35 p. ct.

p. ct.

Flowers, leaves, plants, roots, barks, and seeds for medicinal purposes in a crude state, not otherwise provided, free, 1872.

The rates upon window-glass-rough plate, fluted, rolled, unpolished cylinder, crown, and common window; polished cylinder and crown; cast or polished, not silvered ; and cast or polished, silvered or looking-glass frames; are the same as required by act of June 30, 1861, as above, less ten par cent. by act of June, 1872. IIf not jewelry or articles of ornament.

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