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42; Wendell Phillips, 13; John M. Palmer, 8; 6. That the presence in our country of Joel Parker, 7. First, (formal)-David Chinese laborers, imported by capitalists in Davis, 88; Wendell Phillips, 52; John W. large numbers for servile use, is an evil, enGeary, 45, Horace F. Day, 8; Joel Parker, 7; tailing, want and its attendant train of misery George W. Julian, 1. Second-Davis, 93; and crime on all classes of the American peoDay, °59; Phillips, 12; Gratz Brown, 14; ple, and should be prohibited by legislation. Horace Greeley, 11; Parker, 7; Julian, 5. 7. That we ask tor the enactment of a law Third—The names of Phillips, Greeley, Ju- by which all mechanics and day-laborers emlian, and Brown being withdrawn, Davis ployed by or on behalf of the Government, received the nomination.
whether directly or indirectly, through perThe Platform.
sons, firms, or corporations, contracting with
the State, shall conform to the reduced standWe hold that all political power is inherent ard of eight hours a day, recently adopted by in the people, and free government founded Congress for national employés, and also for on their authority and established for their an amendment to the acts of incorporation benefit; that all citizens are equal in political for cities and towns by which all laborers and rights, entitled to the largest religious and mechanics employed at their expense shall political liberty compatible with the good conform to the same number of hours. order of society, as also the use and enjoy. 8. That the enlightened spirit of the age ment of the fruits of their labor and talents ; demands the abolition of the system of conand no man or set of men is entitled to exclu: tract labor in our prisons and other reformsive separable endowments and privileges, or atory institutions. immunities from the Government, but in con. 9. That the protection of life, liberty, and sideration of public services; and any laws property are the three cardinal principles of destructive of these fundamental principles Government, and the first two are more sacred are without moral binding force, and should than the latter; therefore money needed for be repealed. And believing that all the evils prosecuting wars should, as it is required, be resulting from unjust legislation now affecting assessed and collected from the wealthy of the the industrial classes can be removed by the country, and not entailed as a burden on adoption of the principle contained in the fol. posterity. lowing declaration: Therefore,
10. That it is the duty of the Government Resolved, That it is the duty of the Govern- to exercise its power over railroads and telement to establish a just standard of distribu. graph corporations, that they shall not in any tion of capital and labor by providing a purely case be privileged to exact such rates of national circulating medium, based on the freight, transportation, or charges, by what. faith and resources of the nation, issued ever name, as may bear unduly or unequally directly to the people without the intervention upon the producer or consumer. of any system of banking corporations, which 11. That there should be such a reform in money shall be legal tender in the paymentofall the civil service of the national Government debts, public and private, and interchangeable as will remove it beyond all partisan influence, at the option of ibe holder for Government and place it in the charge and under the direcbonds bearing a rate of interest not to exceed tion of intelligent and competent business men. 3-65 per cent., subject to future legislation by 12. That as both history and experience Congress.
teaches us that power ever seeks to perpetuate 2. That the national debt should be paid in itself by every and all means, and that its good faith, according to the original contract, prolonged possession in the hands of one perat the earliest option of the Government, with son is always dangerous to the interests of a out mortgaging the property of the people or free people, and believing that the spirit of the future exigencies of labor to enrich a few our organic laws and the stability and safety capitalists at home and abroad.
of our free institutions are best obeyed on the 3. That justice demands that the burdens one hand, and secured on the other, by a regular of Government should be so adjusted as to constitutional change in the chief of the counbear equally on all classes, and that the ex- try at each election : therefore, we are in favor emptiou from taxation of Government bonds of limiting the occupancy of the presidential bearing extravagant rates of interest is a vio. chair to one term. lation of all just principles of revenue laws. 13. That we are in favor of granting gen
4. That the public lands of the United eral amnesty and restoring the Union at ouce States belong to the people and should not be on the basis of equality of rights and privsold to individuals norgranted to corporations, ileges to all, the impartial administration of but should be held as a sacred trust for the justice being the only true boud of union to benefit of the people, and should be granted bind the States together and restore the Gov. to landless settlere only, in amounts not ex. ernment of the people. ceeding one hundred and sixty acres of land. 14. That we demand the subjection of the
5. That Congress should modify the tariff military to the civil authorities, and the con80 as to admit free such articles of common finement of its operations to national purposes use as we can neither produce nor grow, and alone. lay duties for revenue mainly upon articles of 15. That we deem it expedient for Congress luxury and upon such articles of manufacture to supervise the patent laws, so as to give labor as will, we having the raw materials, assist in more tully the benetit of its owu ideas and further developing the resources of the country. inventious.
16. That fitness, and not political or per its organization and abide by the decision of sonal considerations, should be the only its national convention. To be the candidate recommendation to public office, either ap- of one party, while supporting the nominees of pointive or elective, and any and all laws another, although the two may agree substanlooking to the establishment of this principle tially in principle, would be inconsistent, and are heartily approved.
I therefore respectfully decline the nomination
tendered me by the convention you represent. Judge Davis's Response.
Joel PARKER. WASHINGTON, February 22, 1872.
The convention has been called to meet E... CHAMBERLAIN, President of the Na- again July 30, 1872. tional Labor Reform Convention:
NATIONAL COLORED CONVENTION. Sir: Be pleased to thank the convention for the unexpected honor which they have con.
New Orleans, April 10-14, 1872. ferred upon me, The Chief Magistracy of the Republic should neither be sought nor declined
[Met under call of the “southern States
convention of colored men, : issiled from by any American citizen.
Columbia, South Carolina, October 18, 1871.]
Regretting the necessity which has called
into existence a colored convention, and Hon. E. M. CHAMBERLAIN, President of the deeply sensible of the responsibilities which Columbus Convention, Boston, Massachu- have been intrusted to our consideration, we
hereby acknowledge our gratitude for past setts :
triumphs in behalf of equal rights, and respectDEAR Sir: The national convention of fully submit our peculiar grievances to the Labor Reformers, on the 22d of February immediate attention of the American people last, honored me with the nomination as their in the following platform and resolutions : candidate for the Presidency. Having re.
1. We thank God, the friends of universal garded that movement as the initiation of a liberty in this and other lands, the bravery of policy and purpose to unite various political colored soldiers, and the loyalty of the colored elements in compact opposition, I consented people for our emancipation, our citizenship, to the use of my name before the Cincinnati and our enfranchisement. convention, where a distinguished citizen of 2. Owing our political emancipation in this New York was nominated. Under these cir- country to Republican legislation, to wbich all cumstances ! deem ic proper to retire abso other parties and political shades of opinion lutely from the presidential contest, and thus were unjustly and bitterly opposed, we would leave the friends who were generous enough be blind to our prospects and false to our best to offer their voluntary support free to obey interests did we identify ourselves with any their convictions of duty unfettered by any other organization; and as all roads out of supposed obligation. Sympathizing earnestly the Republican party lead into the Demowith all just and proper ineasures by which cratic camp, we pledge our unswerving, devothe condition of labor may be elevated and tion to support the nominees of the Philadelimproved, I am, with great respect, your fel- phia convention. low-citizen,
3. We sincerely and gratefully indorse the
administration of President U. S. Grant in Governor Parker's Declination. maintaining our liberties, in protecting us in FREEHOLD, N. J., June 28, 1872.
our privileges, in punishing our enemies; in
the dawn of recognition of the claims of men Edwin M. CHAMBERLAIN, President Columbus without regard to color, by appointing us to Convention, Boston, Massachusetts :
important official positions at home and Sir: Your letter, informing me that the con- abroad; in the assurances that he has given to vention of the Labor Reform party, which met defend our rights, and that while we in our at Columbus on the 22d day of February last, gratefulness acknowledge and appreciate his placed me in nomination for the office of Vice efforts in behalf of equal rights, we are not President of the United States, has been re. unmindful of his glory as a soldier and his ceived. I feel honored by the preference thus exalted virtues as a statesman. expressed by the representatives of a large and 4. Our thanks are due and are hereby teninfluential body of my fellow-citizens. I am dered to President Grant for overriding the in favor of all legal and just measures that precedents of prejudice in the better recog. tend to improve the condition of the working. nition of the services of men without regard
I have always been a member of the to color in some parts of the country, and we Democratic party. For nearly thirty-five years earnestly pray that colored Republicans of I have shared its triumphs and defeats, adher- States where there are no Federal positions ing to its fortunes because I considered its suc- given to colored men may no longer be ignored, cess essential to good government and to the but that they may be stimulated by some recog. elevation of the laboring classes. Having nition of Federal patronage. been placed in an important public position 5. It would be an ingratitude, loathed by men as the nominee of that part.y, I ain bound in and abhorred by God, did we not acknowledge honor, as well as by inclination, to stand by lour overwhelining indebtedness to the seryices of the Hon. Charles Sumner, who stood for a (all such public places and conveyances wel. long time alone in the Senate of the United come and entertain all white persons, wbatStates the Gibraltar of our cause and the north ever may be their character, who may apply. star of our hopes; who forfeited caste in the Now, in view of this disgraceful incousistency, estimation of a large portion of his countrymen this affectation or prejudice, this rebellion by bis unswerving devotion to equal rights; who against the laws of God, humanity, and the has been maligned for his fidelity to principles ; nation, we appeal to the justice of the Ameriwho has been stricken down by an assassin for can people to protect us in our civil rights in advocating liberty throughout all the land and public places and upon public conveyances, unto all the inhabitants thereof, and in whose wbich are readily accorded, and very justly, giant body, rising as it were almost out of the to the most degraded specimens of our white grave to marshal the hosts of impartial justice fellow.citizens. with his mighty ideas, going to the farthest part 7. That wberever Republicans have betrayed of the land,
and finding a responsive echo in the colored constituencies, we recommend that triumph of liberty over slavery, we have an better men be elected to succeed them, and assurance of this good, great, and beloved especially do we pledge ourselves to elect sucpatriot that he will be as faithful to the Repub- cessors in Congress, wherever we have the lican party in the future as he has been unfal- power, to every Republican who voted against tering in the past.
or dodged the supplementary civil rights bill 6. Having been by solemn legislation of the recently introduced into the United States American Congress raised to the dignity of Senate by Hon. Charles Sumner; and also citizenship, we appeal to law-abiding people successors to those who shall not show a satof the States, and especially of those who in isfactory record on the civil rights bill now in the days of ihe fugitive slave law exhorted the United States House of Representatives. obedience to statutes however offensive, to 8. That while men professing strong radical protect and defend us in the enjoyment of our sentiments, and elected to Congress by overjust rights and privileges upon all convey- whelming majorities of colored voters, were ances which are common carriers, at all resorts found voting against the supplementary civil of public amusements, where tastes are cul. rights bill in the Senate of the United States, tivated and manhood is quickened, and in all we bonor that manly exhibition of devotion places of public character or corporate asso-to the principles of the Republican party ciations which owe their existence to the which_influenced the Hon. Schuyler Colfax, legislation of the nation or States ; against Vice President of the United States, to honor the spirit of slavery, which attempts to de- the cause of justice by recording his casting grade our standard of intelligence and virtue vote as President of the Senate in favor of by forcing our refined ladies and gentlemen equality before the law as indicated in the supinto smoking-cars amid obscenity and vulgar- plementary civil rights bill as it passed the ity; which humiliates our pride by denying Senate by virtue of the aforesaid casting vote. us first-class accommodations on steamboats, 9. That we, in the name of the colored men and compelling us to eat and sleep with ser- of the United States, repudiate any sympathy vants, for which we are charged the same as or connection whatever with the late Labor those who have the best accommodations ; Reform convention, lately held at Columbus, and which closes the doors of hotels against Ohio, and also the convention of Liberal Refamishing colored persons, however wealthy, publicans called for the 1st of May, 1872, at intelligent, or respectable they may be, while Cincinnuti.
INDEX TO HAND-BOOK OF 1872.
ABANDONED AND CAPTURED PROPERTY, amount of, (AXTELL, Samuel B., Representative in 41st Con-
gress, 63; amnesty bill of, and vote on, 82. BAILEY, ALEXANDER H., Representative in 41st
arbitration, 106; ballot for President, 206. BALLOT, VOTE BY, proposed amendment to provide
BALTIMORE, NATIONAL PLATFORM, 210.
gress, 2; in 42d. 63; motion on St. Croix bill, 126.
BARNUM, WILLIAM H., Representative in 41st Con-
BARRY, HENRY W., Representative in 41st Congress,
gress, 1-2; in 420, 62-63; Republican and Demo- BAYARD, JAMES A., ballot for the Presidency, 210.
BEATTY, John, Representative in 41st Congress, 2;
relative to, 97-105; supplemental treaty article. BECK, JAMES B., Representative in 41st Congress, 2;
105-106; Johnson-Clarendon convention, 106-108. in 42d, 63: resolution on the privileges of the
BELL, John, popular and electoral vote for, in 1860,
gress, 2; in 42d, 63; ainendment to Ku Klux bill, BELL, SAMUEL N., Representative in 42d Congress,
63; resolution on taxation and payment of debt,
420, 62; motion on amnesty, 73.
BEST, J. MILTON, President Grant's veto of bill for
BEVERIDGE, John L., Representative in 420 Con-
BIGBY, John S., Representative in 42d Congress, 63.
BINGHAM, John A., Representative in 41st Congress,
2; in 42d, 63; report on woman suffrage, 108-110;
BIRD, John T., Representative in 41st Congress, 2;
debt, and taxation in, 183; manufactures, 191. BLACK, JEREMIAH S., ballot for the Presidency, 210.
Congress, 1-2; in 42d. 63-64: Republican and sentatives in 41st Congress, 2; in 420, 63.
BOLES. THOMAS, Representative in 41st Congress, 2;
BONDS, resolution on taxation of, 37.
Congress, 2; proposition respecting the civil
BOREMAN, ARTHUR I., Senator in 41st Congress, 1: in
bill, and votes on, 76, 77.
tive to, 104.