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3. If the defendant be a corporation created under the laws of this state, in a court held in the district in which it transacts its general business or keeps an office or has an agency established for the transaction of business, or is established by law.

§ 167. There is a justice of each of these courts, elected by the electors of the district in which it is established.

§ 168. The justice elected in each district must hold the court therein; or if his office be vacant, it may be held by a justice elected in another district, to be designated by the common council.

§ 169. If a justice be disqualified from holding the court as provided in section 188, he must, upon the request of either party, file with the county clerk, a certificate, stating the fact constituting the disqualification, and directing that the action be transferred to the justice's court of another district designated by him; and it shall be transferred accordingly. If he refuse to do so, the supreme court at a special term in the same judicial district, or a judge thereof, may, upon motion, after due notice, order the transfer to be made.

§ 170. These courts must be held at the places in their districts, now or hereafter appointed by the common council of the city of New-York, at such hours on every judicial day, as the respective justices may direct,

and must continue in session as long the public inte

rests require.



SECTION 171. This court continued.

172. Its jurisdiction.

173. Judges of the court.

174. Court, when and where held.

§ 171. The court, known as the marine court of the city of New-York, is continued, with the jurisdiction conferred by the next section, and no other. But nothing contained in this section affects its jurisdiction of actions or proceedings now pending therein; nor does it affect any judgment or order already made, or proceeding already taken.

§ 172. The marine court of the city of New-York has jurisdiction of the following actions and proceedings:

1. Of the actions and proceedings enumerated in sections 153 to 155, both inclusive:

2. Of an action between a person belonging to a vessel in the merchant service, and the owner, master or commander thereof, demanding compensation for the performance, or damages for the violation of a contract for services on board the vessel, during a voyage performed, in whole or in part, or intended to be performed by the vessel, though the sum demanded exceed one hundred dollars.

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3. Of an action by or against a person belonging to or on board of a vessel in the merchant service, for an assault and battery or false imprisonment, committed on board the vessel, upon the high seas, or in a place without the United States, of which the ordinary courts of this state have jurisdiction, though the damages ges demanded exceed one hundred dollars. But nothing in this or the last subdivision of this section, gives this court power to proceed, in any of the cases therein. referred to, as a court of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction.

§ 173. There are two judges of this court, elected by the electors of the city and county of New-York. Either of them may hold the court.

§ 174. The court must be held at the city hall in the city of New-York at ten o'clock on every judicial day, and must continue in session as long as the public interests require.



SECTION 175. Courts of special sessions abolished, and police courts substituted. 176, 177. Their jurisdiction.

178. When and by whom held in the city and county of New-York.
179. In the other counties.

§ 175. The courts of special sessions now existing, or which may be organized in pursuance of any statutory provision now in force, are abolished; and courts to be known as the police courts, as organized by this code, are substituted in their stead.

§ 176. The police courts have jurisdiction in the cases prescribed in the next section, of the following public offences committed in their respective counties:

1. Petit larceny, not charged as a second offence:

2. Assault and battery, not charged to have been committed riotously, or upon a public officer in the execution of his duties:

3. Poisoning, killing, maiming, wounding or cruelly beating an animal:

4. Racing animals within one mile of the place where a court is held:

5. Committing a wilful trespass, or severing any produce or article from the freehold, not amounting to grand larceny:

6. Selling poisonons substances, not labelled, as required by statute:

7. Maliciously removing, altering, defacing or cutting down monuments or marked trees:

8. Maliciously breaking, destroying or removing milestones, mile-boards or guide-boards, or altering an incription thereon.

§ 177. The jurisdiction conferred upon the police courts, by the last section, can, however, be exercised only in the following cases:

1. When the party charged, upon his being brought before a magistrate, requests to be tried by a police court: or,

2. When, not having made such request, and after having been required by the magistrate to give bail for his appearance at the next court of sessions in the county, he omits to do so for twenty-four hours.

§ 178. In the city and county of New-York, these courts must be held at each of the police offices now or hereafter designated by the common council, on Tuesday and Friday of each week, by two of the police justices of that city, and by no other officer.

§ 179. In the other counties, the police court must be held by the magistrate issuing the warrant of arrest, or before whom the defendant is brought to answer the charge.



SECTION 180. Courts established.

181. Their jurisdiction.

§ 180. Tribunals are hereby established in the several counties of this state, to be known as the courts of conciliation.

§ 181. The jurisdiction of these courts, and the manner of its exercise, is prescribed in subsequent parts of this code.

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