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Par. 25. That every public utility shall file with and as a part of such schedule all rules and regulations t'at in any manner affect the rates charged or to be charged for any serv ce.

Par. 26. That a copy of so much of said schedules as the commission shall deem necessary for the use of the public shall be printed in plain type and kept on file in every station and office of such public utility where payments are made by the consumers or users, open to the public, in such form and place as to be readily accessible to the public and so as to be conveniently inspected.

Par. 27. That where a schedule of joint rates or charges is, or may be, in force between two or more public utilities, such schedule shall in like manner be printed and filed with the commission, and so much thereof as the commission shall deem necessary for the use of the public shall be filed in such station or office, as provided in the preceding paragraph.

Par. 28. That no change shall thereafter be made in any schedule, including schedules of joint rates, except upon ten days' notice to the commission, and all such changes shall be plainly indicated upon existing schedules, or by filing new schedules in lieu thereof ten days prior to the time the same are to take effect: Provided, That the commission, upon application of any public utility, may prescribe a less time within which a reduction may be made.

Par. 29. That copies of all new schedules shall be filed, as hereinbefore provided, in every station and office of such public utility where payments are made by consumers or users ten days prior to the time the same are to take effect, unless the commission shall prescribe a less time.

Par. 30. That it shall be unlawful for any public utility to charge, demand, collect, or receive a greater or less compensation for any service performed by it within the District of Columbia, or for any service in connection therewith, that is specified in such printed schedules, including schedules of joint rates, as may at the time be in force, or to demand, collect, or receive any rate, toll, or charge not specified in such schedules. The rates, tolls, and charges named therein shall be the lawful rates, tolls, and charges until the same are changed as provided in this section. Par. 31. That the commission may prescribe such changes in the form in which the schedules are issued by any public utility as may be found to be expedient.

Par. 32. That the commission shall have power to adopt reasonable and proper rules and regulations relative to all inspections, tests, audits, and investigations, and to adopt and publish reasonable and proper rules to govern its proceedings and to regulate the mode and manner of all investigations and hearings of public utilities and other parties before it.

Par. 33. That the commission shall keep itself informed as to the manner and method in which the business of all public utilities is conducted, and shall have the right to obtain from any public utility all necessary information to enable the commission to perform its duties.

Par. 34. That the commission or any commissioner or any person or persons employed by the commission for that purpose shall, upon demand, have the right to inspect the books, accounts, papers, records, amd memoranda of any public utility, and to examine, under oath, any officer, agent, or employee of such public utility in relation to its business and affairs. Any person other than one of said commissioners who shall make such demand shall produce his authority to make such inspection or examination.

Par. 35. That the commission may require, by order or subpœna, to be served upon any public utility in the same manner that a summons is served in a civil action in the Supr. me Court of the District of Columbia, the production within the District of Columbia at such time and place as it may designate of any books, accounts, papers, or records kept by such public utility in any office or place without the District of Columbia, or verified copies in lieu thereof, if the commission shall so order, in order that an examination thereof may be made by the commission under its direction. Any public utility failing or refusing to comply with any order or subpæna shall for each day it shall so fail or refuse forfeit and pay to the District of Columbia the sum of one hundred dollars, to be recovered in an action to be brought in the name of said District.

Attendance of witnesses and the production of such documentary evidence may be required from any place in the United States. And in case of disobedience to a subpana the commission, or any party to a proceeding before the commission, may invoke the aid of any court of the United States or the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia in requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and documents under the provisions of this section. And the said commission is hereby given power to call on any district attorney of the United States, the corporation counsel of the District of Columbia, or any counsel of the commission to enforce the provisions of this section in the proper courts of the United States, and on such call it shall be the duty of the said district attorney, corporation counsel, or any counsel of the commission, upon request of said commission, to enforce the provisions of this paragraph, the costs and expenses incurred to be paid out of the appropriations for the expenses of the courts of the United

States.

Par. 36. That for the purpose of making any investigation with regard to any public utility the commission shall have power to appoint, by an order in writing, an agent, whose duties shall be prescribed in such order. In the discharge of his duties such agent shall have every power whatsoever of an inquisitorial nature granted in this section to the commission and shall have power to administer oaths and take depositions. The commission may conduct any number of such investigations contemporaneously through different agents, and may delegate to such agent or agents the taking of all testimony bearing upon any investigation or hearing. The decision of the commission shall be based upon its examination of all testimony and records. The recommendations made by such agents shall be advisory only, and shall not preclude the taking of further testimony, if the commission so order, nor further investigation. Par. 37. That every public utility shall furnish to the commission all information required by it to carry into effect the provisions of this section, and shall make specific answers to all specific questions submitted by the commission. Any public utility receiving from the commission any blanks with directions to fill the same shall cause the same to be properly filled out so as to answer, fully and correctly, each question therein propounded, and in case it is unable to answer any question it shall give a good and sufficient reason for such failure; and said answer shall be verified under oath by the president, secretary, superintendent, or general manager of such public utility, and returned to the commission at its office within the period fixed by the commission. Whenever required by the commission, every public utility shall deliver to the commission any or all maps, profiles, contracts, reports of engineers, and all

documents, books, accounts, papers, and records, or copies of any or all of the same, with a complete inventory of all its property, in such form as the commission may direct.

Par. 38. That upon its own initiative or upon reasonable complaint made against any public utility that any of the rates, tolls, charges, or schedules, or services, or time and conditions of payment, or any joint rate or rates, schedules, or services, are in any respect unreasonable or unjustly discriminatory, or that any time schedule, regulation, or act whatsoever affecting or relating to the conduct of any street railway or common carrier, or the production, transmission, delivery, or furnishing of heat, light, water, or power, or any service in connection therewith, or the conveyance of any telegraph or telephone message, or any service in connection therewith, is in any respect unreasonable, insufficient, or unjustly discriminatory, or that any service is inadequate or can not be obtained, the commission may, in its discretion, proceed, with or without notice, to make such investigation as it may deem necessary or convenient. But no order affecting said rates, tolls, charges, schedules, regulations, or act complained of shall be entered by the commission without a formal hearing.

Par. 39. That the commission shall prior to such formal hearing notify the public utility complained of that a complaint has been made, and ten days after such notice has been given the commission may proceed to set a time and place for a hearing and an investigation as hereinafter provided.

Par. 40. That the commission shall give the public utility and the complainant, if any, ten days' notice of the time and place when and where such hearing and investigation will be held and such matters considered and determined. Both the public utility and complainant shall be entitled to be heard and shall have process to enforce the attendance of witnesses.

Par. 41. That if upon such investigation the rates, tolls, charges, schedules, or joint rates shall be found to be unjust, unreasonable, insufficient, or unjustly discriminatory, or to be preferential or otherwise in violation of any of the provisions of this section, the commission shall have power to determine and by order fix and order to be substituted therefor such rate or rates, tolls, charges, or schedules as shall be just and reasonable. If upon such investigation it shall be found that any regulation, time schedule, act, or service complained of is unjust, unreasonable, insufficient, preferential, unjustly discriminatory, or otherwise in violation of any of the provisions of this section, or if it be found that reasonable service is not supplied, the commission shall have power to determine and substitute therefor such other regulations, time schedules, service, or acts and to make such orders respecting and such changes in such regulations, time schedules, service, or acts as shall be just and reasonable. And upon any investigation for the purpose of determining upon and requiring any reasonable extension or extensions of lines or of service that shall promise to be compensatory within a reasonable time, the commission shall have power to fix, determine, and require every such extension or extensions to be made and the terms and conditions upon which the same shall be made: Provided, That no hearing shall be had and no order shall be made respecting such extension or extensions without notice to the public utility affected thereby, as provided in paragraph forty of this section.

Par. 42. That if upon investigation it shall be found that any rate, toll, charge, schedule, or joint rate, or rates, is unjust, unreasonable, insufficient, or unjustly discriminatory or preferential, or otherwise in violation of any of the provisions of this section, or that any time schedule, regulation, act, or service complained of is unjust, unreasonable, insufficient, preferential, or otherwise in violation or any of the provisions of this section, or if it be found that reasonable service is not supplied, the public utility found to be at fault shall pay the expenses incurred by the commission upon such investigation.

Par. 43. That the commission may, in its discretion, when complaint is made of more than one rate or charge, order separate hearings thereon, and may consider and determine the several matters complained of separately and at such times as it may prescribe. No complaint shall of necessity at any time be dismissed because of the absence of direct damage to the complainant.

Par. 44. That whenever the commission shall believe that any rate or charge may be unreasonable or unjustly discriminatory, or that any reasonable service is not supplied, or that an investigation of any matter relating to any public utility should for any reason be made, it may, on its own motion, summarily investigate the same with or without notice.

Par. 45. That if after making such investigation the commission becomes satisfied that sufficient grounds exist to warrant a formal hearing being ordered as to the matters so investigated, it shall furnish such public utility interested a statement notifying the public utility of the matters under investigation. Ten days after such notice has been given the commission may proceed to set a time and place for a hearing and an investigation as hereinbefore provided.

Par. 46. That notice of the time and place for such hearing shall be given to the public utility and to such other interested persons as the commission shall deem necessary, as provided in paragraph forty of this section, and thereafter proceedings shall be had and conducted in reference to the matter investigated in like manner as though complaint had been filed with the commission relative to the matter investigated, and the same order or orders may be made in reference thereto as if such investigation had been made on complaint.

Par. 47. That any public utility may make complaint as to any matter affecting its own product or service with like effect as though made by the commission or upon reasonable complaint as hereinbefore provided. Par. 48. That each of the commissioners and every agent provided for in paragraph thirty-six of this section for the purposes mentioned in this section shall have power to administer oaths, certify to official acts, issue subpænas, compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, accounts, papers, records, documents, and testimony. In case of disobedience on the part of any person or persons to comply with any order of the commission or any commissioner, or any subpana, or on the refusal of any witness to testify to any matter regarding which he may be interrogated before the commission or its agent authorized, it shall be the duty of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, or a judge thereof, on application of a commissioner, to compel obedience by attachment proceedings for contempt, as in the case of disobedience of the requirements of a subpana issued from such court or a refusal to testify therein.

Par. 49. That each witness who shall appear before the commission or its agent by its order shall receive for his attendance the fees and mileage

now provided for witnesses in the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, which shall be audited and paid in the same manner as fees in criminal cases within the District of Columbia are audited and paid, upon the presentation of proper vouchers, sworn to by such witnesses and approved by the chairman of the commission. No witnesses subpoenaed at the instance of parties other than the commission shall be entitled to compensation for attendance or travel unless the commission shall certify that his testimony was material to the matter investigated, and that his attendance as a witness was reasonably necessary.

Par. 50. That the commission or any party may, in any investigation, cause the depositions of witnesses residing within or without the District of Columbia to be taken in the manner prescribed by law for like depositions in civil actions in circuit courts.

Par. 51. That a full and complete record shall be kept of all proceedings had before the commission or its agents on any formal investigation had, and all testimony shall be taken down by a stenographer appointed by the commission.

Par. 52. That whenever any complaint is served upon the commission under the provisions of this section the commission shall, before said action is reached for trial, cause a certified transcript of all proceedings had and testimony taken upon such investigation to be filed with the clerk of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia.

Par. 53. That a transcribed copy of the evidence and proceedings, or any specific part thereof, in any investigation taken by a stenographer appointed by the commission, being certified by such stenographer to be a true and correct transcript of all the testimony in the investigation or of a particular witness, or of other specific part thereof, carefully compared by him with his original notes, and to be a correct statement of the evidence and proceedings had in such investigation so purporting to be taken and transcribed, shall be received in evidence with the same effect as if such reporter were present and testified to the fact so certified." A copy of such transcript shall be furnished on demand, free of cost, to any party to such investigation.

Par. 54. That no franchise nor any right to or under any franchise to own or operate any public utility as defined in this section or to use the tracks of any street railroad shall be assigned, transferred, or leased, nor shall any contract or agreement with reference to or affecting any such franchise or right be valid or of any force or effect whatsoever unless the assignment, transfer, lease, contract, or agreement shall have been approved by the commission in writing. The permission and approval of the commission to the assignment, transfer, or lease of a franchise under this paragraph shall not be construed to revive or validate any lapsed or invalid franchise or to enlarge or add to the powers and privileges contained in the grant of any franchise or to waive any forfeiture. It shall be unlawful for any street railroad corporation, gas corporation, electric corporation, telephone corporation, telegraph corporation, or other public utility corporation, directly or indirectly, to acquire the stock or bonds of any other corporation incorporated for or engaged in the same or similar business as it is, unless authorized in writing to do so by the commission, and every contract, transfer, agreement for transfer, or assignment of any such stock or bonds without such written authority shall be void and of no effect.

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