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(c) Sub-area 3—Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, Newfoundland, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom;

(d) Sub-area 4-Canada, France, Italy, Newfoundland, Portugal, Spain, United States;

(e) Sub-area 5-Canada, United States; it being understood that during the period between the signing of this Convention and the date of its entry into force, any signatory or adhering Government may, by notification to the Depositary Government, withdraw from the list of members of a Panel for any sub-area or be added to the list of members of the Panel for any sub-area on which it is not named. The Depositary Government shall inform all the other Governments concerned of all such notifications received and the memberships of the Panels shall be altered accordingly. INTERNATIONAL NORTHWEST ATLANTIC FISHERIES CONFERENCE, WASHINGTON, JANUARY 26 THROUGH FEBRUARY 8, 1949


The Governments of Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Newfoundland, Norway, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America, represented by plenipotentiary delegations, having accepted the invitation extended to them by the Government of the United States of America to participate in an International Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Conference; and

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, having accepted the invitation extended to them by the Government of the United States of America to send observers to the said Conference;

Appointed their respective representatives, who are listed below by countries, and by organizations, in the order of alphabetical precedence:



Stewart Bates, Deputy Minister of Fisheries, Department of Fisheries-


S. V. Ozere, Legal Adviser, Department of Fisheries

F. M. Tovell, Department of External Affairs


F. H. Wooding, Information Officer, Department of Fisheries



B. Dinesen, Head of Department, Ministry of Fisheries-Chairman

A. Vedel Täning, Head of Section, Commission for Denmark's Fisheries and Ocean Research

Commodore Fritz Hammer Kjølsen, Naval Attaché, Embassy of Den-
mark, Washington

Laurids Thygesen, Chairman, West-Jutland Fisheries Association
Christian Djurhuus, Member, Local Government, Faroe Islands

Poul Marinus Hansen, Fisheries Biologist to the Administration of Green-

Niels Bjerregaard, Chairman, Danish Fisheries Association



Marius Terrin, Directeur des Pêches, Maritimes au Ministére de la Marine

Jean Joseph Le Gall, Directeur de l'Office Scientifique et Technique des
Péches Maritimes

Robert Baudouy, Directeur par interim des Unions Internationales au
Ministére des Affaires Etrangéres

Captain Louis J. Audigou, Administrateur en chef de l'Inscription Mari-
time, Washington

Andre Dezeustre, Mission de la Marine Marchande aux U. S. A., Bath
Iron Works Corporation, Bath, Maine



Thor Thors, Minister to the United States-Chairman

H. G. Andersen, Legal Adviser, Foreign Office

Arni Fridriksson, Director of the Fishery Department, University Research Institute, Reykjavík, Iceland



Alberto Tarchiani, Ambassador to the United States-Chairman
Clemente Boniver, Commercial Counselor, Embassy of Italy, Washington
Gian Vincenzo Soro, First Secretary, Embassy of Italy, Washington
Aldo Ziglioli, Assistant Commercial Attaché, Embassy of Italy, Wash-

Salvatore Ippia, First Commercial Secretary, Embassy of Italy, Washington



Raymond Gushue, Chairman, Newfoundland Fisheries Board-Chairman
Dr. W. Templeman, Director, Newfoundland Government Laboratory



Klaus Sunnanaa, Director of Fisheries, Directorate of Fisheries-Chairman Gunnar Rollefsen, Director of Institute of Marine Research, Directorate of Fisheries

Olav Lund, Division Chief, Directorate of Fisheries

Technical Advisers

Finn Bryhni, Norwegian Fisherman's Union

Knut Vartdal, Aalesund Shipowner Association

Eigil Nygaard, Counselor, Embassy of Norway, Washington

Magne Oppedal, Commercial Attaché, Embassy of Norway, Washington



Rear Admiral Manuel C. Meyrelles, President of the Central Commission
on Fisheries-Chairman

Dr. Alfredo M. Ramalho, Director, Government Marine Biology Station
Dr. Correia de Barros, Vice-President of Court of Accounting, Treasury

Captain Tavares de Almeida, Fishery Department



Germán Baráibar, Minister Plenipotentiary and Chargé d'Affaires ad
interim, Embassy of Spain, Washington-Chairman

Capitán de Navío Alvaro Guitián, Naval Attaché, Embassy of Spain,

José Miguel Ruiz Morales, First Secretary of Embassy, Dirección General de Política Económica, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Madrid

Pedro Díaz de Espada, Shipowner, San Sebastian



A. T. A. Dobson, Adviser, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries-Chair


A. J. Aglen, Fisheries Secretary, Scottish Home Department


J. S. Fawcett, Legal Adviser, British Embassy, Washington

S. J. Holt, Scientific Officer, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

Dr. C. E. Lucas, Director, Fisheries Research, Scottish Home Department P. J. Macfarlan, Assistant Agricultural Attaché, British Embassy, Washington

D. C. Tebbit, Second Secretary, British Embassy, Washington
R. S. Wimpenny, Deputy Director, Fisheries Research, Ministry of
Agriculture and Fisheries



Wilbert M. Chapman, Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Fisheries
and Wildlife, Department of State-Chairman

William E. S. Flory, Deputy Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for
Fisheries and Wildlife, Department of State

Hilary J. Deason, Chief, Office of Foreign Activities, Fish and Wildlife
Service, Department of the Interior

Frederick L. Zimmermann, Consultant on Fisheries and Wildlife, Depart-
ment of State


Thomas Fulham, President, Federated Fishing Boats of New England and
New York, Incorporated

Wayne D. Heydecker, Secretary-Treasurer, Atlantic States Marine
Fisheries Commission, New York City

Milton C. James, Assistant Director, Fish and Wildlife Service, Department
of the Interior

Captain Harold C. Moore, Coordinator for Interdepartmental and Inter-
national Affairs, United States Coast Guard, Department of the

Patrick McHugh, Secretary-Treasurer, Atlantic Fishermen's Union (A. F.
L.), Boston, Massachusetts

Richard Reed, Commissioner, Sea and Shore Fisheries, State of Maine


Edward Castleman, Office of the Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Fisheries and Wildlife, Department of State



Dr. D. B. Finn, Director, Fisheries Division

Dr. J. L. Kask, Chief, Biological Branch, Fisheries Division



A. T. A. Dobson, First Vice-President of the International Council for the
Exploration of the Sea

Dr. Alfredo M. Ramalho, Vice-President of the International Council for
the Exploration of the Sea

The Conference met at Washington on January 26, 1949, under the Temporary Chairmanship of Wilbert M. Chapman, Chairman of the Delegation of the United States of America.

Under the authority of the President of the United States of America the following officers were designated: Clarke L. Willard, Associate Chief, Division of International Conferences, Department of State, Secretary General of the Conference; Charles I. Bevans, Deputy Assistant for Treaty Affairs, Office of the Legal Adviser, Department of State, Treaty Adviser to the Conference; and Donald J. Chaney, Chief Counsel, Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, Technical Secretary of the Conference.

At the opening session the Conference agreed unanimously to accept the staff members of the Secretariat provided by the Government of the United States of America.

Wilbert M. Chapman, Chairman of the Delegation of the United States of America, was elected Permanent Chairman of the Conference at the first session held on January 26, 1949, and Klaus Sunnanaa, Chairman of the Delegation of Norway was elected Vice Chairman of the Conference at the same session.

The general committees established by the Rules of Procedure adopted provisionally at the opening session were constituted as follows:

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The following technical committees were appointed under authorization of unanimous votes of the Conference:


A. T. A. Dobson (United Kingdom)-Chairman

Stewart Bates (Canada)

B. Dinesen (Denmark)
Marius Terrin (France)
H. G. Andersen (Iceland)

Gian Vincenzo Soro (Italy)

Raymond Gushue (Newfoundland)

Klaus Sunnanaa (Norway)

Dr. Correia de Barros (Portugal)

Germán Baráibar (Spain)

A. J. Aglen (United Kingdom)

Wilbert M. Chapman (United States)
Barbara S. Williams-Secretary


A. W. H. Needler (Canada)-Chairman

A. Vedel Täning (Denmark)

Poul Hansen (Denmark)

Jean Joseph Le Gall (France)
Arni Fridriksson (Iceland)
W. Templeman (Newfoundland)
Gunnar Rollefsen (Norway)
Alfredo M. Ramalho (Portugal)
José Miguel Ruiz Morales (Spain)
Pedro Diaz de Espada (Spain)
S. J. Holt (United Kingdom)
C. E. Lucas (United Kingdom)
R. S. Wimpenny (United Kingdom)
Hilary J. Deason (United States)
Milton C. James (United States)

Howard A. Schuck-Secretary

The final session was held on February 8, 1949.

As a result of the deliberations of the Conference the International Convention for the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries (hereinafter referred to as the Convention) was formulated and opened for signature on February 8, 1949, to remain open for signature for fourteen days thereafter.

The following resolutions and recommendations were adopted and the following statements were received:


The International Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Conference


1. To express its gratitude to the President of the United States of America, Harry S. Truman, for his initiative in convening the present Conference and for its preparation;

2. To express to its Chairman, Wilbert M. Chapman, and its Vice Chairman, Klaus Sunnanaa, its deep appreciation for the admirable manner in which they have guided the Conference and brought it to a successful conclusion;

3. To express to the Officers and Staff of the Secretariat its appreciation for their untiring services and diligent efforts in contributing to the fruition of the purposes and objectives of the Conference.


The International Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Conference


That the Government of the United States of America be authorized to publish the Final Act of this Conference, the text of the Convention, and to make available for publication such additional documents in connection with the work of this Conference as in its judgment may be considered in the public interest.


The International Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Conference


That in establishing and maintaining the International Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Commission the Contracting Governments give careful consideration to the following conclusions reached at the Conference:

1. Finance:

The probable cost of the Commission during its first year would be in the region of 40,000 dollars.

This estimate is to some extent based upon the present expenditure incurred by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, but it must be recognized that the cost of that organization cannot be used as an accurate guide to the possible cost of the new Commission on account of the rather specific and long-standing nature of its set-up. The precise amount would necessarily depend upon various considerations such as the location and cost of the office of the Commission for which certain facilities might be available either in the United States or in Canada.

2. Staff:

(1) It is desirable that the Executive Secretary of the Commission should be a biologist. At the same time it is still more important that he should be a man with great administrative and statistical ability. It should also be understood that after the Commission had begun to function normally it would probably be necessary at an early date to increase the staff by the addition of, for example, a statistician.

(2) The responsibilities of the staff of the Commission shall be exclusively international in character and they shall not seek or receive instructions in regard to the discharge of their functions from any authority external to the Commission. The Contracting Governments should fully respect the international character of the responsibilities of the staff and not seek to influence any of their nationals in the discharge of such responsibilities. 3. Scientific Investigation:

(1) In the field of scientific investigations the Commission should be primarily responsible for: (a) arrangement for and coordination of work by agencies, and (b) establishment of working relationships with international agencies. It is important, for the purposes of the Convention, that enlarged and coordinated scientific investigations should be carried out and such investigations in so far as possible should be conducted by agencies of the Contracting Governments or by public or private agencies (e. g., universities or private marine research laboratories). If investigations necessary to the purposes of the Convention cannot be arranged through existing Government, public, or private agencies, they should be undertaken by the Commission but

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