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Their loss had, of course, nothing to said his lordship, “ that the moment do with the care or negligence of the when peace was signed in Europe navy. Of the 172 missing, it was as- would have been the term of the war certained that no less than 94 were between America and this country. I running ships : of the rest there sailed cannot divine what grounds can suband separated, whether from stress of sist for the continuance of the contest weather or wilfully, no less than 38; between the two nations. But if, and it was known perfectly, that no from the continuance of the unjust spi. convoy returned without perpetual rit in which the American government complaints on the part of the officers, began the war, that war has not yet of ships breaking away from their pro- ceased, I implore your lordships not tection. During this time, the whole to neglect or abandon to chance these number of the coasting vessels cap- two violations of two distinct princitured, whilst under the protection of ples, on which the wars of modern times the admiralty, amounted to eleven." have been conducted the first, that
Lord Grenville opposed the address. private or non-military buildings shall He began by alluding to the war be respected; the second, that the ef. with America, in which he admitted forts of the government and ihe comthat America was the aggressor ; “as manders should be employed to lessen when, by the repeal of the orders in instead of increasing the calamities of council, the causes of war were in fact war; and that their exertions should removed, America, in then making be directed, not against unoffending war, became theaggressor.”-Hislord. individuals, who have no share in the ship further admitted, that her ma- hostilities, but against the governments king the grounds of war also ques- which are the causes. In this situations which struck directly at our tion, ignorant as I am of the grounds maritime rights, rendered it, on our on which the war with America rests, part, the war of the whole country in I shall make no remarks on the great support of our rights; but he con. expenditure which its continuance rentended, that all this was no reason why ders necessary ; but I must observe, the war should not be terminated ami. that in this, as in the former contest cably by negociation. “ The ques- with America, the difficulties of such tions,” said his lordship, " which were a contest have been considerably unthe original grounds of the war, have der-rated ; and that they are not yet passed away. If the war is continued sufficiently apprehended I have reason for another object, information on that to believe, from the triumphant lanpoint ought to be laid before parlia. guage made use of in this country ; ment, in order that parliament may be such language I have always deploenabled to judge of its expediency, or red." whether it is fitting that further efforts His Lordship then remarked on the on the part of the people ought to be delays in the opening of the con. called for, for its prolongation.” His gress at Vienna, which, he said, were lordship then expressed his admira- most detrimental to the interests of this tion of the gallant enterprise against country. He expressed his surprise the city of Wasbington, and his regret at the warlike appearance which every for the fall of its brave leader. But thing still presented, and at the cir. he commented with severity on the de. cumstance of the country still keeping struction of the buildings at Washing up an army of 40,000 men on the conton, which were not used for mili. tinent. Finally, adverting to the intary purposes.—“ I had concluded," ternal state of the country he express
« Ere now,
ed it as his opinion, that an address of and unjust to the community, but unqualified exultation was utterly un- which strike at the very root of the suited to our situation.
interests which they affect to proiect. said his lordship, “ we expected to For, far from assisting the farmer or bave received the price of our great supporting the landholder, I believe exertions by a reduction from the that if all the catalogue of proposed weight of those burthens which press mesures were searched, there is not so heavily on us. On the subject, how- one which more certainly would bring ever, of these our internal affairs, the ruin on both these classes, than the only intimation of any change is con- imposing great duties on the importatained in a paragraph at the end of the tion of grain. That the agriculture speech-an intimation so ambiguous, of this country labours under great that though I have attended with pe- difficulties, I do not deny; it is unforculiar diligence to the speech, to the tunately too perfectly shown by the address, and to the remarks of my reports on your table. But the true noble friend who seconded it, I cannot cause of this depression is in the state comprehend to what it refers. Some of the circulation of the country-the of my noble friends near me conceive true remedy is, that, unterrified by the it relates to the corn laws, others of magnitude of the subject, and not on my noble friends that it refers to the that account indefinitely postponing it, bullion question. If it refers to this we should proceed to the discussion, last question, I applaud the resolution meeting with firmness the difficulties to enter into that most important sub- which must attend it. If, therefore, ject, the state of the circulation. This, to this subject the passage in the speech my lords, is the consuming canker that applies, I cannot but applaud it. Bepreys on the vitals of the state. The ing on the ground, I must state, that depreciation of our currency, which though I cannot concur in the address, by gradual augmentation year after I do not wish to be understood to obyear, has reached its present state, is, ject to the general complimentary part, I will venture to affirm, a greater cause still less to the grief expressed at the of the depression under which the peo- melancholy indisposition of his majes. ple of this country labour, than all the ty. Though I have objections, and taxes which are paid by them. In the irreconcileable objections to the ad. present state of our circulation is to be dress, I shall not propose any amend. found the origin of all those difficul- ment, since my observations princities which some persons have improvi- pally apply to the general, profuse, dently attempted to remove by impo- and warlike character of the speech.” sing duties on the import of the neces- The Earl of Liverpool stated, that, saries of life. These attempts for two as the Prince Regent had told the years together parliament has most House from the throne, the negoprudently checked. I hope it will ciations with America were still pendever discourage them. I, for one, willing, he thought, till they had produced ever raise my voice against them. I some result, it would be obviously im. will never consent to remedy the arti- proper to enter into a discussion of the ficial difficulties which have been crea- subject. Notwithstanding the characted by the neglect of parliament, by ter of the aggression on the part of imposing a tax on the subsistence of the United States, his royal highness the labouring classes of this communi- had no wish to require more than was ty. I will never consent to pass laws due in justice to the country, and to which not only are utterly impolitic his own honour. His lordship defend.
ed the manner in which the war in
which was scarcely worthy either of his America had been carried on; and, own character or talents, and on the with regard to the proceedings at success of which he would not have Washington, he stated, that they were had much reason to congratulate hima proper and necessary retaliation for self, had the subject of it been present. several ferocious outrages committed It was really beneath Mr Whitbread by the Americans. His lordship jus. to make such remarks as this :- :-" It tified the continuance of a large army was probable that the Prince Regent on the continent after the conclusion of Portugal would not return from the of the war, by the unprecedented cir- Brazils for many months, perbaps cumstances under which the late contest years. The right honourable gentlehad terminated. In speaking of the in- man might employ himself in revising ternal state of the country, his lordship his early productions in the Anti-jacosaid, that astothestate of the circulation bin, or in producing a poem, which of the country, his opinions were now should rival the celebrated work of as different from those of the noble ba. Camoens; or in compiling the memoirs ron as they had been on
of his day, after the fashion of Bubb sions. He had always thought that Doddington !" Mr Whitbread atthe pressure on our circulation had tacked the conduct of the administra. arisen from the peculiar circumstances tion in the conduct of the war with of the late war, and the events of the America, and the destruction of the last six months had verified his opi- buildings at Washington, on the same nions to an extent which even his grounds which had been taken by friends had not expected. Even un- Lord Grenville in the other House. der the circumstances of the great ex- On the subject of the congress at isting expenditure of the American Vienna, he expressed his indignation at war, and the continuance on foot of a the conduct of the allies, in permitlarge army, the course of exchange ting the annexation of the territories had rapidly returned to its old state. of some of the smaller states to those On this subject he should say nothing of their more powerful neighbours. more; there would be
op- « When he heard it asserted," he portunities, and it was difficult to say said, “ that Saxony, in the most un. any thing on it without saying more feeling and insulting manner, was to than the present occasion would ad. be divided that a great portion of it mit of."
was to be incorporated with PrussiaThe motion was then put and car- that such a power was no longer to be ried ; and the address was afterwards suffered to remain in Germany or in voted.
Europe-he contemplated it as a grieIn the House of Commons, the ad- vious injury, not to the sovereign, dress was moved by Lord Bridport, for that was a secondary consideration, and seconded by Mr Graham, who but to the people of a country emphawent over the same ground with the tically called the garden of Germany, mover and seconder of the address in
not only in a physical, but in a moral the House of Lords.
sense ; for it did not alone afford sus. Mr Whitbread opposed the ad. tenance for the support of life--it was dress at great length. He took occa- also the garden of the human mind. sion to object in strong language to It was there that freedom of religion the mission of Mr Canning to Lisbon; might be seen in its most attractive and, in speaking on this subject, he colours : There the subjects were cachose to indulge in a strain of ridicule tholics, and the sovereign a protest.
ant : There the offices of state were only place, perhaps, in the world, if open to men of every persuasion, and the coalesced powers continued their the affairs of government' were found hostility to the promulgation of unnot to be impeded by the adoption of fettered opinion, where public truths this liberal principle. Saxony, on this would ere long be spoken, that, if point, shewed a bright example to Saxony were treated in the manner he states' of greater magnitude ; and it had described, and as was generally was melancholy to reflect, that they rumoured, it would be as unprincibad not wisdom enough to pursue it. pled a partition as any the world ever What, he would ask, had the Elector, saw; as much so, indeed, as the partiOr, according to the modern fashion, tion of Poland. And again, let it be the King of Saxony done? And here fully understood, that there were many it should be recollected, that others persons who ardently wished for the who had, like him, been made kings, restoration and freedom of Poland, not had not given up their titles; but he, only as necessary to the preservation of because he was the last who adhered the peace of Europe, but as a debt due to Buonaparte, was marked out for to that much oppressed people. Neivengeance. Prussia and Austria had ther should it be forgotten that there both marched with Buonaparte ; they was one monarch, whose interest it had assisted him in accomplishing his was more than that of any other poviews, and did not quit him until his tentate, to keep Poland in a state of de. reverzes took place. When they found pendence ; but that monarch had exhe could not play a successful game, pressed himself willing that Poland they left him. Bavaria and Wirtem- should be restored ; that it should be burg remained true to him a little again erected into a kingdom, provided longer than the states he had just the other
desisted from their mentioned, and they still continued schemes of aggrandizement in other kingdoms. He doubted, however, quarters. They had often been told of whether the allies respected them the monarchs who attempted to be magnamore for the part they had taken. nimous at the expence of others ; now They must all remember
the speech of they heard of the Emperor of Russia, Philip, who declared, That he loved who was ready to agree to the restorathe treason, but hated the traitor.' tion of Poland, if Austria
gave up her Saxony, however, did not abandon claims upon Italy, and Prussia abanBuonaparte till the last moment. Now, doned her designs in Germany!" whatever opinions might be entertain- Mr Whitbread concluded his speech ed of the course originally adopted by by an eloquent invective against the the elector, it was impossible not to government of Ferdinand VII., and a feel a little for a man, who, in the latter picture of the sufferings of the unhappart of the contest, could not helppy persons who had fallen under his bimself: It was not in his power to displeasure from their exertions in the withdraw as Austria and Prussia had cause of Spanish liberty. Before he done ; for Buonaparte was not only in sat down, he wished to know distinctly possession of his capital, but of his " whether any pecuniary assistance, person. Yet it was on that ground, unknown to parliament, had been giand that ground only, that the rights ven to Ferdinand VII. to support him of the Saxon people were not to be in those despotic efforts which he was attended to. He only spoke as he hourly making. No person could trawas informed; and he would boldly vel over Spain, after the giorious declare in the British parliament, the struggle she had made, and not feel
indignant at beholding the renewal of fore, only notice those of the port of religious bigotry and civil fury. Who London, which were the most perfect. could contemplate the restoration of The value of the exports from that the Inquisition, and the oppression port to Europe, for three quarters of exercised over the most patriotic cha. a year, were in 1812, 11,446,000l. ; racters, without the smallest expostu- in 1813, 18,916,0001., and in 1814, lation from any neighbouring power, 26,828,0001. So that the year 1814 and not feel apprehensive that the re- almost doubled the amount of exports sult of the present congress would not in 1812. It might be said, why, since be exactly that which they had ho- the revenue was so flourishing, should
money be wanted ? It was natural to The Chancellor of the Exchequer suppose that the want of money was gave very satisfactory answer to the one of the reasons that had occasioned last question of Mr Whitbread, by the early meeting of parliament, and stating, that no assistance had been that want sprung from the arrears of given to the Spanish government be- 1813 and 1814, which remained to be yond the subsidy which had been sti. paid. The necessity of providing for pulated to be paid to it for the Spanish the liquidation of these had occurred troops furnished in the late contest. at an earlier period than was expected. On the subject of the internal state of It chiefly proceeded from this, that the country, he said, “ that as the circumstances had arisen which had led Aourishing state of our revenue was . ministers to apply nearly the whole mentioned both in the speech and in vote of credit intended for the army, the address, it would no doubt be ex. to the service of the navy. This had pected that he should give some state- been found necessary principally bement to justify that assertion. He cause the amount of wages would do it by giving a comparative seamen, who had been prisoners and view of the produce of the revenue in were now returned, had far exceeded the two last years. In the quarter the calculation that had been made. ending on the 10th of October, 1813, On that account, as well as the exit had amounted to 18,531,2181. In' pence of our forces in the Nether. the same quarter of the present year, lands, the army arrears were considerto 19,036,9851. The revenue of the able.” whole year ending in October 1813, Mr C. Grant, jun. observed, “ that was 60,876,652. ; that of the pre- he had always heard it was unconstisent year, ending in October last, tutional to attempt to introduce a fo. 63,461,8641. which proved an increase reign force into this country, without in the last year of two millions and a previous communication to parlia. about 600,0001. The receipts at the ment; but this was the first time that customs in 1813 were 10,157,221..; he had ever heard it was unconstituin 1814, 10,213,1746. The excise in tional to maintain a British force 1813 had produced 22,560,1591. ; and abroad without reference to parlia. in 1814, 24,154,5491. He would not ment. He was sorry the address trouble the House with other details which had been moved did not unite of this nature on the present occasion, all the feelings of the House, and labut would proceed to show the pro. mented that there was any probability gress of our trade since the year 1812. of an exception to the practice of latThe returns for the present year were ter years, that of carrying up an adnot completely made out for every dress with unanimity to the throne. part of the country; he would, there. He delivered it as his opinion, that the