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ful results. The flotilla of the enemy
in the Patuxent has been destroyed. Nov. 8, 1814. The signal defeat of their land forces “ My Lords and Gentlemen, enabled a detachment of his Majesty's “ It is with deep regret that I am army to take possession of the city of again obliged to announce the conti- Washington ; and the spirit of enternuance of his Majesty's lamented in- prise which has characterized all the disposition. It would have given me movements in that quarter, has produgreat satisfaction to have been enabled ced on the inhabitants a deep and sento communicate to you the termina. sible impression of the calamities of a tion of the war between this country war in which they have been so wan. and the United States of America. tonly involved. The expedition diAlthough this war originated in the rected from Halifax to the northern most unprovoked aggression on the coast of the United States has termi. part of the government of the United nated in a manner not less satisfactory. States, and was calculated to promote The successful course of this operation the designs of the common enemy of has been followed by the immediate Europe against the rights and inde- submission of the extensive and impendence of all other nations, I never portant district east of the Penobscot have ceased to entertain a sincere de- river, to his Majesty's arms. In ad. sire to bring it to a conclusion on just verting to these events, I am confident and bonourable terms. I am still en. you will be disposed to render full jusgaged in negociations for this pur- tice to the valour and discipline which pose ; the success of them must, howe have distinguished his Majesty's land ever, depend on my disposition being and sea forces ; and you will regret met with corresponding sentiments on with me the severe loss the country the part of the enemy.—The opera. has sustained by the fall of the gallant tions of his Majesty's forces by sea and commander of his Majesty's troops in land in the Chesapeake, in the course the advance upon Baltimore. I avail. of the present year, have been attend. ed myself of the earliest opportunity ed with the most brilliant and success. afforded by the state of affairs in Euo
VOL. VIII, PART II.
rope, to detach a considerable military war, as well as the extraordinary length force to the river St Lawrence ; but of its duration, must have materially its arrival could not possibly take affected the internal situation of all the place till an advanced period of the countries engaged in it, as well as the campaign.-Notwithstanding the re- commercial relations which formerly verse which appears to have occurred subsisted between them. Under these on Lake Champlain, I entertain the circumstances I am confident you will most confident expectation, as well see the expediency of proceeding with from the amount as from the descrip- due caution in the adoption of such tion of the British force now serving regulations as may be necessary for in Canada, that the ascendency of his the purpose of extending our trade, Majesty's arms throughout that part of and securing our present advantages; North America will be effectually es- and you may rely on my cordial co. tablished.— The opening of the con- operation and assistance in every mea. gress at Vienna has been retarded from sure which is calculated to contribute unavoidable causes, to a later period to the prosperity and welfare of his than had been expected. It will be Majesty's dominions." my earnest endeavour, in the negociations which are now in progress, to promote such arrangements as may THE REGENT'S MESSAGE. tend to consolidate that peace which, in conjunction with his Majesty's al.
May 22, 1815. lies, I have had the happiness of con. G. P. R. cluding ; and to re-establish that just “ His Royal Highness the Prince equilibrium amongst the different pow. Regent, acting in the name and on the ers, which will afford the best prospect behalf of his Majesty, thinks it right to permanent tranquillity to Europe." inform his faithful Commons, that in
consequence of events which have re“ Gentlemen of the House of cently taken place in France, in direct Commons,
contravention of the treaty entered " I have directed the estimates for into at Paris last year for preserving the ensuing year to be laid before you. the peace of Europe, he has judged it I am happy to be able to inform you necessary to enter into engagements that the revenue and commerce of the with his allies, to adopt such steps as united kingdom are in the most flou- circumstances may require against the rishing condition. I regret the neces- common enemy, and for preventing sity of the large expenditure which we the revival of measures which could must be prepared to meet in the course only have for their object to destroy of the ensuing year; but the circum- the peace and liberties of Europe ; stances under which the long and ar- and his royal highness confidently reduous contest in Europe has been car- lies upon the House of Commons to ried on and concluded, have unavoid. support him in such steps as he may ably led to large arrears, for which find it necessary to take, in conjuncyou will see the necessity of provi- tion with his allies, at this momentous ding; and the war still subsisting crisis. with America renders the continuance “ His royal highness has given or. of great exertions indispensable.” ders that copies of the treaties into
which he has entered with the allies “ My Lords and Gentlemen, should immediately be laid before the “ The peculiar character of the late House, for its information.”
Speech of the Prince Regent on proro.
guing Parliament, July 12, 1815. June 22, 1815.1 « G. P. R.
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, « The Prince Regent, acting in the "I cannot close this session of parname and on the behalf of his Majesty, liament without again expressing my having taken into his serious consider- deep regret at the continuance of his ation the signal and splendid victory Majesty's lamented indisposition. gained by the army under the com- « At the commencement of the premand of the Duke of Wellington, on sent session I entertained a confident the 18th of June instant, over the hope, that the peace which I had con, French army, under the command of cluded, in conjunction with his MajesBuonaparte in person, which has add ty's allies, would meet with no inter. ed fresh renown to the British arms, ruption ; that, after so many years of and contributed largely to the inde- continued warfare, and of unexampled pendence of Europe, recommends to calamity, the nations of Europe would the House of Lords to concur in such be allowed to enjoy that repose for measures as may be necessary to af. which they had been so long contend. ford a further proof of the sense en- ing; and that your efforts might be tertained by parliament of the Duke directed to alleviate the burthens of his of Wellington's transcendant services, Majesty's people, and to adopt such and of the gratitude and munificence measures as might best promote the of the British nation."
internal prosperity of his dominions.
“ These expectations were disap,
pointed by an act of violence and per. MESSAGE FROM THE REGENT. fidy of which no parallel can be found
in history June 27, 1815. • Thé usurpation of the supreme " G. P. R.
authority in France by Buonaparte, « The Prince Regent, acting in the in consequence of the defection of the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, French armies from their legitimate thinks it proper to acquaint the House sovereign, appeared to me to be so inof Commons, that a marriage, to which compatible with the general security his royal highness duły gave his con- of other countries, as well as with the sent, has been solemnized between his engagements to which the French naroyal brother the Duke of Cumber- tion had recently been a party, that I land, and the daughter of the reigning felt I had no alternative but to emDuke of Mecklenburgh, niece to her ploy the military resources of his MaMajesty, and relict of the Prince of jesty's dominions, in conjunction with Salm; and from the proofs of attach- his Majesty's allies, to prevent the rement which the House of Commons establishment of a system which expehave always manifested towards the rience had proved to be the source of family of his royal highness, the Prince such incalculable woes to Europe. Regent confides in their making such “ Under such circumstances you provision on this occasion as the rank will have seen with just pride and saand station of their royal highnesses tisfaction the splendid success with may appear to require."
which it has pleased Divine Providence to bless his Majesty's arms, and those of his allies.
« Whilst the glorious and
ever-me. « My Lords and Gentlemen, morable victory obtained at Waterloo,
“ The brilliant and rapid success of by Field-Marshals the Duke of Wel, the Austrian arms at the opening of lington and Prince Blucher, has added the campaign has led to the restorafresh lustre to the characters of those tion of the kingdom of Naples to its great commanders, and has exalted the ancient sovereignty, and to the delivermilitary reputation of this country be- ance of that important portion of Itayond all former example, it has at the ly from foreign influence and domisame time produced the most decisive nion. effects on the operations of the war, “ I have further the satisfaction of by delivering
from invasion the domi. acquainting you, that the authority of nions of the King of the Netherlands, his most Christian Majesty has been and by placing, in the short space of again acknowledged in his capital, to fifteen days, the city of Paris, and a which his Majesty has himself repaired large part of the kingdom of France,
“ The restoration of peace between in the military occupation of the allied this country and the United States of armies.
America has been followed by a nego“ Amidst events so important, I am ciation for a commercial treaty, which, confident you will see how necessary it I have every reason to hope, will be is that there should be no relaxations terminated upon conditions calculated in our exertions, until I shall be ena- to cement the good understanding subbled, in conjunction with his Majesty's sisting between the two countries, and allies, to complete those arrangements equally beneficial to the interests of which
afford the prospect of per- both. manent peace and security to Europe. “ I have great pleasure in acquaint
ing you, that the labours of the Con. “ Gentlemen of the House of gress at Vienna have been brought to Commons,
a conclusion by the signature of a “ I thank you for the very liberal treaty, which, as the ratifications have provision you have made for the ser- not yet been exchanged, could not be vices of the present year.
communicated to you, but which I “ I deeply lament the continuance expect to be enabled to lay before and increase of those burthens which you when I next meet you in Parliathe great military exertions of the pre- ment. sent campaign, combined with the hea.
“ I cannot release you from your vy arrears remaining due for the ex. attendance without assuring you, that penses of the former war, have rendere it is in a great degree to the support ed indispensable, and which his Majes which you have afforded me, that I ty's loyal subjects, from a conviction ascribe the success of my earnest enof their necessity, have sustained with deavours for the public welfare ; and such exemplary fortitude and cheerful- on no occasion has that support been
more important than in the course of “ You have already seen, however, the present session. the fruit of the exertions which have In the further prosecution of been made ; and there can be no doubt such measures as may be necessary to that the best economy will be found bring the great contest in which we to result from that policy which may are engaged to an honourable and sa. enable us to bring the contest to a tisfactory conclusion, I shall rely with speedy termination.
confidence on the experienced zeal and