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steady loyalty of all classes of his Ma. measures, with a view of bringing to jesty's subjects : and they may depend justice the persons concerned therein, on my efforts to improve our present has already caused an adequate miliadvantages in such manner as may tary and naval force to be assembled best provide for the general tranquil. and stationed in those parts where the lity of Europe, and maintain the high disturbances have prevailed, for the character which this country enjoys purpose of assisting the civil power (if amongst the nations of the world. necessary) in supporting the same, and

is hereby pleased, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, to promise his most gracious pardon to any per

son or persons who have been conWhitehall, Oct. 19, 1815. cerned in the illegal proceedings before Whereas it has been humbly repre- mentioned (except the president, or sented to his Royal Highness the person acting as president, in any such Prince Regent, that a considerable committee, or any person having ac. number of persons at Shields, Newcas. tually administered any such unlawful tle-upon-Tyne, Sunderland, and in the oath, or having used any actual force neighbourhood of those places, have or intimidation for any of the aboveunlawfully assembled themselves toge- mentioned purposes), who shall come ther in a disorderly and tumultuous forward and give information against manner, for the purpose of compelling any of the persons who have admi. the ship-owners and others concerned nistered the said oaths, or assisted in in the trade of the above-mentioned the administering the same, or who ports, to comply with certain regula- have acted in a committee of any such tions prescribed by them with respect unlawful assembly as aforesaid, or who to the navigating ships and vessels shall have used force or intimidation proceeding to and from those ports; to compel persons to join those unand have actually detained and pre- lawful assemblies, or who shall have vented divers ships and vessels from prevented any persons from engaging sailing from the said ports, and have themselves in the service of any of the proceeded to other acts of violence : ship-owners before mentioned : and, as and whereas it has been further repre- a further encouragement, his Royal sented to his Royal Highness the Highness the Prince Regent is hereby Prince Regent, that these misguided pleased to promise to any person or persons have formed themselves into persons (except as aforesaid) who committees, and have administered il- shall discover and apprehend, or cause legal oaths, with a view to the pure to be discovered and apprehended, the poses before mentioned ; and have also authors, abettors, or perpetrators of upon various occasions used force or any of the illegal proceedings before. intimidation to compel persons to join mentioned, so that they or any of such unlawful assemblies, and to pre- them may be duly convicted thereof, vent their engaging with the said ship- the sum of One Hundred Pounds for owners; his royal highness being duly each and every Person so convicted ; sensible of the mischievous conse- the said sum to be paid by the Lords quences which must inevitably arise Commissioners of his Majesty's treafrom such illegal and dangerous pro- sury. ceedings if not speedily suppressed,

SIDMOUTH, and deeming it indispensably necessary to have recourse to the most effectual


Convention between Great Britain and 6. No persons in the places to be

the United Netherlands, signed at restored to be questioned for their London on the 13th of August, 1814. former political opinions.

7. The natives and aliens in the Article 1. Great Britain agrees to countries in which a change of sove. restore the Dutch colonies, with the reignty takes place are allowed six exception of the Cape of Good Hope, years for the disposal of their properDemerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, ty, and retiring if they think fit. to be disposed of in a supplementary 8. The sovereign of the Nether. convention.

lands engages to prohibit all his sub2 and 3. Great Britain cedes to the jects, in the most effectual manner, Netherlands the Island of Banca, in and by the most solemo laws, from the Eastern Seas, in exchange for Co- taking any share whatsoever in that chin and its dependencies, on the coast inhuman traffic, the slave trade. of Malabar. The places and forts in 9. Stipulates for the ratification the respective settlements to be ex- within three weeks, or sooner if pos. changed in the state in which they sible. were at the signing of the present con. The first additional article stipuvention.

lates, that to provide for the defence 4. Grants the same privileges to and incorporation of the Belgic prothe subjects of the Netherlands in Bric vinces with Holland, and also a comtish India as are granted to the most pensation in virtue of the 9th article favoured nations. No forts to be of the treaty of Paris, for the cessions erected in the Dutch settlements which made by Sweden, which Holland are within the limits of the British so- should furnish, Great Britain engages vereignty in India, and only the num- to defray the following charges :ber of troops necessary for the main- 1st. The payment of one million tenance of police to be maintained. sterling to Sweden, in satisfaction of

5. The places to be restored on the the claims aforesaid, and in pursuance American continent to be given up of a convention executed with his Swewithin three months; those beyond dish majesty's plenipotentiary to that the Cape of Good Hope within six, effect. from the date of the convention.

2dly. The advance of two millions sterling, to be applied in concert with 'ciples of perfect reciprocity, peace, the Prince Sovereign of the Nether- friendship, and good understanding lands, and in aid of an equal sum to between them, have for that purpose be furnished by him towards augment. appointed their respective plenipotening and improving the defences of the tiaries, that is to say, his Britannic Low Countries.

Majesty, on his part, has appointed 3dly. To bear, equally with Hol- the Right Honourable James Lord land, such further charges as may be Gambier, late Admiral of the White, agreed upon between the said high now Admiral of the Red Squadron of contracting parties and their allies, to- his Majesty's Fleet; Henry Goul. wards the final and satisfactory settle- burn, Esq. a member of the Imperial ment of the Low Countries in union Parliament, and under Secretary of with Holland, and under the dominion State ; and William Adams, Esq. Docof the house of Orange, not exceeding tor of Civil Laws—and the President in the whole, the sum of three mil- of the United States, by and with the lions, to be defrayed by Great Britain. advice and consent of the senate there

In consideration of the above en- of, hasappointed John Quincey Adams, gagements, the Cape of Good Hope, James A. Bayard, Henry Clay, JonaDemerara, Essequibo, and Berbice, than Russell, and Albert Gallatin, are ceded to Great Britain, but with citizens of the United States : who, condition that the Dutch proprietors after a reciprocal communication of have liberty under certain regulations their respective full powers, have agreed to trade with Holland. It is also upon the following Articles :agreed that Dutch ships may resort Art. l. There shall be a firm and freely to the Cape of Good Hope for universal peace between his Britannic the purposes of refreshment and re- Majesty and the United States, and pairs, without being liable to other between their respective countries, tercharges than such as British subjects ritories, cities, towns, and people, of are required to pay.

every degree without exception of pla. Second additional article.The ces or persons. All hostilities both by small district of Bernagore, situated sea and land shall cease as soon as this close to Calcutta, is ceded to his Bri- treaty shall have been ratified by both tannic Majesty, upon a payment of parties as herein-after mentioned. All such sum annually to his royal high- territory, places, and possessions what: ness, as may be considered by com- soever, taken by either party from the missioners to be appointed by the re- other during the war, or which may spective governments, to be just and be taken after the signing of this treaty, reasonable.

excepting only the islands hereafter mentioned, shall be restored without

delay, and without causing any deA Treaty of Peace and Amity between struction, or carrying away any of the

his Britannic Majesty and the Uni. artillery, or other public property, orited States of America ; signed at ginally captured in the said forts or Ghent, December 24, 1814. places, and which shall remain therein

upon the exchange of the ratifications His Britannic Majesty and the Uni. of this treaty, or any slaves or other ted States of Anierica, desirous of private property. And all archives, terminating the war which has un records, deeds, and papers, either of a happily subsisted between the two public nature, or belonging to private countries, and of restoring, upon prin- persons, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of south of the equator, as far as the las the officers of either party, shall be, titude of the Cape of Good Hope ; as far as may be practicable, forthwith ninety days for every other part of restored, and delivered to the proper the world south of the equator, and authorities and persons to whom they one hundred and twenty days for all respectively belong:

parts of the world without exception. Such of the islands in the Bay Art. III. All prisoners of war ta. of Passamaquoddy as are claimed by ken on either side, as well by land as both parties shall remain in the pos- by sea, shall be restored as soon as pracsession of the party in whose occupa. ticable after the ratification of this tion they may be at the time of the treaty as herein after mentioned, on exchange of the ratifications of this their paying the debts which they may treaty, until the decision respecting have contracted during their captivity, the title to the said islands shall have The two contracting parties respecbeen made in conformity with the tively engage to discharge in specie fourth article of this treaty.

the advances which may have been No disposition made by this treaty made by the other for the sustenance as to such possession of the islands and and maintenance of such prisoners. territories claimed by both parties, Art. IV. Whereas it was stipula shall in any manner whatever be con- ted by the 2d article in the treaty of strued to affect the right of either peace of 1783, between his Britannic

Art. II. Immediately after the ra- Majesty and the United States of Ametifications of this treaty by both par. rica, that the boundary of the United ties, as hereinafter-mentioned, orders States should comprehend “ all islands shall be sent to the armies, squadrons, within twenty leagues of any part of officers, subjects, and citizens of the the shores of the United States, andlytwo powers, to cease from all hostilities. ing between lines to be drawn due east And to prevent all causes of complaint from the points where the aforesaid which might arise on account of the boundaries between Nova Scotia on the prizes which may be taken at sea after one part and East Florida on the other, the said ratifications of this treaty, it shall respectively touch the Bay of Funis reciprocally agreed, that all vessels dy and the Atlantic Ocean, excepting and effects which may be taken after such islands as now are, or heretofore the space of twelve days from the said have been, within the limits of Nova ratifications, upon all parts of the coast Scotia ;” and whereas the several isof North America, from the latitude lands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy, of 23 degrees north to the latitude which is part of the Bay of Fundy, of 50 degrees north, and as far east- and the island of Grand Menan, in the ward in the Atlantic Ocean as the 36th bay of Fundy, are claimed by the degree of west longitude from the me. United States, as being comprehendridian of Greenwich, shall be restored ed within their aforesaid boundaries, on each side : that the time shall be which said islands are claimed as bethirty days in all other parts of the longing to his Bricannic Majesty, as Atlantic Ocean north of the equanoc. having

been at the time of, and previous tial line or equator, and the same time to the aforesaid treaty of 1783, with. for the British and Irish Channels, in the limits of the province of Nova for the Gulf of Mexico, and all parts Scotia ; in order, therefore, finally, to of the West Indies : forty days for decide upon these claims, it is agreed the North Seas, for the Baltic, and that they shall be referred to two for all parts of the Mediterranean; commissioners, to be appointed in the sixty days for the Atlantic Ocean following manner, viz.-One commissioner shall be appointed by his to decide on the differences which Britannic Majesty, and one by the Pre- may be stated in the said report or re. sident of the United States, by and ports, or upon the report of one comwith the advice and consent of the se. missioner, together with the grounds nate thereof; and the said two com- upon which the other commissioner missioners, so appointed, shall be shall have refused, declined, or omitsworn impartially to examine and de- ted to act, as the case may be. And cide upon the said claims, according if the commissioner so refusing, de. to such evidence as shall be laid before clining, or omitting to act, shall also them on the part of his Britannic Ma- wilfully omit to state the grounds jesty and of the United States respec. upon which he has so done, in such tively. The said commissioners shall manner that the said statement may be meet at St Andrews, in the province referred to such friendly sovereign or of New Brunswick, and shall have state, together with the report of power to adjourn to such other place such other commissioner, that such soor places as they shall think fit. The vereign or state shall decide, ex parte, said commissioners shall, by a declara. upon the said report alone; and his tion or report under their hands and Britannic Majesty and the government seals, decide to which of the two con of the United States engage to contracting parties the several islands sider the decision of such friendly soaforesaid "do respectively belong, in vereign or state to be final and conconformity with the true intent of the clusive on all the matters so refer. said treaty of peace of 1783 : and if red. the said commissioners shall agree in Art. 5. Whereas neither that point their decision, both parties shall con- of the highlands lying due north from sider such decision as final and con- the source of the river St Croix, declusive.

signated in the former treaty of peace It is further agreed, that in the between the two powers as the northe event of the two commissioners dif- west angle of Nova Scotia, nor the fering upon all or any of the matters north-westernmost head of Connecti80 referred to them, or in the event of cut river, have yet been ascertained ; both or either of the said commission- and whereas that part of the boundary ers refusing or declining, or wilfully line between the dominions of the two omitting to act as such, they shall powers, which extends from the source make, jointly or separately, report or of the river St Croix, directly north reports, as well to the government of to the above mentioned north-west his Britannic Majesty, as to that of angle of Nova Scotia, thence along the United States, stating in detail the the said highlands which divide those points on which they differ, and the rivers that empty themselves into the grounds upon which their respective river St Lawrence, from those which opinions have been formed, or the fall into the Atlantic Ocean to the grounds upon which they, or either north-westernmost head of Connectiof them, have so refused, declined, or cut river, thence down along the midomitted to act. And his Britannic dle of that river to the 45th degree of Majesty and the government of the north latitude, thence by a line due United States hereby agree to refer west on said latitude, until it strikes the report or reports of the said com- the river Iroquois or Cateraguy, has missioners to some friendly sovereign not yet been surveyed, it is agreed or state, to be then named for that that for these several purposes two purpose, and who shall be requested commissioners shall be appointed,

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