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[Islands of the Rhine. Boundary.]

No. 189.-BOUNDARY COVVEVTION between Baden

and France. Signed at Carlsruhe, 5th April, 1840.

ART.

TABLE. Preamble. Reference to Treaties of 30th May, 1814; 20th November,

1815; and 30th January, 1827. 1. Double object of Demarcation of Limits : 1st. To separate Rights of

Sovereignty to be determined by the Thalweg of the Rhine. 2. To separate the Rights of Property on the Islands and Allurial Soil of

the Rhine. 2. to Rights of Sovereignty. 6. 7. to Rights of Property on islands and Alluvial Soil of the Rhine. 21. 22. Ratifications.

(Translation.*) Reference to Treaties of 30th May, 1814, 20th November, 1815, and

30th January, 1827. His Majesty the King of the French, and His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Baden, animated by an equal desire to regulate in a definitive manner the execution of Section 5 of Article III of the Treaty of Paris of 30th May, 1814 (No. 1), and of Section 2 of Article I of the Treaty of Paris of 20th of November, 1815 (No. 40), relative to the Limit of Sovereignty between France and the Grand Duchy of Baden, and for the settlement of the state of Property of the Islands of the Rhine; wishing also to prevent the difficulties to which the continual variations in the bed of the River and of the position of the Thalweg might give risc, in so far as regards the exercise of Rights of Sovereignty aud Proprietorship between the Communes of each State; and convinced of the necessity of replacing by a New Convention that which was concluded for the same object, on the 30th January, 1827, have appointed as their Commissioners to that efiect, namily:

His Majesty the King of the French, the Sieur Louis Adolphe Aimé Fourier de Bacourt, his Eavoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to The United States, in the room of the Sieur

* For French version, see · State Papers," vol. xxix, p. 1092.

[Islands of the Rhine. Boundary.]

Armand Charles, Count Guilleminot, &c., late Commissioner, recently deceased;

And His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Baden, the Sieur Frederic Charles Landolin, Baron de Blittersdorff, his Minister of State of the Household and of Foreign Affairs, &c.;

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :

ARTs. I. to XXII. (See Table.)
Done at Carlsruhe, 5th April, 1840.

(L.S.) FREDERIC BARON DE BLITTERSDORFF.
(L.S.) AD. DE BACOURT.

[Pacification of the Levant.]

No. 190.-.-COVTENTION between Great Britain, Austria,

Prussia and Russia, and Turkey, for the Pacification of

the Levant. Signed at London, 15th July, 1840.* ART.

TABLE. Preamble. 1. Arrangement in favour of Mchemet Ali. 2. Measures to be adopted in case of refusal by Mehemet Ali. Naval Assist

ance to Turkey by Great Britain and Austria. 3. Defence of Constantinople by Allied Powers against Mehemet Ali. Allied

Forces to withdraw at request of Sultan. 4. Entrance of Straits of Dardanelles and Bosphorus for Defence of Con.

stantinople exceptional. Rule prohibiting Foreign Ships of War to enter Dardanelles and Bosphorus to be maintained. Ratifications.

(ANNEX.)--Separate Act. Grant of Pashalic of Egypt to Mehemet Ali and his Descendants. Admi

nistration of Southern Syria by Mehemet Ali during his life. Title of Pasha of Acre. Limits of Southern Syria to be administered by Mehemet Ali. Conditions imposed on Mehemet Ali. Withdrawal of Egyptian Troops

from Arabia, Candia, &c. Time within which Mehemet Ali is to accept Arrangement. Tribute to be paid to the Sultan. Mehemet Ali to deliver up Turkish Fleet. Maintenance of Ottoman Fleet by Mehemet Ali. Treaties and Laws of Ottoman Empire applicable to Egypt and Syria.

Taxes and Imposts to be collected by Pasha of Egypt. Civil and Mili

tary expenses to be defrayed by the Pasha.
Military and Naval Forces to be maintained for Service of the State.
Offers to be withdrawn if not accepted within 20 Days.
Separate Act to form Part of Convention of 15th July, 1840.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.t)

In the name of the Most Merciful God. IIis Ilighness the Sultan having addressed himself to their Majesties the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of All the Russias, to ask their support and assistance in the difficulties in which he finds himself placed by reason of the hostile proceedings of Mehemet Ali, Pasha of Egypt,—difficulties which threaten with danger the Integrity of the Ottoman Empire, and the Independence of the

* See also General Treaty of 30th March, 1856. + For Fre.ich Version, see “State Papers,” vol. xxviii, p. 342.

[Pacification of the Levant.]

Sultan's Throne,-their said Majesties, moved by the sincere friendship which subsists between them and the Sultan ; animated by the desire of maintaining the Integrity and Independence of the Ottoman Empire as a security for the Peace of Europe; faithful to the engagement which they contracted by the Collective Note presented to the Porte by their Representatives at Constantinople, on the 27th of July, 1839;* and desirous, moreover, to prevent the effusion of blood which would be occasioned by a continuance of the hostilities which have recently broken out in Syria between the authorities of the Pasha of Egypt and the subjects of the Sultan; their said Majesties and IIis Highness the Sultan have resolved, for the aforesaid purposes, to conclude together a Convention, and they have therefore named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Henry John, Viscount Palmerston, Baron Temple, a Peer of Ireland, a Member of Her Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, a Member of Parliament, and her Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs;

His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the Sieur Philip, Baron de Neumann, his Aulick Councillor, and his Plenipotentiary to Her Britannic Majesty, &c.;

His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Sieur Henry William, Baron de Bülow, his Chamberlain, Actual Privy Councillor, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Her Britannic Majesty, &c.;

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Sieur Philip, Baron de Brunnow, his Privy Councillor, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Her Britannic Majesty, &c.;

And His Majesty the Most Noble, Most Powerful, and Most Magnificent Sultan Abdul-Medjid, Emperor of the Ottomans,

* (Translation). The Undersigned have this morning received instructions from their respective Governments, in virtue of which they have the honour to inform the Sublime Porte that the 5 Great Powers have come to an understanding on the Eastern Question, and to prerail upon her to suspend all definitive determination without their co-operation. Constantinople, 27th July, 1839.

BARON DE STURMER. BARON ROUSSix.
PONSONBY. COMTE DE KENIGSMARCK.
A. BOUTEXEFT.

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[Pacification of the Levant.]

Chekib Effendi, decorated with the Nichan Iftihar of the first class, Beylikdgi of the Imperial Divan, Honorary Councillor of the Department for Foreign Affairs, his Ambassador Extraordinary to Her Britannic Majesty;

Who, having reciprocally communicated to each other their Full Powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and signed the following Articles :

Arrangement in favour of Mehemet Ali. ART. I. His Highness the Sultan having come to an agreement with their Majesties the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of All the Russias, as to the conditions of the arrangement which it is the intention of His Highness to grant to Mehemet Ali, conditions which are specified in the Separate Act hereunto annexed ;* their Majesties engage to act in perfect accord, and to unite their efforts in order to determine Mehemet Ali to conform to that arrangement; each of the High Contracting Parties reserving to itself to co-operate for that purpose, according to the means of action which each may have at his disposal. Measures to be adopted in case of refusal by Mehemet Ali. Naval

Assistance to Turkey by Great Britain and Austria. Art. II. If the Pasha of Egypt should refuse to accept the above-mentioned arrangement, which will be communicated to him by the Sultan, with the concurrence of their aforesaid Majesties; their Majesties engage to take, at the request of the Sultan, measures concerted and settled between them, in order to carry that arrangement into effect. In the meanwhile, the Sultan having requested his said Allies to unite with him in order to assist him to cut off the communication by sea between Egypt and Syria, and to prevent the transport of troops, horses, arms, and warlike stores of all kinds, from the one province to the other; their Majesties the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, engage to give immediately, to that effect, the necessary orders to their naval Commanders in the Mediterranean. Their said Majesties further engage that the naval Commanders of their squadrons shall, according to the means at their command, afford, in the name of the Alliance, all the support and assistance in their

* See page 1012.

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