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[Pacification of Greece.)

No. 144.-DECLARATION of Accession of the Ottoman

Porte to the Treaty of 6th July, 1827,* for the Pacification of Greece. Signed at Constantinople, 9th September, 1829.

[This Declaration was referred to in the Russian Manifesto of

Peace with Turkey of the 1st October, 1829.]

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(Translation as laid before Parliament.t) The Sublime Porte declares that, having already adhered to the Treaty of London [6th July, 1827], (No. 136), it now further promises and pledges itself to the Representatives of the Powers who signed the said Treaty, to subecribe entirely to all the decisions which the Conference of London shall adopt.

Constantinople, 9th September, 1829.

* See also Treaties of 7th May, 1832 ; 13th July and 14th November, 1863 ; and 29th March, 1864.

† For French version, see “State Papers," vol. xvii, p. 195.

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[Treaty of Adrianople.)

No. 145.TREATY of Peace between Russia and Turkey.

Signed at Adrianople, 14th September, 1829.*

ART.

TABLE. 1. Cessation of Hostilities. 2. Restoration of Moldavia, Wallachia, &c., to Turkey. 3. The River Pruth to forn Boundary of the two Empires. Navigation of

the Danube by Merchant Vessels and Ships of War. 4. Asiatic Boundary between Russia and Turkey. 5. Moldavia and Wallachia placed under Suzerainty of the Porte, enjoying

an Independent National Government. 6. Measures for tranquillity of Servia. 7. Freedom of trade in Turkey. Free passage to Russian Merchant Vessels

in Straits of Constantinople and Bosphorus. Freedom of Trade and

Navigation in the Black Sea. 8. Indemnity due to Russia. 9. Cession of Territory to Russia to be agreed upon in part payment of

Indemnity. 0. Adhesion of Turkey to Act of 22nd March, 1829, between Great Britain,

France, and Russia. 11. Evacuation of Ottoman Territory by Russia. 12. Cessation of Hostilities. 13. Amnesty. Liberty of respective subjects to dispose of their Landed

Property. Power of respective subjects of Ceded Countries to dispose of

their Landed Property, and to reside in either Country. 4. Restoration of Prisoners. Exception in favour of Christians who have

become Mahometans, and Mahometans who have become Christians. Prisoners taken after conclusion of Peace to be restored. Expenses of

Prisoners of War not to be reimbursed. 15. Confirmation of Treaties. 16. Ratifications. SEPARATE ACT (1) relative to the Principalities of Moldavia and

Wallachia. Hospodars to be elected for Life. Power of Hospodars. Non-interference by Turkish authorities in adjoining Provinces to interfere in affairs of Moldavia and Wallachia. Boundary of Principalities. Porte not to retain any fortified point or allow any establishment by Mussulman subjects on left bank of the Danube. Turkish Towns on left bank of the Danube to be restored to Wallachia. Mussulmans to sell their Landed Estates. Quarantine Establishment. Militia for security of Frontier, &c. Principalities freed from furnishing supplies for Constantinople, &c., or provide Workmen for erection of Fortresses, &c.

* See General Treaty of 30th March, 1856 ; Protocol of 6th January, 1857 ; Treaty of 1^ti June, 1857; and Convention of 19th August, 185 8.

[Treaty of Adrianople.)

Indemnity to Porte for relinquishing Rights. Sum to be paid on cach appointment of Hospodars. Liberty of Trade to Inhabitants of Principalities, and freedom of Navigation of the Danube. Exemption from Taxes for two years. Confirmation of Administrative Regulations by Porte.

SEPARATE ACT (2) relative to the Indemnifications for Losses in Traule,

War Expenses, and Expenses attending Evacuation.

1. Demolition of Fortress of Giurgevo.
2. Indemnity due to Russia. Periods of payment of Indemnity.
3. Indemnity to be paid to Russia.
4. Russian evacuation of Turkish Territory.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*)

In the name of Almighty God. His Imperial Majesty the very high and very powerful Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, and His Highness the very high and very powerful Emperor of the Ottomans, animated by an equal desire of putting an end to the calamities of war and of re-establishing Peace, friendship, and good harmony between their Empires, upon solid and immutable bases, have resolved, by mutual consent, to confide this salutary work to the care and management of their respective Plenipotentiaries; that is to say: His Imperial Majesty of All the Russias to the most Illustrious and most Excellent Count de Diebitsch, &c., who, by virtue of the supreme Full Powers with which he is furnished, has delegated and nominated as Plenipotentiaries on the part of the Imperial Court of Russia the most Excellent and most Honourable Count Alexis Orloff, &c., and Count Frederick Pahlen, &c.; and His Majesty the Emperor of the Ottomans, the most Excellent and most Honourable Mehemmed Sadik Effendi, Acting Grand Defterdar of the Sublime Ottoman Porte, and Abdoul-Kadir-Bey, Cazi-Asker of Anatolia ; who, having assembled in the city of Adrianople, after having exchanged their Full Powers, have agreed upon the following Articles :

Cessation of Hostilities. Art. I. All hostility and dissention which, up to the present time, have existed between the two Empires shall cease from the date hereof, as well by land as by sea, and there shall be perpetual Peace, amity, and good intelligence between His Majesty the * For French Version, see “ State Papers," vol. xvi, p. 647.

[Treaty of Adrianople.]

Emperor and Padisha of All the Russias, and Iris Ilighness the Emperor and Padisha of the Ottomans, their heirs and successors to the Throne, as well as between their respective Empires. The two fligh Contracting Powers will employ a special attention for preventing all that may cause the renewal of any misunderstanding between their respective subjects. They will scrupulously fulfil all the conditions of the present Treaty of Peace, and will use all their vigilance to prevent its being contravened in any. manner, either directly or indirectly.

Restoration of Moldavia, Wallachia, gc., to Turkey. Art. II. His Majesty the Emperor and Padisha of all the Russias, desirous of giving His Highness the Emperor and Padisha of the Ottomans a proof of the sincerity of his amicable disposition, restores to the Sublime Porte the Principality of Moldavia, with the same limits which that Principality had before the commencement of the War which has just been terminated by the present Treaty. His Imperial Majesty likewise restores the Principality of Wallachia, the Banat of Crajova, without any exception whatsoever, Bulgaria and the country of Dobridgia, from the Danube as far as to the sea, together with Silistria, Hirchova, Matchin, Issactchi, Toultcha, Baba-dagh, Bazardjik, Varna, Pravadi, and other cities, towns, and villages which it contains, the whole extent of the Balkan from Emineh-Bournou as far as Kazan, and all the country from the Balkans as far as to the sea, together with Selimno, Ianboli, Aïdos, Carnabat, Messembria, Ahioli, Bourgas, Sizeboli, Kirk-Klissa, the city of Adrianople, Lulé-Bourgas, and lastly, all the cities, towns, and villages, and, in general, all the places which the Russian troops have occupied in Roumelia.

Pruth to form Boundary of the two Empires. Navigation of the

Danube by Merchant Vessels and Ships of War. Art. III. The Pruth shall continue to form the Boundary of the two Empires, from the point where that River touches the Territory of Moldavia as far as its confluence with the Danube. * From this place the frontier line shall follow the course of the Danube as far as the embouchure of St. George, so that while leaving all the Islands formed by the different branches of this

* Altered by General Treaty of 30th March, 1856, Art. XX. See also Protocol of 6th January, 1837, and Treaty of 19th June, 1857.

[Treaty of Adrianople.]

River in the possession of Russia, the right bank will remain, as heretofore, in that of the Ottoman Porte. It is, nevertheless, agreed that this right bank, commencing from the point where the St. George branch separates from that of Souline, shall remain uninhabited, to the distance of two hours from the river, and that no establishment of any kind whatsoever shall be formed thereon, and that in like manner it shall not be permitted to make any establishment or construct any fortification upon the Islands which shall remain in the possession of the Court of Russia, excepting always the quarantines which shall be thereon established. The merchant-vessels of the two Powers shall be competent to navigate the Danube throughout its whole course, and those which bear the Ottoman flag may freely enter the Kili and Souline embouchures, that of St. George remaining common to the war and merchant flags of the two Contracting Powers. But the Russian Ships of War must not, in sailing up the Danube, go beyond the place of its junction with the Pruth.

Asiatic Boundary between Russia and Turkey.* ART. IV. Georgia, Imeritia, Mingrelia, Gouriel, and several other Provinces of the Caucasus, having been for a long time and in perpetuity annexed to the Empire of Russia, and this Empire having moreover acquired by the Treaty concluded with Persia at Tourkmantchaï, on the oth of February, 1828,f the Khanates of Erivan and Naktchivan, the two Iligh Contracting Powers have been convinced of the necessity of establishing between their respective States, throughout the whole of this line, a well-defined frontier and such as shall prevent all future misunderstanding. They have likewise taken into consideration the necessary means for opposing insurmountable obstacles to the incursions and depredations which, up to the present time, have been practised by the frontier tribes, and which have so often compromised the relations of amity and good fellowship between the two Empires. In consequence whereof it has been agreed to recognize henceforth for the frontier between the States of the Imperial Court of Russia and those of the Sublime Ottoman Porte in Asia, the line which, following the present boundary of the

* See General Treaty of 30th March, 1856, Art. XXX; and Final Act of 5th December, 1857.

+ As this Treaty relates entirely to the “Map of Asia” and not to the Map of Europe” it is not given in this Work; but a copy of it will be found in “State Papers," vol. xv, p. 660.

22nd

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