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[Treaty of Adrianople. Moldavia and Wallachia.]

exception of these sums, there shall never be exacted from the country, nor from the Hospodars, any other Tribute, contribution, or gift, under any pretext whatsoever.

Liberty of Trade to Inhabitants of Principalities, and Freedom of

Navigation of the Danube. By virtue of the abolishment of the supplies above mentioned, the inhabitants of the two Principalities shall enjoy the full liberty of Trade for all the productions of their soil and of their industry, stipulated by the Separate Act of the Convention of Ackermann, without any restrictions save those which the Hospodars, in concert with their respective Divans, may consider it expedient to establish, in order to insure the supply of provisions for the country. They may freely navigate the Danube with their own ships, provided with Passports from their Government, and carry on trade in the other towns or ports of the Sublime Porte, without being molested by the collectors of the “haratch,” or being exposed to any other annoyance.

Exemption from Taxes for Two Years. Moreover, the Sublime Porte, considering all the calamities which Moldavia and Wallachia have had to undergo, and moved by an especial sentiment of benevolence, consents to exempt the inhabitants of these provinces for the space of two years, reckoning from the day in which the Principalities shall have been entirely evacuated by the Russian troops, from the payment of the annual Taxes paid into its treasury.

Confirmation of Administrative Regulations by the Porte. Lastly, the Sublime Porte, desirous of securing, by every means, the future prosperity of the two Principalities, solemnly promises to confirm the administrative regulations which, during the occupation of these two provinces by the armies of the Imperial Court, have been made in consequence of the wish expressed by the assemblies of the most influential inhabitants of the country, and which shall, in future, serve as bases for the internal government of the two provinces, with the full understanding, however, that the said regulations shall in no way compromise the rights of sovereignty of the Sublime Porte.

In consequence whereof we, the Undersigned, Plenipotentiaries of His Majesty the Emperor and Padishah of All the Russias, in

[Treaty of Adrianople. Moldavia and Wallachia.]

concert with the Plenipotentiaries of the Sublime Ottoman Porte,
have agreed upon and determined with respect to Moldavia and
Wallachia the above dispositions, which are the sequel of Article
V of the Treaty of Peace concluded at Adrianople between our-
selves and the Ottoman Plenipotentiaries. In pursuance of which
the present Separate Act has been drawn up, subscribed by us,
sealed with our seals, and delivered into the hands of the Pleni-
potentiaries of the Sublime Porte.
Done at Adrianople, the 14th September, 1829.

(L.S.) COUNT ALEXIS ORLOFF.
(L.S.). COUNT F. PAJILEN.
(L.S.) SADIK EFFENDI.
(L.S.) ABDOUL KADIR BEY.

SEPARATE ACT (2) relative to Indemnifications for Losses in Trade,

War Erpenses, and Expenses attending the Evacuation.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*)

In the Name of Almighty God. As the Peace so happily concluded between the Imperial Court of Russia and the Sublime Ottoman Porte must be maintained perpetually between the two High Empires, it has been judged necessary, for the purpose of preventing every possible subject of dispute in future, to regulate, by a Separate Act, all that relates to the Indemnification for Losses in Trade, to those for the War Expenses, and to the Evacuation, by means of the following Articles :

Demolition of Fortress of Giurgevo. Art. I. In one of the paragraphs of the Separate Act relative to the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, and annexed to Article V of the Treaty of Peace, it is stipulated that “the Turkish towns situated upon the left bank of the Danube shall, as well as their territories (Rayahs), be restored to Wallachia, in order to be henceforward united to that Principality, and that the Fortifications heretofore standing upon that bank can never be rebuilt," &c.

In consequence of this stipulation, the Fortress of Giurgevo, which is still occupied by the troops of the Sublime Porte, must be evacuated and delivered up to the Russian troops, and its * For French Version see “State Papers," vol. xvi, p. 657.

[Treaty of Adrianople. Moldavia and Wallachia.)

fortifications demolished. This evacuation shall be effected within the space of fifteen days after the signing of the Treaty of Peace. The Turkish troops shall retire to Rustchuk, taking with them all the artillery, ammunition, their property an:l effects. In like manner the Mussulman inhabitants shall be equally empowered to carry away with them their property and goods.

Indemnity due to Russia. Art. II. By Article VIII of the Treaty of Peace, it is stipulated that “the Sublime Porte, by way of reparation for the losses and injuries suffered by Russian subjects and merchants at various times since the year 1806, shall pay to the Imperial Court of Russia, within the course of 18 months, at periods which shall be assigned further down, the sum of 1,500,000 ducats of Holland."

Periods of Payment of Indemnity. In consequence of this stipulation it is agreed, that upon the exchange of the Ratifications of the Treaty of Peace, the Ottoman Porte shall pay 100,000 ducats; that within the term of six months after the exchange of the Ratifications, it shall pay 400,000 ducats; that in the six months following it shall pay 500,000 ducats; and iastly, that in the other six months it shall pay the remaining 500,000 ducats, which will complete the entire payment of the said sum of 1,500,000 ducats, within the term of 18 months.

Indemnity to be paid to Russia. Art. III. It is stipulated in Article IX of the Treaty of Peace that “the Sublime Porte engages to pay to the Imperial Court of Russia, by way of Indemnification for the expenses of the War, a sum of money, the amount of which shall be fixed by mutual agreement."

In consequence of this stipulation, it is agreed and determined that the said Indemnity shall be fixed at 10,000,000 of ducats of Holland, and the Sublime Porte promises to pay the said sum of money according to the mode of payment which shall be determined by Ilis Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, relying, as the Sublime Porte does, upon his generosity and magnanimity.

Moreover, in order to alleviate, as much as possible, the onus of this payment in specie, and to allow every facility necessary for that purpose, it is agreed that the Imperial Court of

[Treaty of Adrianople. Moldavia and Wallachia.]

Russia shall consent to receive on account of the sum above mentioned compensations in kind, in articles which shall, by mutual consent, be considered as receivable in part payment of the said Indemnity.

Russian Evacuation of Turkish Territory. Art. IV. It is stipulated in Article XI of the Treaty of Peace that “the Imperial Court of Russia will proceed to the Evacuation of the territory of the Ottoman Empire, conformably to the principles established by a Separate Act which shall form an integral part of the Treaty of Peace.”

In consequence of this stipulation it is agreed and determined, that as soon as the 100,000 ducats, in part payment of the stipulated indemnity for the losses of Russian subjects and merchants shall have been paid in the manner agreed upon above in Article II of the present Separate Act; that as soon as Article VI of the Treaty of Peace relative to Servia shall have been completely executed; and that the Evacuation and delivery up of Giurgero to the Russian troops shall have been effected in the manner specified above in Article I of the present Act, then and within the term of one month after the exchange of the Ratifications of the Treaty of Peace, the Russian army shall evacuate the city of Adrianople, Kirk-Klissa, Lulé-Bougas, Midiah, and Iniada, and other places, which shall be immediately given up to the authorities empowered by the Ottoman Porte to receive them. Immediately after the payment of the 400,000 ducats of the said Indemnity for the losses of Russian subjects and merchants shall have been exactly effected, that is to say, six months after the exchange of the Ratifications, the Russian troops shall evacuate, within the space of one month, the whole extent of the country from the Balkan as far as the sea and the Gulf of Bourgas, so that all the cities, towns, and villages shall be delivered up to the authorities empowered by the Ottoman Porte to receive them, and the Russian troops shall retire and pass over on the other side of the Balkan into Bulgaria and the country of Dobridzia.

When the payment of the 500,000 ducats of the said Indemnity for the losses of Russian subjects and merchants shall have been effected in the manner above specified, in the space of the other six months, then the Russian troops shall entirely evacuate and deliver up to the authorities of the Porte the whole of Bulgaria and the country of Dobridzia, with all the cities, towns, and

[Treaty of Adrianople. Moldavia and Wallachia.]

villages therein comprised, from the Danube as far as the Black Sea.

The other remaining 500,000 ducats shall be paid within the term of other six months, that is to say, eighteen months after the exchange of the Ratifications. And as to the evacuation above mentioned, the town of Silistria and the provinces of Wallachia and Moldavia shall be exempted from it, and shall be kept as a security by the Imperial Court of Russia until the entire discharge of the sum which the Ottoman Porte has engaged itself to pay as an indemnification for the war expenses, as bas been stipulated in Article III of the present Act; so that immediately upon the full payment of the above sum Moldavia, Wallachia, and the town of Silistria shall be evacuated within two months by the Russian troops, and be formally given up to the authorities of the Ottoman Porte.

With respect to the Evacuation by the Russian troops of the countries which, on the Asiatic side, are to be restored to the Ottoman Porte conformably to Article IV of the Treaty of Peace, it is agreed that this Evacuation shall commence three months after the exchange of the Ratifications, and this shall be done by virtue of a particular Convention, which the General-in-Chief, Count Paskewitch d'Erivan, shall conclude with the Commanders of the Ottoman Porte in those countries, in such manner, however, that the entire evacuation of the countries restored to the Ottoman Empire may be effected within the term of 8 months after the exchange of the Ratifications.

In consequence whereof the present Explanatory Act, consisting of 4 Articles, has been drawn up, signed by us, sealed with our seals, and delivered into the hands of the Plenipotentiaries of the Sublime Porte, and the Ratifications of the same shall be exchanged, together with those of the Treaty of Peace, of which it forms an integral part. Done at Adrianople, the September, 1829.

(L.S.) COUNT ALEXIS ORLOFF.
(L.S.) COUNT F. PAHLEN.
(L.S.) SADIK EFFFENDI.

(L.S.) ABDOUL KADIR BEY. By virtue of supreme Full Powers, I accept and confirm the conditions contained in the preceding Treaty and Separate Acts.

COUNT J. DIEBITSCH ZABALKANSKY.

2nd 14th

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