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[Holland and Belgium.]

No. 167.-CONVENTION between Great Britain, France,

and the Netherlands, for the Re-establishment of Friendly Relations. Signed at London, 21st May, 1833.

ART.

TABLE. Preamble. Re-establishment of Friendly Relations. 1. Removal of Embargo on Dutch Vessels. Measures against English and

French Flags to be revoked. 2. Dutch Troops detained in France to return to their Country, with their

Arms, &c. 3. Free Navigation of the Scheldt during Negotiations. 4. Navigation of the Meuse. Free communications with Fortress of

Maestricht. 5. Invitation to Austria, Prussia, and Russia to assist in settling Definitive

Treaty. 6. Ratifications.

Explanatory Article. Luxemburg and part of Limburg comprehended in Provisions of Treaty. Navigation of the Scheldt.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.*)

Re-establishment of Friendly Relations. Their Majesties the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the King of the French, and the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, being desirous of reestablishing the relations between them as they existed before the month of November, 1832, have for that purpose resolved to conclude a Convention, and have named as their Plenipotentiaries, viz. :

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Henry John Viscount Palmerston, Baron Temple, a Peer of Ireland, a Member of Ilis Britannic Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, &c.;

His Majesty the King of the French, the Sieur Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, Prince-Duke de Talleyrand, a Peer of France, Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary from His said Majesty to His Britannic Majesty, &c.;

And His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, the Sieur Solomon Dedel, Commander of the Order of the Lion of The Netherlands; * For French version, see “State Papers," vol. xx, p. 282.

[Holland and Belgium.]

Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following Articles :

Removal of Embargo on Dutch Vessels. Art. I. Immediately after the exchange of the Ratifications of the present Convention, their Majesties the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the King of the French, will take off the Embargo* which they have placed upon the Ships, Vessels, and Goods belonging to the Subjects of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands; and all the vessels detained, together with their cargoes, shall be immediately released, and restored to their respective owners.

Measures against English and French Flags to be Revoked.

In like manner, His Majesty the King of The Netherlands will revoke the measures taken in his States, with respect to the English and French Flags.

Dutch Troops Detained in France to Return to their Country, with

their Arms, &c. ART. II. At the same period, the Netherland Troops, both of the Royal Nary and Army, at present detained in France, shall return to the States of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, with their Arms, Baggage, Carriages, Horses, and other effects belonging either to the Corps or to Individuals.

Free Navigation of the Scheldt during Negotiation. Art. III. So long as the relations between Holland and Belgium shall not be settled by a Definitive Treaty, His Netherland Majesty engages not to re-commence hostilities against Belgium, and to leave the Navigation of the Scheldt entirely Free.

Navigation of the Meuse. Art. IV. Immediately after the exchange of the Ratifications of the present Convention, the Navigation of the Meuse shall be opened to commerce ; and until a definite arrangement be made in this respect, it shall be subjected to the provisions of the Convention signed at Mayence the 31st of March, 1831 (No. 151), for the Navigation of the Rhine, so far as those provisions may be applicable to the said River.

* See Note, page 911, and Convention of 22nd October, 1832.
+ See Explanatory Article, page 923.

(Holland and Belgium.]

Free Communications with Fortress of Maestricht. The Communications between the Fortress of Maestricht and the Frontier of North Brabant, and between the said Fortress and Germany, shall be free and without impediment.

Invitation to Austria, Prussia, and Russia to assist in settling

Definitive Treaty. Art. V. The High Contracting Parties engage to occupy themselves without delay, about the Definitive Treaty which is to fix the Relations between the States of His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Grand Duke of Luxemburg, and Belgium. They will invite the Courts of Austria, Prussia, and Russia, to become Parties thereto.

Ratifications. Art. VI. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged at London in 10 days, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms.

Done at London, the 21st day of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1833.

(L.S.) PALMERSTON. (L.S.) TALLEYRAND. (L.S.) DEDEL.

EXPLANATORY ARTICLE. Luxemburg and part of Limburg comprehended in Provisions of

Treaty. It is agreed between the High Contracting Parties, that the Stipulation relative to the complete Cessation of Ilostilities, contained in Article III of the Convention of this day, comprehends the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, and that part of Limburg which is provisionally occupied by the Belgian Troops.

Navigation of the Scheldt. It is, moreover, understood, that until the conclusion of the Definitive Treaty, of which mention is made in the said Article III of the Convention of this day, the Navigation of the Scheldt

(Holland and Belgium.]

shall take place on the same footing as before the 1st of November, 1832.

The present Explanatory Article shall have the same force and validity, as if it were inserted word for word in the Convention of this day. It shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged at the same time as those of the said Convention.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms.

Done at London, the 21st day of May, in the year of Our Lord, 1833.

(L.S.) PALMERSTON. (L.S.) TALLEYRAND. (L.S.) DEDEL.

[Belgium acceded to the above Convention in a Note addressed to the Plenipotentiaries on the 10th June, 1833.7

[Treaty of Unkiar Skelessi.)

No. 168.—TREATY of Defensive Alliance between Russia

and Turkey. Signed at Constantinople, 8th July, 1833.*

ART.

TABLE. Preamble. 1. Peace, Amity, and Alliance. 2. Confirmation of Treaties. 3. Maintenance by Russia of Independence of Turkey. 4. Land and Sea Forces to be maintained by the Power requesting As

sistance. 5. Duration of Treaty. 6. Ratifications.

Separate Article. Strait of the Daraanelles to be closed to Foreign Ships of War during

War between Russia and any other Foreign Power.

(Translation as laid before Parliament.f)

In the name of Almighty God. His Imperial Majesty, the Most High and Most Mighty Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias, and His Highness the Most High and Most Mighty Emperor of the Ottomans, being equally animated with the sincere desire of maintaining the system of peace and good harmony happily established between the two Empires, have resolved to extend and strengthen the perfect friendship and confidence which reign between them by the conclusion of a Treaty of Defensive Alliance.

Their Majesties have accordingly chosen and named as their Plenipotentiaries; that is to say:

His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, the Most Excellent and Most Honorable Alexis, Count Orloff, his Extraordinary Ambassador at the Sublime Ottoman Porte, and the Most Excellent and Most Honorable Apollinaire Bouténeff, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Sublime Ottoman Porte, &c.;

And His Highness the Sultan of the Ottomans, the Most Illustrious and Most Excellent, the Most Ancient of his Viziers, Hosrew Mehemet Pasha, Seraskier, Commander-in-Chief of the Regular Troops of the Line, and Governor-General of Constantinople, &c., and the Most Excel'ent and Most Honorable Ferzi Akhmet Pasha, Mouchir and Commander of the Guard of His

* Modified by Treaty of 29th J£nuary, 1834. See also Treaties of 30th March, 1856, and 13th March, 1871. + For French version, see “State Papers,” vol. xx, p. 1176.

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