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[Pacification of Spain and Portugal.)

No. 171.-TREATY between Great Britain, France, Portu

gal, and Spain, for the Pacification of the Peninsula. Signed at London, 22nd April, 1834.*

ART.

TABLE. Preamble. 1. Expulsion of Don Carlos from Portugal. 2. Co-operation of Spanish Troops to enforce Withdrawal of Don Carlos

and Dom Miguel from Portugal. 3. Naval Force to be supplied by Great Britain. 4. Co-operation of France. 5. Amnesty. 6. Provision to Infant Don Carlos. 7. Ratifications.

(Translation, as laid before Parliament.t) Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, during the minority of her daughter Donna Isabella the Second, Queen of Spain, and His Imperial Majesty the Duke of Braganza, Regent of the Kingdom of Portugal and of the Algarves, in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second, being impressed with the conviction that the interests of the two Crowns and the security of their respective dominions require the immediate and vigorous exertion of their joint efforts to put an end 1,0 Hostilities which, though directed in the first instance against the Throne of Her Most Faithful Majesty, now afford shelter and support to disaffected and rebellious subjects of the Crown of Spain; and their Majesties being desirous at the same time to provide the necessary means for restoring to the subjects of each the blessings of internal Peace, and to confirm, by mutual good offices, the friendship which they are desirous of establishing and cementing between their respective States, they have come to the determination of uniting their forces in order to compel the Infant Don Carlos of Spain and the Infant Dom Miguel of Portugal to withdraw from the Portuguese Dominions.

In consequence of this Agreement, their Majesties the Regents have addressed themselves to their Majesties the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the King of the French ; and their said Majesties, considering the interest

See Additional Articles of 18th August, 1834 ;; Convention of 27th April, 1835; and Protocol of 21st May, 1847.

† For French, Spanish, and Portuguese versions, see “State Papers," vol. xxii, p. 124.

[Pacification of Spain and Portugal.]

they must always take in the security of the Spanish Monarchy, and being further animated by the most anxious desire to assist in the establishment of Peace in the Peninsula, as well as in every other part of Europe ; and His Britannic Majesty considering, moreover, the special obligations arising out of his ancient Alliance with Portugal,* their Majesties have consented to become Parties to the proposed engagement.

Their Majesties have therefore named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say:

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honorable Henry John Viscount Palmerston, Baron Temple, a Peer of Ireland, a Member of His Britannic Majesty's Most Honorable Privy Council, and his Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, &c.;

Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, during the minority of her daughter Donna Isabella the Second, Queen of Spain, Don Manuel Pando, Fernandez de Pinedo, Alava y Dabila, Marquis of Miraflores, Count of Villapaterna, and of Floridablanca, Lord of Villagarcia, a Grandee of Spain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c.;

His Majesty the King of the French, the Sieur Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord, Prince-Duke de Talleyrand, Peer of France, His said Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c.;

And His Imperial Majesty the Duke of Braganza, Regent of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second, the Sieur Christopher Peter de Moraes Sarmento, a Member of the Council of Her Most Faithful Majesty, Nobleman Knight of the Royal House, and Her Most Faithful Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Britannic Majesty, &c.; Who have agreed upon the following Articles :

Expulsion of Don Carlos from Portugal. Art. I. His Imperial Majesty the Duke of Braganza, Regent of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second, engages to use all the means in his power to compel the Infant Don Carlos to withdraw from the Portuguese Dominions.t

* See note, p. 760.

+ Don Carlos arrived in England on the 13th July 1834, and he returned to Spain on the 9th July following.

(Pacification of Spain and Portugal.]

Co-operation of Spanish Troops to enforce withdrawal of Don Carlos

and Dom Miguel from Portugal. ART. II. Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain during the minority of her daughter Donna Isabella the Second, Queen of Spain, being hereby requested and invited thereto by His Imperial Majesty the Duke of Braganza, Regent, in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second; and having moreover received just and grave cause of complaint against the Infant Dom Miguel, by the countenance and support given by him to the Pretender to the Spanish Crown, engages to cause such a body of Spanish Troops as may hereafter be agreed upon between the two Parties, to enter the Portuguese territory, in order to co-operate with the troops of Her Most Faithful Majesty, for the purpose of compelling the Infants Don Carlos of Spain and Dom Miguel of Portngal to withdraw from the Portuguese Dominions. And Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain further engages that these troops shall be maintained at the expense of Spain, and without any charge to Portugal; the said Spanish Troops being nevertheless received and treated in all other respects in the same manner as the troops of Her Most Faithful Majesty; and Her Majesty the Queen Regent engages that her troops shall withdraw from the Portuguese territory as soon as the above-mentioned object of the expulsion of the Infants shall have been accomplished, and when the presence of those troops in Portugal shall no longer be required by His Imperial Majesty the Duke Regent in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second.

Naval Force to be supplied by Great Britain. ART. III. His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland engages to co-operate, by the employment of a Naval Force, in aid of the operations to be undertaken, in conformity with the engagements of this Treaty, by the troops of Spain and Portugal.

Co-operation of France. ART. IV. If the co-operation of France should be deemed necessary by the High Contracting Parties, for the complete attainment of the object of this Treaty, His Majesty the King of the French engages to do, in this respect, whatever might be settled by common consent between himself and his 3 August Allies.

(Pacification of Spain and Portugal.)

Amnesty. ART. V. It is agreed between the High Contracting Parties, that in pursuance of the stipulations contained in the foregoing Articles, a declaration shall be immediately issued, announcing to the Portuguese Nation the principles and object of the engagements of this Treaty. And His Imperial Majesty the Duke Regent, in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second, animated by a sincere desire to obliterate all remembrance of the past, and to unite around the Throne of Her Most Faithful Majesty the whole of that Nation over which the will of Divine Providence has called her to reign, declares his intention to proclaim, at the same time, a complete and general amnesty in favour of all such of the subjects of Her Most Faithful Majesty as shall, within a time to be specified, return to their allegiance; and His Imperial Majesty the Duke Regent, in the name of the Queen Donna Maria the Second, also declares his intention to secure to the Infant Dom Miguel, on his retiring from the Spanish and Portuguese Dominions, a provision suitable to his birth and rank.

Provision to Infant Don Carlos. ART. VI. Her Majesty the Queen Regent of Spain, during the minority of her daughter Donna Isabella the Second, Queen of Spain, hereby declares her intention to secure to the Infant Don Carlos, on his retiring from the Spanish and Portuguese Dominions, a provision suitable to his birth and rank.

Ratifications. ART. VII. The present Treaty shall be ratified, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged at London in one month from this date, or sooner if possible.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the Seals of their Arms.

Done at London, the 22nd day of April, in the year of Our Lord, 1834.

(L.S.) MIRAFLORES.
(L.S.) TALLEYRAND.

(L.S.) C. P. DE MORAES SARMENTO. (L.S.) PALMERSTON.

[Lichtenberg.]

No. 172.-TREATY between Prussia and Saxe-Coburg, for

the Cession of Lichtenberg to Prussia. Berlin, 31st May, 1834.

ART.

TABLE. Preamble. Reference to Vienna Congross Treaty of 9th June, 1815. 1. Cession of Lichtenberg to Prussia. 2. Acceptance of Cession by Prussia. 3. Indemnity to the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha for Cession of Lichten

berg. 4. Date of Delivery of Principality to Prussia. 5. Military Force of the Principality. 6. Principality transferred to Prussia free of Debts. 7. Cession of Principality to be communicated to Powers, Parties to Vienna

Act, and to Germanic Confederation. 8. Ratifications.

(Translation.) Treaty between His Majesty the King of Prussia and His Serene

Highness the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, relative to the Cession of the Principality of Lichtenberg.

Reference to Vienna Congress Treaty of 9th June, 1815.

In pursuance of the stipulations of Article XLIX of the Act of the Congress of Vienna, of the 9th of June, 1815 (No. 27), a Tract of Country, situate in the late French Département de la Sarre," and containing a population of 20,000 souls, was assigned to His Serene Highness the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and, in virtue of a Convention concluded on the 9th of September, 1816, was made over by His Majesty the King of Prussia, together with a population of 25,000 souls, to His Serene Highness, by whom it has since then been possessed with full sovereign rights under the appellation of the Principality of Lichtenberg ; whilst, on the other hand, the assurances contained in Article L of the Act of Vienna (No. 27), on the part of their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the Emperor of Russia, the King of Great Britain, and the King of Prussia, by which their Majesties engaged to use their good offices, with a view to obtain for His Serene Highness the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha the contemplated advantages, either by means of exchanges or by other agreements, have in so far led to no result, as it was the wish of His Serene Highness to obtain some other Sovereign Tract of Country in

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