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(Wallachia and Moldavia.]
No. 174.-HATTI-SHERIFF of the Sultan of Turkey;
relative to the Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia.
-1834. [Referred to in Article II of Convention between the 6 Powers
and Turkey of 19th August, 1858.] ART.
TABLE. 1. Election of Hospodars. 2. Internal Administration. 3. Guarantee against Incursions. Contiguous Islands to form part of Territory, 4. Sublime Porte not to maintain any Fortified Points. Mussulman subjects
not to establish themselves in Wallachia or Moldavia. 5. Sanitary Regulations. Maintenance of Troops. 6. Tribute. 7. Liberty of Commerce. Free Navigation of the Danube.
Election of Hospodars. ART. I. The Hospodars shall be elected by the Country, and invested with their dignity for life.
Internal Administration. ART. II. The Hospodars regulate freely all the internal affairs of their Provinces, consulting their respective Divans, and taking care not to infringe the rights guaranteed to the two Countries by the several Treaties and Hatti-sheriffs. They shall not be molested in their internal Administration by any order in contravention with their rights. Guarantee against Incursions. Contiguous Islands to form part of
Territory. ART. III. The Sublime Porte engages scrupulously to watch that no incursion shall take place from the Riverains of the Left Bank of the Danube in Wallachian or Moldavian Territory. Are considered as forming an integral part of that Territory, all the Islands contiguous to the Left Bank of the Danube, and the stream (Thalweg) of that River shall form the Limit of those two Principalities. Sublime Porte not to maintain any Fortified Points. Mussulman
Subjects not to establish themselves in Wallachia or Moldavia.
ART. IV. In order the better to insure the inviolability of the Moldo-Wallachian Territory, the Sublime Porte engages not to maintain any fortified point, and not to tolerate any establish
(Wallachia and Moldavia.]
ment whatever of her Mussulman Subjects on the Left Bank of the Danube. Consequently, along the whole of that Bank in Great and Little Wallachia, as well as in Moldavia, no Mussulman shall ever fix his abode.
Sanitary Regulations. ART. V. The two Principalities, enjoying all the rights of Autonomy, shall freely establish Quarantine and Sanitary Lines along the Danube or in the interior of the Country, whenever occasion shall require it-Mussulmans and Christians being obliged strictly to conform to the Sanitary Regulations.
Maintenance of Troops. The Government of each Principality can maintain the number of Troops necessary to guard their Frontiers, to preserve order in the Towns and Countries, and to execute the Laws and Regulations. The number and maintenance of the Militia shall be regulated by the Hospodars in concert with their Divans, in conformity with ancient custom.
Tribute. ART. VI. In order to Indemnify the Imperial Treasury for the surrender of all Supplies, the Principalities shall each pay annually a sum of money, the amount of which is fixed for the two at 3,000,000 piastres or 6,000 purses. In addition, on the reappointment of the Hospodar, arising from the death, abdication, or legal dismissal of the Titular, the Principality, the case arising, shall pay to the Sublime Porte a sum equal to the Annual Tribute; with this exception, there shall never be exacted from the Country, or the Hospodars, any Duty or Present whatever.
Liberty of Commerce. Free Navigation of the Danube. ART. VII. The Inhabitants of the Principalities shall enjoy full Liberty of Commerce for all the productions of their Soil and Industry without any restrictions, except those which the Hospodars with their Divans shall consider indispensable to establish with a view to ensuring the supply of the Country. They shall navigate freely on the Danube in their own Vessels, provided with Passports from their Government, and trade in the other Towns and Ports of the Sublime Porte, without in any way being molested or exposed to any injury.
No. 175.-DEFINITIVE TREATY between Prussia and
Russia, defining the Boundary between the Prussian States and Poland, from the Confines of the Grand Duchy of Posen to the Republic of Cracow. Signed at Berlin, 20th February, 1835.*
TABLE. Preamble. 1. Definitive Settlement of Frontier between Silesia and Poland. 2. Maintenance of Frontier traced in 1808. 3. to Detailed definition of Frontier. 45. 46. Maintenance of the Demesnial Rights of Property or of individuals of
either country. 47. Maintenance of Rights of Proprietors of Posen and Poland whose pos
sessions are divided by the Frontier. 48. Inhabitants of Territories ceded by Poland not included in the Cession.
Forest Establishments of Zemela and Duda may be claimed by Poland. 49. Maintenance of Mills, Dykes, &c., on Rivers forming the Limits. 50. High Water Mark on Rivers forming the Frontier. Status quo of 1827
to be preserved. 51. Purchase by Prussia of Contract of Estate of Krzyankowitz, in Silesia.
Closing of Canal between Wendzin and Radly. Erection of a Sluice to divide the waters of the Liscoarta and the Canal flowing from the
Zbororoski. 52. Preventive measures against Innovations on Frontier Rivers, &c. 53. Punishment for alteration of Frontier or destruction of Boundary Stakes. 54. Labours to be undertaken by Commissioners. 55. Commissioners to complete the Demarcation of 1808. 56. Proprietors allowed to erect Stakes marking Limits of their Possessions. 57. Status quo of 1828 to be maintained respecting the Limits of Private
Possessions. 58. Ratifications.
(Translation.t) His Majesty the King of Prussia, and Ilis Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, King of Poland, having resolved to terminate in a friendly manner the Territorial Differences existing on the Frontier separating the two countries, have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, viz. :
Ist * See Act of Delimitation of December, 1836.
13th † For Fronch version, see “State Papers,” vol. xxiii, p. 283.
His Majesty the King of Prussia, the Sieur Frederic Ancillon, his Minister of State and of the Cabinet, &c., and
His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, King of Poland, the Sieur Alexandre de Ribeaupierre, his Actual Privy Councillor, Actual Chamberlain, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Prussia, &c.;
Who, after having exchanged their Full Powers, found to be in good and due form, and having taken cognisance of the preparatory work, and jointly heard the Reports of the Commissioners appointed ad hoc, namely, on the part of Prussia, the Sieur Jean Ferdinand Neigebaur, Intimate Councillor of Justice, and on the part of Poland the Sieur Vincent Pradzynski; considering that the Commission appointed in 1808 to fix the limits between the Prussian States and the Duchy of Warsaw did not determine the Frontier on all points where the territories were claimed by both parties; considering that all the measures taken at different times by the Governments of the two countries to put a stop to continual claims (some of which date as far back as the 14th and 15th centuries) have brought about no definitive result, and that the Treaty concluded at Vienna on the 21st April, 1815 (No. 13), only traced the Frontier between the Grand Duchy of Posen and the Kingdom of Poland; having finally examined the claims and vouchers presented on either side, and discussed the different questions and arguments; have agreed upon the following Articles :
Definitive Settlement of Frontier between Silesia and Poland.
Art. I. The arrangements of the present Treaty shall determine definitively the Frontier between Silesia and Poland, starting from the point where that Frontier touches that of the Grand Duchy of Posen, such as it has been defined by the Treaty concluded at Warsaw between Prussia and Russia, on the April, 1823, to the point where it touches the Frontier of the Republic of Cracow, such as the latter has been settled by the Vienna Recès of 21st April, 1815 (No. 14).
Maintenance of Frontier traced in 1808. ART. II. The Frontier already marked on the whole of that line by stakes planted in 1808 shall be maintained according to the Procès-verbaux, and the Plans signed by the Commissioners,
Count de Danckelman and General Kosinski ; and with reference to the gaps which were not marked out at the time, the Frontier shall be traced as follows:
ARTS. III to XLV. Detailed Definition of Frontier.
Art. XLVI. Maintenance of the Demesnial Rights of Property or of Individuals of either Country.
ART. XLVII. Maintenance of Rights of Proprietors of Posen and Poland whose Possessions are divided by the Frontier.
ART. XLVIII. Inhabitants of Territories ceded by Poland not included in the Cession. Forest Establishments of Zemela and Duda
may be claimed by Poland. Art. XLIX. Maintenance of Mills, Dykes, ģc., on Rivers forming the Limits.
Art. L. High Water Mark on Rivers forming the Frontier. Status quo of 1827 to be preserved.
ART. LI. Purchase by Prussia of Contract of Estate of Krzyankowitz in Silesia. Closing of Canal between Wendzin and Radly. Erection of a Sluice to divide the Waters of the Liscoartıl, and the Canal flowing from the Zborowski.
ART. LII. Preventive Measures against Innovations on Frontier Rivers, &c.
ART. LIII. Punishment for Alteration of Frontier or Destruction of Stakes.
ART. LIV. Labours to be undertaken by Commissioners.*
ART. LVI. Proprietors allowed to erect Stakes marking Limits of their Possessions.
Art. LVII. Status quo of 1828 to be maintained respecting the Limits of Private Possessions.
Art. LVIII. Ratifications.
In testimony whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty, and affixed thereto the Seal of their Arms.
Signed at Berlin, 20th February, 1835.
* See Act of Delimitation of