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believe that his reign and his government will be of long duration.
Russia can on no hypothesis regard so vast an undertaking with indifference, and one of
your chief duties will be to watch the different effects of it with the greatest attention. If the Sultan succeeds, this success may for a time retemper, so to speak, the Turkish Government, and give it a confidence in its strength which Russia would immediately feel the effects of.
This is an additional reason for accustoming the Turks from henceforth to show us a proper respect, to ensure for ourselves, by a scrupulous execution of our treaties, the consideration which ought always to be our appanage at Constantinople, and to hasten the pacification of Greece,
If this same undertaking fails, it may bring about the fall of the Ottoman Empire. We should then see the accomplishment of one of the greatest events of history, an event involving for us the gravest interests.
It is absolutely necessary that such a revolution should not take us by surprise, and your Excel
, lency will have deserved well of your Sovereign, and of
your country, if you inform us of the precur
144 SECRET DESPATCH FROM COUNT NESSELRODE.
sive signs of this catastrophe sufficiently in time to enable the Emperor to prepare his measures, and to exercise an influence proportionate to the dignity, and to the wants of Russia, on the political combinations which might replace the empire of the Crescent. We shall take care to send your Excellency further instructions, as soon as we learn the results of our explanations with the Cabinet of London.
THIRD INSTALMENT OF THE GREEK LOAN.
In one of our earliest Numbers we stated, that “in the East, and especially in Greece, Lord Grey's “ Cabinet left Russia absolutely nothing to de“sire.” If any thing could add to our regret, that we should have been hitherto prevented from laying before the world the tragical history of that unfortunate country, Greece, it would be the rumour that the Governments of England and France are about to pay the third instalment of the loan guaranteed to King Otho, by the treaty of May 7th, 1832. Our first impression on hearing it was, that the anarchy and civil war to which Greece is a prey, had awakened in our rulers those feelings of generosity so peculiarly British, and that the Cabinet of England, with that ignorance and inattention to the past history of Greece, which has uniformly marked every act connected with that country, has again imagined that pecuniary means are really all that is requisite to restore to Greece order, security, and good governWe assert, without fear of contradiction, that the main cause of all the miseries of Greece, since the battle of Navarin, has been our having, in the first place, given any money at all to the Governments of Greece; and, secondly, in having uniformly contrived to place the disposal of that money in the hands of a foreign, and anti-national faction in that country.
Our readers will be surprised at hearing, that not only the Greek nation has never applied to any foreign Government whatsoever for a pecuniary loan, but that the National Assembly, which confirmed the election of King Otto, expressly stated, that the previous recognition of the national debt, due to the British Capitalists, was the only step calculated to secure to Greece a true political existence, and that a British Minister, by one single act in opposition to that Assembly, destroyed the credit of Greece, and simultaneously committed his country to the irremediable sacrifice of three millions sterling
The sagacity and financial intelligence of the Primates of the Morea, as exemplified in all the State Papers of that interesting people, enabled them at once to see the fundamental and fatal error of the Statesmen of Europe, in assuming the right of interfering in the financial administration of an Independent State; for it must be clear to the meanest understanding, that the guarantee of the debts of one state by another, implies that the assisted state has no credit of its own; and further, it entails upon both parties the subsequent misfortune that the cessation of that guarantee wholly ruins the credit of the poorer party, and, consequently, its means of paying its creditor.
The next extraordinary fact connected with the Greek Loan is, that it has never been accounted for either in Greece or to the British Parliament, whose sanction to the loan was only granted on the express condition that, in the December preceding every Session, an account should be made for both Houses of Parliament of the sums applied, according to the treaty, to the payment of the capital and interest of the loan.*
But the very stipulations of the treaty respecting this loan have remained a dead letter. stipulated " that the Sovereign of Greece and the “ Greek State shall be bound to appropriate to the
* See 4th Volume of Hertstedt's Treaties, under the head of “ Greece," or Act of Parliament, 2 & 3 Will. 4, c. 121.