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Linnæus, censured by Buffon, i. II.
sing animals, 14.; censured, 15.
Laplanders, 30.

Literature. See Arts.

His method of clas-
His eulogy of the

Livy, his remarks on the introduction of luxury at Rome,
His character of Hannibal, ii. 80. Note.

i. 504.
Quoted, iii. 278. 425.

Locke, his reasoning on taxes, ii. 162.
His categories, 23. Remark of, 32.
Logic, account of Aristotle's, iii. 1. et seq. Division of,
16. Reflections on the utility of, 86. et seq. Of the
improvement of, 94.

Longinus, his remark on the priority of verse to prose,
i. 175. His opinion of Homer, 195.

Lucretius quoted, iii. 254.
Luncarty, absurdity of the account of the battle of, ii.


Lucan attributes the courage of northern nations to their
belief of the immortality of the soul, i. 31. His tu-
mid style, 222. Verses of, concerning the bards, 370.
His remarks on the courage of the northern nations, 375.
Luxury, its fatal effects on population, i. 88. Progress of,
273. et seq. 491. Curious complaints against, 503.
Causes of this, 5c9. Proper definition and instances of,
510. Bad effects of, 520. Abounds in great empires,
ii. 87.

Lyons, its silk trade, ii. 208,

Quoted, iii. 20.
Advice of, 87.


Macrobius quoted, iii. 278. Note.

Mahomet Bey, his notion of the philosopher's stone, i. 77.


Malice, its difference from resentment, iii. 189. Note,



Mallet attributes the ferocity of the Scandinavians to

their climate, i. 42.
Man, progress of, in society, ii. 3. et seq. His appetite
for this, ibid. et 8. Limitation of this appetite, and
final causes of this, 19. A principle of malevolence
in, 22. Aversion of neighbouring tribes to each other,
25. et seq. Variableness of this, 30. How fitted for
society, 34. Striking instance of this, 35. Objections
to the general principle, 36, et seq. The selfish pas-
sions of, useful, 44. Not formed for ease and securi-
ty, 46. et seq. Not a merely selfish animal, iii. 123.
Mankind, apparently not all of the same species, i, 15.
Considered as probable from their different figure, 19.;
and complexion, 21. ; and internal disposition, 23, This
exemplified in difference of hospitality, 25,; Courage,
31.; Frame of body, 57. Degeneracy of, how intro-
duced, 60, Progress of, with respect to food and po-
pulation, 67. Adaptation of their external structure to
their inward constitution, 68. Wherein the peculiar
excellence of, consists, 324,

Manners, observations concerning, i. 256, et seq. Gene-
ral progress of, 278. Roughness of, fostered by slave-
ry, 198. Indelicacy of, among the Greeks, 303. Ro.
mans, 306.; and in the middle ages, 307. Difference
between lowness and simplicity of, and instances of
the former, 309. Of gallant, 312. et seq. Curious
mixture of, 318. Change of, by conquest or persecu-
tion, 321. Selfish, of barbarians, 322. Of a luxuri-
ous people, and effects of opulence in corrupting, 325.
et seq. General, to be distinguished from particular cu-
stoms, 341.
Refinement of the ancient Caledonians,
343. et seq. Modified by the soil, 400.
enters into the plan of Providence, 401.
Mathematical Reasoning. See Reason.

Diversity of,


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Matrimony, proved to be natural and necessary, i. 407. et
seq. Curious marriage ceremonies in different nations,
447. et seq.

Maupertuis, remark of, ii. 416,

Melody, remarks on, i. 324. et seq. Superior to harmony,


Mexico, account of its customs and laws, ii, 372. et seq.
See America.

Migration, not natural to man, i. 62. How occasioned,
63. Northern, caused by famine, 76.

Militia, remarks on a, ii. 260. Plan of Harrington for,
Of Fletcher of Salton, 262. Of the author,


for a, 263. et seq.

Monk, story of a, iii. 406.
Montesquieu asserts that a cold climate produces courage,
i. 46. This controverted, ibid. Quoted with regard
to the northern migrations, 75. His opinion concern.
ing the standard of valuation, 106, His great genius,
257. An error of, 254, Note. Of the large monar
chies of Asia, ii. 85. Of revolutions, 90. His re-
marks on the divisions in Rome, 122, Note.
increase of soldiers, 259. Of the labours of the Ro-
man soldiers, 280.

Of the

Moors, their former flourishing state in Spain, ii. 236.
Their banishment, ibid.

Moral Sense, what, i. 153. Existence of, iii. 114. et


Morality, principles of, iii. 103. et seq. Analysis of hu-
man actions, ibid. Division of them into right, wrong,
and indifferent, 109. Natural laws respecting our mo
ral conduct, 122. Division of moral actions, 137.
Principles of duty, 139. Final causes of the moral
laws of our nature, 163. How morality is influenced
by liberty and necessity, 175. Progress of, 201. et
Ii 4


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seq. Innocence of rude nations, 205. Rise of males
volence, 209. Lowness of morality in the middle ages,
225. et seq. Instances in England, 231. Two errors
in morality fatal to conduct in dark times, 243. et seq.
Considered as a branch of duty to our Maker, 377. et
seq. Bad consequences to, arising from a composition
for sin, 394. From its place being supplied by mere
ceremonies, 396. From a wrong appretiation of, 410,
Moralities, plays so called, i. 163.

Motives. See Necessity.

Music can only accompany simple poetry, i. 179. Of the
Greeks, 235. See Melody.

Mysteries, plays so called, i. 163.


Napier, his credulity, iii. 314. .

Natural History, imperfect state of, among the Greeks
and Romans, i. 54.

Necessity, considered with respect to morality, iii. 175.
Negroes, the skin of, colder than that of whites, 18. Not
inferior in understanding, 50.

Newton, his great genius hurtful to general science, i,
244.; ii. 136,

Nobility, defective education of the, ii, 289. Effeminacy
of the French, 290, Note.

Noyon, Bishop of, his account of a good Christian, iii,



Oaths, in taxation, to be avoided, ii. 189. Bad effects of,
in many cases, iii. 24c. The Pope pretended to disen-
gage from, 421.

Oedipus, the tragedy of, iii. 245.

* Orane

Oran-Outang, his inferiority to man, i. 61, Note.

Oration, funeral, i. 162.

Ossian, proofs of his excellence, i. 180, Note. The works
of, ancient, 343. The manners described by, not fic-
titious, 344. et seq. His account of the love of fame
in the ancient Caledonians, 349. et seq. Their eleva-
ted sentiments, 353. Their tenderness, 354. Huma-
nity, hospitality, and magnanimity, 358. Their re-
spect for women, 361. Susceptibility to love, 363.
Belief of immortality, 366. Illustration of this refine-
ment of manners, 368. Comparison of the Caledonians
with the ancient Scandinavians, 375. et seq. Opera
form of the poems of Ossian, 399. Extracts from, iii.

Oxen, preferable to horses for husbandry, ii. 193, Note,


Pairing of animals, remarks on, i. 481. et seq.
Palmyra, courage of its inhabitants, ii. 250.

Parasites, what, i. 164.

Pascal, false reasoning of, ii. 445. Note.
Patriotism, accompanied by aversion to strangers, ii. 29.
Rise and fall of, 128. et seq. How raised, 132. Of a
Corsican, 133, Note. Causes. that relax or destroy it,
137. et seq. Decay of, in Athens, 146, Note. Should
be taught in public schools, 147. Two examples of,

Penances, origin of, iii. 334. Instances of, ibid. et seq.
Farther remarks on, 415.

Pennant, remark of, i. 489.
Persecution, its dreadful effects on morality, iii. 423.
When it does not take place, 424. Instances of, 426.


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