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et seq. Motives of, 430. Parable against, 436. Pas,
sages of Scripture against, 437. Why it prevails
among Christians, 439, Note. What the desire of ma.

king proselytes proceeds from, 443.
Peru. See America,
Petronius Arbiter, his remark on the decline of the fine

arts, i. 242. Quoted, iii. 254.
Plants have each a proper climate, i. 8, Note. Original

climates of wheat, oats, &c. 71, Note. When several

were introduced into England, 139.
Plato, false reasonings of, ii. 422. 426. 430. His defini-

tion of man, iji. 33.
Plautus, remarks on the comedies, of, i. 211. His puns,

Pliny, his deficiency in natural knowledge, i. 56.409.

His remarks on the barbarity of man, ii. 29. His ac-

count of polytheism, iii. 270.
Plutarch quoted, ii. 80; iii. 314.
Poetry, why earlier than prose, i. 174. et seq.
Polygamy, not known among the northern nations, i. 386,

An infringement of the law of nature, 415. et seq. Rise

of, 424.

Poor, public police in different countries concerning the,

ii. 296. et seq. Ill management of the poors rates in
England, 300. et seq. Plan concerning, 313. et seq. .
327. Ought to be left to private charity, 320. et seq.
a Remarks on poor-houses, 331. et seq.
Pope, pretensions of the, to bestow kingdoms, iii. 423.
Population, proportionable to the quantity of food, ,. 83,

Increased by the bounty for exporting corn, 85. De-
crease of, by luxury, 88. By foundling hospitals, 89,
Note. By despotism, 90. By an overflowing quanti,
ty of money, ibid.


Porphyry, his introduction, iii. 9.
Portuguese, their discoveries, i. 144. Ruined by opu-

lence, ij. 149. Degraded state of the, 150, Note.
Predicables, the five, iij. 15.
Procopius, his superstition, iii. 300. Quoted, 313.
Property, progress of, i. 91. et seq. Idea of, not confined

to the human species, 94, Its advantage, 96. Mise-
ries arising from the appetite for, 97. Exemplified in,
the conduct of the Spaniards to the Americans, ibid. et

Propositions, Aristotle's definition of, and remarks on, iii.

35. et seq. Of the conversion of, 38. 48. See Reason-


Prose, later than poetry, i, 174, et seq. At first drama-

tic, 180.
Proselytes, remarks on the desire of making, and its fol-

ly, iii. 443. et seq. How the people of Rum were

converted, 447
Punishments to be mitigated, as society improves, i. 60.

See Law.
Pythagoras, foolish conceits of, ii. 466.

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Ramus, his categories, iii. 25. His addition to Aristotle's *

Logic, 51.
Ray. See Buffon.
Raynal, his remarks on the insolence of the Creoles, .

298, Note.
Reason, principles of, ii. 394. et seq. Of truth and false.
hood, ibid, Source of our knowledge, 395. et seq. Of


propositions, 399. Mathematical reasoning depends op
the idea of equality, 400. Mental powers required A,
402. Why mathematical r. demonstrative, 403. Of
opinion, 408. Of belief, 410. et seq. Analogical .
414. Progress of 418. et seq. Hindered by Aristotle,
420. Instances of absurd r. 422. Various sources of
this, ibid. Too high idea of this power formed by the

ancients, iii, 62.
Reid, his account of Aristotle's logic. See Logic. Quot-

ed, iii. 130, Note.
Religion. See Worship.
Reparation. See Law.
Ridicule too coarse for rcfined manners, i: 158.
Robertson quoted, ii. 96. Remark of, 121, Note,
Romans, corrupteb dy opulence,i. 327. ; iii. 238. Instan.

ces of their breach of faith, i. 327. et seq. Their mili.
tary establishments, ii. 252. Labour of their soldiers,
277. Integrity, when a small state, iii. 237. Folly of
their religious creed, 277. Their superstition, 310,

Note. Addicted to forms, 372.
Rousseau, an asserti n of, i. 279. What he considers

as the best quality in women, 406. His character
of a wife, 419, Note. Quoted, 421. Reprobates
convents as schools of education, 478. Remarks of

514. 519. ; ii. 4. 73. 125. Quoted, iii. 129. 405.
Russia, despatic nature of its government, ii, 67,
Ruth, story of, narrated, i. 181.

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Sabatai Levi, account of, iii. 321.
Sacrifices. See W'orship.
Sadder, doctrines in the, iii. 384.
Sallust, his remarks on the corruption of the Romans,

i. 328,


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Salt tax, its absurdity, ii. 195.
Samson, his foxes, i. 252. et seq.
Saxe, Marshal, quoted, ii. 264.
Scandinavians, courage of the, i. 31. 375. et seq. Their
bards, 377

Sentiments of their poetry, 378. et seq.
Moral sentiments, 381. Their resemblance to the an-
cient Caledonians, 382. et seq. Their respect for wo-

men, 383. Odes of, 387. et seq.
Schools, inutility of charity, ii. 318,
Sciences. See Reason,
Scotland, ill peopled in the days of James V. i. 85. Cir.

cumstances which tended to hinder the progress of its
inhabitants, 149. Probability of its being much beau-
tified, 173. Music of, 237. Clan spirit of its High-
landers reduced, ii. 248, Note. Of entails in, iii. 451.
et seq. Government of royal boroughs in, 464. et seq.
Plan for improving the highways in, 472. Considera-

tions that support this plan, 481.
Scriptures, Holy, dramatic style of the, i. 181. et seq.]
Seneca, a corrupter of the Roman taste, i. 222,
Senses, internal, various, ii. 395.
Servius, remark of, i. 42.
Shakespeare, why formerly less relished than Johnson, i.

167. His knowledge of human nature, 223.
Shepherd state, how first introduced, i. 71. Friendly to

population, 73. Continued longest in cold countries,

75. Never existed in the tórrid zone, 81.
Silver. See Commerce.
Slavery, when abolished in England, i. 300. Considered

as a capital punishment, 301.
Society. See Man.
Socrates, his dying prayer, iii. 286.
Soil, harren, favourable to industry and liberty, i. 402.


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Soldiers, idleness of British, ii. 279. Note. See Goverit-

Solomon, narration of his ascension to the throne, i, 190.
Sophisms, Aristotle's book on, iii.-9. et seq.
Sophocles, his tragedies of Oedipus quoted, iii. 245.
Soul, immortality of, a general tenet, i. 366.
Spandards, their want of industry, to what owing, i. 118.

Their agriculture not injured by superfluity of the

precious metals, 124. Why so grave, 322.
Spain, how ruined, ii. 234. 238. et seq. Flourishing state

of, under the Moors, 235.
Sparta, how corrupted, i. 275.
Speech, structure of, iii. 33.
Sphinx, fable of the, ii. 466.
Statuary, sooner perfected than painting, i. 1726
States, progress of, ii. 84. et seq. Great and small states

compared, 96. Method by which great ones defend

their frontier, 108.
Strangers, aversion to, common among savages, i. 24.

Exceptions, 26. et seq. Aversion to, in infants, ii. 22.
Often converted into friendship among tribes, 30.; and

the converse, 33.
Suicide, remark on, i.


Sun, worship of the, iii. 364.
Superstition, instances of, iii. 303. et seq.
Swearing, remark on, i. 308.
Syllogisms, the propositions proved by, are self evident,

Contrived for disputation, 4. Of their figures
and modes, 41. Of the invention of a middle term in,
45. Verses to remember their modes, 52. Examples
of, 53. Demonstration of the legitimate modes of, 58.
Considered as an engine of science, 62. et seq. Of mo-
dal s. 66. Of s. that do not belong to figure and
mode, 70.

iii. 3.


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