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President, has made available the funds necessary to be advanced in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.
In Witness Whereof, the Government of the United States of America, acting by and through the United States Representative to the United Nations, and the United Nations, acting by and through the Secretary-General, have respectively caused this Agreement to be duly signed in duplicate at Lake Success, New York on this 23rd day of March, 1948.
For the Government of the United States of America:
WARREN R. AUSTIN, [SEAL]
United States Representative to the United Nations
For the United Nations:
The United States Representative to the United Nations
UNITED STATES MISSION
The United States Representative at the Seat of the United Nations presents his compliments to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and has the honor to notify him that on August 11, 1948, the President of the United States of America signed the Bill (now Public Law 903) authorizing a $65,000,000 interest-free loan to the United Nations for the construction of the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York.
The United States Representative has the honor to advise the Secretary-General that the general procedure whereby the United States Government will make available to the United Nations funds in accordance with the Headquarters Loan Agreement, and whereby reports will be rendered thereon, will be as follows:
1. The Secretary-General will deposit with the Department of State, through the United States Mission to the United Nations, formal designations of the persons who will serve, within the terms of Section 2 of the Agreement, as duly authorized officers for requesting the advance of funds.
2. Requests for advances will be made to the United States Department of State, through the United States Mission to the United Nations, over the signature of the Secretary-General or a duly authorized officer, and will bear certification as to whether the request is to cover payments by the United Nations which (a) have been made,
(b) are due and payable, or
(c) it is estimated will become due and payable due and payable within sixty days of the date of request.
and which are for purpose cited in Section 1 of the Agreement. The certification should cite the broad category of expense
covered, and will be signed by the architect or engineer in charge of construction and countersigned by the SecretaryGeneral or a duly authorized officer.
3. The Secretary-General or a duly authorized officer will sign a receipt for each payment received and will forward the receipt to the United States Department of State through the United States Mission to the United Nations.
4. The Secretary-General or a duly authorized officer will report periodically to the United States Department of State, through the United States Mission to the United Nations, on amounts which will be available for return to the Department as funds which have not been disbursed within ninety (90) days of their receipt. Return to the Department of State through the United States Mission to the United Nations will be effected within thirty (30) days after expiration of the ninety (90) day period.
5. Repayments under the repayment schedule beginning July 1, 1951, will be made to the United States Department of State through the United States Mission to the United Nations and receipted for on behalf of the United States by the Secretary of State or his duly authorized representative.
6. Pending the appropriation by the Congress of the full amount of the loan, advances will be limited to the twenty-five million dollars ($25,000,000.00) to be available to the Department under the Reconstruction Finance Corporation loan. The Secretary-General will be notified immediately when the funds are available to the Department and may be drawn upon by the United Nations.
It is understood that representatives of the Department of State are in consultation with officials of the United Nations regarding details of the documentation and, in particular, regarding the details of provision four above.
Certified photostatic copy:
in charge of the Legal Department
37. UNITED NATIONS FLAG
Resolution of the General Assembly, October 20, 1947 1
The General Assembly,
Recognizes that it is desirable to adopt a distinctive flag of the United Nations and to authorize its use and, therefore,
Resolves that the flag of the United Nations shall be the official emblem, adopted by the General Assembly, under the terms of its resolution 92 (I) of 7 December 1946, centered on a light blue ground;
Directs the Secretary-General to draw up regulations concerning the dimensions and proportions of the flag;
The United States and the United Nations, Report by the President to Congress for the year 1947, Department of State Publication 3024, International Organization and Conference Series III, p. 234.
Authorizes the Secretary-General to adopt a flag code, having in mind the desirability of a regulated use of the flag and the protection of its dignity.
38. UNITED NATIONS DAY
Resolution of the General Assembly, October 24, 1947 1
The General Assembly,
Declares that 24 October, the anniversary of the coming into force of the Charter of the United Nations, shall henceforth be officially called "United Nations Day" and shall be devoted to making known to the peoples of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gaining their support for the work of the United Nations;
Invites Member Governments to co-operate with the United Nations in securing observance of this anniversary.
39. ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERIM COMMITTEE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Resolution of the General Assembly, November 13, 1947 2 The General Assembly,
Conscious of the responsibility specifically conferred upon it by the Charter in relation to matters concerning the maintenance of international peace and security (Articles 11 and 35), the promotion of international co-operation in the political field (Article 13) and the peaceful adjustment of any situations likely to impair the general welfare or friendly relations among nations (Article 14);
Deeming it necessary for the effective performance of these duties to establish an interim committee to consider such matters during the period between the closing of the present session and the opening of the next regular session of the General Assembly, and report with its conclusions to the General Assembly;
Recognizing fully the primary responsibility of the Security Council for prompt and effective action for the maintenance of international peace and security (Article 24),
1. There shall be established, for the period between the closing of the present session and the opening of the next regular session of the General Assembly, an Interim Committee on which each Member of the General Assembly shall have the right to appoint one representative;
1 The United States and the United Nations: Report by the President to the Congress for the year 1947, Department of State publication 3024, International Organization and Conference Series III, 1, p. 234. The United States and the United Nations: Report by the President to the Congress for the Year 1947, Department of State publication 3024, International Organization and Conference Series III, 1, pp. 150-162.
2. The Interim Committee, as a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly established in accordance with Article 22 of the Charter, shall assist the General Assembly in the performance of its functions by discharging the following duties:
(a) To consider and report, with its conclusions, to the General Assembly on such matters as have been referred to it by the General Assembly;
(b) To consider and report with its conclusions to the General Assembly on any dispute or any situation which, in virtue of Articles 11 (paragraph 2), 14 or 35 of the Charter, has been proposed for inclusion in the agenda of the General Assembly by any Member of the United Nations or brought before the General Assembly by the Security Council, provided the Committee previously determines the matter to be both important and requiring preliminary study. Such determination shall be made by a majority of two-thirds of the members present and voting, unless the matter is one referred by the Security Council under Article 11 (paragraph 2), in which case a simple majority will suffice;
(c) To consider, as it deems useful and advisable, and report with its conclusions to the General Assembly on methods to be adopted to give effect to that part of Article 11 (paragraph 1), which deals with the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security, and to that part of Article 13 (paragraph 1a), which deals with the promotion of international co-operation in the political field;
(d) To consider, in connexion with any matter under discussion by the Interim Committee, whether occasion may require the summoning of a special session of the General Assembly and, if it deems that such session is required, so to advise the Secretary-General in order that he may obtain the views of the Members of the United Nations thereon;
(e) To conduct investigations and appoint commissions of enquiry within the scope of its duties, as it may deem useful and necessary, provided that decisions to conduct such investigations or enquiries shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. An investigation or enquiry elsewhere than at the headquarters of the United Nations shall not be conducted without the consent of the State or States in whose territory it is to take place;
To report to the next regular session of the General Assembly on the advisability of establishing a permanent committee of the General Assembly to perform the duties of the Interim Committee as stated above with any changes considered desirable in the light of experience;
3. In discharging its duties the Interim Committee shall at all times take into account the responsibilities of the Security Council under the Charter for the maintenance of international peace and security as well as the duties assigned by the Charter or by the General Assembly or by the Security Council to other Councils or to any committee or commission. The Interim Committee shall not consider any matter of which the Security Council is seized;
4. Subject to paragraphs 2 (b) and 2 (e) above, the rules of procedure of the General Assembly shall, so far as they are applicable, govern the proceedings of the Interim Committee and such sub
committees and commissions as it may set up. The Interim Committee shall, however, have authority to adopt such additional rules as it may deem necessary provided that they are not inconsistent with any of the rules of procedure of the General Assembly. The Interim Committee shall be convened by the Secretary-General not later than six weeks following the close of the second regular session of the General Assembly. It shall meet as and when it deems necessary for the conduct of its business;
5. The Secretary-General shall provide the necessary facilities and assign appropriate staff as required for the work of the Interim Committee, its sub-committees and commissions.1
40. VANDENBERG RESOLUTION 2
Senate Resolution 239, Eightieth Congress
Whereas peace with justice and the defense of human rights and fundamental freedoms require international cooperation through more effective use of the United Nations: Therefore be it
Resolved, That the Senate reaffirm the policy of the United States to achieve international peace and security through the United Nations so that armed force shall not be used except in the common interest, and that the President be advised of the sense of the Senate that this Government, by constitutional process, should particularly pursue the following objectives within the United Nations Charter: (1) Voluntary agreement to remove the veto from all questions involving pacific settlements of international disputes and situations, and from the admission of new members.
(2) Progressive development of regional and other collective arrangements for individual and collective self-defense in accordance. with the purposes, principles, and provisions of the Charter.
(3) Association of the United States, by constitutional process, with such regional and other collective arrangements as are based on continuous and effective self-help and mutual aid, and as affect its national security.
(4) Contributing to the maintenance of peace by making clear its determination to exercise the right of individual or collective selfdefense under article 51 should any armed attack occur affecting its national security.
(5) Maximum efforts to obtain agreements to provide the United Nations with armed forces as provided by the Charter, and to obtain agreement among member nations upon universal regulation and reduction of armaments under adequate and dependable guaranty against violation.
(6) If necessary, after adequate effort toward strengthening the United Nations, review of the Charter at an appropriate time by a General Conference called under article 109 or by the General Assembly.
The Interim Committee was reestablished by resolutions of the General Assembly of December 3, 1948, and November 21, 1949. See Press Release PGA/100, pt. 1, pp. 11-13, and Press Release GA/600, pt. II, pp. 7-8.
18. Res. 239, 80th Cong., 2d sess., June 11, 1948.