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Introduction. Analogy between nations and individuals similar causes produce similar effects (explain). 1. What is luxury ?— and what may be its causes ? 2. State its effects on the mind. 3. The bad example it sets to others. 4. Incompatible with health either of mind or body. 5. Leads to extravagance, ruin of fortune. 6. Historical examples - Lucullus, Cleopatra, &c. 7. Fall of Rome French Revolution. How con

nected with these events ? 8. Conclusion. Motives for its avoidance.

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VIII. ON PLEASURE. Introduction. All naturally seek pleasure ; but few understand in what it consists. 1. Pleasure not business, but recreation from business. 2. False sources of pleasure ; excitement, change of

scene, accumulation of wealth, eating and drink

ing, &c. 3. The effects of such — injurious to the body; wea

risome to the mind. 4. Loss of time involved in such practices. 5. Real sources of pleasure ; practice of virtue

improvement of intellect -- occupation, &c. 6. Kindness to others ; assistance to the needy, &c. 7. Moderation in all our actions. 8. Conclusion. Temperance — a clear conscience -

attention to business - mens sana in corpore sano."

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Introduction. Carry no principle too far; justice must be tempered with mercy. 1. We all require mercy, and therefore should exer

cise it. 2. It has a powerful influence— binds others to us. 3. A certain proof of goodness of disposition. 4. Shown in our judgment of character, in our con

duct towards animals, &c. 5. It assists in reforming the wicked. 6. Shakspere's beautiful lines in the “ Merchant of

Venice :" "The quality of mercy is not strained,"

&c. 7. It fosters all the affections of our nature, softens

bad and violent passions. 8. Concluding remarks.

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Introduction. Various classes of virtues cardinal, social, &c. (explain). 1. Many words used in too confined a sense ; the

extensive application of the word "charity." 2. Alms-giving — assistance to the needy - consola

tion to the afflicted. 3. Difference between an active and a passive charity

make allowances for human imperfections. 4. Be not inclined to think ill. 5. The effects of the exercise of charity on ourselves

and others. 6. To what faults or qualities is charity opposed ?

7. Many charitable in one sense not in another

what is the test ? 8. Conclusion. Cultivate the feeling in every sense

the wider our charity, the greater our sympathy.



Introduction. What feelings elevate, and what degrade the moral character. 1. How indignation differs from revenge. 2. Upon what grounds we may argue against re

venge- produces dissatisfaction - barbarous

unchristian. 3. A proof of a little and weak mind. 4. The noblest revenge

to return good for evil. 5. The effects of this passion - historically. 6. The discord and enmity it perpetuates.-— Italian

Corsican. 7. Cause of misery and unhappiness in private life. 8. Conclusion. Motives for forgiveness all im


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Introduction. Great variety of temperament--some born with qualities which others must acquire – men naturally bolder than women. 1. The inconveniences and disadvantages of fear. 2. Useful in making us provide against difficulties. 3. Difference between a wholesome and a silly fear. 4. Can a coward become brave? 5. The necessity to overcome violent fear.

6. The effects of a panic among soldiers. 7. The wicked tormented with fears; the virtuous

brave. 8. Conclusion. Motives for resisting the influence of


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Introduction. Man intellectual (explain); information gained from many sources (enumerate). 1. No sort of knowledge to be despised. 2. Some of a higher order— labour of intellect re

quired. 3. Knowledge should be communicated and made

practical. 4. The influence it gives to its possessor. (“Know

ledge is power.”) 5. “Those that think must govern those that toil.” 6. What knowledge has done for mankind. 7. A natural desire to discover inherent in man. 8. Conclusion Incentives to the acquisition of



Introduction. A natural law; always worthy of imitation. 1. In what order consists : system, method, arrange

ment. 2. Found in all parts of nature—an essential ingre

dient: day, night, the seasons, &c.

3. This is to be imitated : arrangement assists the

understanding ; method facilitates the acquisition

of knowledge (give cases). 4. Effects of personal order; affects all our affairs ;

books, studies, dress, occupations, &c. 5. Order produces a great saving of time (explain). 6. Show the effects of disorder in external things. 7. Irregularity produces impatience, irritability, dis

like for learning, &c. 8. Conclusion. Motives for being orderly-timegained

- progress made, &c.

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Introduction. Different uses of different studies ; some strengthen the reasoning powers, some cultivate the taste (explain). 1. To which class do mathematics belong ? 2. Effects of mathematical study-induces habit of

thought. 3. Prepares the mind for reasoning on practical

matters. 4. Makes us cautious in receiving as true what cannot

be proved. 5. A remedy against credulity; modifies an impulsive

nature. 6. Practically useful in all sciences; astronomy, chem

istry, engineering, &c. 7. Assists us to argue clearly. 8. Conclusion. The most satisfactory of all studies

admits of no difference of opinion.


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