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In No. 5. “ to investigate the matter” is the object of his determination.

In No. 6. “ by the printer's boy” shows the agent or person who acted on the occasion."

In No. 7. “ his brother” expresses the person receiving the object of the verb.

In No. 8. the term " contented” qualifies the subject “man.”

In No. 9. the expression “to purchase some books” shows the intention with which I went out.

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Complements of Circumstance. Let the learner use the following complements of circumstance in propositions of his own composing.

Having settled this matter to our satisfaction Being in doubt as to the result — In the deepest anguish of mind Full of hope

Tormented with raging thirst — Being well acquainted with the subject -- Being ignorant of his rank and condition Without the means of procuring food for his children -The inmates of the house being in a deep sleep Speaking the language fluently - In this dreadful emergency Thus situated Having received no tidings of their friend, &c.

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Complements of Time. The following complements of time are to be introduced into propositions of the learner's composing.

| The complement of the object can be used only after an active, and the complement of the agent only after a passive form, of proposition.

Next morning - Last night - In the course of the week - Before the end of the holidays—In the tenth century - To-morrow afternoon On my arrival at the inn In all


life During the ceremony After breakfast — The next day - On the meeting of Parliament - Before the beginning of spring During the summer months — On the first of September, &c.


Complements of Place. Use the following complements of place in written propositions.

In the Northern parts of Europe — Not far from the house - At the foot of the mountain-In the bed of the river Close to the fountain Seated in an arbour Near the town In a corner of the library

- At some distance from the village – In this country Five miles further on Outside the walls Within the city - In the Southern States of America - Beyond this point - In many provinces - On the equator-In this spot, &c.

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Complements of Manner. Introduce the following complements of manner into propositions.

With the greatest kindness - In a haughty toneWith the utmost caution - In a conciliating spirit Very politely With violence With great reluctance — By degrees — With expression — In an audible voice - Unconsciously – In silence — With a


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hearty appetite - Providentially - In the same way By these means

- In this manner Without doubt -- Without difficulty - Universally - Without delay.


Complements of the Object.1 Use the following complements of the object in written propositions. To obtain a view of the palace - Large manufac

tories - Many works on the subject -- To improve his mind — Every member of the family - The enemy's forces — This difficult question - Many histories – A large library - To undertake the expedition - His father's long letter The cause of the clergy – The power of steam

The hand of Providence To lose no time

A large fortune — The first page of that book, &c.

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Complements of the Agent.2 The following complements of the agent are to be used in written propositions, as in the above exercises. By the violence of the wind

uncle's servant — By the executors of the estate — By four beautiful horses - By the speaker — By my youngest sister By a celebrated artist By all the clerks By most of the inhabitants By the cattle — By the

As the complement of the object can be used only after the active form, all the propositions of this exercise must be active.

2 All the propositions in Exercise XVII. must be passive,

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best authors —By a skilful workman – By the council of the nation - By the railway directors — By a large Newfoundland dog - By my cousin, &c.


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Complements of the Person.1 Use the following complements of the person in written propositions. To my

friend For the workmen · His brotherTo his agent — All his supporters — The public — The school-boys - For the master The patient To the messenger The traveller The


soldier--For the stranger

To his children - For himself - To the admiral of the channel fleet - The landlord - To his fellow-townsmen - To all the shopkeepers in the town To his father, &c.

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Add to the following given propositions, complements of time, place, person, or object.

Example. (comp. time.) subject.

cop. pred.

comp. per. At that moment, the captain commanded (his men)

comp. object. (to charge the enemy).

The king ordered The mother told The master desired — My friend bought - He wished — His

1 The complement of the person (receiving) is mostly used after verbs signifying to give or to tell : as, offer, present, send, inform, mention, write, buy, purchase, relate, &c.

daughter related — His brother informed — The prince conferred The magistrate spoke

The witness gave - The gentleman sent --They mentioned - The servant brought The carrier took

The man presented My sister will write The general commanded, &c.


To the following given propositions add complements of circumstance, manner, place, or agent, &c.

Example. complement of circumstance.

subject. сор. (In this disturbed state of affairs,) the coasts were comp. man. predic.

complement of place. (strictly) guarded in every part of the island)

complement agent. (by large bodies of soldiery).

A messenger was despatched — The proclamation was read

The ships were towed -- Bread is sold A letter will be sent - A communication was made A sermon was preached The way was cleared The doctor was consulted - A fire was lighted — The tree was felled The Exhibition was opened — The prisoner was locked up — The dinner was served Coals are bought - The pen was mended – The country was inundated - The dinner was served The room will be papered — Some visitors were announced, &c.

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