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had been ours and taken by the enemy at the surrender of Detroit, at the river Raisin, and at colonel Dudley's defeat. I believe that the enemy retain no other military trophy of their victories than the standard of the 4th regiment; they were not magnanimous enough to bring that of the 41st regiment into the field, or it would have been taken.
You have been informed, sir, of the conduct of the troops under my command in action; it gives me great pleasure to inform you, that they merit also the approbation of their country for their conduct, in submitting to the greatest privations with the utmost cheerfulness.
The infantry were entirely without tents, and for several days the whole army subsisted upon fresh beef, without bread or salt. I have the honour to be, &c.
WILLIAM H. HARRISON.
General John Armstrong, Secretary of War.
P. S. General Proctor escaped by the fleetness of his horses, escorted by 40 dragoons and a number of mounted Indians.
HEAD QUARTERS, DETROIT, October 11th, 1813.
You will have heard before this reaches you, that I was fortunate enough to overtake general Proctor, and his tawny allies, and to give them a complete drubbing. I have 601 prisoners of the British regulars, officers included, among which there are two colonels.
Nothing but infatuation could have governed general Proctor's conduct. The day that I landed below Malden, he had at his disposal upwards of 3000 Indian warriors: his regular force, reinforced by the militia of the district, would have made his number nearly equal to my aggregate, which, on the day of landing, did not exceed 4500. The papers have greatly exaggerated the number of militia from Kentucky: those which embarked with me at Portage, did not amount to 3000 rank and file; and several hundred of them were left in the islands.
The Indians were extremely desirous of fighting us at Malden. I enclose you Tecumseh's speech to Proctor; it is at once an evidence of the talents of the former, and the greater defect of them in the latter. His inferior officers say, that his conduct has been a series of continued blunders. He manifested, indeed, some judgment in the choice of his field of battle, as he was so posted that I could not turn him, and could only oppose a line of equal extent to his. However, the contest was not for a moment doubtful. The greater part of his Indians were in the air, (according to the Persian military phraseology) and his regulars broken and made prisoners by a single charge of mounted infan
try. We took upon the ground, or near it, a fine brass field train of artillery. Several of the pieces are trophies of the revolution, taken at Saratoga and York, and surrendered by general Hull. The number of small arms and military stores, taken by us, or destroyed by the enemy, is immense. My force in action, of all descriptions, was short of 2500.
I am preparing an expedition to Michilimackinac, and another to Long Point, to destroy at the latter a depot of provisions.
I shall send orders to general Gano, by this conveyance. It is probable that the greater part of his troops may be dismissed in a short time. The Indians in this neighbourhood, are submitting at discretion.
His excellency Gov. Meigs.
I am your friend,
WILLIAM H. HARRISON,
SPEECH OF TECUMSEH
In the name of the Indian chiefs and warriors, to major generak Proctor, as the representative of their great Father, the king.
FATHER-Listen to your children! You have them now all before you. The war before* this, our British father gave the hatchet to his red children, when our old chiefs were alive. They are now dead. In that war, our father was thrown on his back by the Americans, and our father took them by the hand without our knowledge;† and we are afraid that our father will do so again at this time. Summer before last, when I came forward with my red brethren, and was ready to take up the hatchet in favour of our British father, we were told not to be in a hurry-that he had not yet determined to fight the Americans.
Listen!-When war was declared, our father stood up and gave us the tomahawk, and told us that he was now ready to strike the Americans; that he wanted our assistance; and that he would certainly get us our lands back, which the Americans had taken from us.
Listen!-You told us that time, to bring forward our families to this place; and we did so, and you promised to take care of them, and that they should want for nothing, while the men would go and fight the enemy; that we need not trouble ourselves about the enemy's garrisons; that we knew nothing about them; and that our father would attend to that part of the busiYou also told your red children that you would take good care of their garrison here, which made our hearts glad.
*The revolutionary war.
† The British made peace without any stipulation for their Indian allies.
Listen! When we were last to the Rapids, it is true we gave you assistance. It is hard to fight people who live like ground
Listen Father!-Our fleet has gone out-we know they have fought we have heard the great guns, but know nothing of what has happened to our father with one arm. Our troops have gone one way, and we are very much astonished to see our father tying up every thing and preparing to run away the other, without leting his red children know what his intentions are. You always told us to remain here, and take care of our lands—it made our hearts glad to hear that was your wish. Our great father, the king, is the head, and you represent him. You always told us, that you would never draw your foot off British ground; but now, father, we see you are drawing back, and we are sorry to see our father doing so, without seeing the enemy. We must compare our father's conduct to a fat animal, that carries its tail upon its back, but when affrighted, it drops it between its legs, and runs off.
Listen Father!-The Americans have not yet defeated us by land; neither are we sure that they have done so by water: we therefore wish to remain here, and fight our enemy, should they make their appearance. If they defeat us, we will then retreat with our father.
At the battle of the Rapids, last war, the Americans certainly defeated us; and when we retreated to our father's fort‡ at that place, the gates were shut against us. We were afraid that it would now be the case, but instead of that, we see our British father preparing to march out of his garrison.
Father!-You have got the arms and ammunition which the great father sent for his red children. If you have any idea of going away, give them to us, and you may go and welcome, for us. Our lives are in the hands of the Great Spirit-we are determined to defend our lands, and if it is his will, we wish to leave our bones upon them.
Amherstburg, September 18th, 1813.
FORT GEORGE, October 11th, 1813,7 o'clock P. M.
Within the last five minutes, I have had the honour to receive your despatch by "the Lady of the Lake."
The enemy has treated me with neglect. He continued in his old positions until Saturday last (the 9th) when he took up his
During the siege of Fort Meigs, the troops covered themselves from the nemy's fire, by throwing up travesses and ditches of earth.
† Commodore Barclay.
Fort Miami, near Wayne's battle ground.
retreat on Burlington heights, and has abandoned this whole peninsula. Two causes are assigned for this precipitate movement; the succour of Proctor, who is reported to have been entirely defeated, if not taken; the other, the safety of Kingston, endangered by your movement. We have had from the enemy many deserters, most of whom concur in the latter supposition. The British burnt every thing in store in this neighbourhood, 5000 blankets, many hundred stands of arms, also the blankets in the men's packs, and every article of clothing not in actual use.
They are supposed to have reached Burlington heights last evening, from the rate of their march the night before. I have information of their having passed "the 40," by several inhabitants who have come down. They add to what was stated by the deserters, that two officers of the 41st had joined general Vincent from Proctor's army, with the information that Proctor was defeated eighteen miles this side of Malden. I cannot get particulars.
From the same sources of intelligence, it appears that the 49th, a part of the 100th, and the voltigeurs, moved from this neighbourhood the day after our flotilla left this, the Sd instant, but with what destination is not certainly known. It was first reported (I mean in the British camp) that these regiments had marched to support Proctor, who, it is said, wrote that he would be compelled to surrender if not supported. I am pretty sure, however, that they are gone below. The movement of our army, below, seems to have been known in the British lines as early as the 3d instant, together with the immediate objects in view; hence I have no difficulty in concluding, that all the movements of the enemy will concentrate at Kingston.
Chapin, who has been commissioned a lieutenant colonel, marched late last evening up the lake, with about 100 volunteers under his command, and was foliowed this morning by generals McClure and Porter, with about 1000 men, Indians and militia included. There is no danger of their coming up with the enemy, or they would be in great danger of a total annihilation.
Vincent took hence with him, about 1000 or 1,100 regulars. Many of the militia left this with the avowed design of plunder; but I fear from reports that the British have left the miserable inhabitants without any thing, to be ravished. I expect general McClure back to-morrow evening, as he only took with him supplies for two days; he will probably go as far as "the 20." On the 8th Chapin went out with a small party and attacked one of the enemy's pickets, which brought on a skirmish in which many of colonel Swift's regiment participated. After a great waste of ammunition, the parties retired to their respective camps with little loss on either side; we made and lost a prisoner, had two Indians killed, and two other men wounded. We hear the enemy had five men wounded.
I had this morning made an arrangement, on application of general M'Clure, to be relieved in the command of this post on the morning of the 13th instant, with an intention of taking up my line of march for Sackett's Harbor, according to the discretion allowed me in the instructions I had the honour to receive from you at this place. My situation has become truly insupportable: without the possibility of an attack at this post, and without the possibility of reaching you time enough to share in the glory of impending operations below; I am nevertheless, flattered with the assurance that transport will be forwarded for my removal, and to favor that intention, I propose taking up my line of march on the morning of the 13th for the mouth of Genessee river, and there await the arrival of the vessels you are good enough to promise me. By this movement, captain Mix thinks with me, that I shall hasten my arrival at Sackett's Harbor 5 possibly 10 days. Captain Camp has a sufficient number of wagons to take me thither; I can easily make that place by the evening of the 15th. I hope I shall have your approbation, and every thing is arranged with brigadier M'Clure.
Knowing your wishes respecting the invalids or subjects for discharge, and fearing that water transport might not be had till the season was too far advanced for their removal, I have ventured to send lieutenant Archer (paymaster of the 20th who was left here without orders,) on command to Greenbush, with 100 men of this description. It was a measure approved of by doctor Mann, and I hope not contrary to your wishes and intentions. Doctor Hugo, surgeon's mate of the 14th (also left here without orders) accompanied the detachment. The quarter master's department furnished 8 wagons on my requisition.
The sick list of the garrison is much reduced since your departure, (I have the honor to enclose my morning report) and Doctor Mann has discharged many patients from his hospital: I also enclose you his last report. Those marked "subjects for discharge" are part of the number sent off to Greenbush. Doctor Mann and captain Camp have concluded to remove the general hospital to 99 the eleven mile Creek near Buffaloe, the barracks at which place will be sufficient for the reception of the whole of the sick, with some trifling repairs.
From the morning report enclosed, you will find 794 the "total," &c. present of the regulars of this garrison, including officers, &c. Transport will be necessary for about 850 persons. I wish also to take with me four iron 6's, one 5 inch howitzer, and two caissons, the whole on field carriages. This train will form no impediment in my march to the mouth of Genessee river, as I have horses belonging to the regiment, sufficient to draw it. If it meet your approbation, I can send the horses thence to Sackett's Harbor by land.
I have, by working almost night and day, greatly improved the defences of this post, and nearly filled up the idea of the engineer.