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WOUNDED-Frederick A. Worth, 1st lieutenant, in the right side; Robert Johnson, Sd do. left knee; Razilla Hammond, quarter master, left arm; John Piner, seaman, knee; William Castle, do. arm; Nicholas Scalson, do. arm and leg; John Harrison, do. hand and face by the explosion of a gun.
It gives me much pleasure to announce to you that our wounded are all in a fair way of recovery, through the unremitted care and attention of our worthy surgeon.
Mr. Dabney, our consul, is a gentleman possessing every feeling of humanity, and to whom the utmost gratitude is due from us, for his great care of the sick and wounded, and his polite attention to my officers and myself,
Mr. Williams was a most deserving and promising officer. His country in him has lost one of its brightest ornaments; and his death must be sadly lamented by all who knew his worth.
Accompanied with this you will find a copy of my protest, together with copies of letters written by Mr. Dabney to the governor of Fayal, our minister at Rio Janeiro, and our Secretary of State. These letters will develope more fully the circumstances of this unfortunate affair.
We expect to sail to-morrow in a Portugeuse brig for America Island, who takes the whole of our crew.
To the editor of the
Mercantile Advertiser, New York.
I remain gentlemen, &c.
SAMUEL C. REID.
BRUTALITY OF THE ENEMY.
Messrs Gales & Seaton,
Having seen the following publication in the Alexandria Herald, of the 19th October, with horror, as capping the climax of atrocity
"TO THE EDITORS OF THE HERALD.
"I have no recollection of having seen any account of the conduct of the enemy at Chaptico published in any of the public prints; you are at liberty to publish the following extract of a letter to a friend, written shortly after that affair. It is a very imperfect account written in a hurry amidst the bustle of a camp, but contains most of the facts. My name is enclosed, which you are at liberty to make public, if any respectable person should deny the truth of the following statement.
"A citizen of Maryland.”
"I passed through Chaptico shortly after the enemy left it, and I am sorry to say that their conduct would have disgraced canni
bals; the houses were torn to pieces, the well which afforded water for the inhabitants was filled up, and, what was still worse, the church and the ashes of the dead shared an equally bad or worse fate. Will you believe me when I tell you that the sunken graves were converted into barbacue holes? The remaining glass of the church windows broken, the communion table used as a dinner table, and then broken to pieces. Bad as the above may appear, it dwindles into insignificance, when compared with what follows: the vault was entered and the remains of the dead disturbed. Yes, my friend, the winding sheet was torn from the body of a lady of the first respectability, and the whole contents of the vault entirely deranged! The above facts were witnessed by hundreds as well as myself, and I am happy to say, that but one sentiment pervaded our army."
I immediately showed it to general Philip Stuart, lately commanding the American troops at that place, who read and declared it strictly true; that Cockburn was at the head of it; that they also destroyed the organs; that judge Key's lady, who had been last put into the vault, was the person alluded to; that her winding sheet was torn in pieces, and her person wantonly exposed; and that his men were exasperated to desperation by this conduct. You will publish this. Yours, &C
October 19th, 1814.
AFFAIR AT LYON'S CREEK.
HEAD QUARTERS OF THE NORTHERN ARM
Camp near Fort Erie, October 23d, 1814.
The indisposition of brigadier general Bissell has prevente till this morning, his report of the handsome affair which took plac on the 19th, between a detachment of his brigade and a superior force of the enemy.
The object of the expedition, entrusted to the brigadier, was the seizure of some provisions, intended for the British troops. He marched from Black Creek, on the morning of the 18th, with parts of the 5th, 14th, 15th and 16th infantry, a small party of dragoons, and a company of riflemen, the whole 900 men. After driving before them a picket, of which they made the commanding officer prisoner, they encamped for the night, throwing beyond Lyon's Creek two light infantry companies, under captain Dorman, 5th, and lieutenant Horrell, 16th infantry, and the riflemen under captain Irvine; a picket on the Chippewa road, commanded by major Gassaway was attacked by two companies of Glen
gary light infantry, which were beaten back with loss. On the inorning of the 19th, the detachment was attacked by a select corps of the enemy, not less than 1200 strong. The light infantry under captain Dorman, and Irvine's riflemen, sustained the whole fire of the enemy, for fifteen minutes, during which time the 5th and 14th were formed-the 5th was ordered to turn the enemy's right flank, while the 14th charged them in front. This was executed in the most gallant manner, by colonel Pinkney of the 5th, and major Barnard of the 14th, who greatly distinguished himself by the officer like style, in which he conducted his battalion. The enemy were compelled to a precipitate retreat. and hid themselves, once more, behind their fortifications.
General Bissell particularly mentions the skill and intrepidity of colonel Snelling, inspector general, colonel Pinkney, commanding the 5th regiment, major Barnard, 14th infantry, major Barker, 45th infantry, acting with the 5th, captain Dorman, captain Allison, whose horse was shot under him, and brigade major, lieutenant Prestman, of the 5th. Lieutenant Anspaugh, of dragoons, was conspicuous by his alertness in communicating the brigadier general's orders, during the action. It is with the highest satis faction the commanding general tenders, to the brave officers and troops of the 2d brigade of the right division, his thanks for their good conduct on this occasion. The firmness of the 15th and 16th regiments, commanded by colonel Pearce, and who were posted as a reserve, proved, that had the resistance of the enemy afforded them an opportunity of going into action, they would have emulated the valor of the 5th and 14th. A number of prisoners were taken, among whom a picket of dragoons with their horses; a large quantity of grain also fell into our hands. The brigadier, after completing the orders he received, and burying the few of our brave soldiers who fell in the action, and the dead of the ene my, which were left on the ground by the latter, returned to Black Creek. To the cool and intrepid conduct of brigadier general Bissell, the general offers the praise he has so justly entitled him
By order of major general Izard,
C. K. GARDNER, Adj. Gen. N. army.
HEAD QUARTERS, SEVENTH MILITARY DISTRICT,
On last evening I returned from Pensacola to this place. I reached that post on the evening of the 6th. On my approach I sent major Pierre with a flag to communicate the object of my visit to the governor of Pensacola. He approached fort St. George, with his flag displayed, and was fired on by the cannon from the fort; he returned and made report thereof to me. I immediately
went with the adjutant general and the major with a small escort and viewed the fort, and found it defended by both British and Spanish troops. I immediately determined to storm the town; retired and encamped my troops for the night, and made the necessary arrangements to carry my determination into effect the next day.
On the morning of the 7th I marched with the effective regulars of the Sd, 39th, and 44th infantry, part of general Coffee's brigade, the Mississippi dragoons, and part of the West Tennessee regiment, commanded by lieutenent colonel Hammonds (colonel Lowry having desired and gone home,) and part of the Choctaws led by major Blue, of the 39th, and major Kennedy of Mississippi territory. Being encamped on the west of the town, I calculated they would expect the assault from that quarter, and be prepared to rake me from the fort, and the British armed vessels, seven in number, that lay in the bay. To cherish this idea I sent out part of the mounted men to show themselves on the west whilst I passed in rear of the fort undiscovered to the east of the town. When I appeared within a mile, I was in full view. My pride was never more heightened than in viewing the uniform firmness of my troops, and with what undaunted courage they advanced, with a strong fort ready to assail them on the right, seven British armed vessels on the left, strong block-houses and batteries of cannon in their front; but they still advanced with unshaken firmness, entered the town, when a battery of two cannon was opened upon the centre column, composed of regulars, with ball and grape, and a shower of musketry from the houses and gardens. The battery was immediately stormed by captain Lavall and company, and carried, and the musketry was soon silenced by the steady and well-directed fire of the regulars.
The governor met colonels Williamson and Smith, who led the dismounted volunteers, with a flag, begged for mercy, and surrendered the town and fort unconditionally. Mercy was granted and protection given to the citizens and their property, and still Spanish treachery kept us out of possession of the fort until nearly 12 o'clock at night.
Never was more cool determined bravery displayed by any troops; and the Choctaws advanced to the charge with equal bravery.
On the morning of the 8th, I prepared to march and storm the Barancas, but before I could move, tremendous explosions told me that the Barancas, with all its appendages, was blown up. I despatched a detachment of two hundred men to explore it, who returned in the night with the information that it was blown up, all the combustible parts burnt, the cannon spiked and dismounted, except two. This being the case, I determined to withdraw my troops, but before I did, I had the pleasure to see the British depart. Colonel Nicholls abandoned the fort on the night of the
6th, and betook himself to his shipping, with his friend captain Woodbine, and their red friends.
The steady firmness of my troops has drawn a just respect from our enemies. It has convinced the Red Sticks that they have no strong hold or protection, only in the friendship of the United States. The good order and conduct of my troops, whilst in Pensacola, has convinced the Spaniards of our friendship and our prowess, and has drawn from the citizens an expression, that our Choctaws are more civilized than the British.
In great haste, I am, &c.
To the Gov. of Tennessee.
CAMP, BELOW NEW ORLEANS, December 27th, 1814.
The loss of our gun-boats near the pass of the Rigolets, having given the enemy command of lake Borgne, he was enabled to choose his point of attack. It became, therefore, an object of importance to obstruct the numerous bayous and canals leading from that lake to the highland on the Mississippi. This important service was committed, in the first instance, to a detachment of the 7th regiment, afterwards to colonel De Laronde, of the Louisiana militia, and lastly, to make all sure, to major general Villere, commanding the district between the river and the lakes, and who, being a native of the country, was presumed to be best acquainted with all those passes. Unfortunately, however, a picket which the general had established at the mouth of the bayou Bienvenu, and which, notwithstanding my orders, had been left unobstructed, was completely surprised, and the enemy penetrated through a canal leading to his farm, about two leagues below the city, and succeeded in cutting off a company of militia stationed there. This intelligence was communicated to me about 12 o'clock of the 23d. My force at this time consisted of parts of the 7th and 44th regiments, not exceeding six hundred together, the city militia, a part of general Coffee's brigade of mounted gun men, and the detached inilitia from the western division of Tennessee, under the command of major general Carroll. These two last corps were stationed four miles above the city. Apprehending a double attack by the way of Chief-Menteur, I left general Carroll's force and the militia of the city posted on the Gentilly road; and at 5 o'clock P. M. marched to meet the enemy, whom I was resolved to attack in his first position, with major Hind's dragoons, general Coffee's brigade, parts of the 7th and 44th regiments, the uniformed companies of militia, under the command of major Planche, 200 men of colour, chiefly from St. Domingo, raised by colonel Savary and acting under the command of major Dagwing, and a detachment of artillery under the direction of colonel M'Rea, with two six pounders, under the command of lieutenant Spots;