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govermente of the Massachusets sought to trouble their peace, and disturbe, if not innovate, their govermente, by laying many [270] scandals upon them; and intended to prosecute against them in England, by petitioning &

“ Dis

middle of December. The purpose of In the Appendix to “Hypocricie Unhis mission was to answer the com- masked,” Winslow gives“ A Brief plaints made to the Commissioners for Narration of the true grounds or cause Foreign Plantations by Robert Child of the first Planting of New England”; and others, who claimed that many being a reply to Robert Baylie's persons in that colony were denied the suasive from the Errors of the Time,” privileges of civil and religious liberty; published in 1645. This contains the and also to reply to the charges made original of the celebrated “farewell by Gorton and his associates, who com- discourse” of Robinson, alluded to on plained of severe treatment from that page 59. Winslow does not call it a government, by imprisonment and ex- discourse or sermon, but says, “ At pulsion from their lands at Shawomet. their departure from him (Robinson) to On arriving in London, Winslow found begin the great work of plantation in that Gorton, who went to England two New England, among other wholesome years before, had published an account instructions and exhortations, he used of the proceedings against himself and these expressions, or to the same purothers in New England, under the title pose." See Young, pp. 378 - 408. of “ Simplicities Defence against Sev- While in England, Winslow emen-Headed Policy,” &c., &c., Lon- ployed his interest successfully with don, 1646. To this he published a re- the members of Parliament and others ply, entitled “ Hypocricie Unmasked,' of quality and wealth for the erection &c., bearing the same date as the of a corporation for the propagation of above. The next year appeared a the Gospel_among the Indians of New tract bearing the name of Major John England. The Act creating this society Child, brother of the Robert Child above bears date July 27, 1649. The same named, entitled " New England's Jo- year he published a tract entitled “ The nah cast up in London, or a Relation Glorious Progress of the Gospel among of the Proceedings of the Court at the Indians in New England," containBoston in New England against divers ing letters of Eliot and Mayhew. honest and godly Persons," &c., in the In 1654, Winslow was appointed one Postscript to which is a notice of Wins- of three commissioners to determine the low's book just named. Winslow an- value of the English ships seized and swered this the same year, under the destroyed by the king of Denmark, title of “ New-England's Salamander, and his original commission from the discovered by an irreligious and scorn- Protector is now at Plymouth; it is ful Pamphlet,” &c. Hutchinson says published in Thatcher's History, pp. (I. 149, 1st ed.) that Winslow, “by 99-103. In 1655, he accompanied ihe his prudent management, and the credit expedition under Admiral Penn and and esteem he was in with many of the General Venable against Hispaniola, as members of Parliament and principal the chief of three commissioners. In persons then in power, prevented any their attack on St. Domingo they were prejudice to the colony from either of defeated with great loss. On the pasthese applications." Gorton and his sage between that place and Jamaica associates, however, were reinstated in Winslow fell sick, " and died the eighth their possessions at Shawomet. A full day of May, which was about the sixtyaccount of these controversies, which first year of his life.”

See p. 111; are not unimportant incidents in the Davis's ed. of the Memorial, pp. 259 early history of Massachusetts, will be -261 ; Hazard, II. 145 – 150 ; Belknap, found in Winthrop, and in the tracts II. 281 - 309; Drake's Boston, pp. 316, above cited.

317.- ED.




[BOOK 11.

complaining to the Parlemente. Allso Samuell Gorton & his company made complaints against them; so as they made choyse of M. Winslow to be their agente, to make their defence, and gave him comission & instructions for that end ; in which he so carried him selfe as did well answer their ends, and cleared them from any blame or dishonour, to the shame of their adversaries. But by reason of the great alterations in the State, he was detained longer then was expected; and afterwards fell into other imployments their, so as he hath now bene absente this 4. years,t which hath been much to the weakning of this govermente, without whose consente he tooke these imployments upon him.

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Our author has not honored this + This indicates the year in which individual with any further notice. He our author is now writing, namely, resided at Plymouth for a time, and in 1650. On page 6, he tells us that he 1638 was banished from that jurisdic- began this History “about the year tion. Morton devotes a few pages to 1630, and so pieced up at times of leishim in the Memorial. See Memoirs of ure afterward.” That he intended a him in Sparks's American Biography, continuation of these annals is evident Vol. V., N. S., and in New England from the heading of the years 1647 and Hist. and Geneal. Register, Vol. IV. 1648. - Ed. - Ep.



No. I.


The names of those which came over first, in ye year 1620. and

were by the blessing of God the first beginers and (in a sort) the foundation of all the Plantations and Colonies in New-England; and their families.


M'. John Carver; Kathrine, his wife; Desire Minter; & 2. man-servants, John Howland, Roger Wilder; William Latham, a boy; & a maid servant, & a child y' was put to him, called Jasper More.


M. William Brewster; Mary, his wife; with 2. sons, whose names were Love & Wrasling; and a boy was put 6. to him called Richard More; and another of his brothers.

The rest of his childeren were left behind, & came over afterwards.

M. Edward Winslow; Elizabeth, his wife; & 2. men 5. servants, caled Georg Sowle and Elias Story; also a litle

girle was put to him, caled Ellen, the sister of Richard More.

To the genealogist, the value of therefore been had, hitherto, to other this list of passengers of the Mayflower, sources for information, and much has preserved by Governor Bradford at the been left to conjecture. No perfect list end of his History, cannot be over-esti- has ever been made out. Two names mated. Prince made but a partial use in this record (Trevore and Ely) do not of this interesting record. Taking the appear in Morton's list of signers. They list of signers to the compact, in the or- are not included in any of ihe families, der in which the names appear in the and appear to have been overlooked by Memorial, he has given the number of Prince in estimating the number of paswhich each family was composed, with- sengers. See pp. 77, 90; Prince, I. out always indicating the individuals 85, 86. — Ed. who make up that number. Resort has

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