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trustees under his will, 'in trust to constitute a fund, the income of which shall be applied to the procuring, preservation, preparation, and publication of historical papers.'

"Ordered, That the property so received be set apart by the treasurer of the Society as a fund in trust, to be designated as the Appleton Fund; and that the income of the same, the accounts of which shall be kept separately from the other receipts and expenditures of the Society, be applied for ever exclusively to the procuring, preservation, preparation, and publication of historical papers,' being the objects specified in the letter of the trustees.

"Ordered, That in every publication that shall hereafter be made by the Society from the income thus applied, there be inserted in each volume a notice in print that it was published at the charge of the Appleton Fund."

The "notice in print" required by the last order appears for the first time on the title-page of this volume of the Society's Collections; and it is a coincidence worthy of note that this "notice" should commence with a volume which contains something so interesting and so valuable as the first publication entire of the long-lost and curiously discovered manuscript of Governor Bradford.

Mr. Appleton was not a member of our Society; but henceforth his name will stand in an honorable position on our records and in our publications. In our hearts and memories, and in those of this whole community and of coming generations, he will be held in affectionate respect and grateful remembrance, as a just, generous, truthful, sincere disciple of the great Master, one who to the trusting and loving heart of the child added the firmness, wisdom, and good judgment of the man, and who, throughout a long life, so far as the infirmities of human nature admit, came up to the great, comprehensive requirement, "to do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly before God."

OF

PLYMOUTH PLANTATION.

BY

WILLIAM BRADFORD,

THE SECOND GOVERNOR OF THE COLONY.

NOW FIRST PRINTED FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT.

BOSTON :

PUBLISHED FOR THE

MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

1856.

EDITORIAL PREFACE.

THE History of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford, the second Governor of the colony, after having remained in manuscript for more than two hundred years, is now given to the public in this present form.

It is evident that Governor Bradford early formed the plan of writing a history of this colony; and this doubtless led to the careful preservation by him of the valuable materials which officially came into his possession previously to the time when the work was commenced. One evidence of this is seen in his Letter-Book, which contained an invaluable collection of letters and other public papers, chronologically arranged, afterwards freely used by him in preparing his History. In a note appended to one of these papers, alluding to the necessitous condition of the colony in 1625 and 1626, he says: "It was God's marvellous providence that we were ever able to wade through things, as will better appear if God give me life and opportunity to handle them more particularly in another treatise more at large, as I desire and purpose, (if God permit,) with many other things, in a better order."

It is well known to all students of our early annals, that Governor Bradford wrote, and left at his decease, a History of this colony; and that this, which was never published, was freely used by Morton in compiling his

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