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to found the Roman Empire, so we Americans, who passed through the Civil War and carried it to the final conclusion which laid the enduring foundation of our nation, may well delight ourselves in remembering the hardships through which this splendid achievement was won.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS My grateful acknowledgments are due to Mrs. Joseph Howland and Mrs. Joel J. Seaver for placing at my disposal the Regimental Records of the Sixteenth Volunteers, and the correspondence which passed between Colonels Davies, Howland and Seaver and their superior officers; to Mrs. George B. Winslow for the letters of her brother, General Albert M. Barney, and to Miss Ellen I. Parker for those of her father, Captain George Parker; to BrigadierGeneral John C. Gilmore; Colonels Franklin Palmer, and William H. Walling; Captains William L. Best, Isaac T. Merry, W. R. Helm; Corporal Alonzo R. Fuller; Private Riley E. Wilkins, all of the Sixteenth; to Colonel Richard C. Shannon, Fifth Maine, of General Slocum's staff; Colonel E. W. Guindon, of General Slocum's staff; the Second Auditor of the Treasury; the Commissioner of Pensions; General Phisterer, Assistant Adjutant-General of the State of New York: to The Century Company, and Charles Scribner's Sons, for permission to copy from their publications; and to Colonel William F. Fox, for the use of his publications. If there were space, I would be glad to insert the names of more than twenty-five hundred soldiers, their relatives and friends, who have aided me in collecting information relating to the services of the members of the Sixteenth, the dates of the death of those who have died since the War, and the residences of the survivors.

N. M. C. OGDENSBURG, N.Y., March, 1906.


Colonel W. B. Franklin.—Passes to Washington limited.—Why

a refusal was reconsidered. -Women forbidden camp under
penalty of death.-Colonel's wise admitted notwithstanding.
-Disobedient officer invited to dine instead of being shot.-
General Davies' death.—“The books are posted.”—Term of
enlistment settled



Reorganization of the Brigade.-Military Execution.-Reviewed

by General McClellan.-George Mason of Spring Bank.-
Pohick Church.-Irreconcilable difference between George
Mason of Gunston Hall and George Washington of Mount
Vernon.—The old church in 1837 and 1861.-Officers on
recruiting service.-Fairfax Street Hospital.—Major John
Newton plans Fort Lyon.-In charge of details building it.
-A plain's demand for whiskey ration.—Brig

eral H. W. Slocum assumes command of the brigade.—Ex-

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(W. R. VOL. XI.)

McClellan commends conduct in battle.—White House.- Organ-

ization of Fifth and Sixth Corps.—March to the Chicka-
hominy.-Fourth Corps crosses the River.-Mechanicsville.
-Captain John Smith and Pocahontas.- Captain Gibson
and Dr. Gaines's Mill.-A recruit who wished he was a baby.

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