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SUBMITTED BY MR. WILLIAMS.
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES,
Ordered, That Senate Document 85, Fifty-seventh Congress, first session (Interoceanic Canal), Clayton-Bulwer treaty of April 19, 1850; Senate Document 746, Sixty-first Congress, third session, History of amendments proposed to the ClaytonBulwer treaty; Senate Executive Document K, Fifty-seventh Congress, second session, nama Canal (Treaty with Colombia), Hay-Herrán; Senate Document 32, Fifty-eighth Congress, second session (treaty with Panama) Hay-Bunau-Varilla, be printed as one document, and that one thousand additional copies be printed for the use of the Senate document room.
JAMES M. Baker,
[Senate Document No. 85, Fifty-seventh Congress, first session.]
CLAYTON-BULWER TREATY OF APRIL 19, 1850.
The United States of America and Her Britannic Majesty, being desirous of consolidating the relations of amity which so happily subsist between them, by setting forth and fixing in a convention their views and intentions with reference to any means of communication by ship-canal which may be constructed between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans by the way of the river San Juan de Nicaragua and either or both of the lakes of Nicaragua or Managua, to any port or place on the Pacific Ocean, the President of the United States has conferred full powers on John M. Clayton, Secretary of State of the United States, and Her Britannic Majesty on the Right Honorable Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer, a member of Her Majesty's most honorable privy council, knight commander of the most honorable Order of the Bath, and envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of Her Britannic Majesty to the United States, for the aforesaid purpose; and the said plenipotentiaries having exchanged their full powers, which were found to be in proper form, have agreed to the following articles:
The Governments of the United States and Great Britain hereby declare that neither the one nor the other will ever obtain or maintain for itself any exclusive control over the said ship canal: agreeing that neither will ever erect or maintain any fortifications commanding the same or in the vicinity thereof, or occupy, or fortify, or colonize, or assume, or exercise any dominion over Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast, or any part of Central America; nor will either make use of any protection which either affords or may afford, or any alliance which either has or may have to or with any state or people, for the purpose of erecting or maintaining any such fortifications, or of occupying, fortifying, or colonizing Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the Mosquito coast, or any part of Central America, or of assuming or exercising dominion over the same; nor will the United States or Great Britain take advantage of any intimacy, or use any alliance, connection, or influence that either may possess with any state or government through whose territory the said canal may pass, for the purpose of acquiring or holding, directly or indirectly, for the citizens or subjects of the one, any rights or advantages in regard to commerce or navigation through the said canal which shall not be offered on the same terms to the citizens or subjects of the other.