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THE

MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY.

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LIBRARIAN AND KEEPER OF THE PAPERS, FOREIGN OFFICE ;
Compiler and Editor ofeHertslets Commercial Treaties,the" British and Foreign

State Papers," the Foreign Office List,&c., fc.

LONDON
PRINTED FOR HER MAJESTY'S STATIONERY OFFICE,

BY HARRISON AND SONS, ST. MARTIN'S LANE,

PRINTERS IN ORDINARY TO BER MAJRSTY,

And to be purchased, either directly or through any Bookseller, from
EYRE & SPOTTISWOODE, EAST HARDING STREET, FLEET STREET, E.C.; or
JOAN MENZIES & Co., 12, HANOVER STREET, EDINBURGH, and

88 and 90, WEST NILE STREBT, GLASGOW; or
HODGES, FIGGIS, & Co., 104, GBAFTOS STREET, DÚBLIN.

[All Rights reserred.)

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1814
V.4

PREFACE,

The first three volumes of this work were published in 1875. Its object, as stated in the Preface, was to show the various political and territorial changes which had taken place in Europe between 1814, the date of the termination of the French Revolutionary War, and 1875, the date of the publication of the work; in other words, to show how the “Map of Europe” had been changed by Treaties or other International Arrangements since the general European settlement which was made by the Great Powers at the time of the conclusion of the Vienna Congress Treaty, in 1815. Hence the title of the work, “THE MAP OF EUROPE BY TREATY."

The Documents were arranged throughout the work in chronological order; a distinctive number was given to each, and where a reference was made in any Document to a previous one, its number was inserted in the text, so that it might be the more readily referred to.

Explanatory Notes were also added, wherever found necessary, to show how an arrangement made by any particular Treaty or other Document had been altered by a subsequent arrangement.

Each Treaty was preceded by a Table of Contents to the various subjects contained in it, and each Article of the Treaty by a similar description of its contents, whilst the subject of each Document was further shown by a heading to each page, giving its purport or the name by which it was generally known.

Declarations of War were inserted, in order to show the causes which led to the different wars; an abstract was given of the proceedings of all European Conferences; whilst the full text was given of the several Treaties of Peace, Alliance, Boundary, &c. To the latter Documents Maps were added in each case, showing how the Boundaries of States had been altered by the preceding War. The entire work was published in English, and an elaborate and carefully classified Index was added, giving a reference to every

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